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The Daily Bleed: John Réty, Simone Weil, Ramón Sender, Ira Cohen, Bonnot Gang, Vera Figner, Ben Reitman, Michael Schirru, Helene Patou, Andrea Costa, Casa del Obrero Internacional, Workers' Friend Club & Institute; Timeline, Almanac of Radicalism, Arts, Literature, Authors, Poets, Anarchists... a radical annotated chronology, almanac, anarchist CALENDAR, anarchisten, anarchism, anarchico, anarchiste, anarquista, anarsizm, anarţizme, Anarţist, Anarquismo, Anarchismus, anarchia, anarchisme, anarchizm, anarkisme, libertarian, What Happened on this day, in recovered history February 3
I've known rivers:
I've known rivers ancient as the world & older than the
flow of human blood in human veins.

My soul has grown deep like the rivers.

I bathed in the Euphrates when the dawns were young.
I built my hut near the Congo & it lulled me to sleep.
I looked upon the Nile & raised the pyramids above it.
I heard the singing of the Mississippi when Abe Lincoln
went down to New Orleans, & I've seen its muddy
bosom turn all golden in the sunset.

I've known rivers: Ancient, dusky rivers.

My soul has grown deep like the rivers.

   — Langston Hughes


Jamaican social critic, dancer, cultural ambassador.

WOOLCOMBERS & FRIENDS: Parades & bonfires: a day off work on the excuse of honouring their patron saint, Blaze/Blaise (an obscure Armenian reputed to have been torn to death with iron combs).
Source: [Calendar Riots]

Japan: BEAN THROWING FESTIVALS. "Fortune in! Devil out!"

-3114 -- [BC] Reciprocal date for Mayan Creation, the laying out of the ecliptic.

1194 -- Source=Robert Braunwart English King Richard I (the Lion-Hearted) is released at Mainz after paying ransom to Fenrik VI.

1377 -- Italy: Mass execution of population of Cesena by Papal legate Robert of Geneva.

1468 -- Printing press innovator Johannes Gutenberg dies.

1690 -- New Old World:: First paper money issued in America by Anglo colonists, to pay soldiers in a war against Quebec. Sets the stage for 1913 below.

1743 -- US: Philadelphia establishes a "pesthouse" to quarantine immigrants.
Claes Oldenburg, Philadelphia

Clothes peg

1810 -- Antonin Ruiz dies. El Negro Falucho, hero of Buenos Aires.

1811 -- American journalist Horace Greeley lives.

1820 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Poet John Keats coughs up blood & realizes that he, like his brother Tom, is doomed to die of tuberculosis. See very end of this page.

1821 -- US: Elizabeth Blackwell lives. First woman physician in America.

1831 -- Source=Robert Braunwart With God On Our Side? Revolutionary outbreaks in Modena, Parma & the Papal States.

1832 -- Last of the Augustan poets, George Crabbe, dies in Trowbridge, Wiltshire.

1848 -- anarchiste diamond dingbat; added July 2006France: At 9 o’clock in the morning, the steamship Rome slowly leaves the harbor of Le Havre. One of the most spectacular French emigration to the US occurs.

The gendarmes parted from the ship after having checked all passports & were on their rowboat. On the deck, 69 men, wearing black tunics, grey trousers, grey felter hats & Neapolitan shoes, proudly answered, each in turn, with a loud «Present!», to the call of their delegate.

Straight off, all 69 men intoned the famous patriotic hymn, «Le chant du départ», composed to celebrate the fall of the Bastille. But the poem of André Chénier was replaced by new verses:

Stand up, Working Man, stooping in the dust,
Now comes the time of the awakening
See the banner of the holy Community
Floating on the American shores
Never again vice, no longer pain
No more crime, no sorrow anymore
Equality, the majestic, is moving forward;
Proletarian, dry your tears.
We’re going to found our Icaria,
We, the soldiers of Fraternity
We’re going to establish in Icaria
The welfare of Humanity

People ashore answered with their chorus, all the men sang their stanza, after which they were succeeded by the women, who in turn were followed by a choir of young women

1862 -- George Tilyou lives, creator of Steeplechase Amusement Park, Coney Island.

1871 -- Thomas William Robertson, playwright, dies in London. Many of the plays produced between 1865 to 1870 provide a convincing picture of the social scene of his day.

Gertrude Stein
1874 -- Gertrude Stein (1874-1946), writer & mentor to the 'Lost Generation' of writers in Paris after World War I, lives, Allegheny, Pennsylvania. She boasts:

"I have been the creative literary mind of the century."

Clifton Fadiman pops her balloon: "A past master in making nothing happen very slowly."

1875 -- Dutch prose writer/poet, Everhardus Johannes Potgieter, dies, Amsterdam.

1880 -- Source=Robert Braunwart México: San Andreas, It's Not Your Fault? US fights the first Battle of San Andreas Mountains.

1882 -- Source=Robert Braunwart US: Circus owner P.T. Barnum buys his world-famous elephant Jumbo.

Georg Trakl
1887 -- Georg Trakl, Expressionist poet whose personal & wartime torments make him Austria's foremost elegist of decay & death, lives, Salzburg.

1889 -- anarchiste diamond dingbat; added July 2006Italy: 3-4 Febbraio. Discorso del deputato socialista Andrea Costa contro la politica coloniale che si riassume nella affermazione di principio 'nč un uomo nč un soldo.' La Camera risponde il giorno seguente votando un credito di 5 milioni per la ripresa dell'aggressione in Africa.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]

1892 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Argentina: US marines land in Buenos Aires during a revolution (-Feb. 12).

1895 -- Manuel Gutiérrez Nájera dies in México City. Recognized as more of an influence on literary trends than as a major poet, he is admired for his crónicas, a genre of short story he created.

1899 -- Lao Shę (1899-1966) lives. Chinese playwright, author of humorous, satiric novels & short stories. Red Guards of the Cultural Revolution attacked him as a counterrevolutionary & paraded him through the streets & beat him in public. Committed suicide by drowning himself in Beijing's Taiping Lake (officially) or was murdered in 1966.

Helene PATOU
1902 -- Helene Patou (1902-1975) lives, Liévin (Pas-de-Calais). French writer, militant anarchiste & néo-Malthusian. Worked in weaving factories, lived in a libertarian colony (Le Milieu Libre de Vaux), & pioneered the colony of Bascon. Model for numerous artists (Matisse, Picabia & others). Supporter of the Spanish revolutionists in 1936. Wrote Le domaine du hameau perdu (1972), prefaced by d'Henry Poulaille.

1902 -- Italy: La polizia di stato interviene contro gli operai del gas in sciopero a Torino.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]

Seven Red Sundays, book cover
1902 -- Source=Ramón José Sender Garcés, Robert Braunwart Author Ramón J. Sender lives, Spain.

Anarchist book reader; Ramón José Sender GarcésSender's Seven Red Sundays was written in 1932, just prior to the Spanish Revolution of 1936.

The novel is about group of revolutionaries in Madrid affiliated with the anarquista FAI. An upheaval begins with the murder of a comrade at a syndicalist meeting, followed by a General Strike throwing the country into a chaos — a situation in which it is unclear as to whether or not there will be a revolution or if things will return to normal....

[Review link]:

1906 -- England: Acquisition of a house at 165 Jubilee Street, which becomes the "Workers' Friend Club & Institute," a place in London for meetings, a print shop, & an anarchist school.

1907 -- James Michener (1907-1997) lives, New York City. "Tales of the South Pacific" wins Pulitzer Prize 1947. Best known for massive, detailed novels, many of which were born in his workshop with assistants & researchers.

1908 -- US: Supreme Court rules a union boycott violates Sherman Antitrust Act.

Simone Weil
1909 -- France: French philosopher, syndicalist Simone Weil (1909-1943) lives, Paris. André Gide called Weil (pronounced "vey") the saint of all outsiders.

French syndicalist philosopher, early free religionist; anarchist factory & farm worker labor organizer school teacher resistance fighter philosopher. Whew.

Despite her rapturous love of Jesus Christ, she never ceased to study the truths of the religions of the East. She stayed outside of any church, but her passionate need to share the sufferings of others led her to fight alongside the anarchists in the Spanish Revolution, to work as a field hand & an unskilled laborer, & ultimately to die in England at the age of 34 from tuberculosis complicated by her refusing to eat more than Hitler's rations allotted to her countrymen in occupied France.

Seven people attended her funeral. After her death writers as diverse as T.S. Eliot & Albert Camus declared her one of the century's foremost thinkers.

Simone Weill caricature by David Levine; source:

"As I worked in the factory, the affliction of others entered into my flesh & my soul....

There I received for ever the mark of a slave, like the branding of the red-hot iron which the Romans put on the forehead of their most despised slaves.

Since then I have always regarded myself as a slave.''

Simone Weil, mugshot of this French anarchiste

Huge plastic beer bottle hanging in living room
1910 -- US: Mary Harris "Mother" Jones addresses Milwaukee brewery workers. Mother Jones spent two months working alongside women bottle-washers in one of the breweries during a period when she was not on the United Mine Workers payroll. Her report on their working conditions went like this:

"Condemned to slave daily in the wash-room in wet shoes & wet clothes, surrounded with foul-mouthed, brutal foremen . . . the poor girls work in the vile smell of sour beer, lifting cases of empty & full bottles weighing from 100 to 150 pounds, in their wet shoes & rags, for they cannot buy clothes on the pittance doled out to them. . . . Rheumatism is one of the chronic ailments & is closely followed by consumption . . . An illustration of what these girls must submit to, one about to become a mother told me with tears in her eyes that every other day a depraved specimen of mankind took delight in measuring her girth & passing comments."

Why is American beer served cold?
(So you can tell it from urine!)

— David Moulton

1912 -- US: Milling Around? 32,000 textile mill workers now involved in the "Bread & Roses" strike in Lawrence, Massachusetts.

The Bread & Roses strike began last month & lasts for over nine weeks. Despite collusion by government & mill owners & their goons, strikers will not waver, even when 18-year-old Syrian worker John Rami is killed, when Annie Welzenbach & her two teenage sisters are arrested & dragged from their beds in the middle of the night, or when 200 police draw their clubs on February 19th & go after 100 women pickets, knocking them to the ground & beating them.

(See also February 19, 1919)

An Italian woman suggests (quote):

"Tomorrow morning, man no go on picket line. All man, boy stay home, sleep. Only woman, girl on picket line tomorrow morning. Soldier & policeman no beat woman, girl. You see, I got big belly, she too got big belly. Policeman no beat us."

Greedy industrialist, period editorial cartoon, source

The next morning the women are out in full force, only to be beaten so badly that the Italian woman who spoke at the meeting & Bertha Crouse, another pregnant striker, lose their babies & almost die.

1912 -- Emma Goldman, anarchist feministUS: Emma Goldman is a scheduled speaker at a meeting organized by the Italian Socialist Federation in Union Square to raise support for the Lawrence strikers.
Source: 'Emma Goldman Papers'

dollar bill spoof, Corporate States of America
1913 -- US: Federal Income Tax becomes law.

1913 -- US: Opening of "Casa del Obrero Internacional," in Los Angeles, California. One of the founders is Juan Francisco Moncaleano. Anarchist activities housed here include a Ferrer school & the offices of the newspaper Regeneración.

1913 -- France: Bonnot Gang ("Bande ŕ Bonnot") members, anarchiste illégalistes, go on trial in Paris. The trial concludes on February 27th.
Further details/ context, click here; libertaire, anarchiste, anarchisme, anarchistes, anarchie[Details / context]

1919 -- England: Down the Tubes? Tube workers strike for shorter hours, London.
'Calendar Riots'

1919 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Switzerland: International Socialist conference, Berne.

1923 -- Italy: Fascists arrest Amadeo Bordiga, a prominent Marxist & a key contributor to Left Communist theory & Council Communism. [Face-to-face, he accused Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Uncle Joe Stalin of betraying the Revolution, calling him "the gravedigger of the revolution" — the last person to do such a thing & survive.]

1924 -- orange diamond dingbat, added 2012, remove 2013England: Social historian, antinuclear activist E.P. Thompson lives, Oxford.

1930 -- US: "Chicagorillas" — labor racketeers — shoot & kill contractor William Healy, with whom the Chicago Marble Setters Union had been having difficulties.

1930 -- The leading poet of Hungarian letters, Sandor Csoori, lives, Zamoly. His early work is politically oriented, his later work more personal/surreal. English translations include "Wings of Knives & Nails" (1981) & "Memory of Snow" (1983).

1930 -- Russia: Vera Figner, the 78-year old director of the Kropotkin Museum, is banished for protesting against the maltreatment of women' in communist prisons.

In the 18880s Vera was a leader of the 'People's Will' & involved in planning several acts of terrorism including the successful the assassination of Alexander II, for which she was sentenced to death (commuted to life imprisonment). Figner was highly critical of the Bolshevik government.

Alexander Atabekian was another of the veteran anarchists who founded the Museum; he was arrested in the 30s & presumably died in a Stalinist labor camp in 1940.

Further details / context, click here[Details / context]

1930 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Vietnam (?): Ho Chi Minh & Nguyen Ai Quoc found the Indochinese Communist Party.

H. L. Mencken
1931 -- US: The Arkansas state legislature passes a motion to pray
for the soul of H. L. Mencken after he calls the state "the apex of moronia."

"Beer: It's not just for breakfast anymore."

1931 -- Italy: Michael Schirru is arrested in Rome.

At the police he pulled his gun, fired at each of the three officers in the room & then at himself, in the head. Two of the officers were slightly wounded, while the third & Schirru himself were in serious condition. Two bombs were found in his hotel room which, Schirru readily admitted, were meant to kill Mussolini.

His trial, on May 28th, was presided over by Cristini — a fascist cut-throat raised to the highest ranks in the government as a reward for his bloody propensities.

No jury. No defense. No lawyers & no witnesses are admitted before Mussolini’s "Tribunale Speciale".

At 2:30 o’clock, the next morning, he was awakened from his sleep & told that his execution would take place at sunrise. He wrote his last words to his dear ones; declined the assistance of the priest & then was taken to the Braschi fortress where he was executed — only eight & a half hours after sentence was passed — by a firing squad of 24 fascist militiamen.

Schirru’s execution was plain murder. He had not killed anybody. The death penalty, as it existed in Italy at that time, could be applied legally only for the murder of the king, the crown prince & Mussolini.

MAN! Vol. 1, Nos 5-6 (May-June 1933)

1931 -- US: The Second Oldest Profession, a study of pimps, by the good anarchist & whorehouse doctor, Ben Reitman, is published.

1933 -- Jamaican social critic, dancer Ralston "Rex" Nettleford lives, Falmouth.

Ira Cohen
1935 -- Ira Cohen lives.

Publisher & performer, associated with William Burroughs, Terry Wilson, Hakim Bey, Brion Gysin, Charles Henri Ford, Gregory Corso, Paul Bowles, Judith Malina, Gerard Malanga, etc.

1936 -- During this month Emma Goldman considers publishing a new book of essays drawn from her recent lectures, not only as a source of income but also to appease contributors to the Emma Goldman Publication Fund established to enable her to write another book.

Also during the month:

Jeanne Levey organizes the publication of 12,000 copies of The Place of the Individual in the Society in pamphlet form to raise additional funds.

Alexander Berkman has a prostate operation in Nice, unbeknownst to Emma. Later in the month, Emmy Eckstein enters the hospital for gastrointestinal observation. Berkman has a second prostate operation next month. Emma learns of their condition while completing her scheduled lectures..

'Emma Goldman Papers'

1936 -- Italy: Si rafforza la vigilanza e il controllo dello stato sulle emissioni radiofoniche.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]

1936 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Run Tommy, Run!? Thomas Mann denounces the Nazis, in "Neue Zuricher Zeitung."

1939 -- The Baltimore Museum of Art exhibit Contemporary Negro Art opens. The exhibit, which will run for 16 days, will feature works by Richmond Barth, Aaron Douglas, Archibald Motley, Jr., & Jacob Lawrence's Toussaint L'Ouverture series.

1941 -- US: The Federal Wage & Hour Law (Fair Labor Standards) is unanimously upheld by the Supreme Court.
Further details / context, click here[Details / context]

1943 -- Deep Six: Four chaplains drown after giving up their life jackets to others.

(Ever wonder why Kamikaze pilots wore helmets?

— HemoMeister)

1944 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Orson Welles/Joan Fontaine movie "Jane Eyre" opens, NYC.

1946 -- E. Phillips Oppenheim dies, St. Peter Port, Guernsey, Channel Islands. British author of international espionage novels & short stories. Among his more than 150 works, the better-known are The Long Arm of Mannister (1910), The Moving Finger (1911), & The Great Impersonation (1920).

1946 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Japan: Hiroshima A-bomb toll is officially reported at 78,150 dead. No Americans are indicted as war criminals.

Paul Auster
1947 -- Paul Auster, American author, conceived while his parents are honeymooning in Niagara Falls, lives in Newark, New Jersey.

1948 -- orange diamond dingbat, added 2013, remove 2014Henning Mankell lives. Swedish crime writer, children's author, leftist activist & dramatist, best known for the mystery novels featuring Inspector Kurt Wallander.

Literary Event
1951 -- "The Rose Tattoo" by Tennessee Williams opens at the Martin Beck Theater in NY (306 performances).

You know Martin Beck from the Sjowall/Wahloo detective series, right?

1951 -- anarchist diamond; anarquistaFrance: Jose Peirats Valls, Secretary-General of the Spanish Libertarian Movement in France, arrested in Toulouse.

1954 -- Source=Robert Braunwart US: Newsweek reports the American government has denied Arthur Miller a passport to see the opening of his play "The Crucible" in Belgium.

1956 -- US: Autherine J. Lucy is the first African American student to attend the University of Alabama.

1956 -- Elvis Presley, Jerry Lee Lewis, Carl Perkins & Johnny Cash hold a recording session at Sun Studios in Memphis. The sessions are later named the "Million Dollar Quartet" & released.

1956 -- Source=Robert Braunwart US: A Booming Economy!? Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) says it will release selected H-bomb data to private businesses.

Buddy Holly
1959 -- Buddy Holly (22), The Big Bopper [J.P. Richardson, 29], & Richie Valens (17) go to Rock'n'Roll heaven. Killed in plane crash near Mason City, Iowa.

Fine site, "The Day the Music Died," no longer exists, but here's another,
Buddy Holly

1964 -- Source=Robert Braunwart US: 464,000 students (45%) boycott NYC schools to protest segregation.

1965 -- US: 105 cadets resign from the Air Force Academy after being caught cheating.

1965 -- US: 3,200 arrests, many of them schoolchildren, in week-long voter registration demonstrations in Selma, Alabama.

You who are on the road
Must have a code
That you can live by
& so become yourself
Because the past
Is just a good-bye

Teach your children well
Their father's hell
Did slowly go by
& feed them on your dreams
The one they picks
The one you'll know by

Don't you ever ask them why
If they told you you would cry . . .

— Crosby, Stills, Nash & maybe Young, "Teach Your Children"

1965 -- US: Interstate 5 freeway opens from Everett to downtown Seattle, Washington. Massive traffic jams soon develop into one of the worst gridlocks in the US. "Rush hour" currently begins at 4am & ends at 3:59am.

1967 -- Australia: Ronald Ryan, who shot & killed a prison guard while trying to escape from a Melbourne prison, becomes the last man to be hanged.

1967 -- Big Brother & the Holding Company entertain at the Hells Angels' dance at California Hall in Frisco.

1973 -- Convicted mass-murderer Juan V. Corona (see 19 January) sentenced to 25 terms of life imprisonment (which, it was stipulated, he was to serve consecutively).

1973 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Nixon signs Endangered Species Act, now itself endangered.

1979 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Virgil Thomson opera "Lord Byron" premiers, Juilliard School, NYC.

1981 -- Canada: Striking Telecommunications Workers Union occupy offices of telephone company in Nanaimo, BC & rename the company "Co-Op Tel."

1985 -- Source=Robert Braunwart South Africa: Nobel Prize winner Desmond Tutu is installed as the first black Anglican bishop of Johannesburg.

1989 -- El Salvador: Salvadorans protest US intervention & arrival of Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Vice President Dan Quayle.

1989 -- Paraguay: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Alfredo Strößner, miltitary dictator since 1954, overthrown in a military coup by his own party. The US propped up his regime for years.

1991 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Morrocco: 300,000 marchers protest the US war on Iraq.

Dancin' Baby Bill Clinton, animated
1994 -- Nearly two decades after the fall of Saigon, Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Billy Clinton announces the lifting of the 19-year-old trade embargo against Vietnam.

While criticized by a number of Clinton's enlightened Republican opponents, Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Republican Senator John McCain of Arizona, an ex-Navy pilot who spent five years as a prisoner of war in Hanoi, serves as a Vietnam relations adviser to Clinton & asserts it is time for America to normalize relations with its old enemy.

1994 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Ecuador: A third General Strike of 500,000 workers is declared.

1994 -- Source=Robert Braunwart US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Noriega's defense opens, calling him America's "ally in the war on drugs." Obviously they meant "supplier."

1997 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi calls for US sanctions on Burma.

1997 -- Bohumil Hrabal dies in fifth floor fall, as written, Prague, Czechoslovakia.

1998 -- Mary Kay LeTourneau, 36, former Seattle, Washington teacher, violates probation with 14 year-old father of her baby. She begged him to "violate her probation again & again."

2005 -- Source=Robert Braunwart DateMeister Robert Braunwart (d.2007) makes his 500,000th entry in his personal NEWDAY/PC database ( a database he shares with BleedMeister)!

2006 -- Radio & TV personality "Grandpa" Al Lewis dies, New York City.

John Réty
2010 -- England: Anarchist poet, translator, publisher, chess-player, activist Janos (John) Réty dies.

Réty was the first to publish Colin Wilson. Founded the Soho underground paper, Intimate Review, with contributions from young writers including Doris Lessing, Bill Hopkins, Laura del Rivo, Frank Norman, Alan Owen, Cressida Lindsay & Bernard Kops. Feliks Topolski & Ralph Steadman produced artwork. In 1982 he co-founded the Torriano Meeting House, hosting weekly poetry readings. Stephen Spender & Adrian Mitchell were among the hundreds of poets who performed. Founded Hearing Eye Press in 1987, which ultimately published over 150 books.

As a chess player, reaching a FIDE rating of 2034, he played for Middlesex & London University as well as representing England in the European Senior Chess Championship.

“Üdvözlöm, Janos!” “Ave, Johannes!” “Ni Hao?”
Greet Li-Po, Virgil, Petöfi their peer
Lately arrived upon the Muses’ summit...

What though when here he winked at us at times
& joked us through our & his sadness...

— Robert Ilson, excerpt from "Rety on Parnassus"

Weil's Factory ID Card
3000 --

The intelligent man who is proud of his intelligence is like a condemned man who is proud of his large cell.

       — Simone Weil, "Human Personality"

And the kindly Dr. Vladdy Wirt, Texass Pathologist, healthcare radical, former BiblioMania Listgruppenfuhrer, bit actor, & wornout whambo book seller (boojum & snark Books), with your best interests at heart, would like us to remind you....

All bleeding eventually stops
3500 --
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