For those with interest, here's the first page of the Torsion Fields article in PROCEEDINGS OF INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE: NEW IDEAS IN NATURAL SCIENCE, available (still, I think, ) from Alex. V. Frolov,


A.E. Akimov, G. I. Shipov, 1996

The adequacy of perceiving Nature is commensurate with our knowledge of the laws operating in it. The history of Natural Science evolution in at least the latter one hundred years testifies to the fact that reasearch results have appeared which fail to be explained in terms of conventional scientific notions, and offers upright evidence of the incompleteness of our knowledge of Nature.

Over the course of latter decades it has been constantly stated that all familiar phenomena of Nature and experimental results were explained by four known interactions: electromagnetism, gravitation, strong, and weak interactions. However, in the last fifty years, around twenty research results have piled up without finding any explanation within the framework of these interactions[1].

Beyond any connection with such a high-strung setup for the given stage of the Natural Science development, the quest for new long-range actions has been underway ever since the thirties. It will suffice to point out the works of H. Tetrode[2] and A. F. Fokker[3] and later to those of J. Wheeler's and R. Feynman's [4,5] as well as other authors. However these works failed to receive their rightful boost. Only torsion fields concepts constituted an explanation.

The torsion fields (spin fields) theory is a traditional trend in theoretical physics dating back to the works of the second half of the last century. Nonetheless in its present day mold the theory of torsion fields has been formulated owing to the ideas of Eli Cartan who was the first to indicate clearly and definitely that there exist in Nature the fields generated by the spin angular momentum density. To date, world periodicals reference to torsion fields amount to the order of 10,000 articles belonging to about a hundred authors. Over one half of those theorists work in Russia alone.

In spite of a sufficiently elaborated theoretical body, torsion fields have persisted to be a solely theoretical subject until the early seventies of our century. It was due to this fact that they failed to become as universal a factor as electrodynamics or gravitation. More than that, there existed a theoretical inference that since the constant of spin-torsion interactions was proportionate to the product of G x hbar (G - gravitation constant, hbar - Plank's constant), i.e. it was almost 30 orders of magnitude weaker than gravitation interactions, then even if torsion effects did exist in Nature, they could not contribute noticably to the observed phenomena.

However, in the early 70s by virtue of the works by F. Hehl [6-8], T. Kibble[9], D. Sciama[10], et. al, it was demonstrated that this conclusion holds true not for torsion fields in general but only for static torsion fields generated by spinning sources without radiation.

A considerable number of works on the theory of dynamic torsion (a spinning source with emission) has come out in the ensuing 20 years. These works have displayed that the Lagrangian of the spinning source with emission may contain as much as a ten of terms with constants that are in no way dependent either on G or hbar, concerning which the theory imposes no requirements as to their mandatory infinitesimal. The specialists in the theory of torsion fields are well aware of this fact. Nevertheless the traditional point of view on the infinitesimal of spin-torsion interactions' constants remained in the consecutive 15 years to be a psychological disturbance for the experimenters that attracted them away from an intent and comprehensive search for the experimental manifestations of torsion effects. It was only in the early 80s that in Russia attention was paid to the global role of the torsion fields dynamic theory findings. It was then that heed was given to the presence in physics of a vast experimental phenomenolgy containing many experimental results nonexplained in terms of four known interactions, while denoting the experimental manifestation of torsion effects. With the devising in Russia in the 80s of the world's first torsion field generators, target- designated research work was unfolded and put into effect along numerous directions of searching for torsion fields manifestations, which yielded a large volume of practical results.



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