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The Daily Bleed: Philip Berrigan, Zapatistas, Guy Debord, Kotanyi, Raoul Vaneigem, Alice Becker-Ho, Erich Mühsam, B. Traven, Gustav Landauer, Liberto Sarrau, MLR, Felisa de Castro, Émile Pouget; Timeline, Almanac of Radicalism, Arts, Literature, Authors, Poets, Anarchists... a radical annotated chronology, almanac, anarchist CALENDAR, anarchisten, anarchism, anarchico, anarchiste, anarquista, anarsizm, anarþizme, Anarþist, Anarquismo, Anarchismus, sindicalismo, anarquia, anarchia, anarchisme, anarchizm, anarkisme, libertarian, syndicalist, libertarian, What Happened on this day, in recovered history February 21

. . . scarlet & black wounds burst upon the splendid flesh.

       — Arthur Rimbaud




FEBRUARY 21

DAVID FOSTER WALLACE

American novelist, essayist, infinite jester, suicide

Ancient Rome: FEAST OF PEACE & LOVE: The PARENTALIA ends with this feast at which friends & relations settle all quarrels.

Chinese latern, animated
China: FEAST OF THE LANTERNS CARNIVAL




1595 -- Poet Robert Southwell (St. Peter's Complaint) is hanged at Tyburn for having become a Jesuit priest against prevailing law.


1677 -- Dutch philosopher Baruch Spinoza dies, Netherlands.


1764 -- England: John Wilkes is thrown out of English House of Commons for his "Essay on Women." Later reinstated & becomes Lord Mayor of London. In The Vision of Judgment Byron calls him as a witness against King George III.


1803 -- Edward Despard is the last to be drawn & quartered in England.
http://voxd.blogsome.com/2007/05/15/the-commonweal-drawn-quartered/

"A nose that can see is worth two that sniff."

— Eugene Ionesco

"Two noses can see more".


— from a letter of 09.09.1847 by Sándor Petofi Sándor to his friend Arany János.
Petofi: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S%C3%A1ndor_Pet%C5%91fi
Arany: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J%C3%A1nos_Arany

(courtesy of Bleedster László, 2-21-2009)




1821 -- US: Charles Scribner lives. He & his sons form one of the most important American publishing houses. Scribner's publishes, among others, Hemingway, Fitzgerald, & Wolfe.


1828 -- US: Premier issue of the Cherokee Phoenix published. The first US newspaper in a native language, it uses the Cherokee syllabary, developed by Sequoyah, who assigned symbols to 86 Cherokee syllables.

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1835 -- US: Senate surprisingly accepts a treaty by which Potawatomi, Ottowa, & Chippewa cede land (including that of the town of Chicago) to the US government.


Marx
1848 -- Belgium: The Communist Manifesto, written by Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels, is published in Brussels.

Marx then moved to London where he & his family lived in poverty while he continued to publish. There he composed his major work, Das Kapital, defining his theory of the capitalist system & its "inevitable" self-destruction. He died penniless & was buried at Highgate Cemetery.

"Religion is the sigh of the oppressed creature, the heart of a heartless world, & the soul of soulless conditions. It is the opium of the people."


http://www.marxists.org/




Queer for Jesus $3 bill
1853 -- US: As queer as a $3 dollar bill? US authorizes minting of $3 gold pieces.
http://web.archive.org/web/20060423090420/http://www.postfun.com/pfp/tracts/queer.html
http://perdurabo10.tripod.com/id1879.html



1878 -- US: First telephone directory published, 50 names, New Haven, Connecticut.


1887 -- US: Oregon becomes the first state to make Labor Day a holiday.


1893 -- Virtuoso fascist Guitar God Andrés Segovia, foremost classical guitarist of his time guy, lives in the Andalusian city of Linares, Spain.


Le Père Peinard
1894 -- France: Émile Pouget's publication, Le Père Peinard — victim of government repression of anarchistes — ceases publication with its 253rd number. Many other libertarian publications also disappear under the "laws scélérates," & the hounding of the anarchists under the "Procès des trente" (Trial of the Thirty).
Further details/ context, click here[Details / context]



Felisa De Castro Sanpedro, Mujeres libres, anarquista
1898 -- anarchist dingbatSpain: Felisa de Castro Sampedro lives, Madrid. Militante anarco-sindicalista, feminista. A founder, as is her sister Apolonia, of Agrupación Cultural Femenina in Cataluña, which merged with Mujeres Libres in 1936. Active as an exile with the CNT & Mujeres Libres (especially with Pepita Cárpena & Pilar Grangel), de Castro died in 1981 in Caracas, Venezuela.

References: Efemérides Ateneo Virtual, ['Ephéméride Anarchiste]
http://militants-anarchistes.info/spip.php?mot232


(Zamora, 1898- Caracas, 1981) Una de las fundadoras de la Agrupación Cultural Femenina de Cataluña, que luego se fusionó con Madrid ANARCHIST anarquista # Apolonia de Castro Sampedro Una de las fundadoras de la Agrupación Cultural Femenina de Cataluña, que luego se fusionó con Mujeres Libres Madrid. # Felisa de Castro Sampedro (Zamora, 1898- Caracas, 1981) Una de las fundadoras de la Agrupación Cultural Femenina de Cataluña, que luego se fusionó con Mujeres Libres Madrid. Militant anarchist & anarchist-trade unionist female Spanish. Conscious of the need for a specifically female organization within the libertarian movement, it integrates as of its creation, at the beginning of 1935, the group “Agrupación Cultural Femenina” which will give conferences & a meeting, before joining in 1936 the movement “Mujeres Libres”. After the rout, it is exiled in France where it finds other partners of the CNT & Mujeres Libres (in particular Pepita Carpena & Pilar Grangel), parked like it in Clermont-l' Herault. In 1943, it remains in Bordeaux


spacer
1903 -- Sex-writer Anaïs Nin (1903-1977) lives. Diarist, pro-sex feminist, erotic writer. Wrote a series of famous diaries, House of Incest & many other novels. Close friend of Henry Miller.

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1907 -- British poet W. H. Auden (1907-1973) lives, York. Auden gained fame in the 1930s as a leftist intellectual & warned of the rise of totalitarianism. Later became a religious thinker.

'Every man carries with him through life a mirror, as unique & impossible to get rid of as his shadow.'

http://www.sat.dundee.ac.uk/~arb/speleo/auden.html
http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/whauden.htm




1912 -- Emma Goldman, anarchist feministUS: Emma Goldman lectures in Indianapolis & St. Louis, February 21-29.



WWI propaganda poster: It's Up to you to Protect the Nation's Honor
1915 -- Grandiose proclamations, by many states, of neutrality regards war; demonstrators for neutrality clash with interventionists who have the support of the state & their police.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]





1919 -- In Munich, the socialist Kurt Eisner, principal in the Bavarian revolution & president of the Republic of Councils, is assassinated by extremists. The Central Council of the Republic, composed of 11 members, including the anarchist Erich Mühsam, declare a General Strike & state of siege.

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The Death Ship, illustration from Traven book cover



1923 -- China: Sun Yat-sen returns to Canton, which becomes his capital.
[Source: K.S. Karol]


1925 -- First issue of Harold Ross' magazine, The New Yorker, hits the stands, selling for 15 cents a copy. Founded & edited by Ross, who declares it is not "for the old lady in Dubuque."

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Straw Dogs poster
1925 -- Film director Sam Peckinpah (The Wild Bunch, Straw Dogs), lives, Fresno, California.



1931 -- Scott Fitzgerald’s short story "Babylon Revisited" is published in "The Saturday Evening Post." It is arguably his finest piece among his semi-autobiographical stories & is later filmed as "The Last Time I Saw Paris," with Van Johnson & Elizabeth Taylor.


1933 -- US: Nina Simone, American singer, activist, lives.

Daily Bleed Patron Saint 2005-6

Curmudgeonly expat singer, civil rights activist.




1934 -- Nicaragua: Augusto Cesar Sandino, hero of Nicaraguan independence, & his aides, assassinated in Managua by Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Somoza's National Guard.

While in exile in México during early 1920s, Sandino participates in strikes led by the IWW. Inspired by them he returns to foment revolution in Nicaragua. He adopts the IWW's black & red colors.


http://www.iww.org/history/chronology
http://web.archive.org...patriagrande.net/nicaragua/augusto.c.sandino/biografia.htm
http://web.archive.org...patriagrande.net/nicaragua/



1939 -- Richard Evans Schultes discovers, for the botanical world, the lost identity of the Mexican hallucinogenic plants teonanácatl — flesh of the gods.
http://web.archive.org...harvardsquarelibrary.org/unitarians/schultes.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Evans_Schultes
http://www.erowid.org/plants/mushrooms/references/other/1971_hofmann_bulletin-narcotics.shtml
http://www.serendipity.li/dmt/cult_b.htm
http://www.wlbcenter.org/Schultes%20Publications/American%20Anthropologist....pdf



1948 --
Spain: Dissolution of Movimiento Libertario de ResistenciaLibertarian Resistance Movement (M.L.R.).

anarchist dingbat

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1952 -- England: Wartime Identity Cards become 'National Health' numbers.
Source: [Calendar Riots]


J. Edgar Hoover, America's Greatest Cross-Dresser
1962 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader J. Edgar Hoover wins a George Washington Award from the Freedom Foundation for "the most outstanding individual contribution to American freedom during 1961." Hoover also won the award in 1958. Don't know which dress he wore.



1962 -- Author David Foster Wallace, infinite jester, lives, Ithaca, NY. A longtime victim of severe depression, he took his life in 2008. Wrote The Broom of the System (1987), Infinite Jest (1996), Brief Interviews with Hideous Men (1999) & the anti-fatalist philosophical Fate, Time, & Language: An Essay on Free Will (2011). According to Wallace, "fiction’s about what it is to be a fucking human being," & he expressed a desire to write "morally passionate, passionately moral fiction" that could help readers "become less alone inside."
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Foster_Wallace
http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/24682-fate-time-and-language-an-essay-on-free-will/
videohttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DIjS4K2mQKY



1963 --

"Respectable thinkers..."

Into
the Trash
can...

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Malcolm X
1965 -- US: Malcolm X assassinated Audubon Ballroom, New York City.

You don't have to be a man to fight for freedom. All you have to do is to be an intelligent human being.

— Malcolm X, New York City, December 20, 1964

http://www.brothermalcolm.net/
http://www.heroism.org/class/1960/CivilUnrest.htm#Malcolm X





1965 -- US: United Auto workers (UAW) wins ratification at North American in Grand Prairie.


1971 -- Switzerland: International march in support of arrested Spanish conscientious objector (CO) Pepe Beunza leaves Geneva for Spain.


1971 -- US: Over 3,000 from US & Canada protest at Blaine (Wash.) border crossing against oil tanker traffic between Alaska & Puget Sound.


China film, animated
1972 -- China: Respected & Beloved Comrade Leader Nixon visits as American bombers carry out saturation bombing raids against the National Liberation Front in South Vietnam.

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1972 -- US: Beginning of the trial of the good Christian anarchist Fr. Philip Berrigan (one of those rarities, a priest who practices what he preaches) & six other activists (The "Harrisburg Seven") for an alleged plot to kidnap Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Henry Kissinger. Proceedings later end in a mistrial.


1975 -- US: Watergate conspirators John Mitchell, H.R. Haldeman, & John D. Ehrlichman sentenced to 2½-8 year prison terms.


1984 -- Mikhail Sholokhov, Russian novelist ( Quiet Flows the Don) dies in Veshenskaya. 1965 Nobel Prize for Literature recipient, for "artistic strength & honesty when depicting a historical epoch in the life of the Russian people." The Quiet Don is controversial, allegedly plagiarized from Fyodor Kryukov, according to Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, among others.



Jimmy Swaggart, possessed by the devil
1988 -- US: Televangelist Jimmy Swaggart confesses his sins to his congregation: "I have stained against you."

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1989 -- Czechoslovakia: Vaclav Havel is jailed for anti-government demonstrations. Later becomes be president of the Czech Republic.



Barnside graffiti
1994 -- México: Government officials & Zapatistas begin peace talks in Chiapas.

https://webspace.utexas.edu/hcleaver/www/Chiapas95/chiapas95.html



2003 -- US: Protests against the INS Special Registration. Today is the deadline for men — 16 years & older — from Pakistan & Saudi Arabia to show up to INS facilities for special registration, as civil liberties across the country are continuously eroded & attacked by the American government, various liberals & rightwing religious groups.


2005 -- Novelist, social critic Guillermo Cabrera Infante (1922-2005) dies, London, England, in exile. Not favored by the Batista regime or the Castro regime.

Daily Bleed Patron Saint, April 22, 2006.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guillermo_Cabrera_Infante


2006 -- US: Anti-Stalinist historian Ted Draper dies. His writings include The Roots of American Communism (1957), American Communism & Soviet Russia (1960), Castro's Revolution: Myths & Realities (1962) & A Very Thin Line, a history of the Iran-Contra Affair & a defense of the constitution against the threat of conservative coup d'etat. Became a Cold War-warrior liberal, & was severely criticized by a generation of New Left scholars.

THEODORE DRAPER

American Marxist historian, fierce anti-Stalinist critic.


http://www.theguardian.com/news/2006/mar/10/guardianobituaries.usa
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theodore_Draper
http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2006/03/drap-m31.html



2011 -- Libya: Air Force launches airstrikes on crowds of protesters. Two Libyan Mirage jets land in Malta, the pilots refusing orders to bomb protesters.



3000 --




APOSTROPHE TO MAN

(On reflecting that the world is ready to go to war again)
Detestable race, continue to expunge yourself, die out.
Breed faster, crowd, encroach, sing hymns, build
   bombing airplanes; Make speeches, unveil statues, issue bonds, parade;
Convert again into explosives the bewildered ammonia
   & the distracted cellulose;
Convert again into putrescent matter drawing flies
The hopeful bodies of the young; exhort,
Pray, pull long faces, be earnest, be all but overcome,
   be photographed,
Confer, perfect your formulae, commercialize
Bacteria harmful to human tissue,
Put death on the market;
Breed, crowd, encroach, expand, expunge yourself,
  die out,
Homo called sapiens.


— Edna St. Vincent Millay
War art sculpture design
http://www.bowendesigns.com/
Charlatan Stew pages pointer

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