|The Highland Scotland charms come
|The version of the Danish charms that I
used can be found in:
The Anglo-Saxon charms have been published many times. I have essentially used a 'literary’ edition (that also gives the original text), by
The book by:
Karen Louise Jolly, "Popular Religion in Late Saxon England", also contains many charms discussed in a religious context rather than a medical context as with Cameron. This work and that of Cameron’s complement each other harmoniously.
I must say that I also consulted some works dedicated to charms and incantations coming from mystical literature and that I didn’t find them very interesting: they always describe somewhat fixed rituals, without giving their origin. Their approaches are different from mine in the sense that I have carefully given the original version of the charm that I am citing (sometimes to the point of proposing an original translation of some words), and I show a possible adaptation, not an immutable and fixed truth.
The works of Hildegard of Bingen on medical knowledge are:
The following book contains the most complete description of shamanic customs, and as well, it is easy to access for the non specialist (but not rigorous enough for the specialist).
The works of James Frazer form an incredibly rich source of information on tales, folk customs, and shamanic traditions. The simplest to read is :
The book of Max Bartels,
is a unique source of knowledge about primitive medicine from all over the world, except Europe. I am very surprised that there is no English translation of this important book.
For more particular points, I have also used:
For modern shamanism, I recommend both of Sandra Ingerman’s books:
Anne Ross’ article, "The Divine Hag of the Pagan Celts " and H. R. Ellis Davidson’s, "Hostile Magic in the Icelandic Sagas" , are published in
As I said in the book, I did not use the Galdrabok, book of Icelandic magical charms, because it hardly deals with healing, but nevertheless this work is very interesting :
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