Our Daily Bleed...
. . . who kills the sun in order to install the reign of darkest night.
— Antonin Artaud
WOMEN'S HISTORY MONTH.
Switzerland: CHALAND RA MARZ, children's revels.
HOLLOW EARTH DAY. (Just keep diggin'.)
Scotland & Greece: WHIPPITY SCOORIE.
Old Rome: NEW YEAR'S DAY.
Eastern Orthodox Church: Great Lent Begins.
NUCLEAR FREE PACIFIC DAY.
LEEKDAY (appropriated by the Christians as St. David's Day): a number of practices surround the Welsh tradition of Cymhortha on this day: farmers reciprocate their labour in ploughing the land, & everyone contributes a leek to the communal dinner; those too ill to plough have their fields done for them & are given a sack of leeks.
It being mayhaps & quite likely that today (or yesterday if you insist) is not the 29th of February — a day you don't want to be robbed of — we provide a link to some precious forgotten moments... with further gems from Félix Fénéon's "news items":
At skittles apoplexy felled Mr. Andre, 75, of Levallois. While his bowl was still rolling, he ceased to be.
1360 -- England: King Edward III of England pays 16 pounds ($3,840) to ransom skilled soldier Geoffrey Chaucer from French captivity during the siege of Rheims.
1790 -- US: First census count includes slave & free Negroes. Indians are not included.
1798 -- US: First strike of 1798, by those nasty ink-for-blood printers.
1837 -- Author William Dean Howells lives, Martin's Ferry, Ohio.
1842 -- Spain: Fermín Salvochea y Álvarez lives (1842-1907); author, teacher, insurrectionist, briefly mayor of Cadiz with the proclamation of the 1st Republic; among other measures, he implemented an 8-hour work day before he was forced to flee the country. / Figura fundamental en el anarquismo andaluz, maestro de varias generaciones, nace en Cádiz el 1 de marzo de 1842.
1847 -- US: Michigan becomes first state to abolish the death penalty.
1848 -- Germany: During this month Michael Bakunin, the Russian anarchist, leaves Paris, travels to Frankfurt, Mainz, Mannheim, Heidelberg. He tries unsuccessfully to reach Poland. He goes to Berlin, Leipzig & Breslau. He meets Marx & Engels in Cologne & a split begins over Marx's denunciation of Bakunin's friend Herwegh, who had led an ill-fated expedition of German exiles to Baden in the hope of instigating an uprising.
1872 -- US: Yellowstone becomes the world's first national park.
1875 -- US: Congress, gives African Americans the right to serve on juries & occupy public places. In the wake of the Civil War, black men are briefly able to vote & hold elected office.
[Details / context]
1877 -- Milly Witkop Rocker (1877-1955) lives, Ukraine. Exiled to London, she was an activist in the Jewish anarchist movement among the Lower Eastside sweatshop workers.
In London, in 1896, she met Rudolf Rocker who became her lifelong companion. Their son is the artist, Fermin Rocker.
1880 -- Lytton Strachey lives, London. Bisexual. Biographer/literary critic with the wonderful, gently mocking, ironic, enormously articulate style, causes Bertrand Russell, reading Eminent Victorians (1918) while in jail as a conscientious objector, to keep breaking into laughter, only to be told to pipe down by his jailers.
1884 -- Scotland:
Strange Stuff: Black Rain falls in the Clyde Valley.
... A correspondent to Knowledge, 5-190, writes of a black rain that fell in the Clyde Valley, March 1, 1884: of another black rain that fell two days later. According to the correspondent, a black rain had fallen in the Clyde Valley, March 20, 1828: then again March 22, 1828.
1885 -- Italy: During this month, Repressione statale delle agitazioni dei contadini nel mantovano e dei dirigenti del movimento 'La boje.' Vengono arrestate 168 persone e 22 vengono deferite all'autorità giudiziaria con l'accusa di attentato alla sicurezza dello stato.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]
1890 -- Australia: The Worker, the first Australian labor newspaper, is published in Brisbane.
1892 -- France: In Marseille premier number of L'Agitateur, "Organe Anarchiste."
1896 -- Italy: On the island of Tremiti where residents are confined, confrontations take place with the police, who kill the anarchist Argante Salucci & wound 10 of his companions.
1898 -- France: In Paris du premier numéro du journal Le Naturien...
1899 -- US: During this month Emma Goldman's lectures in Detroit include "The Power of the Idea" & "A Criticism of Ethics." Invited by the Ohio Liberal Society to lecture on trade unionism, Emma addresses three meetings in Cincinnati. From Cincinnati, Goldman travels to St. Louis where she delivers 10 lectures, including one before the conservative Bricklayers' Union.
Near by, Emma speaks before two large gatherings in the mining town of Mount Olive. Her lecture on "The Eight-Hour Struggle & the Condition of the Miners of the Whole World" is especially well received.
Emma is also offered financial support for her future medical studies by Herman Miller, a friend of Robert Reitzel & president of the Cleveland Brewing Company.
1900 -- Bulgaria: Nikolas Tchorbadieff lives (1900-1994). Militant & anarchist propagandist. Forced into exile, helped found the "International Bookshop" in Paris & was a founder of the French-Bulgarian review Iztok in 1979.
1900 -- March-October: Emma Goldman prepares for & visits Europe.
In the summer Emma & Hippolyte Havel visit Paris in preparation for the September International Anti-Parliamentary Congress.
Emma becomes acquainted with the leading figures of the French anarchist movement & other progressive circles & also also decides against pursuing further medical studies so that she can concentrate on political activities.
1906 -- Leader of the modern regional novelists, Jose María de Pereda, dies in Santander, Spain.
1906 -- US: Emma Goldman publishes the first issue of her paper, Mother Earth.
1907 -- US: Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) strike Portland, Oregon sawmills.
1910 -- US: Three passenger trains buried at Steven's Pass in the Cascade Mountain Range & 118 die. Worst snowslide in US history.
1911 -- Francisco Ponzán Vidal (the "Anarchist Pimpernel") lives (1911-1944). Spanish anarcho-syndicalist, anti-fascist guérillero, anti-Francoist & resistance fighter. Captured in France in 1943, shot by the Nazis in Buzet-sur-Tarn, near Toulouse.
1912 -- England: Increasing industrial unrest reaches a peak today when miners go on strike to further their demand for a national minimum wage. This is the biggest strike Britain has ever seen to date; according to the Board of Trade over a million workers were involved. The Syndicalist movement was extremely active at this time urging the workers to cease relying upon Parliament, & advocating militant trade unionism & 'Direct Action.'
1914 -- Ralph Ellison lives, Oklahoma City, Okla. American teacher & writer, best known & only published novel Invisible Man (1952) tells a story of a black man who retires in a basement to solve his relationship with American society. Won the National Book Award in 1953. In a 1965 inquiry of 200 authors & critics it was cited among the most important post-World War II novels.
1917 -- Robert Lowell, American poet, WWII conscientious objector (CO), lives, Boston, Massachusetts.
1917 -- US: During this month Tom Mooney's defense attorney W. Bourke Cockran speaks at mass meeting at Carnegie Hall organized by Emma Goldman &
1918 -- Italy: Marie Louise Berneri (1918-1949) lives, Arezzo. The elder daughter of Camillo & Giovanna Berneri. Best known as editor of "Freedom," author of Neither East Nor West & Journey Through Utopia. Married to Vernon Richards, she died in 1949 during childbirth, age 31.
See the tribute published following her death, http://recollectionbooks.com/siml/library/berneri/MLBerneriTribute.html
1918 -- US: Emma Goldman receives a visit from Prince Hopkins, who reports on the activities of the League for the Amnesty of Political Prisoners.
1919 -- US: Man Ray, artist & photographer, publishes the only issue of TNT, an anarchist magazine, this month. He illustrated for a number of anarchist publications, including Emma Goldman's Mother Earth.
3500 -- The Daily Bleed: Marie Louise Berneri, Man Ray, Situationist International, Librado Rivera, Milly Witkop Rocker, Francisco Ponzán Vidal, Emma Goldman, Joëlle Aubron, Hippolyte Havel, L'Agitateur, Sebastien Faure, Argante Salucci, Nikolas Tchorbadieff, Michael Bakunin, Fermín Salvochea, Vernon Richards, Sidney Solomon; Timeline, Almanac of Radicalism, Arts, Literature, Authors, Poets, Anarchists... a radical annotated chronology, almanac, anarchist CALENDAR, anarchisten, anarchism, anarchico, anarchiste, anarquista, anarsizm, anarþizme, Anarþist, Anarquismo, Anarchismus, sindicalismo, anarquia, anarchia, anarchisme, anarchizm, anarkisme, libertarian, syndicalist, libertarian, What Happened on this day, in recovered history March 1
anti-CopyRite 1997-3000, more or less
Subscribe to daily email excerpts/updates (include 'subscribe bleed' in subject field),
or send questions, suggestions, additions, corrections to:
BleedMeister David Brown
Visit the complete Daily Bleed Calendar
The Daily Bleed is freely produced by Recollection Used Books
Over 2 million a'mopers & a'gawkers since May 2005
anarchist, labor, & radical used booksSee also: Anarchist Encyclopedia
Stan Iverson Memorial Library
Anarchist Time Line / Chronology