Our Daily Bleed...
Monthly Review editor, radical economist,
dean of American independent Marxism.
Dominican Republic: INDEPENDENCE DAY.
1534 -- Beginning of Anabaptist "New Jerusalem" on earth in Germany. All Lutherans & Roman Catholics are to be eliminated by driving them out or converting them, so as to create a community bound by love & without sin. Nonbelief or "misbelief" is made a capital offense. It resists besieging armies & lasts over a year.
See Norman Cohn, Pursuit of the Millenium, p262-3.
1803 -- India: Great fire in Bombay.
1807 -- Poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow lives, Portland, Maine. The most popular 19th century American poet & first to earn a living solely from writing verse. His best-known narrative poem, The Song of Hiawatha (1855) adapted its meter from the Finnish national epic Kalevala.
1812 -- The young Lord Byron, in his maiden speech before the House of Lords, denounces a death penalty measure for rebellious laborers.
’Source: Robert Braunwart’; some Web sources say the 7th
1833 -- US: God tells the Mormons to abstain from alcohol, tobacco & hot drinks. Keepin it all for herself.
1846 -- Herman Melville novel Typee is published, by John Murray in England.
1848 -- France: First anarchist journal appears, Proudhon's "Le Representant du Peuple". It claims that the emancipation of the working class can only be achieved by the working class itself — without the assistance of governments. Sells 40,000 copies.
To be governed is to be ...
1848 -- Following the abdication of Louis-Philippe, a Republic is proclaimed in France with poet-diplomat Alphonse de Lamartine as acting head of state.
1861 -- Rudolf Steiner lives, Austria, founder of anthroposophy movement.
1861 -- Poland: The Warsaw Massacre — Russian troops fire on demonstrators against Russian rule.
1867 -- France: Paulin Mailfait (1867-1927) lives, Charleville. Ardennes anarchist, participant in "Sans patrie" (formed October 18, 1891) with Gustave Bouillard, Nicolas Thomassin, Pierre Leroux, etc. Mailfait did eight months in prison for helping a soldier desert in 1892.
1871 -- France: Regular soldiers, sent to confiscate cannon from the National Guard militia in Paris are confronted by the crowd who have gathered, with whom the troops decide to fraternize. In due course, General Lecomte is executed, along with Clement Thomas, long hated for his part in the repression of the 1848 revolution. This victory provides the opening for the Communard insurrection .
1875 -- US: Eugene V. Debs becomes a charter member & secretary of the Vigo Lodge, Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen. By 1880, Debs had become grand secretary of the national Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen & editor of the Locomotive Fireman's Magazine. In June 1893 Debs helped found the first industrial union in the US, the American Railway Union. He also headed the bitter Pullman strike, often known as the "Debs Rebellion" which Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Grover Cleveland helped brutally crush with federal troops.
[Pullman Details / context]
1876 -- France: François Segond Casteu lives (1876-1935), Nice. Anarchist who attended Sebastien Faure's "Ruche" & a collaborator on Libertaire & Germinal, a weekly magazine of the Somme. Partner of the teacher Eugènie Trébuquet. His remarks often caused problems with authorities, &, in September 1927, he was imprisoned at Amiens for a series of anticlerical articles. Casteu was released following a hunger strike.
[Source: L'Ephéméride Anarchiste]
1880 -- African American poet Angelina Weld Grimke lives.
1887 -- Italy: Giuseppe Monanni lives (d.1952). Editor, journalist & propagandist of individualist anarchism (ala Nietzsche & Palante).
1902 -- Marian Anderson lives, singer, banned by D.A.R. ALT: Marion Anderson
John Steinbeck lives, Salinas, California. Novelist, story writer, playwright, essayist & screenplay writer. Received the Nobel Prize in 1962. Wrote The Grapes of Wrath (1939), a novel widely considered a 20th-century classic, did much to publicize the injustices of migrant labor, which led to much-needed agricultural reform. Steinbeck also wrote Cannery Row & East of Eden. Among his film scripts are Hitchcock's film Lifeboat (1944) & Viva Zapata! (1952).Daily Bleed Patron Saint 2004
Socially committed American novelist & journalist, his books are often banned in schools in the "Land of the Free" where no one is free unless free to ban, censor, or burn books.
1904 -- Radical American novelist James T. Farrell lives (1904-1979) Chicago, Illinois. Known for his realistic portraits of the working class Irish on the South Side of Chicago, best-known is his Studs Lonigan trilogy.
1905 -- US: "Regeneración" begins republishing in St. Louis, Missouri. This anarchist publication, issued by the brothers Ricardo & Enrique Flores Magón & their Partido Liberal Mexicano, is soon repressed by the American government (on October 12).
[Details / context]
US: Today's edition of the San Francisco Chronicle declares that proclaiming oneself an anarchist is “a decisive proof of incurable madness.”
1910 -- Peter De Vries lives, Chicago, comic novelist (The Prick of Noon).
"I love being a writer. What I can't stand is the paperwork."
1912 -- Anglo-Irish novelist, playwright, poet, Lawrence Durrell lives, Darjeeling, India.
It is the duty of every patriot to hate his country creatively.
— Lawrence Durrell
1912 -- England: The Times of London prints an alarming lead story about a "conspiracy" of unions to take over ownership of British coal mines.
COAL INDUSTRY AT A STANDSTILL, 800,000 MINERS IDLE.
1912 -- England: Buried in the same issue of The Times is a review of the March 1 exhibit of futurist paintings at London's Sackville Gallery.
1913 -- Irwin Shaw lives. Prolific American playwright, screenwriter & author of The Young Lions. His second book, The Troubled Air (1951), was about the rise of McCarthyism in the US & contributed to Shaw's being placed on the Hollywood blacklist & moving to Europe for 25 years.
1913 -- France: After 25 days of deliberations, the Paris trial of the anarchiste Bonnot Gang ("Bande à Bonnot") concludes & sentences are handed down. Three illégalistes are condemned to death: Raymond Callemin, André Soudy, & Antoine Monier & they meet the guillotiné April 21st.
1917 -- Russia: Abdication of Nicholas II, last non-Marxist Czar. Russian Duma sets up a Provisional Committee; workers set up soviets; Crowd breaks into Okhrana (tsarist secret police) HQ, destroys records; A section of the Petrograd garrison mutinies (March 12 NS).
1920 -- Italy: Alla Camera Giolitti ribadisce il mantenimento dell'occupazione di Valona. (Albania).
1921 -- Italy: Riots break out between Communists & Fascists in Firenze.
Italy: Les 27 et 28 février 1921, à Florence (Italie), dans un contexte exacerbé par la montée du fascisme, des affrontements particulièrement graves se produisent avec les fascistes, et causent la mort de deux cheminots: Gino Mugnai et Spartaco Lavagnini.
1922 -- G.B. Shaw play "Back to Methusaleh" (parts I & II) premiers, NY.
1923 -- US: Formation in New York of the Mohegan Colony Association, based on anarchist principles.
[Details / context]
1932 -- Finland: Another Lapua (fascist) revolt begins (-March 7).
1932 -- "SEP" publishes Faulkner story "Lizards in Jamshyd's Courtyard."
1933 -- Edward Lucie-Smith lives, Kingston, Jamaica, poet/art critic.
1933 -- Germany: Berlin's Reichstag parliament building is torched, & the Nazi's, as a ploy in their steady consolidation of total power, try to blame it on communists.
Berlin. Les nazis attribuent l’incendie du Reichstag à un « anarchiste ». Il s’agit en réalité d’un partisan du communisme des conseils : Marinus Van Der Lubbe. André Prudhommeaux cessera sa collaboration au Libertaire à cause d’un article où Van Der Lubbe était accusé d’être un agent d’Hitler.
1933 -- Jean Genet play "Intermezzo" (The Enchanted) premiers, Paris.
1934 -- US: Shop Til You Drop? Ralph Nader lives. Ex-Corvair fan, "full time citizen," the ultimate consumer advocate.
“Reformers come to a bad end. Only after their death do people see that they were right & erect monuments in their memory."
— Janus Korczak, from King Matt the First
1934 -- US: Native-American author N. Scott Momaday lives, Lawton, Oklahoma. After growing up on an Oklahoma farm & Southwestern reservations, he writes his first novel, House Made of Dawn (1968), a narrative with several different points of view of the dilemma of a young man returning home to his Kiowa pueblo after a stint in the US Army.
1937 -- Spain: Lincoln Brigaders attack Pingarrón Hill ("Suicide Hill") in Jarama Valley; of the 500 who go over the top, more than 300 are killed or wounded.
[Resources / sources on the Spanish Revolution of 1936]
1938 -- Britain & France recognize Franco & his fascist regime in Spain. See Jean Barrot, Fascism/Antifascism,
1939 -- US: Supreme Court outlaws sit-down strikes.
Obviously this law has been incorrectly applied for decades,
failing to apply to sitting judges.
Now, boys, you've come to the hardest time.
The boss will try to bust your picket line.
He'll call out the po-lice & the National Guard;
They'll tell you it's a crime to have a union card!
They'll raid your meetings, they'll hit you on the head —
They's call every one of you a Goddamn Red —
Unpatriotic ... agitators ...
Send 'em back where they came from.
Song: "Talking Union"
1940 -- US: 2,500 at the Philharmonic Auditorium in Los Angeles protest rightwing attacks on the film industry.
1942 -- US: Idaho Governor Chase Clark tells a congressional committee in Seattle that Japanese would be welcome in Idaho only if they were in "concentration camps under military guard." Some credit Clark with the conception of what was to become a true scenario.
1942 -- US: Seattle School Board accepts the forced resignation of Japanese-American teachers.
1943 -- US: Mine disaster kills 74 workers at Red Lodge, Montana.
"Pray for the dead & fight like hell for the living!"
— Mother Jones
1946 -- Ho Chi Minh writes the leaders of the US, the USSR, China & Britain asking them to "stop the war in Indochina" — his letters are ignored.
1952 -- US: Seattle tests a 135-hp super siren during the Cold War.
1953 -- Gustaf Hellström, Swedish realist novelist, journalist, & literary critic, dies in Stockholm. His masterpiece, Lacemaker Lekholm Has an Idea (1927), is a family chronicle set in a provincial garrison town.
1957 -- China: Mao Tsetung delivers his speech, "On the Correct Handling of Contradictions Among People."
Mao Tse-tung addresses the Supreme State Conference & invites the Chinese to work out constructive criticisms to help in the building of socialism. Start of the “hundred flowers” period.[Source: K.S. Karol]
1958 -- US: The first of 27 people die in NY from drinking a homemade liquor called "King Kong."
1961 -- US: Jean-Luc Godard's Breathless released in America.
1961 -- US: Unknown writer Joseph Heller's Catch-22 published. Following on the heels of Leon Uris' novel Mila 18, Heller was advised to change the numerical title of his soon-to-be-published first novel, an anti-war protest novel underscored with dark humor, so as not to confuse readers. He substituted the number 22, & hence we call a paradoxical situation a Catch-22 rather than a Catch-18.
Geen dialoog met idioten...
1964 -- Italy: Pisa asks government for over one million dollars to straighten the 184-foot leaning tower.
1969 -- US: Berkeley police charge University of California student picket lines, club & arrest two Chicano leaders.
1969 -- US: Thousands rampage thru nine University of Wisconsin buildings, in Madison, over black enrollment policy.
1969 -- US: Students at the University of Chicago march in the streets.
1970 -- US: NY Times (falsely) reports US army has ended illegal domestic surveillance. All the news that is unfit to print...?
1970 -- US: February 27–March 1, Women's Liberation Conference at Yale; includes Kate Millet, separatist Naomi Weisstein, & the Sappho Collective (with Rita Mae Brown). "Operation Hassle": Women harass men on Yale campus.
1973 -- US: 300 Oglala Sioux American Indian Movement (A.I.M.) activists liberate & occupy Wounded Knee, South Dakota (the site of the 1890 terrorist massacre of Sioux by US cavalry), in response to campaign of terror by tribal & FBI officials. They demand an investigation of Indian grievances at the site of the last major massacre of Indians by whites (see 29 December).
1975 -- US: A Man After My Heart? The FDA announces recall of 1,241 pacemakers made by the General Electric Company because of potential malfunction. All the pacemakers had already been implanted.
1975 -- West Germany: Mayoral candidate Lorenz snatched by June 2 Movement; release of six imprisoned guerrillas is demanded.
1976 -- Canada: The Inuit Tapirisat Indians presents claim to immense area in Canada's Arctic.
1977 -- Canada: Royal Canadian Mounted Police raid Keith Richards' Toronto hotel suite while he is asleep, seize 22 grams of heroin, 5 grams of cocaine & narcotics paraphernalia.
1979 -- US: 15¢ John Steinbeck commemorative postage stamp issued.
1981 -- Sardines?: Greatest passenger load on a commercial airliner — 610 "people" fly on a Boeing 747. Inspires "slim fast" foods.
1982 -- US: On Strike? Earl Anthony becomes first pro bowler to win more than $1 million. Anthony, voted "Bowler of the Millennium" later falls down stairs in his retirement & dies August 14, 2001 as a result.
1986 -- Imelda Marcos & her sidekick flee the Philippines, to the US, which has supported their brutal & corrupt rule as long as it could.
1987 -- US: The Tower Commission Report, detailing the Iran-Contra Scandal, finds Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Ronnie Reagan confused & uninformed. It faults White House Chief of Staff Donald Regan, former National Security adviser Robert McFarlane & his successor Admiral John Poindexter, & CIA Director William Casey. Casey had resigned on February 2 for health reasons; McFarlane attempted suicide on February 9; & Regan resigns today.
1989 -- Canada: Ontario Court of Appeal finds the Temeaugma Anishnabe "Bear Island people" (Ojibwa) lost title to their land in 1850, although a treaty was never signed.
1990 -- Time magazine, again on the musical edge, quotes Milli Vanilli "singer" Rob Pilatus: "musically, we're more talented than any Bob Dylan or Paul McCartney. Mick Jagger can't produce a sound. I'm the new Elvis."
1991 -- Artie Mitchell porn producer (Behind the Green Door), shot at 45.
1991 -- Bangladesh elect new parliament in first democratic transition of power.
1991 -- Kuwait: Gulf War ends as Saudi army enters Kuwait City; cease-fire declared at midnight in Iraq war.
1991 -- US: Testosterone is declared a controlled substance, like heroin (Watch out they don't throw your balls in jail!).
1995 -- A group of Chinese dissidents calls for democracy & human rights.
1998 -- Jack Micheline (1930-1998), heavy drinkin howlin Beat poet dies while riding on the BART train to Orinda in the East Bay Area near Frisco. Wrote Sixty-Seven Poems For Downtrodden Saints.
1999 -- US: National Baptist Convention USA head Rev. Henry Lyons is convicted of theft & racketeering, Clearwater, Florida. Just doin' God's (upLifting) work.
1999 -- Brazilian poet Haraldo de Campos wins Mexico's Octavio Paz prize.
2001 -- US: Seattle ACORN workers strike. Seattle area office shut down after employer refuses to recognize Public Interest Workers IU 670 union of the IWW.
[Details / context]
2002 -- US: Government report says at least 15,000 Americans died because of Cold War nuclear testing. In American DoubleSpeak, if the US wields the nuclear weapons these are not called "weapons of mass destruction" (WMD) nor their use called "terrorism."
2002 -- Spike Milligan (The Goon Show) spiked. b. 16 April 1918; dies died 27 Feb 2002
Thanks to Bleedster Bear Dog (aka poet William Witherup) for this one, 2005
2004 -- US: Marxist economist Paul Sweezy dies, Larchmont, New York.
2009 -- China: A report by the State Council criticizes the United States' human rights record.
2011 -- Arab Spring unrest continues in the Middle East & North Africa with protests & armed clashes inspired by anti-government foes. Gone is the long-standing warm fuzzy comfort & stability of authoritarianism in the regions.
“Tomorrow I shall go to the High Court of Eagles... Does anyone in this strange & terrible land go anywhere, without having been there before in myth or dream? The minister with whom I shall confer will ask me a simple question. Beyond my campaign to free Neveryon’s slaves, whom will I align myself with next? Will I take up the cause of the workers who toil for wages only a step above slavery? Or will I take up the marginal workless wretches who, without wages at all, live a step below? Shall I ally myself with those women who find themselves caught up, laboring without wages, for the male population among both groups? For they are, all of them—these free men & women—caught in a freedom that, despite the name it bears, makes movement through society impossible, makes the quality of life miserable, that allows no chance & little choice in any aspect of the human not written by the presence or elision of the sign for production. This is what Lord Krodar will ask me. & I shall answer…”
— Samuel Delany, Neveryona
The Daily Bleed: Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, Bonnot Gang, Jan Strijbosch, Raoul Vaneigem, Ricardo & Enrique Flores Magón, Marinus Van Der Lubbe, Giuseppe Monanni, Mohegan Colony Association, Paulin Mailfait, François Segond Casteu; Timeline, Almanac of Radicalism, Arts, Literature, Authors, Poets, Anarchists... a radical annotated chronology, almanac, anarchist CALENDAR, anarchisten, anarchism, anarchico, anarchiste, anarquista, anarsizm, anarþizme, Anarþist, Anarquismo, Anarchismus, sindicalismo, anarquia, anarchia, anarchisme, anarchizm, anarkisme, libertarian, syndicalist, libertarian, What Happened on this day, in recovered history February 27
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