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The Daily Bleed January 24: Sherman Austin, Virginia Dantas, Jeanne Humbert, Giuseppe Fanelli, Shusui Denjiro Kotoku, Kanno Sugako, Robert Proix, Andre Prudhommeaux, Alexander Berkman, Emma Goldman, Franz Kafka, Manifesto of the 16, Home Colony... A Calendar Better Than Boiled Coffee! A People's History: Social, Cultural, Labor, Arts & other events Mom & Pop forgot to tell us about! Timeline, Chronology, Almanac of Radicalism, Arts, Literature, Authors, Poets, Anarchists... a radical annotated chronology, almanac, anarchist CALENDAR, anarchism, anarchico, anarchiste, anarquista, anarsizm, anarþizme, Anarþist, Anarquismo, Anarchismus, anarchia, anarchisme, anarchizm, anarkisme, libertarian, What Happened on this day, in recovered history January 24

“I have paid you a rare compliment;

I have assumed that you mean what you say.”

Nero Wolfe


Shusui Kotoku
Japanese anarchist activist, martyr.

ALASITAS FAIR: Held by Aymara Indians in honor of Eq'Eq'o, plump, smiling god of prosperity. Tiny replicas of all the things desired are hung on household statues of the god.

PAUL PITCHER DAY: Cornish tin miners traditionally set up a pitcher in a public place & threw stones at it to destroy it.

A replacement pitcher was then bought & filled with beer, which was replenished throughout the day as they drank from it.

The miners were great inventors for reasons to celebrate, this one was a rebellion against the rule that only water was to be drunk during work time.

[Source: Calendar Riots]

TRICKNOLOGY DAY, celebrating the clever tricks of a ruling-class conspiracy.

41 -- Roman emperor Caligula murdered.

661 -- Ali ibn Abu Talib kalief of Islam (656-61), murdered.

1732 -- Pierre-Augustin-Caron de Beaumarchais lives, Paris. Becomes watchmaker, pamphleteer, & secret agent, as well as a successful dramatist ("The Marriage of Figaro; The Barber of Seville).

1776 -- E. T. A. Hoffmann (1776-1822) lives. German writer, composer, caricaturist, & painter, known for his stories in which supernatural characters reveal people's hidden secrets.

1826 -- US: In the first of a series of removal treaties, the Creek agree to cede their land in Georgia & move west. The Treaty of Washington allows the Creeks to stay on their land for two more years.

1848 -- US: Gold discovered at Sutter's Creek, California, touching off a major gold rush. By the end of the next year, 80,000 prospectors had emigrated.

1849 -- Lithuania:
Strange Stuff:Fall of insects or black larvae [Trans. Ent. Soc. Of London, 1871-183; Revue et Magasin de Zoologie, 1849-72]

1862 -- Innocent No More?: Edith Wharton (1862-1937) (The House of Mirth; The Age of Innocence) lives, New York. When Scott Fitzgerald met her in France, he embarrassed himself by telling her a long story of how he & Zelda had spent a night in a bordello, thinking it was a hotel.

1869 -- Spain: In Madrid, Giuseppe Fanelli (sent by Bakunin) gathers the first Spanish group to join the First International & sows the seeds of anarchism among the peasants & workers, with lasting effect for over the next century.

... show details

1885 -- Martin Robinson Delany, American physician, editor, Pan-Africanist, dies.

1888 -- Vicki Baum (1888-1960) lives. Austrian popular novelist, & one of the most widely-read authors of her time.

Jeanne Humbert, anarchiste
1890 -- Jeanne Humbert lives. French pacifist, anarchiste militant & companion of Eugène Humbert & author of a biography of their lives. Sent to prison & fined, along with Eugene, for spreading neo-Malthusian propaganda.

1891 -- US:
Cool Strange Stuff:Fall of saucer-sized snowflakes, Nashville, TN

1892 -- Uganda: Battle at Mengo; French missionaries attack British missionaries.

The victors force the vanquished to perform unspeakable acts — but in the missionary position, right?

1895 -- Emma Goldman, anarchist feministUS: Emma Goldman lectures on labor strikes at a meeting in New York City.

1895 -- Redlands Fortnightly Club founded, Redlands California. Believed to be the second oldest literary club in the United States. Currently includes Kenneth Ghormley's family history, involving the anarchist Home Colony.

1897 -- US: "The yellow kid," the first newspaper comic strip, appears.

1897 -- Source=Robert Braunwart The first short story about the cinema is published, Dagonet's "Our Detective Story."

1898 -- US: Emma Goldman lectures on "Authority" to economics students in Boston.

1898 -- Outer Space:
Way Far Out Strange Stuff: Sighting of something like a cloud that dimmed & blotted out stars in the constellation of Perseus (first sighted on Jan 16) [Monthly Notices, 58-334]

1899 -- Rubber heel patented by Humphrey O'Sullivan. Much embittered after his partner walks off with the proceeds, right?

1907 -- US: New York City police suppress a meeting where Emma Goldman is scheduled to speak. Also during this month, & into March, her cohort, Alexander Berkman, attempts to run a small printing business.

1908 -- England: First Boy Scout troop is organized by Lord Baden-Powell.

Kotoku & other Japanese anarchists
1911 -- Japan: Shusui Denjiro Kotoku (1871-1911) & 11 other anarchists hanged for a plot against the Japanese Emperor's life. Journalist, writer, & one of the most outstanding figures of Japanese anarchism. Among the hanged is his partner Kanno Sugako.

Further details/ context, click here[Details / context]

1913 -- Franz Kafka stops work on Amerika, which he never completes, never writing again. His signature work is the novella Metamorphosis. Dystopian allegorist & anarchist sympathizer. Two of Kafka's sisters died in the Holocaust.

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1913 -- Wales:
More Way Far Out Strange Stuff:1913 - Further reports of brilliant lights in the sky, Cardiff, Wales [Cardiff Evening Express, Jan 25]. It a hearty brew they drink there!

Errico Malatesta, anarchist
1915 -- Italy: In Pisa, the Italian anarchici, faithful to their convictions, declare themselves against the war. Errico Malatesta earlier vigorously protested, in the English newspaper Freedom, December 1914, against the interventionist anarchists, & again in early 1916, critical of the "Manifesto of the 16" issued by Peter Kropotkin & Jean Grave.

Further details/ context, click here[Details / context]

1918 -- Italy: Costantino Lazzari e Nicola Bombacci (segretario e vice-segretario del PSI) sono arrestati con l'accusa di incitamento al "disfattismo" e condannati rispettivamente a 2 anni 11 mesi e a 4 mesi di reclusione.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]

1920 -- US: 3,000 arrested in Red Scare raids, most without cause or warrants, their homes & businesses invaded & destroyed.

1922 -- US: Eskimo Pie patented by Christian K Nelson of Iowa (not an Eskimo).

1924 -- First performance of Edith Sitwell's "entertainment" Façade, with music by William Walton.

1929 -- US: Emily Dickinson poems found that had been hidden for 40 years.

1929 -- Einstein reduces physics to one law (for the time being).
[Vanessa Collection]

1933 -- Emma Goldman, anarchistEngland: In London, Emma Goldman begins her stay with a dizzying week of welcome meetings & dinners with political associates & old friends, including Paul Robeson & Emily Holmes Coleman; Emma prepares for her British lecture series.

1935 -- US: First canned beer appears, Krueger Finest Beer. Drink Fest: Krueger beer, brewed in Newark, New Jersey, is the first to be sold in cans, in Richmond, Virginia. Next up? Canned Music!

1937 -- US: United Auto workers (UAW) organizes first aircraft local.

1941 --

Hey! Ain't this the USA?!!!!!!!!!!!

Source=Robert Braunwart US: In the Land of Freedom, Lenus Westman (Democrat) is denied his seat in the Washington State Senate for "Communist sympathies."

1942 -- High Seas: US submarine S-26 sinks after colliding with another Navy ship off the coast of Panama. 32 die.

1942 -- PPU launches Food Relief Campaign for occupied Europe.

1944 -- Edith Sitwell writes to classical scholar Maurice Bowra: Sometimes, when I begin a poem, it is almost like automatic writing. Then I use my mind on it afterwards."

1946 -- US: Central Intelligence Group (CIG) established; superseded by the CIA with the National Security Act of 1947. It's predecessor, the OSS, was instrumental, along with the Vatican, in helping Nazi war criminals flee to North & South America & also in creating a new German spy agency run by former Nazis. To "protect US interests" around the world.

John Belushi
1949 -- John Belushi lives, Chicago.

1952 -- US: End of the Empire Zinc Strike, Silver City, New Mexico.

1952 -- US: Minimum wage raised to 75¢ an hour.

1955 -- US: Ira Hamilton Hayes, a Native American (Pima) who was one of six US Marines to raise the US flag at Iwo Jima, dies of exposure.

Two summers ago during one of our trips around the SW, French & I found the stone memorial to Ira Hayes on his reservation in AZ.

It was cracked, the plaque vandalized, the square on which it sat full of litter & weeds.

— Bleedster Ruth S.

1955 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Yugoslavia: The trial of Milovan Djilas for "hostile propaganda" opens (he gets over a year in prison).

1958 -- US: After warming to 100,000,000º, two light atoms are bashed together to create a heavier atom, resulting in the first man-made nuclear fusion.

1960 -- Algeria: The country rises up against De Gaulle & French colonialism.

1961 -- US: Trigger-Happy? A B-52 carrying nuclear weapons has an oopsie: a 24-megaton bomb is dropped near Goldsboro, North Carolina, before it crashes. Five of the six safety mechanisms to prevent it from exploding are triggered.

1961 -- German-born actor Natassja Kinsky lives. She played the leading role in Roman Polansky's film of Hardy's novel, Tess of the D'Urbervilles.

Fishermen nab Commie spy sub!
1962 -- US: Navy confirms plans to build Polaris submarine base at Bangor, Washington.

1963 -- IFIF created.

1963 -- Italy: Il presidente del consiglio Amintore Fanfani annuncia l'installazione di missili Polaris (armi balistiche a lunga gittata) sul territorio italiano. Lo corsa agli armamenti continua e lo stato italiano dà il suo contributo.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]

1965 -- England: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Winston Churchill, dies at 90. The Queen allowed the casket to leave St. Paul's before she left, which was a break from protocol, since the Sovereign always leaves first. A lifelong advocate of terrorism, an admirer of fascism ("Your movement (fascism) has abroad rendered a service to the whole world...Italy has shown that there is a way to combat subversive forces," & exalted Mussolini as a great legislator.

1968 -- US: TV play Laura by Truman Capote is broadcast, with Jackie Kennedy Onassis' sister Princess Lee Radziwill in the title role.

Chicago 8 poster
1968 -- US: The National Mobilization Committee (MOBE) meets in New York to discuss possible demonstrations in Chicago. Dave Dellinger, Rennie Davis, & Tom Hayden are in attendence.

1970 -- It's announced that John Lennon & Yoko Ono have shaven their heads to commemorate the start of Year One for Peace.

... show details

1971 -- Saint John Ervine, British playwright/novelist, dies in London. One of the first to write drama in the style of local realism fostered by the Irish literary renaissance. He also wrote biographies of Salvation Army general William Booth, Oscar Wilde & George Bernard Shaw.

1972 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Guam: Japanese soldier Shoichi Yokoi is discovered, having spent 28 years hiding in the jungle thinking WW II is still going on. The more things change, the more they remain the same.

1974 -- US: Clogged? White House plumber Egil Krogh sentenced for burglarizing office of Daniel Ellsberg's psychiatrist.

1975 -- US: Group identifying themselves as members of FALN (a Puerto Rican nationalist group) explode a bomb at Fraunces Tavern, in New York City's financial district, killing four & injuring 53. Police tied 13 other bombings to the group as well.

Godzilla, animated
1978 -- Canada: A Soviet radar satellite equipped with a nuclear reactor crashes & spreads radioactive debris across 61,000 square miles, including snow-covered Great Slave Lake.

... show details

anarchist circle A
1978 -- France: Robert Proix dies. anarchiste who became a pacifist socialist.
Among his friends were Albert Camus & André Prudhommeaux (born in the same phalanstery, Familistère de Guise founded by Jean-Baptiste Godin). Proix collaborated in the newspapers Liberté, Union Pacifiste & Monde Libertaire & supported Louis Lecoin's conscientious objector / antiwar activities.

Le 24 janvier 1978, mort de Robert PROIX, né au Familistère de Guise (fondée par J.B. Godin). Socialiste puis anarchiste et pacifiste. Il fut l'ami d'Albert Camus et d'André Prudhommeaux (né comme lui au familistère). Il collaborera au journal "Liberté," puis à l'"Union Pacifiste" et au "Monde Libertaire," et soutiendra Louis Lecoin dans son action en faveur de l'objection de conscience.

1981 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Poland: Millions of Polish workers boycott their jobs in support of a demand by Solidarity for a 5-day work week.

Moon sliver
1986 -- Voyager 2 makes 1st fly-by of Uranus (81,593 km), finds new moons.

1987 -- Lebanon: Three American faculty members of Beirut University taken captive by Moslem terrorists.

1989 -- First reported case of AIDS transmitted by heterosexual oral sex.

Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Clinton gets offered $10 million to become the Trojan's condom "Poster Boy."

1990 -- US: I Want My Phone Call? Secret Service agents raid homes of Acid Phreak & Phiber Optik & confiscate.

1990 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Panama: Tootin' Tortillas!?! Cocaine allegedly found in Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Noriega's HQ turns out to be corn tortillas. The dictator was once America's sweetheart & on the CIA payroll, but things went south.

1990 -- Portugal: During this year Virginia Dantas (1904-1990) dies, in Porto [ed note: as of 2006 unable to determine month or day of her death]. Dressmaker, militant anarcho-syndicalist & feminist. Member "Juventudes Sindicalitas", involved in the strikes of 1923; in 1924 joins "Grupo Anarchista Luísa Michel" to fight political repression & the deportations of militants, & União Anarquista Portuguesa; 1925, meets her companion Anibal Dantas. With the military dictatorship in 1926 for the next 48 years, the anarchists undergo repression. She helps rebuild the movement when the dictatorship falls in 1974.

1992 -- Source=Robert Braunwart El Salvador: Salvadoran officers convicted of murdering Jesuits get 30 years in jail (quickly released in 1993).

1998 -- Source=Robert Braunwart China: A gas explosion in a NE China coal mine kills 77.

1998 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Cuba: Pope John Paul II calls for release of political prisoners. Yup.

2000 --
US: Members lobby for human, animal rights
Irvington students form 'anarchist' club
San Jose Mercury News

Irvington High School has a chess club, a ski club & the Little Saigon Vietnamese club. But a group of sophomores have recently formed the school's first real political club & call themselves the Anarchist Student Union.
At Irvington, the small club is made up primarily of Anna & a dozen of her friends, many of them vegans & vegetarians who care deeply about animal rights. Several expressed frustration that their peers seem consumed by shopping & buying the latest trendy consumer goods. But the students also agreed that their immediate challenge is explaining to other students what anarchy means.

Said Ariel Schwitalla, 15: "We're the salmon running against the stream."
Teen Anarchy Web Ring

Sherman Austin
2002 -- US: The FBI & Secret Service Los Angeles Joint-terror Task Force armed with sub-machine guns, shotguns, & bullet-proof vests raids the home of 18-year old Sherman Austin, anarchist webmaster of & founder of RTF Direct Action Network.

"Austin appears to be the victim of a serious miscarriage of justice..." — Noam Chomsky

2012 -- Spain: Judge Baltasar Garzón, who indicted the Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet in 1998, accused by two right-wing groups of overstepping his powers by investigating the disappearance of 114,000 people committed between 1936 & 1975 during the reign of Francisco Franco, is put on trial.

3000 --
Collage by CollageSaintMeister James Koehnline

3500 --

& then revolts break out as storms break out in the burning summer sky. Resolute & savage men, led by the kind of bearded colossus like an ancient god, wrested beams from the workshops & hurled them like catapults against the armor-plated palace doors. The most cautious had made their get-away; others had fallen under the first blows & these were precisely the people who had never wanted to believe in the revolt, maintaining that these rumors had no foundation & were started by greedy bankers who aimed to cause a fall in prices & then speculate afterwards on the rise which would follow the denial of the alarming rumors. These were the same people who always ended their optimistic speeches by phrases such as: Our people have too much good sense.


Chasing books with butterfly nets
4000 --

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