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The Daily Bleed: Colin Ward, Paul Feyerabend, Gil J. Wolman, Kazimir Malevich, Mercedes Comaposada Guillen, Clément Duval, Virgilia d'Andrea, Gino Cerrito; Timeline, Almanac of Radicalism, Arts, Literature, Authors, Poets, Anarchists... a radical annotated chronology, almanac, anarchist CALENDAR, anarchisten, anarchism, anarchico, anarchiste, anarquista, anarsizm, anarþizme, Anarþist, Anarquismo, Anarchismus, sindicalismo, anarquia, anarchia, anarchisme, anarchizm, anarkisme, libertarian, syndicalist, libertarian, What Happened on this day, in recovered history February 11

A harmful truth is better than a useful lie.

— Thomas Mann


Colin Ward, anarchist

British anarchist writer & planner, social critic.




1650 -- Rennie Descartes, philosopher, "I think therefore I am." Thought about it, then quit thinking.

1657 -- Philosopher / writer Bernard Fontenelle — nephew of Corneille & last of the "Precieux" writers — lives, Rouen.

old book
1778 -- France: Over 300 people come-a-calling on Voltaire upon his return to Paris after 28 years in exile for satiric writing & impudence.

1780 -- Poet Karoline von Günderode lives, Karlsruhe. Became friends with many romantic German poets & writes of herself: "The past was behind me! I belonged only to the present. But a yearning was within me, which knew not its object. I searched constantly, but every thing found was not what was sought, & longingly I propelled myself into the infinite."

Ancient Blake
1787 -- William Blake's brother Robert gets buried in Bunhill Fields. At his deathbed at the moment of death, Blake saw his brother's spirit ascend heavenward "clapping its hands for joy." Blake reflected this moment in many images & attributed his innovations in printing to the inspiration of his dead brother. See Daily Bleed Patron Saints Gallery page,

1790 -- US: Society of Friends petition Congress to emancipate slaves.

1790 -- US: Long after colonists had invaded upstate New York & natives had fought back successfully (including in alliance with the British during the American Revolution), US signs first treaty with Iroquois.

1805 -- US: Sacajawea gives birth to Jean-Baptist Charbonneau while leading Lewis & Clark Expedition.

1812 -- US: At Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Republican Governor Elbridge Gerry's behest, Massachusetts is redistricted to give Republicans advantage in the election of State legislators. One grotesquely shaped new district, described as looking like a salamander, results in the coining of the word gerrymander.

1812 -- England: Stockport workers ask for meeting with masters on subject of wages; manufacturers agreed then withdrew offer at later Manchester meeting. Also during this month shearing frames in small establishments in Huddersfield destroyed by Luddites.
Source: [Luddite Chronology]

Collage by James Koehnline
1847 -- Patent thief, inventor of the modern timeclock, among other widgets, Thomas Edison lives.
Collage by SaintMeister James Koehnline

1852 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Nikolai Gogol burns his novel Dead Souls (2nd part).

1859 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Wales: Whale of a Story? John Lewis of Aberdare, experiences a fall of fish from the sky.

1861 -- US: House unanimously passes resolution guaranteeing noninterference with slavery in any state.

1861 -- England: Troops have to be called in to suppress the riot that follows a prisoners' breakout from Chatham prison in Kent.
'Calendar Riots'

1862 -- Elizabeth Siddell dies; husband Gabriel Rossetti buries his unpublished manuscript poems with her — but he changes his mind in October 1869 & has her disinterred to get them back. Has them published in 1870.
'Calendar Riots'

1878 -- WhiteWash?: Soviet Suprematist painter Kazimir (or Kasimir) Malevich, lives, Kiev. Persecuted by the Stalinist regime. His painting "White on White" drives 'em nuts; Black Square is even worser!

Palette icon

Daily Bleed Patron Saint May 15, 2006-08. Soviet anarchist artist, founder of the Suprematist movement.

Malevich self portrait

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1887 -- France: Clément Duval, anarchist expropriator & member of the "Panthers of Batignolles" is condemned to death. See also March 29, 1935.

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1887 -- Source=Robert Braunwart The literary magazine The Epoch is founded in NY.

1887 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Rubén Darío book Abrojos is published, Santiago, Chile.

1890 -- US: Eleven million acres of Sioux land stolen by the American government, opened to white settlers.

Virgilia d'Andrea
1890 -- Italy: Virgilia d'Andrea (1890-1932) lives, Sulmona- Abruzzi. Poet (« poétesse de l’anarchie »), teacher, writer. Met Armando Borghi & became a dedicated anarchist. Her anti-fascist activities forced her to leave Italy.

"Like Luigi Galleani she writes in emotive & powerful language..."

1896 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Oscar Wilde play "Salom‚" premiers, Paris.

1902 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Belgium: Police beats up universal suffrage demonstrators in Brussels.

1905 -- US: James Blackstone, Seattle, bowls 299½ — last pin breaks but stands.

1911 -- Mexico: From an article appearing today in Regeneración(Mexican anarquista paper), titled "The Social War,"

"A revolution which does not guarantee people the right to live is a revolution of politicians &, disinheriting us, we must turn our backs on them. We, the poor, need a social revolution (...) that is, we need a revolution which gives to all, men & women, the land which up to now was the exclusive inheritance of some privileged people of fortune."

Wobbly protest; Relief is coming
1913 -- US: IWW (Industrial Workers of the World) leads rubber strike in Akron, Ohio. The Akron Rubber Workers will do it again in 1936-37, at the General Tire Company of Akron, scene of the first sitdown strike in rubber. (See 1937 below.)

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1916 -- Black feminist & civil-rights activist Flo Kennedy is born in Kansas City, Missouri. As a lawyer, Kennedy represented Billie Holiday, Charlie Parker & H. Rap Brown.

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1916 -- Source=Robert Braunwart US: Emma Goldman is arrested for lecturing on birth control, NYC.

1919 -- US: Seattle General Strike ends.

1922 -- anarchist diamond; anarquistaItaly: Gino Cerrito lives (d.1982) in Messina (Sicily). Militant anarcho-syndicalist & anarchist historian. Involved in the antifascist struggle during WWII. One of the creators of the Anarchist Group of Messina, with colleagues like Alfonso Failla, Ugo Mazzuchelli, Mantovani & Umberto Marzocchi, fought for the revival of the Italian Anarchist Federation (FAI). As a professor of Contemporary History at the University of Florence, Cerrito did significant research work on libertarian issues (insurreccionalisme, militarism, organization, etc). Author of L'antimilitarismo anarchico in Italia nel primo ventennio del secolo (1968),Le origini del movimento operaio in Italia (1969) & many other books. Gino Cerrito: El 4 de setembre de 1982 mor a Florència (Toscana, Itàlia), d'una crisi cardíaca, el militant anarcosindicalista i historiador anarquista Biagio Cerrito, més conegut com Gino Cerrito. Havia nascut l'11 de febrer de 1922 a Messina (Sicília). Cap al 1943 començà a militar en el moviment llibertari amb Piero Butitta i Michela Bicchieri, entre d'altres, i prengué part en la lluita antifeixista. Fou un dels creadors del Grup Anarquista de Messina i participà en la reorganització de la Borsa del Treball i del moviment sindicalista. ... Aleshores es consagrà a la publicació de textos d'intel·lectuals anarquistes (Kropotkin, Malatesta, Berneri, Pitrè, etc.), a estudiar l'emigració anarquista italiana als Estats Units d'Amèrica i altres temes (Resistència, novel·la popular, etc.). Entre les seves obres podem destacar La rinascita dell'anarchismo in Sicilia (1956), Radicalismo e socialismo in Sicilia (1860-1882) (1958), I Periodici di Messina. Bibliografia e storia (1961, edició), L'antimilitarismo anarchico in Italia nel primo ventennio del secolo (1968), Le origini del movimento operaio in Italia (1969, edició), Geografia dell'anarchismo. Istantanee di mezzo secolo (1971), Anarchici e anarchia nel mondo contemporaneo (1971, amb altres), Il ruolo dell'organizzazione anarchica. L'efficientismo organizzativo, il problema della minoranza, il periodo transitorio, classismo e umanesimo (1973 i 1998), Dall'insurrezionalismo alla settimana rossa. Per una storia dell'anarchismo in Italia (1881-1914) (1977), Antología anarquista (1980, recopilador), Andrea Costa nella storia del socialismo italiano (1982), Gli anarchici nella Resistenza apuana (1984, amb M. Pacini Fazzi), I fasci dei lavoratori nella provincia di Messina (1989), etc. A l'Istituto Storico della Resistenza in Toscana, del qual era assessor, existeix un «Fondo Gino Cerrito» de documentació seva sobre la resistència llibertària.

1926 -- Source=Robert BraunwartRioting breaks out at the Abbey Theatre, because Sean O'Casey's "The Plough & the Stars" is perceived as anti-Irish.

1929 -- Gone To Heaven? Vatican declares itself a separate enclave from Italy.

1929 -- Italy: Stipula dei Patti Lateranensi tra lo stato italiano e il Vaticano. La Chiesa viene adescata e comprata per avvallare e benedire il regime. Essa accetta che i Vescovi giurino fedeltà allo stato in cambio del monopolio assegnato alla religione cattolica come religione di stato e di un risarcimento pari a 1miliardo e 750 milioni.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]

1929 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Eugene O'Neill Play "Dynamo" opens in NY.

1932 -- US: Duke Ellington & his orchestra records "Creole Love Call."

1934 -- Austria: Dollfuss government destroys the Socialist Party by raids & bombardment of its headquarters (-February 15); uprising & bombardment of Karl Marx Co-op housing complex in Vienna follows.

1935 -- US: First airplane flight with auto slung beneath the fuselage, New York. Inspires pot-bellies around the nation.

1937 -- US: 48,000 GM workers, who began a 44-day sit-down strike on December 30, 1936, win today.

Called "The Great Flint Sit-Down Strike," Flint was possibly the most completely controlled of any company town in the country.

The idea for the sit-down strike arose from an incident on a baseball field when auto workers playing a baseball game discovered the ump was a non-union man & sat down on the field in protest.

General Motors recognizes the United Auto Workers (UAW) ... Two months later, company guards beat up UAW leaders at the River Rouge, Michigan plant.

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1939 -- Jane Yolen, children's book author, lives.

1948 -- US: Local 598 workers begin to honor the 1937 Sit-Downers on today's annual "White Shirt Day."

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1948 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Russia: The Central Committee of the CPSU rebukes Khatchaturian, Prokoviev & Shostakovich for "bourgeois decadence."

1950 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Albert Einstein calls for international control of atomic weapons.

1951 -- Canadian poet Tom MacInnes dies in Vancouver. (Complete Poems (1923); In the Old of My Age (1947)).

1952 -- US: Third major air crash in two months, in Elizabeth, New Jersey, results in the withholding of a report praising Newark Airport as "one of the nation's safest."

1952 -- SI dingbat


France: First projection of Gil J. Wolman's The Anticoncept, in Paris. | [Situationist Resources]

Sylvia Plath, book cover
1963 -- Sylvia Plath, a suicide, in London, age 30, on her third attempt.

is an art like everything else.
I do it exceptionally well.
I do it so it feels like hell.

— "Lady Lazarus" (1962)

1963 -- US: CIA Domestic Operations Division created.

"The highest ambition of the integrated spectacle is still to turn secret agents into revolutionaries, & revolutionaries into secret agents."

      — GUY DEBORD, 1988

"A few years back, a man high up in the CIA name Ray cline was asked if the CIA, by its surveillance of protest organizations in the United States, was violating the free speech provision of the First Amendment. He smiled & said: 'It's only an amendment.'"

— Howard Zinn, The Zinn Reader pp412-13.

Bob Dylan & Joan Baez
1964 -- Beatles do Washington D.C. "I Want to Hold Your Hand" topped the charts in January. It is about this time Bob Dylan, having released "The Times They Are A-Changin'" in January, visits the southern US & writes "Chimes of Freedom"; he & Joan Baez appear together at the Berkeley Community Theater later in the month.

1964 -- Source=Robert Braunwart US: 19,000 students boycott Cincinnati schools to protest segregation.

1965 -- Italy: il ministro degli Interni Paolo Emilio Taviani proibisce la rappresentazione a Roma del dramma ëIl Vicario" di Rolf Hochhuth, che criticava l'operato di Pio XII nei confronti degli ebrei nella Germania nazista.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]

A.J. Muste
1967 -- US: Less than two months after his return from Hanoi, A.J. Muste, renowned US pacifist, dies at age 82.

A. J. MUSTE, Patron Saint 2005-2011
American pacifist, revolutionist, anarcho-socialist.

1967 -- The Monkees announce they'll play their own instruments on all future recordings. This is, of course, the beginning of the end.

1968 -- Oviedo: se celebra el Congreso Provincial de Gitanos.

1969 -- Canada: At St. George Williams College, Montreal, 200 students smash computers with axes & set computer center on fire during sit-in protesting prof's racism.

Grateful Dead marquee
1969 -- Grateful Dead play Fillmore East.

1970 -- John Lennon pays 1,344 pounds in fines for protesting the South African rugby team playing in Scotland.

1971 -- Deep-Six?: Treaty on non-militarization of sea bed signed, London, Moscow & Washington. Means the subs have to stay 4-feet off the bottom or else.

Beautiful crayfish
1977 -- LobSang?: 20.2-kg lobster caught off Nova Scotia (heaviest known crustacean).

1978 -- US: "Longest Walk" begins, 300 Native Americans start march from Alcatraz, in Frisco, California, to Washington D.C. Organized by American Indian Movement (Aim).
Fighting Terrorism since 1492

Falls by H.R. Giger
1978 -- Lois Gibbs brings US to awareness of "Love Canal" (near Niagara Falls, NY).

Residents will be evacuated this year.

Inspires TV programs called "The Love Boat," "Survivors" & "I Want To Be A Millionaire."

Pencil stabbing worker
1978 -- Working-class Swedish writer Harry Martinson, dies in Stockholm. His best works are Passad ("Trade Wind"), a collection of poetry; a novel Vägen till Klockrike (The Road); & his epic poem, Aniara: A Review of Man in Time & Space.

1979 -- Iran's premier Bakhtiar flees town, Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Ayatollah Khomeini seizes power. We lovingly know him as him "Chuckles."

Travel Tip of the Day — Stuck on a bus in the middle of a revolution, where the natives have the impression you're a bunch CIA/Mafia spies? I highly recommend a big sack of "Hash Brownies."

       — HemoMeister, who speaks from personal experience.

1981 -- US: Eight workers contaminated when 100,000 gallons of radioactive coolant leaks into containment building of the Tennessee Valley Authority's (TVA) Sequoyah I plant in Tennessee.

1985 -- US: Wyandot Indians of Kansas & Oklahoma receive $5.5 million for aboriginal lands sold in 1842 for less than fair market value.

1987 -- Source=Robert Braunwart US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Ronnie Reagan lies to the Tower Commission, claiming he did not approve arms sales to Iran.

Mandella poster
1990 -- South Africa: Political prisoner Nelson Mandela released, after 27 years in prison, by the US-supported apartheid government of South Africa for the crime of "high treason."

Mandela & scores of other "Rivonia treason trialists" were arrested after a raid on a farmhouse in Rivonia, Johannesburg, in which plans for a guerrilla confrontation with the apartheid state was planned, & sent to prison following a seven-month trial in 1964 at the Palace of Justice in Pretoria.

Feyerabend book cover
1994 -- Paul Feyerabend dies, Zurich, Switzerland. Swiss anti-scientist "Against Method", anarchist philosopher.

"Anything goes."

1994 -- Mercedes Comaposada Guillen (1901-1994) dies, Paris, France. Spanish-French militant & anarchist teacher. Companion of the sculptor Baltasar Lobo. She became secretary for Pablo Picasso, who protected her from French authorities.
Further details/ context, click here; libertarian, anarchico, anarchismo, anarchici, anarchica, anarchy, anarquista,  libertaire, anarchiste, anarchisme, anarchistes, anarchie[Details / context]

1999 -- Outer Space: Pluto is once again the farthest planet from the sun in our solar system.

2000 -- Roger Vadim, French filmmaker, dies, aged 72, Paris. Made Barbarella, a high point for actress Jane Fonda.

Marilyn Monroe
2005 -- American playwright Arthur Miller dies. Combined social awareness with searching concern for a character's inner life. Wrote The Misfits for one-time wife Marilyn Monroe. He was repeatedly attacked by HUAC during the 50s witchhunts but refused to name names.

The apple cannot be stuck back on The Tree of Knowledge; once we begin to see, we are doomed & challenged to seek the strength to see more, not less.

2006 -- US: Duck! Duck! Beloved & Respected Comrade Vice President Dick Cheney, armed & always dangerous — peppers a millionaire contributor with a shotgun while bird hunting. His hunting party failing to bag the vaunted & elusive Large-winged Osama bin Laden, Cheney determines to take out anyone who ain't leaning far enough to the right.

2010 -- British anarchist, social theorist Colin Ward dies, Ipswich, England. Author of nearly 30 books on subjects ranging from allotments, architecture, self-build housing, ­children's play, education, postcards & town planning to water distribution & anarchist theory, many of which gained him an international following.

3000 --

"I don't want you to follow me or anyone else.

I would not lead you into the promised land if I could, because if I could lead you in, somebody else would lead you out.

      — Eugene Debs

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