Circumcision Issues

Circumcision is the alteration or mutilation of genitalia, of females as well as males. It is a worldwide phenomenon and varies greatly. An excellent reference for female circumcision is Prisoners of Ritual: An Odyssey into Female Genital Circumcision in Africa, Hanny Lightfoot-Klein, New York, Haworth Press, 1989. And here are more pages on female circumcision.

The FGM Research Homepage is here.

The rest of this page addresses male circumcision. For a good men's issues reference on other topics, you may want to look at Men's Issues Page by David R Throop.

Male Circumcision

Genital alteration of the male includes gonadectomy, penectomy, subincision, circumcision and piercing.

The Right to Our Own Bodies: The History of Male Circumcision in the U.S.
by Frederick Hodges and Jerry W. Warner

Circumcision Information Resource Centre



Book: "Circumcision, What It Does" by Billy Ray Boyd


Fathering Magazine

Circumcision Web

Wayne Hampton has written a well-researched article called NEGATIVE ASPECTS OF ROUTINE INFANT CIRCUMCISION.

Here are a few topics that are available at this time:

Last update 07/06/2005.