Our Daily Bleed...
"Those are my principles.
If you don't like them
I have others."
— Groucho Marx(ist)
Last American commander of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade.
ROMAN NEW YEAR.
Suffolk, England: CAKES & ALE DAY, food to the poor.
All Souls College, Oxford: MALLARD DAY, celebrating the discovery of an unusually large & tasty duck on this day in 1437.
Hindu World: PONGOL OF THE COWS. Sacred animals are sprinkled with water, saffron, flowers & leaves of sacred plants; their horns are painted, garlands hung about their necks. With drums & cymbals they are driven through town with much festivity.
FEAST OF ST. FELIX.
1601 -- Church authorities burn Hebrew books in Rome.
1699 -- New Old World: Witch One? Massachusetts holds day of fasting for wrongly persecuting "witches."
In a cold world woolly thinking is comfortable when worn next to the skin.
1742 -- Edmund Halley, genius eclipsed by Newton, dies at 86.
1784 -- Treaty of Paris, officially ending US War of Independence, ratified by Congress. By its terms, "His Britannic Majesty" is bound to withdraw his armies without "carrying away any Negroes or other property of American inhabitants."
1794 -- All in the Family?: First successful cesarean section in US, Edom, Virginia. Dr. Jesse Bennet performs it on his wife.
1818 -- Zacharias Topelius (1818 - 1898) lives. Swedish speaking writer, journalist, historian, whose writing career divides into three roles: story teller for children, describer of Finland & her landscape, & founder of the Finnish historic novel.
1836 -- French painter Henri Fantin-Latour lives. He was a friend of the Impressionist painters, but his style was more in the realist vein.
1841 -- The only woman artist among the prominent French Impressionists, Berthe Morisot lives.
1850 -- Germany: While held in the Königstein fortress, the anarchist Michael Bakunin is condemned to death by Saxon tribunal.
Bakunin played a principal role in the May 3rd uprising with the famed composer Richard Wagner. The rebellion was crushed & Bakunin today is sentenced to die.
Pierre Loti, whose themes anticipate some of the central preoccupations of French literature between the world wars, lives, Rochefort. His career as a naval officer took him to the Middle East & East Asia & provided ample material for his writing, starting with Aziyadé (1879) & Madame Chrysanthème (1887).
1858 -- France: Italian Nationalists led by Felice Orsini, a Free Mason, bowls three bombs under Napoleon III's carriage in front of the Paris Opera, killing eight bystanders & injuring 148. Orsini thought that killing Louis-Napoleon would precipitate a general popular revolution in France that would spread to Italy to expel the various foreign regimes then ruling the divided peninsula.
Beloved & Respected Comrade Leaders Empress Eugenie, only only slightly wounded, stepping from the wreckage of the carriage, was heard to comment,
‘ C’est le metier’ – ‘It’s all part of the job.’
1860 -- High Seas:
Strange Stuff: Fall of irregular-shaped pieces of solid ice of different dimensions, up to the size of half a brick, in a thunderstorm, upon Capt. Blakiston's vessel [London Roy. Soc. Proc., 10-468]
1862 -- Scotland:
BLACK RAIN: Fall of black rain, Slains [Rev. James Rust. Scottish Showers]
(Hmmmmm ... & you thought this normal in Scotland.... )
1866 -- US: Art Young, "Masses" cartoonist, lives Orangeville, Illinois. Daily Bleed Saint December 29.
1875 -- Albert Schweitzer lives, Kaysersberg, Alsace-Lorraine, Germany. Medical humanitarian, organist, historian of the apocalyptic enigmas of early Christianity & the end-times. Nobel Prize-winner, 1952.
1878 -- US: Supreme Court rules unconstitutional any state law requiring railroads to provide equal accommodations for passengers, regardless of race or color.
1882 -- Thomas Nast, in Harper's Weekly, lampoons Mother Shipton in a cartoon about the Apocalypse, for her false prediction that the world would end in 1881. Mother Shipton is England's most well-known prophetess, a British version of Nostradamus. Currently, about 100,000 people per year reportedly visit the Mother Shipton Cave in her home town, apparently seeing light at the butt-end of the tunnel.
1886 -- France: Louise Michel est conduite par la police au domicile que lui ont trouvé ses camarades, 89, route d'Asnières, à Levallois.
[Source: Michel Chronologie]
1886 -- Hugh Lofting, creator of the children's Dr. Doolittle series, lives, Maidenhead, Berkshire. Though avoiding the word "nigger", he referred to Africans as "coons", which is no better. Presumably neither was used in the movie.
1886 -- France: Peter Kropotkin, imprisoned for the past three years, is released from prison, on or about today, due to pressure from national & international protests. (I don't have the exact day — ed.)
"In the middle of January, 1886, both Louise Michel & [Emile] Pouget, as well as the four of us who were still at Clairvaux, were set free..."
— Memoirs of a Revolutionist, pp485
[Details / context]
1888 -- Maurice Dommanget lives, Paris. Labor historian & revolutionary syndicalist. Wrote many works on the French Revolution: Manifeste des enragés; Babeuf et la conjuration des égaux, for example, as well as books on Blanqui, the Paris Commune & the history of socialism.
1888 -- Émile Bachelet lives (1888-1967). Anarchiste individualiste, antimilitariste, impliqué dans les affaires liées à la bande à Bonnot. Wrote Trimards (roman; 1951).
1888 -- France: Jean-Baptiste André Godin (b.1817) dies. (See January 26, 1817)
1892 -- Martin Niemoeller (1892-1984), pacifist pastor, lives, Germany.
In Germany they came first for the Communists, & I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Communist.
Then they came for the Jews, & I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Jew.
Then they came for the trade unionists, & I didn't speak up because I wasn't a trade unionist.
Then they came for the Catholics, & I didn't speak up because I was a Protestant.
Then they came for me, & by that time no one was left to speak up.
— Martin Niemoeller, German Lutheran Pastor
1893 -- England: Independent Labour Party founded, Bradford, headed by Keir Hardie.
1894 -- His seaman's career over, Joseph Conrad returns to London & finishes the manuscript of a tale he has been writing for five years. Almayer's Folly, his first novel, is published the following year.
1895 -- US: Brooklyn trolley strike begins (-Feb. 2); militia is later called out.
1896 -- John Dos Passos, lefty novelist/capitalist realist (the U.S.A. trilogy), & later Cold War warrior, lives, Chicago. An integral part of the Lost Generation crowd in Paris in the 20s. His increasing fascist leanings estranged him from most of his associates, including Hemingway.
1898 -- Reverend Charles L. Dodgson, better known as Lewis Carroll, dies at 66.
1909 -- US: Dr. Ben Reitman & Emma Goldman arrested on charges of conspiracy against the government; both are held on bail. Buwalda arrested for disturbing the peace. Supporters of Goldman & Reitman rally to protest the arrests tomorrow; police forcibly end gatherings.
1909 -- Samuel Coleridge-Taylor cantata "Bon-Bon Suite" is performed for the first time in its full orchestral version, Brighton Music Festival, England.
1909 -- Spain: Félix Likiniano lives (1909-1983).
1910 -- US:
More Strange Stuff: "Mysterious white aircraft" seen & heard about noon, Chattanooga, TN (also seen on previous two days) [New York Tribune, Jan 15]
American author / socialist / feminist Tillie Olsen lives, about this time.
(1912 or 1913 in Omaha, Nebraska; she is not sure of the date because it was never recorded.)
"& when is there time to remember, to sift, to weigh, to estimate, to total?"
— Tillie Olsen, (d.2007)
1914 -- US: Hog-Wild? Henry Ford's assembly line begins production of the Model T. Each car requires 90 minutes for assembly. His ideas for the assemblyline were first formulated after visiting the Chicago slaughterhouses, where 75,000 hogs a day were being routinely butchered.
1914 -- US: IWW (Industrial Workers of the World)-Suhr Trial begins, Marysville, California.
On January 28th the Court mandates the return of Emma Goldman & Alexander Berkman to fulfill their prison sentences.
On January 30th, from Petrograd, in Russia, the US ambassador notifies the State Department of Russian anarchists threatening to hold him personally responsible for Goldman's & Berkman's safety in prison.
1919 -- Russia: Voline, Russian revolutionary & anarchist historian, arrested & dragged from one prison to another.
Trotsky, pretender to the throne, already had ordered his execution, & Voline escaped death only by sheer accident...
1921 -- Murray Bookchin lives.
Daily Bleed Patron Saint 2007-2009
American anarchist theorist, organizer, social ecologist.
1925 -- Self-Criticism?: Novelist/playwright Yukio Mishima (Kimitake Hiraoka) lives, Tokyo, Japan, into a samurai family. Right-wing gay fascist, novelist who put the finishing touches to his The Sea of Fertility tetralogy, committing suicide a few hours later.
"Hungarian Varsovienne" Henry Ford's Old Fashioned Dance Orchestra, recorded
This pre-Depression recording exists thanks to Henry Ford's ironic role as patron of the folk arts. The automotive mogul had a 19th-century rural sensibility, even as his assembly lines & Model-Ts inexorably pushed America into the 20th century. He sponsored fiddling contests & a dancing school, their uplifting value lost on the anonymous worker who told Edmund Wilson:
"A man checks 'is brains & 'is freedom at the door when he goes to work at Ford's."
1929 -- Canada: Doggin It? First International dogsled mail arrives in Montreal. See 2 February.
1933 -- Avant-guard film-maker Stan Brakhage lives. Regarded as one of the most important experimental filmmakers of the 20th century, made over 400 films.
1938 -- England: Ethel Mannin & Emma Goldman speak on "The Betrayal of the Spanish People" at a CNT-FAI program in London; the audience turns against the Communists when they attempt to break up the meeting.
1939 -- Nederlands: Working every day since late December at the International Institute of Social History in Amsterdam, Emma Goldman finds it impossible to arrange Alexander Berkman's papers without also organizing her own; she finally finishes the work today.
1941 -- US: A. Philip Randolph, president of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters & chief spokesperson for the African American working class, calls for a March on Washington, demanding racial integration of the military & equal access to defense-industry jobs.
The call prompts black enthusiasm too great for the government to ignore.
[Details / context]
1941 -- Picasso begins writing his play "Desire Caught by the Tail", finishing in three days.
1944 -- US: Nisei eligibility for the draft is restored. The reaction to this announcement by those interred in the American concentration camps is mixed.
1945 -- France: Poet Jean Ajalbert dies.
Avocat, poète impressionniste, écrivain naturaliste & anarchiste. Active in the decadent movement with Tailhade, et al., transposing the effects of impressionist painting into poetry.
1946 -- India: Two jetties collapse in Ganges — 160 Hindu pilgrims are crushed.
1952 -- The Modern Jazz Quartet is formally incorporated.
1957 -- Humphrey Bogart, (Whiskey Straight) dies at 57, at 2:30 in the morning. Bogart, arguably America's most famous film actor, had cancer of the esophagus. News programs treat his funeral as a national event. Humphrey always Bogarted the joint. Humphrey Bogart also was an expert chess player who played for stakes.
A target of the conservative & liberal American witch hunters of the 40s & 50s.
1961 -- England: Prison revolts at Maidstone & Shrewsbury.
1962 -- France: Justin Olive (1886-1962) dies. Militant anarchist & revolutionary syndicalist.
1963 -- US: George Wallace sworn in as Governor of Alabama, his address states "segregation now; segregation tomorrow; segregation forever!."
1966 -- US: March on Atlanta to protest ouster of Julian Bond, African American pacifist, from Georgia House of Representatives, after his endorsement of SNCC statement critical of US involvement in Vietnam; Martin Luther King, Jr. spoke.
Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.
— Martin Luther King Jr.
1966 -- Houston, We Have a Problem?: David Jones changes his last name to Bowie to avoid confusion with Davy Jones from the Monkees.
1969 -- High Seas: Series of explosions aboard the American nuclear aircraft carrier Enterprise kills 17, injures 85.
1970 -- US: United Airlines halts its "men only" executive flights between New York & Chicago.
1970 -- A display of John Lennon's erotic "Bag One" lithographs opens in London. Scotland Yard seizes prints two days later (as "evidence" of pornography — lol).
1970 -- Spain: Government drafts 55,000 postal workers to crush strike.
1970 -- US: Anarchist/pacifist Ammon Hennacy dies.
Best known for his work in operating the "Joe Hill Hospitality House" for transients in Salt Lick City, Utah. Influenced Dorothy Day & U. Utah Phillips. Hennacy was a self-described "Christian-anarchist-pacifist" who never paid taxes or went to war.
1970 -- Poland: Riots in Polish Baltic ports, continuing until the 18th.
Source: 'Calendar Riots'
1972 -- France: Radical publisher Adrien Perrissaguet (1898-1972) dies.
1973 -- Tapped Out?: Tap dancer Roy Castle (1932-1994) measured at 1440 taps/min on BBC TV.
1976 -- Spain: Wildcat strike wave spreads across the nation to Barcelona, resulting in the formation of workers' general assemblies & defiance of the unions & government.
1977 -- Amorous novelist Anais Nin is amorous nomour.
1978 -- The Sex Pistols' final concert (Winterland, Frisco, California).
1981 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Jim Carter authorizes sending combat equipment to Salvadoran junta. Just another democratic gesture to freedom loving people.
1984 -- He Urned It?: Ray Kroc, founder of McDonalds, dies at 82. Cremated in one of his own restaurants, his ashes are kept at the first McDonalds, in a kroc.
1987 -- Germany: In nuclear reactor protest, Robin Wood occupies Environment Ministry, Lower Saxony.
1989 -- England: 1,000 enlightened Muslims burn Salmon Rushdies' Satanic Verses in Bradford. Probly some religious thing.
1990 -- The Simpsons live. Matt Groening's satire of the American family offers visually clever parodies of the media itself. The characters stem from a long line of TV families, from the Honeymooners through the Flintstones. Homer makes one of the great parental statements to Lisa, when she says he does not understand something:
"Just because I don't care doesn't mean I don't understand."
1991 -- US: An estimated 30,000-60,000 rally at Seattle Central Community College (where Auntie Dave was once editor of the student paper, & the school tried twice to remove him) in Seattle, Washington, in vigil & opposition to pending US invasion of Kuwait & Iraq.
1991 -- Guatemala: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Jorge Serrano Elias installed as president.
1991 -- A Bibliography of Published Works by Murray Bookchin, including translations, compiled by Janet Biehl on the occasion of the anarchist Murray Bookchin's 70th birthday today.
1992 -- Chile: Protest against 10 murders by police in the last 20 days, Santiago.
1994 -- France: Spanish anarcosindicalista, feminist, educator Federica Montseny (1905-1994) dies, Toulouse.
Daily Bleed Patron Saint, 2006Anarcho-syndicalist
Renowned Spanish feminist, radical educator.
1994 -- Peace accords signed to dismantle Ukraine's nuclear weapons & take US & Russian missiles off Ukrainian targets.
1996 -- US: 16 protesters arrested in a winter blockade of the rural Wisconsin site of the US Navy's ELF transmitter, which transmits triggering signals to nuclear weapons aboard US submarines. A total of nearly 400 arrests have occurred in 24 actions between 1991-96.
2003 -- Human Rights Watch annual report criticizes Burma, China, Cuba, Iran, Iraq, Liberia, Russia, the US & Vietnam. Don't know how the US could be on this Family Values list.
2005 -- US: Army Specialist Charles Graner Jr., ringleader of a band of rogue guards at the Abu Ghraib prison, convicted at Fort Hood, Texass, of abusing Iraqi detainees. Probable scapegoat to protect higher-uppitys, later sentenced to 10 years in prison.
2006 -- Pakistan: The government angrily denounces yesterday's CIA airstrike that killed at least 18 (including five children). The CIA claimed it got "good reporting" on Al-Zawahri's location & ordered the Predator airstrike...so good it was wrong (Al-Zawahri — Osama bin Laden's right-hand man in the al Qaeda terrorist network — later turns up on video), & so good it managed, once again, to kill many innocent civilians. About par for this known American terrorist organization.
2008 -- US: Milton Wolff, the last surviving Abraham Lincoln Brigade leader from the Spanish Civil War, & a lifelong social activist dies, Berkeley, California, at age 92. Author of Another Hill: An Autobiographical Novel & A Member of the Working Class.
2009 -- US: Prosecutors charge Olympia mixed-martial-arts champion & avowed anarchist Jeff Monson with first-degree malicious mischief for spray-painting an anarchist symbol on the state Capitol building & an armed services recruitment center last year.
2011 -- US: Surprise??!!: Toxic Waste Nuclear Sludge candy recalled for being...toxic. Naturally & artificially flavored indeed! Apparently Pakistani-Iranian-China terrorists been putting way too much impure lead in the stuff.
"The white man knows how to make everything,
but he does not know how to distribute it."
— Sitting Bull
Visit the complete Daily Bleed Calendar
The Daily Bleed is freely produced by Recollection Used Books
Over 2 million a'mopers & a'gawkers since May 2005