For those with interest, here's the first page of the Torsion Fields
SCIENCE, available (still, I think, ) from Alex. V. Frolov,


A.E. Akimov, G. I. Shipov, 1996

The adequacy of perceiving Nature is commensurate with our knowledge of the laws operating in it. The history of Natural Science evolution in at least the latter one hundred years testifies to the fact that reasearch results have appeared which fail to be explained in terms of conventional scientific notions, and offers upright evidence of the incompleteness of our knowledge of Nature.

Over the course of latter decades it has been constantly stated that all familiar phenomena of Nature and experimental results were explained by four known interactions: electromagnetism, gravitation, strong, and weak interactions. However, in the last fifty years, around twenty research results have piled up without finding any explanation within the framework of these interactions[1].

Beyond any connection with such a high-strung setup for the given stage of the Natural Science development, the quest for new long-range actions has been underway ever since the thirties. It will suffice to point out the works of H. Tetrode[2] and A. F. Fokker[3] and later to those of J. Wheeler's and R. Feynman's [4,5] as well as other authors. However these works failed to receive their rightful boost. Only torsion fields concepts constituted an explanation.

The torsion fields (spin fields) theory is a traditional trend in theoretical physics dating back to the works of the second half of the last century. Nonetheless in its present day mold the theory of torsion fields has been formulated owing to the ideas of Eli Cartan who was the first to indicate clearly and definitely that there exist in Nature the fields generated by the spin angular momentum density. To date, world periodicals reference to torsion fields amount to the order of 10,000 articles belonging to about a hundred authors. Over one half of those theorists work in Russia alone.

In spite of a sufficiently elaborated theoretical body, torsion fields have persisted to be a solely theoretical subject until the early seventies of our century. It was due to this fact that they failed to become as universal a factor as electrodynamics or gravitation. More than that, there existed a theoretical inference that since the constant of spin-torsion interactions was proportionate to the product of G x hbar (G - gravitation constant, hbar - Plank's constant), i.e. it was almost 30 orders of magnitude weaker than gravitation interactions, then even if torsion effects did exist in Nature, they could not contribute noticably to the observed phenomena.

However, in the early 70s by virtue of the works by F. Hehl [6-8], T. Kibble[9], D. Sciama[10], et. al, it was demonstrated that this conclusion holds true not for torsion fields in general but only for static torsion fields generated by spinning sources without radiation.

A considerable number of works on the theory of dynamic torsion (a spinning source with emission) has come out in the ensuing 20 years. These works have displayed that the Lagrangian of the spinning source with emission may contain as much as a ten of terms with constants that are in no way dependent either on G or hbar, concerning which the theory imposes no requirements as to their mandatory infinitesimal. The specialists in the theory of torsion fields are well aware of this fact. Nevertheless the traditional point of view on the infinitesimal of spin-torsion interactions' constants remained in the consecutive 15 years to be a psychological disturbance for the experimenters that attracted them away from an intent and comprehensive search for the experimental manifestations of torsion effects. It was only in the early 80s that in Russia attention was paid to the global role of the torsion fields dynamic theory findings. It was then that heed was given to the presence in physics of a vast experimental phenomenolgy containing many experimental results nonexplained in terms of four known interactions, while denoting the experimental manifestation of torsion effects. With the devising in Russia in the 80s of the world's first torsion field generators, target- designated research work was unfolded and put into effect along numerous directions of searching for torsion fields manifestations, which yielded a large volume of practical results.



1. A.E.Akimov 'Eurestic discussion of the problem of new interactions,
   EGS-conceptions' CISE VENT, 1991, preprint # 7A, p.63  (Russian lang.)

2. Tetrode H. Uber den Wirkungszusammenhang der Welt. Ein Erweiterung der
Classischen Dynamik. Ziet. fur Physic, 1922, Bd. 10, s.317.

3. Fokker A. D. Ein invarianter Variationssatz fur die Bewegung mehrerer
electricher Massenteilchen. Zeit. fur Physic, 1922, Bd. 10, s. 317

4. Wheeler J. A, Feynman R. P., Rev. Mod. Phys., 1945, 17, N 1, p157

5. Wheeler J. A., Feynman R. P., Rev. Mod. Phys., 1949, 21, N3, p425

6. Hehl F. W., Spin and Torsion in General Relativity. I:Foudations. GRG,
1973, N 4, p333

7. Hehl F. W. , Heyde P., Kerlick G.D., Nester J. M., General relativity
with spin and torsion: Foundations and prospects.  Rev. Mod. Phys., 1976,
N3, p393

8. F. W. Hehl, On the Kinematics of the Torsion Space-Time.  Found. Phys.,
1985, v15, N4, p451

9. T. W. B. Kibble., Lorentz Invariance and the Gravitational Field. J.
Math. Phys, 1961, N 2, p212

10. D. W. Sciama.  The Physical Structure of General Relativity.  Rev.
Mod. Phys., 1964, n36, p463

11. A.P.Efremov 'Space-time rotation and torsion field's effects.
    Analytical review' CISE VENT, Moscow, 1991, p.76   (Russian lang.)

12. V.G.Bagrov, A.A.Evseevich, A.V.Shapovalov 'Symmetry, division of
    variables and exact solutions for Dirac equation in the Riemann-Cartan
    space', Tomsk, Tomsky NTs SO AN SSSR, 1989, preprint #51, p.31
    (Russian lang.)

13. G.I.Shipov 'Physical vacuum theory', NT-Center, Moscow, 1993, p.362
    (Russian lang.)

14. A.A.Grib, E.V.Damansky, V.M.Maksimov 'The problem of the vacuum
    symmetry and invariance breaking in the quantum field theory', in the
    Uspehi Fizicheskih Nauk, 1970, vol.102, issue 4, p.587   (Russian

15. H.Oganyan 'What is spin?', in '88 Fizika za rubezhom, Mir, Moscow,
    1988, p.68   (Russian lang.)

17. A.E.Akimov, V.V.Boichuk, V.Ya.Tarasenko 'Long-range spinor fields.
    Physical models', Ukraine academy of sciences, Institut problem
    materialovedeniya, Kiev, 1989, preprint #4, p.23  (Russian lang.)

18. Alan D.Krish 'The collision of the spinning protons', V mire nauki,
    1987, #10, p.12   (Russian lang.)

21. J.D.Bjorken, S.D.Drell 'Relativistic quantum theory', Nauka, Moscow,
    1978, p.295  (Russian lang.)

23. Ya.B.Zeldovich 'The interpretation of electrodynamics as consequence
    of quantum theory' in Pisma v Zh.ETF, 1967, vol.6, issue 10, 
    p.922 (Russian lang.)

24. L.A.Rivlin , ? , in the Uspehi fizicheskih nauk, 1991, #3, 
    p.143 (Russian lang.)

25. A.D.Saharov 'Vacuum quantum fluctuations in curved space and the
    gravitation theory' in Doklady Akademii Nauk, 1967, #1, p.70 (Russian

26. L.D.Landau, E.M.Lifshits 'Theoretical physics', vol.4, Nauka, Moscow,
    1968, part 1, p.480   (Russian lang.)

27. E.V.Shpolsky 'Atomic physics', Moscow, GITGL, 1949, vol.1, p.523,
    1950, vol.2, p.718   (Russian lang.)

28. A.D.Dolgov, Ya.B.Zeldovich, M.V.Sazhin 'The cosmology of the early
    universe', Moscow State University, 1988, p.200   (Russian lang.)

29. V.A.Bunin 'Newest problems of gravitation in classical physics',
    Leningrad, 1962, p.88   (Russian lang.)

30. V.A.Dubrovsky 'Elastic model of the physical vacuum', in Dokl.AN SSSR,
    vol.282, 1985,#1,p.83    (Russian lang.)

32. A.D.Saharov, TMF, 1975, vol.9, #22, p.157   (Russian lang.)

33. G.T.Butorin 'On the question of the quantum-mechanical origin of
    gravitation', VINITI, Moscow, 1987, dep.#5135-B87, p.49 (Russian

34. G.T.Butorin 'On the possible origin of magnetism of spinning masses',
    VINITI, 1989, dep.#2139-B89, p.49    (Russian lang.)

35. B.R.Bershadsky, A.A.Mehedkin 'Structural discretization of the main
    types of compositional connection of matter types', VINITI, Moscow,
    1990, dep.#40-B90, p.11    (Russian lang.)

36. A.E.Akimov,B.R.Bershadsky,A.A.Mehedkin 'The frequency spectrum of
    physical fields in general conception', VINITI, Moscow, 1990,
    dep.#2826-B90, p.6    (Russian lang.)

37. the same as 11

39. J.A.Willer 'Einstein's foresight', Mir, Moscow, 1970, p.112
    (Russian lang.)

40. I.D.Novikov, V.P.Frolov 'Physics of black holes', Nauka, Moscow, 1986,
    p.327   (Russian lang.)

41. V.P.Mayboroda, A.E.Akimov, G.A.Maksimova, V.Ya.Tarasenko 'Torsion
    fields' influence on the melt of tin', CISE VENT, preprint #49,
    Moscow,  1994, p.13  (Russian lang.)

42. V.P.Mayboroda, A.E.Akimov, G.A.Maksimova, V.Ya.Tarasenko, V.K.Shkolny,
    N.G.Palaguta, G.M.Molchanovskaya 'The structure and properties of
    copper taken from the melt after influencing it with torsion
    radiation', CISE VENT, preprint #50, Moscow, 1994, p.11   (Russian

43. A.E.Akimov 'Torsion communications of the third millenium', The
    proceedings of the international conference 'Modern telecommunication
    technologies', Moscow, 15-19 of may, 1995  (Russian lang.)
44. A.E.Akimov, F.A.Ohatrin, A.F.Ohatrin, V.P.Finogeev, M.N.Lomonosov,
    A.V.Loginov 'The capture and treatment of torsion information from the
    cosmic images carriers', Allrussian conference 'The perspective
    informational technologies', Uljaynovsk, 27-29 of august, 1995
     (Russian lang.)

45. N.A.Kozyrev, V.V.Nasonov 'On some properties of time, discovered by
    astronomical observations', in Problemy issledovaniya vselennoi,
    1980, issue 9, p.76    (Russian lang.)

46. M.M.Lavrentjev, I.A.Eganova, M.K.Lutset, S.F.Foninyh 'The distance
    influence of stars on the resistor', in Doklady AN SSSR, 1990,
    vol.314, issue 2, p.352   (Russian lang.)

47. A.E.Akimov, G.U.Kovalchuk, V.G.Medvedev, V.K.Oleinik, A.F.Pugach 'The
    preliminary results of astronomical observations of the sky with
    N.A.Kozyrev's method', Chief astronomical observatory of Ukraine
    Acad.of Sciences, Kiev, 1992, preprint #GAO-92-5P, p.16   (Russian

48. V.I.Tolchin 'Inertioid, inertia forces as the source of motion', 
    Perm, 1977  (Russian lang.)

49. the same as 28

52. A.A.Grib, S.G.Mamaev, V.M.Mostepanenko 'Vacuum quantum effects in the
    strong fields' Energoatomizdat, Moscow, 1988, p.288  (Russian lang.)

53. L.I.Matveenko 'Visible overlight velocities of components' scattering
    in extragalactic objects', in Uspehi fizicheskih nauk, 1989, vol.140,
    issue 3, p.469  (Russian lang.)

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