Our Daily Bleed...
— Jane Cooper, "Hunger Moon"
Brilliant Soviet semiotic theorist,
philosopher of culture.
Finland: Kalevalan päivä — KALEVALA DAY, commemorating the first printing of the ancient national epic, in 1835, compiled by Elias Lönnrot.
The material, old Finnish ballads & lyrical songs depicting "the sons of Kalevala," were published in two editions, first 35 cantos in 1835 & then with 50 cantos in 1849.
The central characters are old & wise Väinämöinen, skilled smooth Ilmarinen, adventurer-warrior Lemminkäinen, Louhi, the female ruler of Pohjola, & tragic hero Kullervo. The epic ends with decline of paganism: maid Marjatta gives birth to a son who is baptized king of Karelia & Väinämöinen departs the land of heroes.
Kalevala, translated into 35 languages, has inspired many Finnish artists, the most prominent among them painter Akseli Gallén-Kallela & composer Jean Sibelius.
1525 -- México: Cuauhtémoc is assassinated.
1533 -- Essayist Michel de Montaigne lives. French courtier & author of Essaies, which established a new literary form. In 1588 he was arrested in Paris & spent a few hours in Bastille.
See Kenneth Rexroth's essay on Montaigne in his Classics Revisited.
1574 -- First New World victims of Spanish Inquisition burned at the stake.
Moe to Curley: "How would you like to die, burnt at the stake or your head chopped off?"
Curley: "I'd rather have steak than cold cuts."
1791 -- March to Vincennes.
1832 -- Signing herself "L'Etrangère,' Ewelina Hañska first writes to Balzac. An ardent exchange of letters ensues between the 32-year-old writer & the married Polish noblewoman.
1844 -- US: During an official inspection tour of the U.S.S. Princeton, a 10-inch gun (the Navy's largest at the time) blew up, killing Secretary of State Abel P. Upshur, Secretary of the Navy Thomas W. Kilmer, & 10 others. Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President John Tyler, who at the time of the explosion was in a cabin below with Miss Julia Gardiner (the daughter of one of those killed) was unharmed. They subsequently married.
1854 -- US: The Republican Party forms in Ripon, Wisconsin, due to opposition to the Kansas-Nebraska Act. The act, which became law on 30 May, left the issue of slavery to the settlers of each state.
1854 -- Simón Rodríguez (aka Samuel Robinson), philosopher & educator, notably Simón Bolívar's tutor & mentor, dies in Perú. Mouse ears, bourbon nose, mouth like a mailbox. Friend of European socialists, proponent of mixed education for all — "El Loco".
See Eduardo Galeano's Faces & Masks (Norton, 1998; pp 81, 130, 131, 173, 177).
1861 -- US: The Southern Cheyenne & Arapaho peoples sign the Treaty of Fort Wise, agreeing to cede their land & live on a small reservation in southwest Colorado. US Commissioner of Indian Affairs Colonel A.B. Greenwood issues medals, blankets, sugar & tobacco. But only six of 44 Cheyenne chiefs sign the treaty, casting doubt on the gala affair's legality.
1861 -- Antoine Cyvoct lives (1861-1930). French anarchiste, Lyons militant. Wrongly accused of being the author of the bombing of the Bellecour Theatre restaurant in Lyon on October 22, 1882.
[Details / context]
1877 -- US: The American Government, like a common thief, seizes Black Hills from Lakota Sioux in violation of treaty.
1886 -- Painter & writer, José Solana Gutiérrez lives, in Madrid, Spain.
1886 -- Spain: Numéro 2 of the bimonthly El Socialismo appears today. ANARCHIST / ANARQUISTA
1887 -- France: The anarchist burglar & member of the "Panthers of Batignolles," Clément Duval, has his death sentence (see 11 January 1887) commuted to life by the President of the Republic.
1893 -- Ben Hecht lives. American screenwriter, director, producer, playwright, novelist lives. Authored 35 books & created some of the most entertaining screenplays or plays, among them The Front Page (filmed as His Girl Friday), Twentieth Century, Underworld, The Scoundrel, Some Like It Hot, Viva Villa!, etc.
1893 -- Russia: Vsevelod Pudovkin lives (Feb 16 that other Russian style), Penza.
Daily Bleed Patron Saint June 26, 2003-2006
Pioneering Soviet experimental filmmaker, writer.
1901 -- American chemist, geneticist activist Linus Pauling lives for vitamin C, Portland, Oregon. Double Nobel Prize winner &, when he came up with an alternative cure for cancer, 'madman' & 'quack.'
Daily Bleed Patron Saint 2004, LINUS PAULING
Chemist, geneticist, anti-nuclear & anti-war activist.
"Young people should always listen to their elders, but not necessarily believe what they say."
1910 -- A. E. Housman (A Shropshire Lad; Terence; This is Stupid Stuff) writes of his sparse output: "In barrenness . . . I hold a high place among English poets, excelling even Gray."
1916 -- Henry James dies in London at 72, saying "So here it is at last, the distinguished thing." T. S. Eliot comments acidly: "James had a mind so fine that no idea could violate it." H.G. Wells had written just before his death, "Ought there to be such a thing as a literary artist?" "Ought there, in fact, to be Henry James?" "I don't think so..."
1916 -- The "Manifeste des Seize" (Manifesto of the Sixteen) issued by some 15 anarchists (Peter Kropotkin, Jean Grave, et al) in support of the allies. This proclamation was published in France in the pages of the daily newspaper La Bataille, March 14. It was reprinted in La Libre Fédération on the 14th of April, this time accompanied by 100 signatures, including those of many Italians.
[Details / context]
1917 -- US: Following a large rally in support of Dr. Ben Reitman the prior evening, Reitman is acquitted on charges from his Dec. 15, 1916 birth control arrest in Rochester, NY.
1919 -- India: Gandhi launches satyagraha campaign.
1921 -- Russia: Kronstadt Revolt.
It is here Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Leon Trotsky utters his infamous line,
"Shoot them down like partridges."
1921 -- El Salvador: Last Chance?: Shoemakers win strike for higher wages — prompting a government crackdown.
México: Founding convention of the General Confederation of Workers (CGT), during this month, in México City [I don't have an exact date — ed.].
Breaking with the reformist CROM, some 50 unions, influenced by revolutionary syndicalists & anarcosindicalistas, adopt "class war & direct action" as fundamental principles, & reject participation in the political arena.
Initially associated with Moscow's Red International, under the influence of the anarchists, this congress breaks with Mexican communists & the International.
The backbone of the CGT is the Federation of Spinning & Weaving Workers Unions, but also includes agricultural, tabaquera, textile, transport, mining, telephone, graphic arts, commerce, construction, dress makers, & other unions.
|I was about thirteen & I saw some other guys, older than me, they were meeting girls in the park in the summer by taking guitars out & playing them... I didn’t meet any girls that way until about 10 years later. On the other hand I did learn how to play the guitar.|
"What the hell are all these freaking forks doing on the forking floor?!"
— Mrs. G.http://www.arlo.net/
Militant in the Jeunesse Anarchiste Communiste (Anarchist Communist Youth) then in the Union Anarchiste, its parent organization, & then in the post-war Federation Anarchiste. Leaving the Federation in the 1950s, Senez attended meetings of Socialisme ou Barbarie along with Georges Fontenis. With Fontenis & Daniel Guérin, he was one of the founders of the Mouvement Communiste Libertaire (MCL).
|US: Permaculturalist, Dreamtime Villager, poet, Lyx Ish (b.1956) dies, LaForge, Wisconsin. Aka Elizabeth Perl Nasaw aka Elizabeth Was.
"We must have research for peace...
It would embrace the outstanding problems of morality. The time has come for man's intellect, his scientific method, to win over the immoral brutality & irrationality of war & militarism...
Now we are forced to eliminate from the world forever this vestige of prehistoric barbarism, this curse to the human race."
— Linus Pauling
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