Our Daily Bleed...
INTERNATIONAL WOMEN'S DAY.
China: FESTIVAL OF THE EARTH GODDESS.
1481 -- William Caxton completes the translation of The Mirror of the World from French into English.
1711 -- In this edition of "The Spectator," Joseph Addison writes, "To be an atheist requires an infinitely greater measure of faith than to receive all the great truths which atheism would deny."
1782 -- US: Glikhikan, a Delaware warrior, murdered & scalped by "white savages" under Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Col. D. Williamson.
1856 -- US: Battle of Connell's Prairie, the last major Indian battle in Puget Sound (Washington).
1859 -- Kenneth Grahame (1859-1932) lives. English bank official, writer, author of the Wind in the Willows & ardent eulogizer of picnics. Also published essays, stories & collections of sketches.
1862 -- US: Captain Nathaniel Gordon becomes the last pirate to be hung in America.
1872 -- US: NY Times calls baseball players "worthless, dissipated gladiators; not much above the professional pugilist in morality & respectability." Some things just never change, do they?
1874 -- Russia: Peter Kropotkin is arrested this month (I don't have exact date — ed.). The police eventually bribe some workers to testify against Peter &, based on this, he is moved to the infamous Peter & Paul Fortress in April.
1885 -- Argentina: Juan de Dios Filiberto tangos (1885-1964), in Buenos Aires, in the barrio of La Boca, a known haven for prostitutes & anarchists... “Orquesta Porteña”
1887 -- France: Marie-Adele Anciaux lives (1887-1983).
1890 -- American journalist, novelist, & biographer Gene Fowler lives, Denver, Colorado:
"Writing is easy; all you do is sit staring at a blank sheet of paper until the drops of blood form on your forehead."
1891 -- US: Crackpot spiritualist fraud Margaret Fox dies, Brooklyn, New York.
1895 -- Colombia: US marines begin fighting in Boca del Toro, (-Mar. 9). To "protect" US interests.
1898 -- Richard Strauss' tone poem for orchestra "Don Quixote" premiers, Koln.
1899 -- Eric Linklater (1899-1974) lives. Scottish poet, novelist & historical writer, who began as a poet but gained world fame with the humor novels Juan in America & Juan in China.
1899 -- Seguendo a ruota le altre potenze europee (Russia, Inghilterra, Francia, Germania) che avevano occupato delle basi in Cina, il governo italiano invia un ultimatum all'impero cinese che aveva opposto un rifiuto alla richiesta italiana di occupare la baia di San Mun (Cina).
L'ultimatum viene ritirato precipitosamente tre giorni dopo quando l'Inghilterra fa cadere il suo appoggio. L'arroganza statale si coniuga con un ridicolo abissale.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]
1904 -- France: Clément Fournier lives (1904-1969). Militant anarchiste & pacifiste.
Issu d'une famille libertaire, c'est tout naturellement qu'il militera à "l'Union anarchiste" dont il sera désigné secrétaire au congrès de mai 1934. Pacifiste, il est également secrétaire de la section de Sartrouville de la "Ligue Internationale des Combattants de la Paix (L.I.C.P)". Après guerre, il collabore au journal "CQFD" de Louis Louvet et prend part à la reconstruction du mouvement libertaire au sein de la "Fédération Anarchiste Française" et participe à la création du "Comité de Relations Internationales Anarchistes" (C.R.I.A) pour lequel il éditera un bulletin. Il sera avec André Prudhommeaux délégué au "Congrès anarchiste international" à Londres (du 25 juillet au 1er août 1958). Secrétaire aux relations internationales, il sera aussi un temps trésorier de la Fédération anarchiste. Il est mort le 2 mars 1969 à l'hôpital de Bobigny (banlieue Est de Paris).
1905 -- Spain: Dolores Prat Coll lives (1905-2001).
Militant anarchist-trade unionist of the CNT from the age of 15, she appears in Lisa Berger's film "Chemin de Liberté" (Way of Freedom; 1997) & is the subject of Dolores: Une Vie Pour La liberté (A Life for Freedom; 2002) by Progreso Marin, her son.
1906 -- Philippines: US occupation troops massacre an "unruly" band of hill Moros, mowing the stubborn tribespeople down with a combination of artillery fire & infantry assaults.
All these Moros — men, women & children — are slaughtered, whereupon Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Theodore Roosevelt, congratulates these brave Americans for
"A brilliant feat of arms wherein you ... upheld the honor of the American flag."
Asked to define the age limit for killing, General Smith replied,
"Everything over ten."
1906 -- Manifest Destiny is uppermost in North American & corporate policy, with the attendant attitudes towards colonization & subjugation of any non-whites (savages & thus defined, ala Ayn Rand, as without rights) in those areas the US conquers in the name of freedom, democracy & civilization.
To charges of brutality in the Philippine war, Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Secretary of War Elihu Root responds,
"The war in the Philippines has been conducted by the American Army with scrupulous regard for the rules of civilized warfare...with self-restraint & with humanity never surpassed."
1908 -- US: Thousands of workers in the NY needle trades (primarily women) demonstrate & begin a strike for higher wages, shorter workday & an end to child labor. Becomes the basis for International Women's Day.
1911 -- First International Women's Day is celebrated, in Austria, Denmark, Switzerland, Germany & the US.
1913 -- México: La Casa del Obrero Mundial relocates, to Calle de Estanco de Hombres número 44.
[Source: Casa Obrero Mundial] 8 de marzo. La Casa del Obrero Mundial cambia su domicilio a la
1917 -- Russia: February Revolution begins (a little early, a little late). Women workers in Petrograd begin an economic & political strike, providing the spark.
1917 -- Cuba: US invades Cuba for the fourth time, during an insurrection (-Feb. 1922). Oh, gosh, to once again "protect US interests".
1920 -- US: Roberto Elia & Andrea Salsedo, anarchists who worked for the "Cronaca Sovversiva," are kidnapped (or on February 25th?) by the Department of Justice without a warrant or being arrested. They are secretly confined & beaten in Department Justice (sic) offices in an effort to get them to inform on their fellow anarchists. Andrea Salsedo was suicided May 3rd, defenestrated from the 14th floor of the "Department of Justice" where he was being questioned.
1920 -- Russia: After attending a conference of Moscow anarchists Emma Goldman & Alexander Berkman are granted a meeting today with Lenin.
Emma & Alex express their concern about the suppression of dissent & the lack of press freedom & propose the establishment of a Russian society for American freedom independent of the Third International.
Protests of the arrest, & Trotsky's threatened execution of anarchist V. M. Eikhenbaum (Voline), lead to his transfer to Butyrki prison in Moscow & later his release.
Emma & Alex then travel to Dmitrov to meet with Peter Kropotkin.
Source: Emma Goldman Papers
1920 -- Erik Satie's "Musique d'ameublement" premiers, Paris.
1920 -- Italy: In Sienne, fascists & the police attack the union offices.
The union offices are defended by a hundred anarchist & socialist militants. Many workers are wounded in the confrontation, & the anarchist Regoli Giuseppe succumbs to his wounds. A General Strike in protest follows.
http://www.ephemanar.net/mars08.html fascistes et carabiniers donnent l'assaut à la Bourse du Travail; laquelle est défendue par une centaine de militants anarchistes et socialistes. Nombreux sont les militants blessés dans l'affrontement, parmi lesquels l'anarchiste Regoli Giuseppe qui succombera à ses blessures. S'ensuivra une grève générale de protestation.
1921 -- Russia: The Russian anarcho-syndicalist militant Grigori Petrovitch Maximov is imprisoned, along with other members of the Nabat Federation. He is not released until autumn, following a hunger strike, when he is expelled from Russia with Voline.
1921 -- Russia: The Bolsheviks, consolidating their party power over the workers & peasants, begin an air raid on the peaceful population of Kronstadt. The Provisional Revolutionary Committee of Kronstadt appeals by radiotelegram to workers around the world to publicize their plight.
1921 -- Spain: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Eduardo Dato assassinated in Madrid by Luis Nicolau, Pedro Mateu, & Ramon Castenellas, metallurgists of the anarcho-syndicalist CNT.
"ley de fugas"
Dato was in charge of anti-union repression in Barcelona, responsible for murder: on January 20th three imprisoned union activists were victims of the "Ley de fugas" (law of escape) — being "set free" only to be shot down moments later as "escapees."
1931 -- Author John McPhee (Giving Good Weight) weighs in, Princeton, New Jersey.
1933 -- Spain: (Valle del Ebro), tras el triunfo de la derecha en las elecciones, lxs anarquistas se echan a la calle. El movimiento insurrecional alcanzó extraordinaria virulencia en el Valle de Ebro (Aragón y la Rioja): Alfaro, Calahorra, Arnedo, Haro, Préjano, Santo Domingo, Viguera, Logroño, Ábalos, Briones, Cenicero, Fuenmayor, Labastida, San Asensio y San Vicente de la Sonsierra. Quema de archivos, asalto de ayuntamientos y proclamación de comunismo libertario. La represión fue muy dura, varios cientos de encarceladxs.
1935 -- Thomas Wolfe's second novel, Of Time & the River, is published to great acclaim.
1935 -- Charles Laughton movie "Ruggles of Red Gap" is released.
1936 -- England: Emma Goldman lectures again to the Leicester Secular Society.
France: Jules Alexandre Sadier (b.1862) dies. Franco-Argentine anarchist militant & propagandist, antimilitarist. (Pseudonym Alexandre Falconnet.)
1937 -- Spain: March 8-18: Battle of Guadalajara; Italian troops defeated by Republican army with substantial International Brigade support. March-May: Americans form two new battalions — the George Washington Battalion & the MacKenzie-Papineau Battalion (consisting mostly of Canadians)
See Cary Nelson & Jefferson Hendricks, eds. Madrid 1937: Letters of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade from the Spanish Civil War, (Routledge, 1996).
[ Resources & sources on the Spanish Revolution of 1936 ]
1937 -- Atomic-detritus artist Tony Price lives, Brooklyn, NY.
1941 -- After ingesting a toothpick along with an hors d'oeuvre at a cocktail party, author Sherwood Anderson, 64, dies in Colon, Panama, of the complications of peritonitis.
1944 -- Hüseyin Rahmi Gürpinar dies in Istanbul. Author of some 50 novels, about 70 short stories, a few unsuccessful plays, & translations of French novels, he was influenced by Alfred de Musset & Guy de Maupassant.
1944 -- Germany: 600 US bombers raid Berlin in WW II.
1945 -- International Women's Day is first fully celebrated [see 1911]. The Charter of the United Nations, signed in San Francisco in 1945, was the first international agreement to proclaim gender equality as a fundamental human right.
1951 -- The Honeymoon Killers die in electric chair.
1955 -- World Peace Council launches drive to ban all nuclear weapons.
1959 -- In Portland, Oregon, Mel Lyman notes:
I sit here looking at the kids playing outside & I want to join them...
— Diary of a Young artist
1959 -- Groucho, Chico & Harpo Marx make their final joint TV appearance.
When you go to a church & you see the pastor of that church with a philosophy & a program that's designed to bring black people together & elevate black people, join that church!
If you see where the NAACP is preaching & practicing that which is designed to make black nationalism materialize, join the NAACP. Join any kind of organization — civic, religious, fraternal, political or otherwise — that's based on lifting ... the black man up & making him master of his own community.
— Malcolm X, "The Ballot or the Bullet", Detroit
I had blind faith in him. My faith in Elijah Muhammad was more blind & more uncompromising than any faith that any man has ever had for another man. & so I didn't try & see him as he actually was.
— Malcolm X, Audubon Speech, 15 Feb. 1965Graphic: "Malcolm X & J Edgar Hoover," by Sue Coe
1964 -- US: First invasion of Alcatraz, by Dakota Sioux who claim the island under the 1868 Sioux Treaty to remind Amerika of more than 600 treaties which have been broken. They offer the government $6.54 for the land, based on the 49 cents per acre which was being currently proposed to be given as compensation for tribal lands stolen from Californian Amerindians.
Source: 'Calendar Riots'
1965 -- Vietnam:
March 8-9, 1965
The first American combat troops arrive in Vietnam.
In April Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Johnson authorizes the use of US ground combat troops for offensive operations. The next day he offers North Vietnam aid in exchange for peace. North Vietnam rejects the offer.
On April 17, 1965 SDS (Students for a Democratic Society) sponsor the first major anti-war rally, in Washington, DC.
1967 -- Russia: Military puts its Far East army on alert after Ussuri River clash with China.
Source: ’Robert Braunwart’
1968 -- Bill Graham, owner of the Fillmore, San Francisco's legendary rock ballroom, opens Fillmore East in New York City. Opening bill features Albert King, Tim Buckley & Big Brother & the Holding Company.
1968 -- Meanwhile, back in the Frisco Bay area, Cream, James Cotton Blues Band, Jeremy Satyrs, & Blood Sweat & Tears at the Fillmore Auditorium. Over to the Avalon Ballroom is Love, Congress of Wonders, & Sons of Champlin.
Joel Selvin's Tour of San Francisco Rock Shrines Colin Pringle's History of the Haight-Ashbury
Source: Frisco History Archive
1970 -- US: Ft. Lawton police & Native American & other demonstrators clash.
1971 -- Silent film comedian Harold Lloyd dies.
1971 -- US: 1,000 documents are stolen from the FBI office at Media, Pa., & later distributed to newspapers. Members of the "Citizens Committee to Investigate the F.B.I." break into an FBI office in suburban Philadelphia, & later publish files revealing the existence of the FBI's criminal COINTELPRO program, harassing domestic political dissidents.
1971 -- Canada: The Union of Nova Scotia Indians, claiming immunity under Canada's Indian Act, announces it will no longer pay provincial taxes on Indian lands.
1971 -- Vietnam: Radio Hanoi broadcasts Jimi Hendrix's "Star Spangled Banner." (The tape was sent by Abbie Hoffman.)
1973 -- Ron "Pigpen" McKernan, charter Grateful Dead member & the first of three Dead keyboardists to come to a premature end, dies of liver disease caused by his heavy drinking, Corte Madera, California.
1973 -- Mary, Mary, Quite Contrary?: Paul McCartney pleads guilty to charges of growing marijuana outside his Scottish countryside farm, & is fined $240.
Paul claims Yoko gave him the seeds & he didn't know what they would grow.
Poster by SaintMeister James Koehnline
1976 -- France: Robert Touati, a French anarchiste active in Centro Iberico around 1974, & Juan Durran Escriban, wanted in Spain for an attack on an armory, are both killed on the grounds of Toulouse University during the night of 8/9 March.
Police claim they are members of GARI (Groups of International Revolutionary Action) & responsible for a series of anti-Franco actions in Southern France.
1982 -- US: Little Deuce Coup? Two high school boys with ambition to be mercenaries, arm themselves & attempt a military "coup d'etat" at their high school.
1982 -- South Africa: Cathedral occupied for a fast for right to live in "white areas," Cape Town.
1983 -- Israel: 40,000 rally against war in Lebanon, organized by Peace Now, in Tel Aviv.
1983 -- Italy: La Ragnatela (Spider's Web) Women's Peace Camp created at Comiso, Sicily, the first overseas site for US cruise missiles.
1983 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader acting President Reagan tells a national convention of evangelicals that the Soviet Union is "the focus of evil in the modern world ... an evil empire." Says historian Henry Steele Commager:
"It was the worst presidential speech in American history, & I've read them all."
Reagan makes his "Evil Empire" speech, in Orlando, Florida, while US employees dutifully carry out a policy of murder, rape & torture of Central Americans.
1985 -- Women from Eastern & Western Europe invite all citizens to sign petition for denuclearization.
1987 -- US: Wampanoag tribe of Gay Head, Mass. gain federal recognition.
1988 -- US: Ten arrested in police raid on Union of the Homeless tent city, Albuquerque, New Mexico.
1988 -- US: Soap opera scriptwriters' strike.
Source: 'Calendar Riots'
1989 -- Ecuador: Amazon Pact nations condemn all external interference in rain-forest preservation, Quito.
1990 -- Paul Quarrington receives Canada's Governor General's award for his novel Whale Music. Louis Hamelin receives the fiction award for La Rage.
1990 -- US: Reaganite John Poindexter (National Security adviser) busted in Iran-Contra Conspiracy.
1991 -- US: Tony Baruso is convicted of murder in Seattle cannery union slayings.
1993 -- Germany: Women's Strike Day in cities across the nation protesting anti-abortion court ruling.
1993 -- Date at the beginning of Michael Douglas movie "Disclosure."
1995 -- México: Senate approves the Law for Dialogue, Conciliation & Peace in Chiapas. Meanwhile the Mexican government rights commission says police tortured four Zapatistas.
1998 -- US: Lending a Hand? Daniel Rudolph, brother of Olympic Games bombing & abortion clinic bombing suspect Erik Rudolph (a fugitive), videotapes himself cutting off his own hand with a power saw to "send a message to the FBI". Not your average Pen Pal.
1999 -- Canadian Alice Munro wins the US National Book Award for fiction.
2002 -- Black Friday; 46 are killed in Israeli-Palestinian violence.
US Media Bias Israel Palestine
Palestine Israel occupation 101
Noam Chomsky on The Israel-Palestine Conflict
2004 -- Iraq: Muhammad Zaidan, terrorist & founder of paramilitary group the Palestine Liberation Front (P.L.F.) dies. Zaidan was captured in Iraq in 2003 by US occupation forces. Renowned for its benign & exemplary treatment of prisoners, the US claims he died of natural causes while in its custody. The P.L.F. accuses them of assassinating their leader.
2007 -- US: Vermont Towns Call for Bush, Cheney Impeachment...
Nearly 30 towns have passed a resolution calling for the impeachment of President Bush & Vice President Dick Cheney. The measure says the administration misled the country into the invasion of Iraq & violated the Constitution. The resolution comes on the heels of last month’s call by Vermont’s legislature for the immediate withdrawal of US troops from Iraq.
2010 -- Iran: Poet Simin Behbahani says the government has issued her with a "travel ban" after confiscating her passport at Tehran International Airport as she was about to travel to France.
"Nunca nada cambia a menos que lo hagamos cambiar"
— Los Crudos
["Nothing never changes unless we make it change"]
4000 -- The Daily Bleed: Juan de Dios Filiberto, Zenzl Mühsam, Peter Kropotkin, Dolores Prat, G.P. Maximov, Kronstadt Revolt, Jules Sadier; Timeline, Almanac of Radicalism, Arts, Literature, Authors, Poets, Anarchists... a radical annotated chronology, almanac, anarchist CALENDAR, anarchisten, anarchism, anarchico, anarchiste, anarquista, anarsizm, anarþizme, Anarþist, Anarquismo, Anarchismus, sindicalismo, anarquia, anarchia, anarchisme, anarchizm, anarkisme, libertarian, syndicalist, libertarian, What Happened on this day, in recovered history March 8
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