ANTHESTERIA: A festival of flowers & three days of ancestors' ghosts wandering about. Ghosts were rewarded with panspermias (pots of all seeds) to return to the realm of the dead.
1496 -- English King Henry VII grants to Henry Cabot the right to "subdue, occupy, & possess" any lands that he might find in the New World.
1616 -- Elizabethan dramatist Francis Beaumont dies at 32.
1770 -- US: Boston Massacre. Tri-racial American revolutionist Crispus Attucks is America's first black hero (despite evidence he may not have been black at all, but rather, a Natick Indian) when he joins a mob attacking a British peace-keeping force & is shot (the first American killed in the revolution) during the ensuing melee. In all, five die & another six injured.
1839 -- Charlotte Brontë turns down Reverend Henry Nussey's marriage proposal for the same reasons Jane Eyre uses to decline the Reverend St. John Rivers: "I am not the serious, grave, cool-hearted individual you suppose; you would think me romantic & eccentric."
1848 -- US: In the Battle of Abiqua, whites attack Klamath tribe camp at Abiqua Creek near Salem, Oregon Territory; 13 men & women killed.
1870 -- American writer Frank Norris (1870-1902) lives, Chicago, Illinois. One of the first American naturalist writers.
1871 -- Poland: Philosopher, economist, anti-militarist, revolutionist Rosa Luxemburg (1871-1919) lives, Zamoœæ (alt sp; Zamosc). Founded, with Karl Liebknecht, the radical Spartacus League in 1916. After the Spartacist uprising in Berlin, they were arrested & murdered by German soldiers.
A good day perhaps for finally organizing that second false passport: Rosa Luxembourg's other birthday [1871, see also 25 December].
"We must take life as it comes, courageously, undismayed & smiling — despite everything."
1872 -- The General Council approves a private circular, Fictitious Splits in the International, written by Marx & Engels, which exposes "Bakuninist intrigues & disruptive activity in the International." Part of their campaign to undermine the antiauthoritarian & democratic elements within the international. Published in Geneva as a pamphlet in May. Source: http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/bio/marx/lifeandwork.htm
1879 -- US: The first group of black so-called exodusters, en route to Kansas, arrives in St. Louis aboard the steamer Colorado.
Eager to escape harsh sharecropper contracts, pass laws, imprisonment & murder, thousands of African Americans are looking to Kansas as the promised land. Many pour onto the steamboats nearly destitute & knowing nothing about the state.
Tennessee cabinetmaker "Pap" Singleton, who calls himself the Father of the Colored Exodus, prints handbills encouraging the migration. Later this year, Singleton Colony is established near what becomes Emporia, Kansas.
But a steamboat strike will slow the migration &, by 1881, the flood of "exodusters" is reduced to a trickle.
1882 -- Dora Marsden (1882-1960) lives.
British individualist anarchist & militant suffragette. Founded a number of libertarian publications: The Freewoman (1912), The New Freewoman (1913), & The Egoist (1914-1919). Between 1912 & 1914 she was influenced by Max Stirner's version of individualist anarchism.
Marsden also edited avant-garde literary journals (1911-1919) where Ezra Pound, T.S. Eliot, D.H. Lawrence, & James Joyce made their debuts. She later abandoned libertarianism.
"The real events that influence our lives
don't announce themselves with brass trumpets
but come softly, on the feet of doves."
— Josephine Herbst
Radical muckraking American journalist
of revolution, insurrection & upheaval.
"Herbst's merciless examination of the middle class is almost too much for the average reader. Courageous, even remorselessly patient in her descriptions, Herbst created a literary monument that is almost forbidding."
1903 -- France: Paul Roussenq (the "anarchist convict") throws a crouton at the head prosecutor during a trial, & this dastardly terrorist act leads to his being sent the disciplinary battalions of Biribi in Africa for five years...& this in turn spirals ridiculously out of control. Only after a press campaign, publication of Albert Londres' expose on the prisons, & mobilization of the "S.R.I." (International Red Help) on his behalf does Roussenq finally get released from prison — in 1932!
[Details / context]
1906 -- US: During this month Ricardo & Enrique Flores Magón head for Canada with Juan Sarabia. Se hacen cargo de "Regeneración" Librado Rivera y Manuel Sarabia. Huelga y represión en Cananea. Aparece el Programa y manifiesto del Partido Liberal Mexicano.
[Details / context]
1920 -- France: Victor Pengam (1883-1920), dies. Anarchiste propagandist.
1921 -- Russia: Today's "Izvestia," n°3 of the provisional Kronstadt revolutionary committee of the Sailors, Red & Working Soldiers:
"Here for three days Kronstadt has been rid of the nightmarish rule of the Communists, just as four years ago it did with the rule of the tsar (...) Yes, three days that the citizens of Kronstadt breathe, free, delivered from the dictatorship of the party."
1921 -- Russia: Emma Goldman, Alexander Berkman, & several others send a letter of protest to Zinoviev, proposing a commission to settle the dispute with the Krondstadt sailors peacefully; no response received. In two days Leon Trotsky orders the artillery bombardment of Krondstadt, counter-revolutionary vs. revolutionaries.
1922 -- Pier Paolo Pasolini (1922-1975) lives. Italian director, screen writer, essayist, poet, critic & novelist, best known outside Italy for his films. Died violently in 1975. http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/pasolini.htm
1932 -- From a café table in Chez les Viking on rue Vavin in Montparnasse, Henry Miller writes Anaïs Nin, who has just left the café, "I love you....I am in a fever." Of course, Henry seems always to be in a fever. http://www.henrymiller.org/
1936 -- England: During this month Emma Goldman's friendship with Eslanda & Paul Robeson deepens, as does her friendship with her new admirer & benefactor, Shloime Sutton. Also, Garden City Publishing Company prints a cheaper edition of her autobiography, Living My Life after purchasing the rights from Alfred Knopf.
1937 -- US: The American government officially apologizes to Nazi Germany for New York Mayor LaGuardia's reference to Adolf Hitler as a "brown-shirted fanatic."
LaGuardia has been called "the conscience of the 20s." Best known as the tempestuous mayor of New York City, he served in Congress between 1917 & 1933, where, in an era marked by nativism & bigotry, LaGuardia spoke up for internationalism, freedom of speech, & the rights of minorities & the poor.
The issues he fought for included price controls, the right to strike, public power, & the redistribution of wealth by taxation.
See Howard Zinn, LaGuardia in Congress.
1939 -- Bestselling adventure writer Richard Halliburton (Royal Road To Romance) sails from Hong Kong on the Sea Dragon, an unseaworthy junk with an inexperienced crew; neither he or the boat is ever seen again.
1939 -- Spain: The Negrín government is overthrown in an overnight coup (March 5-6) in Madrid; members of the anarcho-syndicalist CNT trade union in the south-central zone are involved in the coup & occupy posts in the new National Council of Defense. Source: Emma Goldman Papers
1943 -- Tunisia: Bernard Baissat lives, Nabeul.
French journalist, pacifist & libertarian filmmaker. Professor of Italian & French Letters, in 1967 he becomes an alternative journalist, an "historian with camera"...
1944 -- Italy: Pasquale Binazzi, 71, dies, in Spezia. Anarchist, secretary of the "chambre du travail," & organizer of the "syndicat de l'arsenal" in Spezia. Founder of the weekly magazine Il Libertario (published from 1903-1922 until destroyed by the fascists) & author of many popular booklets. Il Libertario was vital part of the Italian trade union movement & agitation at the beginning of the century, in the debates over WWI, & during the events of 1919-1921.
1949 -- England: Prepatory Conference of the Socialist International held in London.
1953 -- Russia: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Uncle Joe Stalin dies of a stroke, in Moscow, & goes to heaven. Also known as the lovable/huggable "Napoleon" in George Orwell's Animal Farm. He beat Leon Trotsky in the chess game of life (power struggle) & was responsible for the deaths of many millions of pawns.
His thick fingers are fat like worms,
And his words certain as pound weights.
His cockroach whiskers laugh,
And the tops of his boots glisten.
And all around his rabble of thick-skinned leaders,
He plays through services of half-people.
Some whistle, some meow, some snivel,
He alone merely caterwauls & prods.
Like horseshoes he forges decree after decree —
Some get it in the forehead, some in the brow,
some in the groin, & some in the eye.
Whatever the execution — it's a raspberry to him
& his Georgian chest is broad.
1955 -- With continual controversy about offensive R&B records, BMI, the largest organization of music publishers, releases plans to clamp down on objectionable lyrics. But nearly a dozen singles were released without approval, & some — like Big Joe Turner's "Shake, Rattle & Roll" — became major hits.
1955 -- Elvis Presley makes his television debut on the regionally telecast "The Louisiana Hayride."
1957 -- British Gold Coast becomes Ghana, first independent nation of sub-Saharan Africa.
1958 -- US: In the Dumps? A B-47 jettisons an atomic bomb off Georgia coast after mid-air collision.
1963 -- US: Country singer Patsy Cline, best known for crossover hits like "Crazy" & "I Fall to Pieces," dies in small plane crash near Camden, Tennessee.
1968 -- Italy: Il ministro della pubblica (d)istruzione destituisce il preside del Liceo classico Parini di Milano per essersi rifiutato di chiamare la polizia contro gli studenti che hanno occupato l'istituto. Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]
1970 -- Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty comes into force. Yup.
1978 -- China: A new constitution stressing economic development over revolutionary ideology is adopted.
1982 -- Comedian & Blues Brother John Belushi, 33, dies of drug overdose in the Chateau Marmont Hotel in Beverly Hills. Belushi's vulgar, dangerous & physical sense of humor brought comedy closer to rock & roll than any other comedian.
1983 -- US: Can't See The Forest For the Trees? Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Acting President Ronnie Reagan visits Klamath County, Oregon. Reagan says "There is today in the US as much forest as there was when Washington was at Valley Forge". (A lie; actually, there is 30% as much.)
1984 -- William Powell dies.
1984 -- US: Standard Oil of California buys Gulf. Sorry . . . & you thought they already owned all the gulfs!
1988 -- West Germany: Simultaneous demonstrations against nuclear "mafia," Essen, Gorleben, Frankfurt & Regensburg.
1992 -- US: Caterpillar declares strike impasse.
1994 -- Ukraine: Voluntarily agreeing to give up nuclear weapons, the government begins transferring its nuclear stockpile to Russia.
2007 -- Iraq: A car bomb explodes & kills 26 people on Mutanabbi Street — Baghdad's "Street of the Booksellers". The historic center of Baghdad bookselling, a street filled with bookstores & outdoor book stalls, named after the 10th century classical Iraqi poet Al-Mutanabbi & the heart & soul of the Baghdad literacy & intellectual community. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/deborah-stambler/al-mutanabbi-street_b_1316997.html
2011 -- UK: 1 million free books are to be made available in the UK & Ireland today; some booksellers object due to falling sales. So sorry, Amazon.com.
"Pranks are the deadly enemy of reality. &
'reality' — its description & limitation — has
always been the supreme control trick used
by a society to subdue the lust for freedom
latent in its citizens."
— Joey Skaggs
The Daily Bleed: Ricardo & Enrique Flores Magón, Pasquale Binazzi, Bernard Baissat, Emma Goldman, Victor Pengam, Dora Marsden, Paul Roussenq, Charles Gallo; Timeline, Almanac of Radicalism, Arts, Literature, Authors, Poets, Anarchists... a radical annotated chronology, almanac, anarchist CALENDAR, anarchisten, anarchism, anarchico, anarchiste, anarquista, anarsizm, anarþizme, Anarþist, Anarquismo, Anarchismus, sindicalismo, anarquia, anarchia, anarchisme, anarchizm, anarkisme, libertarian, syndicalist, libertarian, What Happened on this day, in recovered history March 5
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