Our Daily Bleed...
— Kenneth Rexroth,
"From the Paris Commune to the Kronstadt Rebellion" (1936),
(To be continued . . .)
From her probable slave origins through her leadership of mass demonstrations in the 1920's, "Dark Lucy" was — in the words of Chicago cops — "more dangerous than a thousand rioters."
Wife of Haymarket martyr Albert Parsons.
Ancient Greece: End of ANTHESTERIA, with elaborate representations of the death & resurrection of Dionysus.
The Hindu World: FESTIVAL OF RAMA.
322BC -- [BC] Aristotle dies.
1785 -- Italian poet/novelist Alessandro Manzoni lives, Milan. His novel I Promessi Sposi (The Betrothed) had immense patriotic appeal for Italians & is generally ranked among the masterpieces of world literature. Verdi dedicated his Requiem to Manzoni's memory.
1799 -- US: Hold the Fries?: John Fries launches a rebellion in Pennsylvania against the imposition of the "direct tax" enacted by Congress 1 July 1798, on lands, houses & slaves. Fries' mob was dispersed by the Militia after a march on Bethlehem. Fries was arrested & sentenced to be hanged for treason, before being pardoned by the President.
1849 -- Luther Burbank lives, on Arbor Day.
1860 -- US: Last Things First? 6,000 shoemakers joined by 20,000 other New England workers in Lynn, Massachusetts strike.
1862 -- US: McGeneral Bar? Battle of Elkhorn Tavern, Day 2, Generals McCulloch & McIntosh killed.
1867 -- US: The Knights of St. Crispin, a national organization for shoemakers, organizes in Milwaukee.
1870 -- Thomas Hardy meets Emma Lavinia Gifford, his first wife. After her death in 1912, Hardy turns his desk calendar to this day & leaves it thus until his own death in 1928.
1872 -- Piet Mondrian lives, Holland. Abstract painter famous for geometric pictures of black lines & colored rectangles on white backgrounds.
1875 -- Maurice Ravel tunes in. Composer & freelance musician.
"I've so much music in my head."
— Maurice Ravel, shortly before his death.
1876 -- US: Alexander Graham Bell gets patent for the first telephone.
1878 -- Italy: Carlo Frigerio lives (d.1966) Italian militant & writer, a principal collaborator, along with Camillo Berneri, Luigi Fabbri & Carlo Molaschi, on Pensiero e volontà (Thought & Will; directed by Malatesta, it began publishing in Rome in January 1924).
Roma, Primo Gennaio 1924, primo numero della rivista diretta da Malatesta; collaboratori Berneri, Fabbri, Frigerio e Molaschi.
Surt Umanità Nova: El 26 de febrer de 1920 comença a publicar-se a Milà (Itàlia) el periòdic diari anarquista Umanità Nova, òrgan oficial de la Unió Anarquista Italiana (UAI). Fundat per Errico Malatesta, juntament amb altres destacats llibertaris (Gigi Damiani, Corrado Quaglino, Carlo Frigerio e Nella Giacomelli), va comptar amb nombrosos col·laboradors, com ara Antonio Ceri, Luigi Fabbri, Camillo Berneri, Armando Borghi, etc. A finals de 1920 Malatsta, Borghi i Quaglino, juntament amb alguns altres redactors i col·laboradors destacats del periòdic, van ser detinguts i acusats de «conspiració contra l'Estat» i d'«associació per a delinquir». El 23 de març de 1921 la seu del periòdic va ser durament atacada per escamots feixistes, però el 14 de maig de 1921 va reprendre la seva activitat. En algunes zones italianes la seva circulació va superar la del periòdic socialista Avanti!, fins al 2 de desembre de 1922 quan la seu de la publicació va ser completament destruïda i el periòdic prohibit pel règim feixista. En 1945, després de la caiguda del feixisme, la publicació va tornar a sortir, però amb periodicitat setmanal i com a òrgan oficial de la nova Federació Anarquista Italiana (FAI). Actualment encara s'edita.
1880 -- After serving for three years as Minister to Spain, James Russell Lowell arrives in London to assume his duties as Ambassador to the Court of St. James.
1885 -- Stith Thompson lives (1885-1976), Bloomfield, Kentucky. One of the world's leading authorities on folklore. Best known for his work on the classification of motifs in folk tales. His six-volume Motif-Index of Folk-Literature (1932-37) is considered the international key to traditional material, & it is said that Thompson was responsible for putting the study of folklore in the US on a solid, scholarly basis. Grandfather of Sue Letsinger & great-grandfather of BleedMeister's Nummer 1 Son, Brandon.
Premier issue of the weekly magazine L'Audace, in Paris, organe communiste-anarchiste, which follows upon the newspaper Terre et Liberté (whose manager, Antoine Rieffel, is sent to prison for two years on March 12).
1887 -- US: Helen Parkhurst, founder of the Dalton Plan of Education, lives, Durand, Wisconsin.
1905 -- Russia: Noble Cause? Beginning of the Russian peasant rebellion, during which the peasants burn many castles of the nobility.
1907 -- Norwegian poet Rolf Jacobsen lives, Oslo.
1909 -- Charles Perrone (b.1837) dies. Swiss-born anarchist, militant of the First International, propagandiste bakouniniste & cartographer.
[editar] Nacimientos Le 6 décembre 1837, naissance de Charles PERRON, à Petit-Saconnex (faubourg de Genève). * 1837 - Charles Perron
1911 -- US: 20,000 troops sent to the Mexican border to "protect US interests."
1913 -- Spain: Ramón "Ramonín" Álvarez Palomo lives (1913-2003). Asturian militant anarcho-syndicalist, CNT militant involved in the insurrection of 1934 & imprisoned with Durruti before taking refuge in France. Fought in Spanish Revolution. Publisher of "Acción Libertaria" until 1994. Writer & historian with a number of books to his credit.
[Details / context]
1917 -- US: Original Dixieland jazz band records first jazz record.
- THE FIRST JAZZ RECORD goes on sale on this
day in 1917. The Victor Company released a tune
called "The Dixieland Jazz Band One-Step"
recorded by Nick La Rocca & his Original
Dixieland Jazz Band who had traveled all the way
from New Orleans to New York to make the record.
1921 -- US: Man Ray (1890-1976), artist, chess player/designer, anarchist & photographer, between today & the 26th, while in Philadelphia, wins $10 for Portrait of a Sculptor Berenice Abbott in John Wanamaker's competition "15th Annual Exhibition of Photographs." Man Ray also makes a movie with Marcel Duchamp; Elsa, Baroness von Freytag-Loringhoven, shaves her pubic hair.
1921 -- Russia: As Trotsky orders the artillery bombardment of Krondstadt, Emma Goldman & Alexander Berkman, feeling that their last tie to the Bolsheviks has been broken, decide to leave Russia & alert the world to what they have witnessed.
Alex writes his book, The Bolshevik Myth, & helps Emma with her book, published as My Disillusionment in Russia (1923) (the publisher unilaterally dropped the last chapter).
1923 -- Robert Frost's poem, "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening," is published in the New Republic magazine. Proud of the poem, he said the lines, "Whose woods these are, I think I know, his house is in the village though..." contained everything he ever knew about how to write.
1924 -- Kobe Abe (1924-1993) lives, Tokyo, Japan. Avant-garde author of such bizarre & allegorical situations as Suna no onna (The Woman in the Dunes, 1963) & Hako otoko (The Boxman, 1973) Graduated from medical school but wrote instead.
1929 -- South African-born novelist/short-story writer, Dan Jacobson lives, Johannesburg. Writes with humor & pathos of his troubled land of birth in such novels as The Trap (1955), & The Price of Diamonds (1957). Much of his best work is his short stories.
1932 -- US: Police kill striking workers at Ford's Dearborn, Michigan plant.
1932 -- Germany: During this month, at its last regional Congress, held in Erfurt, the Freie Arbeiter-Union Deutschlands (FAUD, anarchosyndicalist union) decides that, in the event of the Nazis taking power, its federal bureau in Berlin will shut down & be replaced by an underground directorate & that there would have to be a General Strike by way of reply. The latter decision proves impracticable: for one thing, the FAUD all across Germany is decimated by a wave of arrests.
1933 -- US: MONOPOLY is invented, appearing at the height of the Great Depression & is a big hit because each player gets $1,500 & tries to bankrupt the others by buying, selling, & trading properties & by charging exorbitant rent — just like real businesses & land owners. Only one company is allowed to make the game.
US: Charles Darrow invents the game of "Monopoly," Philadelphia — this is probably the date on his patent or patent application.
— DateMeisterRobert Braunwart
1936 -- Gorg Prc livs. Frnch writr, calld th gratst innovator of form of his gnration. Bst known for his 1969 novl, La Disparition (A Void), writtn ntirly without using th lttr " ". Daily Bld Saint, Jun 9.
1936 -- Germany: Hitler's government remilitarizes the Rhineland in direct contravention of the Treaty of Versailles.
FROM A PEACE MUSEUM TO A HITLER BARRACKS
1937 -- England: Disappointed by the financial failure of the Spanish exhibition that opened February 20th, this month Emma Goldman begins organizing a benefit performance in London for the refugee women & children in Spain.
1942 -- US: IWW founder, anarchist labor organizer Lucy Parsons dies, Chicago, Illinois. Aka Lucy Ella Gonzales Parsons, she often went by Lucy Gonzales, denying her African American roots.
1954 -- ¶ During this month Beatster Jack Kerouac moves into the Cameo Hotel in San Francisco; friends with Al Sublette. Begins writing San Francisco Blues poems. Begins Book of Dreams.
1965 -- First US "combat" troops sent to Vietnam. (As opposed to "advisers" & troops who are in a defensive roll.)
The Johnson administration tries to hide this policy change & denies rumors, but a State Department spokesman "mistakenly" spills the beans a couple months later.
1965 -- US: Selma, Alabama: 67+ marchers injured by police violence against attempted Civil Rights march to Montgomery.
1967 -- Jim Morrison & The Doors performs at the Matrix in Frisco.
1972 -- US: Urban Indians form the National American Indians Council. Omaha, Nebraska.
1974 -- US: Commenting on the on the SLA's ransom demand of free food for the poor, California's Acting Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Acting Governor & Acting Humanitarian Ronnie Reagan (¡no terrorist he!) says,
"It's just too bad we can't have an epidemic of botulism."
1975 -- Russia: Mikhail Bakhtin dies in Moscow. Cultural theorist of carnival & rebellion. Especially remembered for his work on Dostoevsky, where he expressed his belief in a mutual relation between meaning & context, involving the author, the work, & the reader, each constantly affecting & influencing the others, & the whole mediated by existing political/social forces.
1981 -- US: Disneyland's first homicide: an 18-year-old is stabbed to death in Tomorrowland.
1983 -- Turkey: After a fire in a coal mine in northern Turkey, miners are ordered back in before the flames are completely extinguished; two subsequent explosions kill 98 workers.
1988 -- Divine (Harris Glenn Milstead), film actor, dies at age 43. 300-pound transvestite Divine, is pure joy for John Waters connoisseurs, fans of "unrefined" humor.
1988 -- US: Sign Me Up? Federal Court rules that a peace group must have the same access to students at high school career days as military recruiters.
1988 -- US: Activists sit in to protest refusal of the Albany (New York) City Council to pass legislation prohibiting discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation.
1995 -- US: Despite decades of opposition, state of New York reinstates the death penalty.
1996 -- Guatemala: 500 women march on the National Palace in a commemoration of state violence against women. Guatemala City.
1996 -- A crowd of 3000 destroy Freeport copper mine facilities in Tamika, Irian Jaya / West Papua, after a Dani clansman is run over by company security. The mine is closed as community organisations prepare a list of demands protesting human rights violations, eco-terrorism & cultural genocide. Overnight, the world price of copper jumps from US$15 to US$2580 a ton.
Source: 'Calendar Riots'
1998 -- US: Little Black Cloud? Anarchist Jack (Yankel) Frager (1903-1998) dies, New York. He was last arrested at age 88 during a Hiroshima Day protest, for painting the shadows of bomb victims on sidewalks in New York City.
The rains came...The rain washed away the evidence, so the charges were dropped. The War Resisters' League & the Libertarian Book Club co-sponsored a memorial tribute to Jack on June 9th at the Brecht Forum.
1999 -- Alexander Andrews III, whose exploits in a crippled WW II B-17 bomber inspired the John Hersey novel The War Lover dies at 86, Raleigh, NC.
2000 -- England: Nicolas Walter (1924-2000), dies. British journalist, philosopher, atheist, anarchist.
His passion for accuracy & a loathing of waffle led him to fire off vast numbers of letters to the press; a few years ago, he estimated that he had had over 2,000 published.
Walter was a founding member of the Committee of 100, & Spies for Peace. A founder of the Vietnam Action Group, he was imprisoned for two months for interrupting Prime Minister Harold Wilson, who was reading the lesson at a Brighton church in 1966.
Nicolas Walter was active despite contracting cancer at age 30; he managed a demanding paraplegic life in central London, daring motorists to ignore his manual wheelchair as he shot across busy roads.
See the Tribute by Donald Rooum,
2005 -- American Surrealist poet Philip Lamantia dies.
2011 -- Zimbabwe: A court frees 38 people held for weeks on charges of attempting to overthrow President Robert Mugabe — after they watched videos of the Middle East & North Africa protests. Meanwhile, Tunisia dissolves the country's secret police, notable for its human rights abuses.The Daily Bleed: Philip Lamantia, Jack (Yankel) Frager, Charles Perrone, Nicolas Walter, Lucy Parsons, Freie Arbeiter-Union Deutschlands (FAUD), Krondstadt, Man Ray,Ramón Álvarez Palomo, Charles Perrone, Carlo Frigerio; Timeline, Almanac of Radicalism, Arts, Literature, Authors, Poets, Anarchists... a radical annotated chronology, almanac, anarchist CALENDAR, anarchisten, anarchism, anarchico, anarchiste, anarquista, anarsizm, anarþizme, Anarþist, Anarquismo, Anarchismus, sindicalismo, anarquia, anarchia, anarchisme, anarchizm, anarkisme, libertarian, syndicalist, libertarian, What Happened on this day, in recovered history March 7
"A world without string is chaos."
— Ernie Smuntz
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