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The Daily Bleed: Paul Paillette, Malatesta, Felix Fénéon, Simon Radowitzky, Alfred Levitt, Kenneth Patchen; Timeline, Almanac of Radicalism, Arts, Literature, Authors, Poets, Anarchists... a radical annotated chronology, almanac, anarchist CALENDAR, anarchisten, anarchism, anarchico, anarchiste, anarquista, anarsizm, anarþizme, Anarþist, Anarquismo, Anarchismus, sindicalismo, anarquia, anarchia, anarchisme, anarchizm, anarkisme, libertarian, syndicalist, libertarian, What Happened on this day, in recovered history February 29

"What! all those children perched on my wall?"
With eight shots, Mr. Olive, a Toulon property-owner made them scramble down, covered with blood.

—Felix Fénéon's news item, translated by Edward Morris for Evergreen Review, vol.4, no.13, 1960

February 29

A Day Without a Saint!

(Think of it as a vacancy reserved just for you)

LEAP YEAR DAY — to remind us that all calendars, like maps, are particularist interpretations of subjective 'realities.'


"Gimme a pigfoot & a bottle of beer..."

"Gimme a reefer & a gang of gin..."

Blue Moon Tavern logo

-45 -- BC: Julius Caesar adjusts 46 B.C. — known as the Year of Confusion with its 445 days — by fixing 365 days & six hours as the length of a year, with one day intercalated every four years, a leap.

Rome had Caesar, a man of remarkable governing talents, although it must be said that a ruler who arouses opponents to resort to assassination is probably not as smart as he ought to be.

— Barbara W. Tuchman, 1912-1989

-12 -- Source=Robert Braunwart The day before the last February 30th in the Roman (Julian) calendar. Hey, take the day off, it's on us!!

Happy Green Guy!
486 -- Pope Hilarius, calendar reformer, dies laughing.

1288 -- Scotland: Establishes this day as one when a woman can propose marriage to a man! If he refuses, he is required to pay a fine. A fine kettle of fish...

Multi-hued planet
1504 -- New Old World: Columbus uses a lunar eclipse to frighten hostile Jamaican Indians.

1692 -- Source=Robert Braunwart New Old World: Sarah Good & Tituba, an Indian servant, are accused of witchcraft, Salem, Ma.

1700 -- Source=Robert Braunwart This is the first February 29 dropped by the Gregorian calendar.

1704 -- US: Hells' Bells? The town of Deerfield, Ma. is raided by French Canadians & Indians who are trying to retrieve their church bell that had been shipped from France.

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The differences between Shakers & Quakers?; source
1736 -- England: Anna Lee (Ann the Word or Mother Ann) lives, Manchester, founder of the Shaker movement in America.

"Do your work as though you had a thousand years to live, & as if you were to die tomorrow."

1784 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Marquis de Sade is transferred from Vincennes fortress to the Bastille.

1788 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Australia: Flower Power? James Freeman, Sydney, NSW, is pardoned for stealing flour, on condition he become public executioner.

1800 -- Source=Robert Braunwart This is the second February 29 dropped by the Gregorian calendar.

1852 -- England: John Landseer, printer/engraver, dies in London, having been associated with the Royal Academy as an engraver for nearly 50 years.

1869 -- US: W.E.B. DuBois, famed African American radical, lives.

1900 -- Source=Robert Braunwart This is the third February 29 dropped by the Gregorian calendar.

1904 -- US: Last Ditch Effort? Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Theodore Roosevelt, appoints a seven man committee to study Panama Canal.

"On they struggled, ever onward,
Blasting stone, & earth, & men;
Filling rivers with razed mountains;
Filling graves with parts of men.
Blood & bone are mixed with concrete,
Sweat of brow & grime of toil
Mark the rough-neck as he swelters,
Weary 'mid the grease & oil.
Weary flesh, nor fever's terrors
Halt them as they onward go.
Forward!  Forward!  Ever Forward!
Is the only cry they know."

— John Hall

1904 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Gerhart Hauptmann play "Hannelle" is performed privately in England.

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1910 -- Australia: During the period 1910-1916 the Industrial Workers of the World helps get IWW materials translated into Chinese & distributed into China. These were published by Liu Szu-fu ("Shih-fu") & IWW ideals became influential in Canton & Shanghai.

1920 -- anarchist diamond; anarquistaFrance: Le Libertaire annonce la mort du chansonnier anarchiste Paul Paillette.

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1920 -- Italy: à Milan, à la sortie d'un grand meeting de protestation auquel se sont joints divers orateurs dont Errico Malatesta. La police intervient pour empêcher toute manifestation de se former. Les carabiniers ouvrent le feu sur la foule, tuant deux personnes et en blessant cinq autres. Aussitôt, éclate une grève générale de protestation.

1924 -- US: Charles R. Forbes, former head of the US Veterans Bureau, is indicted for defrauding the government of $250 million.

1936 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Russia: Two days after Ivan Pavlov's death, the USSR commemorates him by ordering a monument to be erected in Leningrad, renaming the First Leningrad Medical Institute the "Pavlov Institute," maintaining his lab as a museum, preserving his brain, granting a pension to his widow & publishing his collected works in four languages.

1940 -- Frederic — the "poor wandering one" of Gilbert & Sullivan's operetta The Pirates of Penzance (1879) — celebrates his 21st birthday & release from the pirates' indenture.

1940 -- US: Hattie McDaniel is the first black person to win an Oscar. She wins the Best Supporting Actress award for her role as Mammy in "Gone with the Wind." A 2008 survey finds it the second most popular book in the country — “In truth, the film Gone with the Wind is Birth of a Nation without the bed sheets & hoods of the Klan.”

Félix Fénéon, book cover
1944 -- Félix Fénéon (1861-1944) dies. Fénéon, the art critic, novelist, anarchiste & friend of Seurat, Paul Signac, Théo van Rysselberghe, Henri-Edmond Cross, André Gide, et al. The remarkable Fénéon was the first French publisher of James Joyce & the "discoverer" of the artist Seurat.

A kind of cultural "terrorist" who may have been involved in terrorist acts of a less literary nature (one biographer claims he actually bombed a restaurant).

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Crossword puzzle, Emmas Jay Walking; source
1952 -- US: Run For Your Life?!

New York City pedestrians are told when to walk & when not to as four signs are installed at 44th Street & Broadway in Times Square.

All four signs simultaneously flashes "Walk" for 22 seconds,

then "Don't Walk" for ten seconds

before the "Don't Walk"

turns red for 58 seconds more.

Inspires "Jay Walking."

Simon Radowitzky, legendary Polish anarchist
1956 -- México: Simón Radowitzky (Szymon Radowicki) dies. Legendary Polish anarchist who killed police chief Ramon Falcon & his secretary with a bomb in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on November 14, 1909.

"With Radowitzky's passing one of the last social revolutionaries of the Russian Revolution of 1905, one of the finest idealists of the international labor movement was gone."

Augustin Souchy

Further details / context, click here[Further details + links]
Further details / context, click here[Details / context of his assassination of Falcon]

1960 -- US: Beloved & Respected John F. Kennedy, candidate for president (& a future airport, JFK) makes "missile gap" the presidential campaign issue.

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1960 -- Morocco: The town of Agadir is hit by massive earthquakes & tidal waves.

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Killer Bunny; source
1960 -- Source=Robert Braunwart US: First Playboy Club, featuring fast-breeding bunnies, opens in Chicago.

1964 -- Frank Rugani sets badminton shuttlecock distance record, 79-feet, 8-1/2 inches.

Big Green Face
1968 -- Jocelyn Bell (now Jocelyn Bell Burnell), one of Britain's leading astronomers, announces her discovery of the 'pulsar' (on the 24th).

"One of the ideas we facetiously entertained was that it might be little green men — a civilization outside in space some-where trying to communicate with us."

1968 -- US: The summary report of the Kerner Commission on Civil Disorders faults excessive police force in ghettos.

... show details

1968 -- US: Morning Star Ranch busts; Wheeler Ranch opened to settlers over the winter when Bill Wheeler (28) opens nearby Sheep Ridge Ranch (his 320 acre Ranch) for people to live on the land.

1972 -- US: Columnist Jack Anderson reveals a memo from lobbyist Dita Beard stating that an ITT pledge of $400,000 to support the Republican National Convention was made in exchange for a recent favorable antitrust settlement (see 17 March; 26 March).

Buddy Holly's glasses; source
1980 -- Buddy Holly's glasses & the Big Bopper's wristwatch — the ones each were wearing when their plane crashed on February 3, 1959 — are found in old police files by the Mason City Sheriff.

1988 -- US: In A Fix? Beloved & Respected Comrade Hizzoner NYC Mayor Koch calls Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Ronnie Reagan a "WIMP" in the war on drugs. Apparently the CIA drug warlords aren't pumping enough drugs into the US.

1996 -- Source=Robert Braunwart "Author" Joan Collins wins a $1-million lawsuit against Random House, which judged her contracted novel "unreadable" & refused to pay for it.
[I should send them some of my "unreadable" novels. — ed.]

2000 -- Lebanon: The General Union of Workers goes on strike. The call for a strike & demonstration led the government & army to impose a curfew for the 28th & today, preventing the demonstration. There was no demonstration but the strike occurs nationwide.

2000 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Israel: Government releases 1,300 pages of memoirs by Adolf Eichmann.

2000 -- American media critic Herb Schiller dies, La Jolla, California. Media-ownership critic, activist.

2004 -- Haiti: The former Catholic priest Jean-Bertrand Aristide ousted as president & delivered to the Central African Republic. "Titide" spoke out against the US-imposed military governments that oppressed the Haitian people for most of the 20th century. US officials deny accusations they had forcibly removed or kidnapped Aristide. Haiti, born condemned to solitude. "& yet again the Marines came back, as they always seem to, like the flu."

"In order for peace to reign, one must speak the truth."

2008 -- US: A White House official resigns after admitting to plagiarism in columns published by the Fort Wayne, Indiana News-Sentinel.

2012 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Some computer software may not recognize this date.

( Especially those of you trying to read your Daily Bleed without a monitor.
Computer experts further suggest it helps if you refuseniks plug your computer into an electrical socket. )

2100 -- Source=Robert Braunwart This is the 4th February 29 dropped by the Gregorian calendar. Hey, take the day off, it's on us!

2200 -- Source=Robert Braunwart This is the 5th February 29 dropped by the Gregorian calendar. Hey, take the day off, it's on us!
We'll see you on the 30th!

3000 --

— Away from this kingdom, from this last undefiled
place, I would keep our governments, our civilization,
& all other spirit-forsaken & corrupt institutions.

Kenneth Patchen, excerpt from
"There Are Not Many Kingdoms Left,"
The Love Poems of Kenneth Patchen

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