Circumcision is the alteration or mutilation of genitalia, of females as well as males. It is a worldwide phenomenon and varies greatly. An excellent reference for female circumcision is Prisoners of Ritual: An Odyssey into Female Genital Circumcision in Africa, Hanny Lightfoot-Klein, New York, Haworth Press, 1989. And here are more pages on female circumcision.
The FGM Research Homepage is here.
The rest of this page addresses male circumcision. For a good men's issues reference on other topics, you may want to look at Men's Issues Page by David R Throop.
Genital alteration of the male includes gonadectomy, penectomy, subincision, circumcision and piercing.
The Right to Our Own Bodies:
The History of Male Circumcision in the U.S.
by Frederick Hodges and Jerry W. Warner
Circumcision Information Resource Centre
DOCTORS OPPOSING CIRCUMCISION (D.O.C.)
Book: "Circumcision, What It Does" by Billy Ray Boyd
CIRCUMCISION INFORMATION AND RESOURCE PAGES
Wayne Hampton has written a well-researched article called NEGATIVE ASPECTS OF ROUTINE INFANT CIRCUMCISION.
Here are a few topics that are available at this time:
Last update 07/06/2005.