Our Daily Bleed...
& cold madness wandered aimlessly about the house.
— Czeslaw Milosz
ANDRE GUNDER FRANK
German Marxist world systems theorist, committed historian.
Early Rome: FEAT OF REGIFUGIUM (The Flight of Kings) involving changing (& ritual sacrifice?) of annual kings.
1463 -- Giovanni Pico della Mirandola lives.
1786 -- Wilhelm Grimm (1786-1859), collaborator with his brother, Jakob, on Grimm's Fairy Tales, lives, Hanau, near Frankfurt-am-Main.
Jacob concentrated on linguistics. Wilhelm was primarily a literary scholar. They argued folktales should be collected from oral sources, aimed at genuine reproduction of the original story. Their method became the model for other scholars. However, in practice the tales were modified, & in later editions of the fairytales Wilhelm's editing & literary aspiration were more prominent.
1809 -- England: New Drury Lane Theatre burns to the ground while owner Richard Sheridan (The School for Scandal), is having a drink at a neighboring coffeehouse. With characteristic calm Sheridan announces: "A man may surely be allowed to take a glass of wine by his own fireside."
1821 -- Mexico declares independence from Spain.
1841 -- Samoa: US forces invade to avenge the murder of a US seaman.
1848 -- France: Michael Bakunin returns to Paris this month after the February Revolution (demonstrations in Paris lead to overthrow of Louis Phillippe & declaration of the Second Republic (22-24)) & he publishes several letters in the press. Bakunin was expelled from France in December & had moved to Brussels (where he met his arch-nemesis Karl Marx again; they meet up yet again in March, where a split begins over Marx's denunciation of Bakunin's friend Herwegh, who had led an ill-fated expedition of German exiles to Baden in the hope of instigating an uprising).
1848 -- French monarchy overthrown.
1849 -- France: Nicolas Thomassin lives (1849-1919), Ardennes. A weaver, socialist, anarchist, participant in "Sans patrie" (formed October 18, 1891) with Gustave Bouillard, Pierre Leroux, Paulin Mailfait, etc.
[Details / context]
1852 -- Irish novelist/poet George Moore lives, Ballyglass, County Mayo. Oscar Wilde later complains:
"Know him? I know him so well that I haven't spoken to him in 10 years."
1855 -- US: In an unprovoked attack, Capt. R.G. Ewell destroys a Mescalero Apache village near White Mountains, in what is now New Mexico.
1860 -- Daniel Berkeley Updike lives, Providence, Rhode Island. Cranky, opinionated curmudgeon, a printer/publisher (founder of Merrymount Press) who influences the world of typography with his two-volume Printing Types — Their History, Forms & Use.
In every period there have better or worse types employed in better or worse ways.
The better types employed in better ways have been used by the educated printer acquainted with standards & history, directed by taste & the fitness of things, & facing the industrial conditions of his time... There is not, as the sentimentalist would have us think, a specially devilish spirit abroad that prevents good work from being done. The old times were not so very good, nor was human nature then so very different, nor is the modern spirit particularly devilish. But it was, & is, hard to hold to a principle. The principles of the men of those times (since they require nothing whatever of us) seem simple & glorious. We do not dare to believe that we, too, can go & do likewise.
— D.B. Updikehttp://www.oakknoll.com/bookexcerpt.php?booknr=63429
1868 -- US: House impeaches Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President
Bill ClintonAndy Johnson on 11 counts after he attempted to remove Edwin M. Stanton from his position as Secretary of War. The first 9 alleged violations of the Tenure of Office Act, passed only nine months before in a specific attempt to tie Johnson's hands.
1876 -- Henrik Ibsen play "Peer Gynt" premiers.
1885 -- Denmark: Thoger Thogersens lives. Antimilitarist activist.
1885 -- Stanislaw Ignacy Witkiewicz, a.k.a. “Witkacy”, lives, Warsaw. Polish writer, dramatist, photographer, philosopher & painter. Czeslaw Milosz framed his argument in The Captive Mind around a discussion of Witkiewicz's book Insatiability. Committed suicide following the Soviet invasion of Poland during WWII.
1886 -- Maurice Vandamme, (aka Mauricius) (d.1974) lives. French néo-Malthusien, free-love advocate, anti-militarist, medical research doctor.One-time companion of Rirette Maitrejean. Involved in numerous papers, including Libertad's "L'Anarchie," Sebastien Faure's "Ce Qu'il Faut Dire" (What Must Be Said) & Émile's "la Mêlée."
1887 -- First telephone link between two international cities, Paris & Brussels.
1888 -- US: Heads Up, Al Gore?: Louisville, Kentucky becomes the first government in US to adopt Australian ballot.
[Details / context]
1889 -- France: Émile Pouget's "Le Père Peinard" begins publishing. An author of, & signatory to, the "Charte d’Amiens" (1906), endorsed by the CGT, Pouget also wrote numerous books & pamphlets, including "Direct Action" (1910), & "Sabotage."
"Since the day a man had the criminal ability to profit by another man's labor, since that very same day the exploited toiler has instinctively tried to give to his master less than was demanded from him. In this wise the worker was unconsciously doing SABOTAGE, demonstrating in an indirect way the irrepressible antagonism that arrays Capital & Labor one against the other."
— Émile Pouget, Sabotage
[Details / context]
1891 -- US: The term "honky tonk" introduced, appearing in an Oklahoma paper, The Daily Ardorite, which reports "the honk-a-tonk last night was well attended."
1895 -- José Marti, Cuban revolutionary, begins liberation struggle against Spain.
1899 -- Nicaragua: US marines begin fighting in Bluefields, (-Feb. 28).
1907 -- Brazil: Inauguration of the libertarian "Social School of the Campinas League of Workers." Militante anarquista Adelino de Pinho begins teaching here in 1908. See Régina Jomini-Mazoni, Ecoles anarchistes au Brésil (1889-1920).
1909 -- August Derleth lives, Sauk City, Wisconsin. Prolific author, a founder of Arkham House Publishers, with Donald Wandrei, specializing in horror authors, such as H.P. Lovecraft, Clark Ashton Smith, Robert Bloch, & others who contribute to the "Cthulhu Mythos."
1912 -- US: Labor activist Elizabeth Gurley Flynn heads "Bread & Roses" Lawrence Textile Strike of 20,000 women in Lawrence, Massachusetts. Police attack 150 children & their parents at the town railroad station.
As we go marching, marching
In the beauty of the day
A million darkened kitchens
A thousand mill lofts grey
Are touched with all the radiance
That a sudden sun discloses
For the people hear us singing
Bread & Roses, Bread & Roses...
— James Oppenheim (1912)
[Details / context]
1916 -- Jules Verne's 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea opens in New York.
1917 -- Russia: February Revolution: a Petrograd bread riot turns to revolution as soldiers refuse to fire on demonstrators & instead turn on their officers. The arsenal is taken; 20,000 automatic pistols are handed out; the police stations are torched, & the prisons stormed & liberated.
1919 -- US: New Federal Child Labor law passes; declared unconstitutional on 2 June 1924, a child labor law passed two years earlier had also been declared unconstitutional 3 June 1918.
1923 -- US: A US Labor Party convention repudiates Communism.
1924 -- Uruguay: On the rue Monte Caseros, Montevideo Chief of Police Luis Pardeiro & his chauffeur are killed in a hail of bullets. An attentat against the renowned torturer of many anarchists (Miguel Arcangel Roscigno, et al), the attack is attributed to the anarchists Armando Guidot, Bruno Antonelli Dellabella & Francisco Sapia.
1928 -- US Democratic Socialist leader Michael Harrington lives. Writer & activist on poverty & economic issues.
1928 -- US: In its first show to feature a Black artist, the New Gallery of New York exhibits works of Archibald Motley.
1933 -- England: Emma Goldman lectures in London on "Constructive Revolution."
1939 -- Spain: Vázquez & Herrera's circular letter announces that the CNT-FAI will cease activities abroad & thanks the international community for its efforts on behalf of the Spanish anarchists.
1939 -- German Marxist world systems theorist André Gunder Frank lives, Berlin.
1939 -- US: The Supreme Court rules that sit-down strikes are illegal.
1942 -- US: The Army, mistaking a weather balloon that strayed over Los Angeles for a Japanese bomber, unleashes a saturation antiaircraft barrage. Three civilians are trampled to death in the attending panic, & dozens more injured by falling shrapnel.
1943 -- Al Masarik lives. Poet, influenced by Henry Miller, Lenny Bruce & Charles Bukowski. Author of Blues for Son of Cochise, & others.
1944 -- Great pianist to the Beatles, the Stones, Jefferson Airplane, Steve Miller, & Quicksilver Messenger Service, & others — Nicky Hopkins lives. He died at age 50 in 1994 of complications from intestinal surgery, presumably related to Hopkins' Crohn's Disease.
1948 -- Czechoslovakia: The minority Communist Party (38% of the vote) seizes power, President Benes appoints a new Gottwald government. Though bloodless, the coup was nonetheless nasty. A fully totalitarian police state ("people's democracy") meant leading politicians & others who advocated democracy were arrested & imprisoned.
1951 -- Italy: The French GAAP (Groupes anarchistes d’action prolétarienne) is created on February 24-25, by former members of the FAI excluded at the congress of Ancône.
Italy: 24-25 février. Constitution des Groupes anarchistes d’action prolétarienne (G.A.A.P.) par des militants exclus de la F.A.I. au congrès d’Ancône.
1956 -- US: Police in Cleveland, Ohio invoke a 1931 ordinance barring people under the age of 18 from dancing in public unless accompanied by an adult.
1964 -- "Folksong '64" concert, in honor of Paul Robeson, organised by the British Peace Committee. Listed to appear are Ewan MacColl - Julie Felix - Peggy Seeger - Ian Campbell Folk Group & others.
1965 -- The Beatles begin shooting their second film, Help.
1965 -- US: District 1199 Health Care Workers becomes the first US labor union to oppose the war in Vietnam.
1966 -- US: Barry Bondhus dumps 10 pounds of his own shit on draft files (or 22nd?)
"Whatever little we have gained we have gained by agitation, while we have uniformly lost by moderation."
— Daniel O'Connell .
On being found suitable for military service, 20-year-old Barry Bondhus dumps two buckets of human shit into the files of the Sherburne County draft board at Elk River, MN. Chicago anarchists applaud his action in a solidarity leaflet:
"Along with wheelbarrows of desire, buckets of shit will stop the war in Vietnam".
"I've been floating in this river of shit/ Over 20 years & I'm gettin' tired of it/ But I've got to keep swimming in this river of shit, 'cause I don't want to die.../ Who was it that set up this system/ This supposedly democratic system/ Where we're always voting for the lesser of two evils/ Was George Washington the lesser of two evils?/ Sometimes I wonder. Some politicians say we've got to stop violence in this country/ While he's spending 15,000 dollars a second snuffing gooks.../ River of shit, bringing health, wealth, & prosperity to every man, woman, & child."
— Tuli Kupferberg, songster, poet, anarchiste, Fug
1966 -- US: David Miller & Russel Wills become first Seattle residents to refuse induction into armed forces to protest Vietnam war. Wills is later sentenced to two years in prison for his refusal. Is this the same David Miller who
1968 -- Vietnam del Norte: Estados Unidos efectúa el primer bombardeo sobre el puerto fluvial de Hanoi.
1968 -- US: Pete Seeger is allowed to sing his previously censored "Waist Deep in the Big Muddy" on the "Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour." The show itself will eventually get axed.
Waist deep, neck deep
We'll be drowning before too long
We're neck deep in the Big Muddy
& the damn fools keep yelling to push on
1969 -- US: Feb 24-25 Pennsylvania State University administration building is occupied.
1970 -- Switzerland: 29 Swiss Army officers die in avalanche, Reckingen.
1971 -- Japan: Children battle riot police at Sanrizuka. They receive an education no school can provide, in study groups — as they & their families fight for their lives.
"How can we go to school when our land is about to be taken?"
1972 -- US: Daniel Berrigan released after 18 months of 3-year term (part of the "Catonsville 9"); goes to Harrisburg where his brother Phil Berrigan is on trial, also for anti-Vietnam War activities.
Meanwhile, "Life" magazine has reports this month that "Today's high school generation is interested in security, stability, & comfort."
1974 -- Comedian Bud Abbott dies at 78.
Anarchist & Swiss trade unionist whose antifascist activities landed him in prison. As a youngster, he joined FOBB (Federation of Wood & Building Workers) with Clovis Abel Pignat.
[Details / context]
Flush Again?: An appellate court in another case Falwell appealed was found "wholly frivolous & totally without merit." It also ordered him to pay additional sanctions (money) for wasting the court's valuable time. Finally in September of 1986, he sent a check for $8,982.90.
A portion of the money was used to help open the Lambda Community Center as a resource for the gay & lesbian people of Sacramento.
The Lambda Center has a room dedicated to Falwell.
It was a closet ... & is now a toilet.
1988 -- US: Campaigning as a member of the "Wild Party," Alice Cooper announces he is going to run for Governor of Arizona.
1989 -- Japan: Beloved & Respected Comrade Emperor Hirohito's funeral. The largest gathering of world leaders (162 nations) attends. Unfortunately for the people of the world they are allowed to leave.
1990 -- Insect Fear Film Festival opens, Urbana, Illinois.
1991 -- Iraq: US-led coalition begins ground war against Iraqi troops. There is great concern Iraq will launch biological weapons based on anthrax & botulism which a US company has sold them with approval of the US Commerce Department against Pentagon opposition.
1993 -- A Gallup poll finds half of all east Europeans claim they were better off under Communism. If the left one don't get yuh, the right one will...
2001 -- México: Zapatistas march on México City.
2003 -- England: British Marxist historian Christopher Hill dies, Oxfordshire.
Daily Bleed Saint 2003-2005
Dean of British Marxist historians, worlds turned upside down.
2011 -- US: Rolling Stone Magazine alleges Army Lieutenant General William B. Caldwell ordered a campaign of "psychological operations" to persuade influential people to continue support for the War on Afghanistan.
Your problem is not your life as it is
in America, not that your hands, as you
tell me, are tied to do something. It is
that you were born to an island of greed
& grace where you have this sense
of yourself as apart from others. It is
not your right to feel powerless. Better
people than you were powerless."
— from "Return" in The Country Between Us by Carolyn Forche
9003 --Anti-Authoritarian / Anarchist Encyclopedia
anti-CopyRite 1997-3000, more or less
Subscribe to daily email excerpts/updates (include 'subscribe bleed' in subject field),
or send questions, suggestions, additions, corrections to:
BleedMeister David Brown
Visit the complete Daily Bleed Calendar
The Daily Bleed is freely produced by Recollection Used Books
Over 1.97 million a'mopers & a'gawkers since May 2005
anarchist, labor, & radical used booksSee also: Anarchist Encyclopedia
Stan Iverson Memorial Library
Anarchist Time Line / Chronology