Cat Has Had the Time of His Life

thin line

Our Daily Bleed...

on this day in recovered history March 1, recovered history from the bottom up

. . . who kills the sun in order to install the reign of darkest night.

      — Antonin Artaud

Marie Louise Berneri
Italian anarchist, founder of War Commentary.



Switzerland: CHALAND RA MARZ, children's revels.

HOLLOW EARTH DAY. (Just keep diggin'.)

Scotland & Greece: WHIPPITY SCOORIE.


Eastern Orthodox Church: Great Lent Begins.



LEEKDAY (appropriated by the Christians as St. David's Day): a number of practices surround the Welsh tradition of Cymhortha on this day: farmers reciprocate their labour in ploughing the land, & everyone contributes a leek to the communal dinner; those too ill to plough have their fields done for them & are given a sack of leeks.


It being mayhaps & quite likely that today (or yesterday if you insist) is not the 29th of February — a day you don't want to be robbed of — we provide a link to some precious forgotten moments... with further gems from Félix Fénéon's "news items":

At skittles apoplexy felled Mr. Andre, 75, of Levallois. While his bowl was still rolling, he ceased to be.

Crackshot Beer label
1360 -- England: King Edward III of England pays 16 pounds ($3,840) to ransom skilled soldier Geoffrey Chaucer from French captivity during the siege of Rheims.

1790 -- US: First census count includes slave & free Negroes. Indians are not included.

1798 -- US: First strike of 1798, by those nasty ink-for-blood printers.

1837 -- Author William Dean Howells lives, Martin's Ferry, Ohio.

Fermin Salvochea, Spanish anarchist
1842 -- Spain: Fermín Salvochea y Álvarez lives (1842-1907); author, teacher, insurrectionist, briefly mayor of Cadiz with the proclamation of the 1st Republic; among other measures, he implemented an 8-hour work day before he was forced to flee the country. / Figura fundamental en el anarquismo andaluz, maestro de varias generaciones, nace en Cádiz el 1 de marzo de 1842.

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Death Penalty is Wrong
1847 -- US: Michigan becomes first state to abolish the death penalty.

Bakunin portrait photo
1848 -- Germany: During this month Michael Bakunin, the Russian anarchist, leaves Paris, travels to Frankfurt, Mainz, Mannheim, Heidelberg. He tries unsuccessfully to reach Poland. He goes to Berlin, Leipzig & Breslau. He meets Marx & Engels in Cologne & a split begins over Marx's denunciation of Bakunin's friend Herwegh, who had led an ill-fated expedition of German exiles to Baden in the hope of instigating an uprising.

1872 -- US: Yellowstone becomes the world's first national park.

1875 -- US: Congress, gives African Americans the right to serve on juries & occupy public places. In the wake of the Civil War, black men are briefly able to vote & hold elected office.
Further details / context, click here[Details / context]

Rocker Family
1877 -- Milly Witkop Rocker (1877-1955) lives, Ukraine. Exiled to London, she was an activist in the Jewish anarchist movement among the Lower Eastside sweatshop workers.

In London, in 1896, she met Rudolf Rocker who became her lifelong companion. Their son is the artist, Fermin Rocker.

1880 -- Lytton Strachey lives, London. Bisexual. Biographer/literary critic with the wonderful, gently mocking, ironic, enormously articulate style, causes Bertrand Russell, reading Eminent Victorians (1918) while in jail as a conscientious objector, to keep breaking into laughter, only to be told to pipe down by his jailers.

'Baby, the Rain Must Fall', film poster
1884 -- Scotland:
Strange Stuff:
Black Rain falls in the Clyde Valley.

... A correspondent to Knowledge, 5-190, writes of a black rain that fell in the Clyde Valley, March 1, 1884: of another black rain that fell two days later. According to the correspondent, a black rain had fallen in the Clyde Valley, March 20, 1828: then again March 22, 1828.

1885 -- Italy: During this month, Repressione statale delle agitazioni dei contadini nel mantovano e dei dirigenti del movimento 'La boje.' Vengono arrestate 168 persone e 22 vengono deferite all'autorità giudiziaria con l'accusa di attentato alla sicurezza dello stato.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]

1890 -- Australia: The Worker, the first Australian labor newspaper, is published in Brisbane.

1892 -- L'Agitateur; En-tête du numéro 12 du 15 au 22 mai 1892France: In Marseille premier number of L'Agitateur, "Organe Anarchiste."

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1896 -- Italy: On the island of Tremiti where residents are confined, confrontations take place with the police, who kill the anarchist Argante Salucci & wound 10 of his companions.

1898 -- Masthead, premier issue, March 1, 1898France: In Paris du premier numéro du journal Le Naturien...

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1899 -- US: During this month Emma Goldman's lectures in Detroit include "The Power of the Idea" & "A Criticism of Ethics." Invited by the Ohio Liberal Society to lecture on trade unionism, Emma addresses three meetings in Cincinnati. From Cincinnati, Goldman travels to St. Louis where she delivers 10 lectures, including one before the conservative Bricklayers' Union.


Near by, Emma speaks before two large gatherings in the mining town of Mount Olive. Her lecture on "The Eight-Hour Struggle & the Condition of the Miners of the Whole World" is especially well received.

Emma is also offered financial support for her future medical studies by Herman Miller, a friend of Robert Reitzel & president of the Cleveland Brewing Company.

1900 -- Bulgaria: Nikolas Tchorbadieff lives (1900-1994). Militant & anarchist propagandist. Forced into exile, helped found the "International Bookshop" in Paris & was a founder of the French-Bulgarian review Iztok in 1979.

1900 -- March-October: Emma Goldman prepares for & visits Europe.

Emma Goldman, anarchist feminist

In the summer Emma & Hippolyte Havel visit Paris in preparation for the September International Anti-Parliamentary Congress.

Emma becomes acquainted with the leading figures of the French anarchist movement & other progressive circles & also also decides against pursuing further medical studies so that she can concentrate on political activities.

Further details / context, click here[Details / context]

1906 -- Leader of the modern regional novelists, Jose María de Pereda, dies in Santander, Spain.

1906 -- US: Emma Goldman publishes the first issue of her paper, Mother Earth.

IWW Harvest illustration
1907 -- US: Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) strike Portland, Oregon sawmills.

1910 -- US: Three passenger trains buried at Steven's Pass in the Cascade Mountain Range & 118 die. Worst snowslide in US history.

Francisco Ponzán Vidal, Spanish anarchist guérillero; source
1911 -- Francisco Ponzán Vidal (the "Anarchist Pimpernel") lives (1911-1944). Spanish anarcho-syndicalist, anti-fascist guérillero, anti-Francoist & resistance fighter. Captured in France in 1943, shot by the Nazis in Buzet-sur-Tarn, near Toulouse.

1912 -- England: Increasing industrial unrest reaches a peak today when miners go on strike to further their demand for a national minimum wage. This is the biggest strike Britain has ever seen to date; according to the Board of Trade over a million workers were involved. The Syndicalist movement was extremely active at this time urging the workers to cease relying upon Parliament, & advocating militant trade unionism & 'Direct Action.'

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1914 -- Ralph Ellison lives, Oklahoma City, Okla. American teacher & writer, best known & only published novel Invisible Man (1952) tells a story of a black man who retires in a basement to solve his relationship with American society. Won the National Book Award in 1953. In a 1965 inquiry of 200 authors & critics it was cited among the most important post-World War II novels.

1917 -- Robert Lowell, American poet, WWII conscientious objector (CO), lives, Boston, Massachusetts.

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1917 -- anarchistUS: During this month Tom Mooney's defense attorney W. Bourke Cockran speaks at mass meeting at Carnegie Hall organized by Emma Goldman &
Alexander Berkman.

Marie Louise Berneri
1918 -- Italy: Marie Louise Berneri (1918-1949) lives, Arezzo. The elder daughter of Camillo & Giovanna Berneri. Best known as editor of "Freedom," author of Neither East Nor West & Journey Through Utopia. Married to Vernon Richards, she died in 1949 during childbirth, age 31.
See the tribute published following her death,

1918 -- anarchistUS: Emma Goldman receives a visit from Prince Hopkins, who reports on the activities of the League for the Amnesty of Political Prisoners.

a is for anarchy
1919 -- US: Man Ray, artist & photographer, publishes the only issue of TNT, an anarchist magazine, this month. He illustrated for a number of anarchist publications, including Emma Goldman's Mother Earth.

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Kronstadt 1921; source
1921 --

Russia: 15,000 mutiny at Kronstadt against Marxist tyranny. From March 1-17, the old Bolshevik stronghold of Kronstadt rises demanding free election to the Soviets — but is slandered & brutally suppressed upon the orders of Lenin & Trotsky. Today the Kronstadt naval base on Kotlin Island, some 25 miles off-shore from Petrograd, adopts a 15-point program of political & economic demands — a program in open defiance of the Bolshevik Party's control of the Soviet state.

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1932 -- US: Charles A. Lindbergh, Jr., kidnapped; he is found dead on 12 May.

Graphic: Mexican rebel being tended to
1932 -- US: Librado Rivera (1864.-1932) dies from complications following a car accident.

Mexican anarchist, a school principal, then a professor, & companion in the fight waged by the Magón brothers, Enrique & Ricardo Flores.

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Librado Rivera, Magon Brothers, et al, in a mural by Diego Rivera,

1933 -- US: An Anarchist Looks At Life: Speech Before The Foyle's 29th Literary Luncheon.

When I was 15 I suffered from unrequited love, & I wanted to commit suicide in a romantic way by drinking a lot of vinegar. I thought that would make me look ethereal & interesting, very pale & poetic when in my grave, but at sixteen I decided on a more exalted death.

I wanted to dance myself to death.

Emma Goldman, March 1, 1933

1938 -- Fascist aesthete Gabrielle d'Annunzio dies.

1938 -- anarchistEngland: During this month Emma Goldman determines to go to Canada in the fall regardless of the chances of getting a US visa, convinced that she could do more good for Spain there than in England.

Emma writes the preface for a collection of writings by Camillo Berneri, the exiled Italian anarchist intellectual kidnapped & murdered by the Communists in Barcelona during the 1937 "May events," which Italian comrades are publishing in his memory.

Emma Goldman Papers

1943 -- American addict, discoverer of ibogaine & it's pioneer advocate, psychonaut Howard Lotsof lives, Bronx, New York.

1949 -- Denmark: "Cobra #1," issued in Copenhagen.
Editors: Christian Dotremont & Asger Jorn

1950 -- General semanticist Alfred Korzbski to speak.

1951 -- Spain: Public transport boycott, prelude to the first strike wave under Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader fascist Franco.

1952 -- orange diamond dingbat, added 2013, remove 2014Mariano Azuela dies, Mexico City. Writer best known for his fictional stories of the Mexican Revolution of 1910. Novels include Los de abajo (The Underdogs, 1915).

1954 -- US: Turkey Shoot? Five US Congressmen shot on the floor of the House by four Puerto Rican Nationalists who fire at random from the spectator's gallery.

1954 -- US: Collared? Ted Williams fractures his collarbone in first game of spring training after flying 39 combat missions without injury in Korean War.

H-bomb mushroom
1954 -- First H-bomb tested on Bikini Atoll. Over 7,000 square miles are contaminated as well as many local residents & Japanese fishermen.

Inspires the Lucky Dragon series by the artist Ben Shahn:

1962 -- US: 28-day strike by Local 100 called when Fifth Ave. Coach fired 29 employees & threatened layoff of 1,500 others.

1963 -- Italy: Viene censurato l'episodio "La ricotta" di Pier Paolo Pasolini, facente parte del film "Rogopag." Nel successivo processo per vilipendio alla religione il regista sarà condannato a 4 mesi con la condizionale.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]

1966 -- England: In Liverpool, over 100 youths barricade themselves inside the recently closed Cavern Club, where the Beatles began. They are upset about the club closing due to bankruptcy & at the same time keep the police out of the club.

1967 -- US: Black Congressman Adam Clayton Powell is stripped of his House seat for "gross misconduct." Ralph Bunch later commented: "...if Adam Clayton Powell were white, he would have his seat today." (Re-elected without campaigning, April 11.)

1968 -- US: Chicana Welfare Rights Organization is formed, with Alicia Escalante as director.

1968 -- March 1 movement. The Year of the Barricades.

The revolution which is beginning will call in question not only capitalist society but industrial society. The consumer society is bound for a violent death. Social alienation must vanish from history. We are inventing a new & original world. Imagination is seizing power.

(Poster attached to the main entrance at the Sorbonne, May 13, 1968)

1968 -- Italy: In Rome — a city controlled by the revisionist Italian Communist Party — police unleashed a severe attack on students gathered on the long, steep Spanish Steps in the center of the capital for a march to demand university reform.

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1968 -- Italy: La giustizia di stato condanna Eugenio Scalfari, direttore dell'Espresso, e Lino Jannuzzi, giornalista, autore degli articoli sul piano di colpo di stato del generale De Lorenzo.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]

Wee Willy Bill Clinton
1971 -- US: Right Where It Hurts? Weather Underground bombs US Capital building men's room, Washington, DC, "in retaliation for the Laos decision."

"Progress? We've gone from blowing up the government to blowing the government."

— Bokonon

Jim  Morrison, 'Wanted' poster
1971 -- At Miami's Dinner Key Auditorium, Jim Morrison of the Doors is arrested for allegedly exposing his penis during the show. Morrison is officially charged with lewd & lascivious behavior, indecent behavior, open profanity & public drunkenness.

1973 -- The New York Joffrey Ballet gives its first performance of its "Deuce Coupe Ballet," set entirely to Beach Boys music.
Austin Lounge Lizards: Sound Icon

Scaduto, Dylan book cover
1977 -- Sara Lowndes Dylan files for divorce from her husband of eleven years, Bob Dylan. She gets custody of their five kids & their million-dollar home. Sara was the subject of such songs as "Sad-Eyed Lady of the Lowlands," "Lay Lady Lay" & "Sara."

1984 -- Jackie Coogan actor (Uncle Fester-Addams Family), dies at 69.

1985 -- Source=Robert Braunwart US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Acting President President Ronnie Reagan says Nicaraguan Contra murderers, torturers, rapists & bandits are "the moral equivalent of our Founding Fathers."

1986 -- US: Start of Great Peace March for global nuclear disarmament, Los Angeles.

1990 -- Game's Up?: US Secret Service raids Steve Jackson Games.

1991 -- Yugoslavia: Women for Peace protest against militarism, Belgrade & Ljubljana.

1997 -- Germany: 15,000 demonstrate in Lunesburg against shipment of French nuclear waste to site in Gorleben. Over the next several days hundreds of thousands participate in demonstrations & direct actions along the shipping route.

2003 -- Turkey: Parliament rejects a US bribe of 30 billion dollars in grants & loans in exchange for allowing American troops to use the country as a base for the invasion of Iraq directed by the rightwing cabal in the White House.

2004 -- US: Sidney Solomon, a long-time anarchist & painter who lived in New York, dies, age of 92.

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sometimes spelled Freie Arbeiter Shtimme; no idea why

Joëlle Aubron, anarchiste; source Ephemeride anarchiste
2006 -- France: Joëlle Aubron (1959-2006) dies of cancer in Paris. Member of the anarchiste group Action Directe. Action Directe went after symbols of capitalist exploitation (corporations, police, Ministries of Labor, Defense, etc). These included the killing of Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader General Audran (responsible for the sales of French weapons).

"Si, en plus de nos condamnations à perpétuité, j'avais regretté mon engagement, je serais morte de désespoir."

3000 --

“It seems somewhat ridiculous to talk of revolution . . . . But everything else is even more ridiculous, since it implies accepting the existing order in one way or another."

      — Situationist International #1

3500 -- The Daily Bleed: Marie Louise Berneri, Man Ray, Situationist International, Librado Rivera, Milly Witkop Rocker, Francisco Ponzán Vidal, Emma Goldman, Joëlle Aubron, Hippolyte Havel, L'Agitateur, Sebastien Faure, Argante Salucci, Nikolas Tchorbadieff, Michael Bakunin, Fermín Salvochea, Vernon Richards, Sidney Solomon; Timeline, Almanac of Radicalism, Arts, Literature, Authors, Poets, Anarchists... a radical annotated chronology, almanac, anarchist CALENDAR, anarchisten, anarchism, anarchico, anarchiste, anarquista, anarsizm, anarþizme, Anarþist, Anarquismo, Anarchismus, sindicalismo, anarquia, anarchia, anarchisme, anarchizm, anarkisme, libertarian, syndicalist, libertarian, What Happened on this day, in recovered history March 1
Daily Bleed Work page pointer for March

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