Female Circumcision

Genital alteration in the female includes infibulation, clitoridectomy, clitoral circumcision and piercing. The World Health Organization had a conference in February 1979 in Khartoum, Sudan, and unanimously condemned the mutilations as disastrous to women’s health and as indefensible on medical as well as humane grounds.

In the United States, Rep. Pat Schroeder has written a bill to prohibit female genital mutilation (FGM), H.R. 3247.

In addition there is:

Excerpted section 261 of the larger bill...

103d CONGRESS H. R. 3075  As Introduced in the House

Note: This document is the unofficial version of a Bill or Resolution.
The printed Bill and Resolution produced by the Government
Printing Office is the only official version.

VERSION As Introduced in the House
CONGRESS 103d CONGRESS
1st Session
BILL H. R. 3075
TITLE To promote greater equity in the delivery of health care services
to American women through expanded research on women`s health
issues and through improved access to health care services,
including preventive health services.
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IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
SEPTEMBER 14, 1993
Mrs. Schroeder (for herself, Ms. Snowe, Ms. Slaughter, Ms. Brown of
Florida, Ms. Byrne, Mrs. Clayton, Mrs. Collins of Illinois, Ms.
DeLauro, Ms. Eshoo, Mrs. Johnson of Connecticut, Mrs. Lloyd,
Mrs. Lowey, Mrs. Kennelly, Ms. McKinney, Mrs. Maloney, Mrs.
Meek, Mrs. Mink, Ms. Molinari, Mrs. Morella, Ms. Pelosi, Ms.
Roybal-Allard, Ms. Schenk, Mr. Thurman, Mrs. Unsoeld, Ms. Vela-
squez, Ms. Waters, Ms. Woolsey, Mr. Abercrombie, Mr. Berman,
Mr. Brown of California, Mr. Evans, Mr. Frank of Massachusetts,
Mr. Hochbrueckner, Mr. Lantos, Mr. Martinez, Mr. McDermott, Mr.
Nadler, Mr. Sanders, Mr. Wheat, and Mr. Yates) introduced the
following bill; which was referred jointly to the Committees on
Energy and Commerce, Ways and Means, Armed Services, Education
and Labor, Foreign Affairs, the Judiciary, and Veterans`
Affairs
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TEXT A BILL
To promote greater equity in the delivery of health care services
to American women through expanded research on women`s health
issues and through improved access to health care services,
including preventive health services.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
United States of America in Congress assembled,
SUBTITLE M - FEDERAL PROHIBITION OF FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION ACT
OF 1993
SEC. 261. SHORT TITLE.
This subtitle may be cited as the `Federal Prohibition of Female
Genital Mutilation Act of 1993`.
SEC. 262. TITLE 18 AMENDMENT.
(a) In General . - Chapter 7 of title 18, United States Code, is
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
`Sec. 116. Female genital mutilation
`(a) Except as provided in subsection (b), whoever knowingly
circumcises, excises, or infibulates the whole or any part of the
labia majora or labia minora or clitoris of another person who has
not attained the age of 18 years shall be fined under this title or
imprisoned not more than 5 years, or both.
`(b) A surgical operation is not a violation of this section if
the operation is -
`(1) necessary to the health of the person on whom it is
performed, and is performed by a person licensed in the place
of its performance as a medical practitioner; or
`(2) performed on a person in labor or who has just given
birth and is performed for medical purposes connected with that
labor or birth by a person licensed in the place it is
performed as a medical practitioner, midwife, or person in
training to become such a practitioner or midwife.
`(c) In applying subsection (b)(1), no account shall be taken of
the effect on the person on whom the operation is to be performed
of any belief on the part of that or any other person that the
operation is required as a matter of custom or ritual.
`(d) Whoever knowingly denies to any person medical care or
services or otherwise discriminates against any person in the
provision of medical care or services, because -
`(1) that person has undergone female circumcision, excision,
or infibulation; or
`(2) that person has requested that female circumcision,
excision, or infibuation be performed on any person;
shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than one
year, or both.`.
(b) Clerical Amendment . - The table of sections at the
beginning of chapter 7 of title 18, United States Code, is amended
by adding at the end the following new item:
`116. Female genital mutilation.`.
SEC. 263. EDUCATION AND OUTREACH.
The Secretary of Health and Human Services shall carry our
appropriate education, preventive, and outreach activities in
communities that traditionally practice female circumcision,
excision, or infibulation, to inform people in those communities
about the health risks and emotional trauma inflicted by those
practices, and to inform them and the medical community about the
provisions of section 262.
SEC. 264. EFFECTIVE DATES.
Section 263 shall take effect immediately, and the Secretary of
Health and Human Services shall commence carrying it out not later
than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act. Section
262 shall take effect 180 days after the date of the enactment of
this Act.