The Daily Bleed: Rene Viénet, Wilhelm Reich, Emma Goldman, Charles Benoit, Mikhail Bakunin, Ferdinand Gambon, What Happened on this day, in recovered history March 19
Cat Has Had the Time of His Life

thin line

Our Daily Bleed...

Sometimes I wake up alone, she said,
& the idea of audience
is an unnecessary contrivance

— Elaine Equi, "So What"


Polymath, sexologist, eroticist, Sufi, African explorer.

The Turbanator: criminal George W. Bush II lampooned

Valencia, Spain: BONFIRES OF ST. JOSEPH climax a week of festivities.
Enormous humorous effigies, lampooning political scoundrels, scandals, world affairs, etc., are burned at midnight at intersections & plazas.

Sicily: AM ST. JOSEPH'S FIESTA, an all day feast.

The day the swallows return to San Juan Capistrano.

FEAST DAY OF ST. JOSEPH, patron saint of workers.

0624 -- [BCE] Muhammed proclaims the "Day of Deliverance."

0721 -- [BCE] First recorded eclipse is observed by the Babylonians.
Source: 'Calendar Riots'

Ferdinand Gambon, anarchiste
1820 -- France: Ferdinand Gambon lives, in Bourges. Lawyer, magistrate, initially a moderate republican, Gambon became a socialist, anarchiste & pacifist revolutionary. Elected a member of the Paris Commune. Defense lawyer for the Lyons anarchists in the 1883 trials.

Ferdinand Gambon now has a street named for him in Nevers. He is the author of Le cri du peuple & coined the famous pacifist slogan,

"War Against War!"

1821 -- Richard F. Burton lives, in an English family settled in Ireland. Explorer & translator of the Arabian Nights & the Kama Sutra. Adventurer, translator, frotting omnisexual & discoverer of the source of the Nile. Born in Ireland — or was it Torquay? Upon his death, in 1890, his wife Isabel, thinking all his unpublished manuscripts obscene, burns them.

Spank the Bank
1831 -- US: Duped? First bank robbery in America. City Bank of New York was opened with duplicate keys & robbed of $245,000. Edward Smith was later convicted & got five years at Sing Sing.

1834 -- Source=Robert Braunwart England: The six framed Tolpuddle Martyrs are sentenced to seven years transportation; five Martyrs are shipped in appalling conditions to New South Wales. George Loveless, delayed by illness, later went in chains to Tasmania. (They fought the decline of agricultural worker's wages.) [see March 8].

1842 -- Honore de Balzac's publicity stunt for his play Les Ressources de Quinola, a rumor that tickets were sold out, backfires when most of his public believes it & stays home.

1848 -- US: Western gunman, crook & sometime lawman Wyatt Earp lives.

1856 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Australia: Sydney stonemasons achieve the 8-hour work day.

1866 -- Source=Robert Braunwart England: Immigrant ship Monarch of the Seas leaves Liverpool for NY; its 738 passengers & crew are never heard from again.

1869 -- During this month, Mikhail Bakunin begins his notorious collaboration with Sergei Nechaev [Nechayev]. Bakunin was quite taken with Nechaev, but ultimately repudiated him.

"To begin with, my views are different in that they do not acknowledge the usefulness, or even the possibility, of any revolution except a spontaneous or a people's social revolution. I am deeply convinced that any other revolution is dishonest, harmful, & spells death to liberty & the people..."

[Details / context]

1884 -- Creator of the Finnish national epic Kalevala , Elias Lönnrot, dies in Sammatti, Russian Finland.

1885 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Canada: Louis Riel returns to Canada, seizes hostages, & proclaims a provisional Métis government of Saskatchewan; the Northwest Rebellion begins, with Gabriel Dumont as adjutant general.

1899 -- Aksel Sandemose (1899-1965) lives. Danish-born Norwegian novelist, who mixed in his works a tormented Strindberg & the self-aggrandizing Jack London. A self-revelatory explorer of the psyche.

1907 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Australia: Floodwaters trap miner Modesto Vareschetti in a mine at Bonnievale for nine days; he is rescued by fellow worker Frank Hughes after being repeatedly brought food by Hughes in a diving suit.

1912 -- Source=Robert Braunwart England: Tom Mann, British Syndicalist leader, is arrested for inciting soldiers to mutiny.

1920 -- US: Senate refuses to ratify League of Nations covenant for a 2nd time (maintaining its isolation policy).

1921 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Mongolia: Communists set up a provisional government [see 0313].

1923 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Elmer Rice play "The Adding Machine" opens in NY.

Amos 'n' Andy animated clips
1928 -- US: 'Amos & Andy' debut on radio.

1930 -- Jazz musician Ornette Coleman lives.

1930 -- US: 1,100 men standing in a breadline in New York seize two truckloads of bread & rolls as they are being delivered to a nearby hotel.

"All evidences indicate that the worst effects of the crash upon unemployment will have been passed during the next sixty days."

— Herbert Hoover

1933 -- Philip Roth (Goodbye, Columbus; Portnoy's Complaint; I Married a Communist) lives, Newark, New Jersey.

1935 -- US: Harlem Uprising. Over 100 injured & $2 million worth of white property destroyed as riots break out in Harlem after a black man's eye was gouged out by policemen. Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Mayor La Guardia later refused to release a study which blamed the violence on police brutality.

"On March 19, 1935, even as the New Deal reforms were being passed, Harlem exploded. 10,000 Negroes swept through the streets, destroying the property of white merchants. 700 policemen moved in & brought order. Two blacks were killed...

...Sure, call me any ugly name you choose —
The steel of freedom does not stain.
From those who live like leeches on the people's lives,
We must take back our land again,

— Langston Hughes, excerpt, "Let America Be America Again"

"To white Americans of the 30s... North & South, blacks were invisible. Only the radicals made an attempt to break the racial barriers: Socialists, Trotskyists, Communists most of all."

— Howard Zinn, The Twentieth Century: A People's History, pp134-135

"THE recent outbreak in Harlem aroused some fear that the black belt is going red. Fortunately, however, it has directed at least temporary attention to more fundamental social & economic conditions there..."

— Clyde Kiser

See also novelist/poet Claude McKay's article, "Harlem Runs Wild," which appeared in "The Nation" in 1935.

1935 -- Emma Goldman, anarchist feministCanada: Emma Goldman delivers a series (March 19-April 9) of four lectures at Toronto's Hygeia Hall.

The series is organized by a group of young anarchists. Emma speaks on "The Element of Sex in Life," "Youth in Revolt," "The Tragedy of the Modern Woman," & "Crime & Punishment."

Source: Emma Goldman Papers

video icon

1936 -- England: Emma Goldman's lecture in Hammersmith, London, on "Anarchism (What It Really Stands For)" is sparsely attended.

1937 -- Eat Your Heart Out Bud(weiser)?: Singer Clarence "Frogman" Henry lives.

1938 -- Emma Goldman, anarchistEngland: March 19-20, Emma Goldman speaks at a well-attended fund-raising meeting in Leicester for the SIA (International Antifascist Solidarity); also shows the Louis Frank film, "Fury over Spain."

Lucky Lady
1945 -- High Seas: Kamikaze attacks USS Franklin off Japan. In a maneuver heralded as one of the greatest feats in naval history, the light cruiser USS Santa Fe bellied up alongside the flaming Franklin & rescued over 800 sailors while still being stalked by Japanese fighter pilots.

You are just like Gods, free from human desires ...

1948 -- Portugal: Foi a 19 de Março de 1948 que Luís Villas-Boas fundou o Hot Clube de Portugal (HCP,) abrindo um espaço próprio para ouvir a grande música que é o jazz com todas as variantes que ela é capaz de oferecer.

Vivia-se um ambiente de claustrofobia ditatorial e toda a novidade, mesmo de carácter musical, esbarrava contra a inércia larvar de um Portugal pasmado. Apesar disso nas décadas seguintes viveram-se por lá momentos únicos com alguns nomes do jazz a marcarem presença e um auditório a mostrar-se cada vez mais ansioso por novas formas expressivas na música mas também na sociedade e na vida em geral. Por lá passaram lendas como Louis Armstrong, Count Basie, Dizzy Gillespie, Sidney Bechet, Vinicius de Moraes, Dexter Gordon...
60th anniversary 2008

1950 -- France: Charles Benoit dies, in Paris. Revolutionary socialist, then an anarchiste.

Benoit assisted Jean Grave with his paper "Les temps nouveaux". Founder of the group "propagande par la brochure," which actively distributed their very inexpensive — & often free — booklets.

During WWI Charles Benoît & Andre Girard, broke with Jean Grave over the "Manifesto of the 16" ("Manifeste de seize," siding with the Allies during WWI), Benoit publishing "La paix par les Peuples" in response. He was also active in the League for Human Rights. (Same Benoit, Karl Rickert, who fled in 1913 to Morocco with Ernst Jüenger?)

Hi, The friend of Ernst Jüenger: Charles Benoit (Karl Rickert died in the year 1968; he isn't that Charles Benoit mentioned...
cf. my book Personenregister der Tagebuecher Ernst Juengers (Freiburg 1999, p. 36)

Best wishes,
Tobias Wimbauer, August 4, 2001

1950 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Vietnam: 100,000 demonstrate against the presence of US war vessels, Saigon.

1951 -- Herman Wouk's Pulitzer Prize-winning novel, The Caine Mutiny, is published.

Fire Ball
1954 -- Nazi Germany:
Red Russia:

US: FDA enjoins Wilhelm Reich from further distribution & sales of "orgone accumulators"; Reich disobeys & is sentenced to 2 years. The Federal Government bans & burns books by Reich whom it deems "wacky."

The willingness of the US courts to incarcerate Wilhelm Reich, burn his books, & in general treat him like a criminal, demonstrated how far legal technicalities & procedural issues had replaced the original intent & spirit of the law. Certainly, all the various judges who reviewed Reich's case & ruled against him, from the local & district court judges to the US Supreme Court judges, knew they were agreeing to censorship of speech & to the burning of books.

— James DeMeo, Ph.D., Director of Research, Orgone Biophysical Research Laboratory

While the Orgone box is thoroughly discredited, Book Burning is not — still alive & well today, as then.

1954 --
Wilhelm Reich, author of The Mass Psychology of Fascism & other works.

1962 -- US: Transfer, Please?: In an effort to block massive layoffs & end a strike, New York City moves to condemn & seize Fifth Avenue Coach, the largest privately owned bus company in the World.

1963 -- US: It's A Hoot? 50 Greenwich Village folk artists protest Pete Seeger's blacklisting from the television show "Hootenanny." But, then, we all know there was no Blacklist (William F. Buckley, Jr., various conservatives, et al.).

1963 -- US: Chase Scene? 49 arrested in New York City for protesting Chase Manhattan Bank loans to South Africa.

1965 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Governor George Wallace tells Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Johnson that Alabama can not afford the expense of calling out the National Guard to protect civil rights marchers during a Selma-to-Montgomery march. Oddly, there never seemed to be a budget problem when business or state property was thought to be 'threatened.'

1966 -- Big Brother & the Holding Company appear at the Fire House in Frisco. Sgt. Barry Sadler, who was to entertain, could not attend.

1968 -- France: A convention at Amiens attempts to sketch a design for educational reforms. Too little, too late.

The 'Events of May 1968' in France begins in November 1996 with students who were demanding the 'internationale situationniste,' taking control of the leadership of the association of students in Strasbourg.

In February an anti-Vietnam committee organizes a counter-demonstration against supporters of US Vietnam policy, resulting in violent exchanges with the police. Also incidents at universities throughout France by students demanding freedom of speech & movement & late in the month the Minister of Education announces a limited liberalization of access to universities. Too little, too late.

Three days from now, on March 22, at Nanterre University, the administrative tower is occupied by 150 students, who say they are anarchists. Courses are suspended until April 1. By May the country is in the throes of revolution, led by students & workers, & the government totters on the brink of collapse.


Girls Say YES to Boys who say NO; anti-war poster
1968 -- US: Listen To This? Presidential advisers advise getting out of the Vietnam War.

1968 -- Source=Robert Braunwart US: Howard University students seize the administration building (-3/21).

1969 -- Anguilla: British paratroopers, Marines & Bobbies invade.

This obscure island is invaded by Great Britain in a pre-dawn military exercise involving over 300 paratroopers & Marines, plus two frigates, several helicopters & 50 London policemen. The "artillery" on the island consists of four aging rifles.

The invasion, under the code name Operation Sheepskin gave opportunity to a member of Parliament to call PM Harold Wilson "A sheep in sheep's clothing". Nobody was killed but many embarrassed.

It is said the reason the sun never sets on the British Empire is that God doesn’t trust the English alone in the dark. See Donald Westlake's Under an English Heaven (NY: 1972).

1969 -- Source=Robert Braunwart US: Chicago 8 indicted in aftermath of Chicago Democratic convention [see 0320].

1970 -- US: Gimme Shelter?: 200 women seize the New York offices of Ladies Home Journal, demanding what they call a "Women's Liberated Journal." Led by author Susan Brownmiller, the group includes members of the National Organization for Women (NOW), Redstockings, New York Radical Feminists & the Older Women's League.

Their press release says the magazine "deals superficially, unrealistically, or not at all with the real problems of today's women. . .Though one out of every three adult women in America is single, divorced, or widowed, the Journal depicts no lifestyle alternative for the American woman, aside from marriage & family." The sit-in lasted into the evening. Eventually publisher John Mack Carter agrees to include a collectively written eight-page feminist supplement in the August 1970 issue.

1973 -- US: CREEP's chief of security, James McCord, "eats the cheese" & writes a letter to Judge Sirica detailing high crimes about the Watergate break-in. Beginning of the end for "The Trickster," Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Dick M Nixon.

atomic bomb
1978 -- Nederlands: 50,000 march in Amsterdam to protest US deployment of the neutron bomb in Europe.

1980 -- Elvis Presley's autopsy is subpoenaed in the "Dr. Nick" drug case. "Dr. Nick" is Dr. George Nichopoulous, Presley's personal physician who is soon found guilty of over-prescribing drugs to Presley & others, including Jerry Lee Lewis.

"My name's got 'evils' & 'lives.'
It's probably better not to wonder too much about it."

— Elvis Presley

Mariuana Liberation Front logo by James Koehnline
1983 -- "Let me tell you a true story about a boy we'll call Charlie. He was only 14 & he was burned out on marijuana...

One day, when his little sister wouldn't steal some money for him to go & buy some more drugs, he brutally beat her. The real truth is there's no such thing as soft drugs or hard drugs. All drugs are dumb... Don't end up another Charlie."

— Nancy Reagan, trying to transform her vapid Society Dame image to a caring anti-drug crusader — appearing as herself on NBC's "Diff'rent Strokes"

Grass film poster...a stoner!

Acid Cube
1986 -- Singing in the Rain? Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Ronnie Reagan & Canada's Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Mulroney finally agree on acid rain actions.

1987 -- US: At his first press conference in four months, Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Ronnie Reagan assures the public he won't be forgetting any more important things because "we now have quite a system installed of people taking notes, you know, at all our meetings & all our doings." [Jeanne Dixon?] As for his shattered credibility, he declares that he's "not going to tell falsehoods to the American people. I'll leave that to others."

1989 -- Cyprus: 4,500 join Women's Walk Home nonviolent crossing of Green Line partition.

1989 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Beginning of Robin Cook novel Mutation.

1992 -- RENÉ VIÉNET’S “Can Dialectics Break Bricks?”

“Imagine a kung fu flick in which the martial artists spout Situationist aphorisms about conquering alienation while decadent bureaucrats ply the ironies of a stalled revolution...."


— Pacific Film Archive, Berkeley, 19 March 1992, 7:30 p.m. —


1996 -- Odysseus Elytis, Greek poet & winner of the 1979 Nobel Prize, dies in Athens.

1997 -- US: Got Coke? After heated public opposition, Seattle School Board reluctantly votes to rescind a new policy soliciting corporate advertising in schools. Now only CokeHeads can sell coke.

1997 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Algeria: Islamic terrorists murder 32 civilians, including 16 women.

2003 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Canada: Liberal Minister Herb Dhaliwal expresses disappointment that Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader George Dubya Bush is not a statesman.

2005 -- Global Days of Action (today & tomorrow) protests North America's war in Iraq: "ENOUGH! No More Lies, No More War Crimes!"

2009 -- Austria: Josef Fritzl, who imprisoned his daughter & fathered seven children with her, sentenced to life imprisonment for rape, incest, murder by neglect & enslavement.

2011 -- Arab Spring: Syrian security forces fire tear gas at a funeral for two men killed in an earlier protest in the southern city of Daraa. Fighting continues in Libya. Protests continue in Yemen after the shooting of anti-government demonstrators yesterday, & two ruling party members resign. Algerian President Bouteflika promises political reform, as security forces prevent protests in Algiers.

3000 --

William Least Heat-Moon's main character in Blue Highways: A Journey Into America, makes a decision:

"The result: on March 19, the last night of winter, I again lay awake in the tangled bed, this time doubting the madness of just walking out on things, doubting the whole plan that would begin at daybreak — to set out on a long (equivalent to half the circumference of the earth), circular trip over the back roads of the United States. Following a circle would give a purpose — to come around again — where taking a straight line would not. & I was going to do it by living out of the back end of a truck. But how to begin a beginning?"

Burn Wilhelm Reich Books?
3500 --

Poster: WWIII, coming soon to a country near you...Bush & Co.
4000 --
Anarchist Quotes
The Daily Bleed: Rene Viénet, Wilhelm Reich, Emma Goldman, Charles Benoit, Michael Bakunin, Ferdinand Gambon, What Happened on this day, in recovered history March 19; Timeline, Almanac of Radicalism, Arts, Literature, Authors, Poets, Anarchists... a radical annotated chronology, almanac, anarchist CALENDAR, anarchisten, anarchism, anarchico, anarchiste, anarquista, anarsizm, anarþizme, Anarþist, Anarquismo, Anarchismus, sindicalismo, anarquia, anarchia, anarchisme, anarchizm, anarkisme, libertarian, syndicalist, libertarian, What Happened on this day, in recovered history March 19

anti-CopyRite 1997-3000, more or less
Subscribe to daily email excerpts/updates (include 'subscribe bleed' in subject field),
or send questions, suggestions, additions, corrections to:
BleedMeister David Brown

Visit the complete Daily Bleed Calendar

The Daily Bleed is freely produced by Recollection Used Books

Over 2 million a'mopers & a'gawkers since May 2005

anarchist, labor, & radical used books

See also: Anarchist Encyclopedia
Stan Iverson Memorial Library
Anarchist Time Line / Chronology