There are some aliens camped near us in blue denim suits
— Martians I think —
& I visit them.

      — William S. Burroughs, My Education: A Book of Dreams


Intellectual rebel, champion of the Cuban Revolution,
patron saint of Students for a Democratic Society (SDS).

Incan CEREMONY FOR DRIVING OUT ALL EVILS, followed by much music, dancing & intoxication.


FIRST DAY OF SPRING. When a young gal or guy's fancy turns to...............

43 -- [BC] Ovid (43 BC-17 AD) lives, Sulmona, in the Abruzzi. Banished from Rome, ostensibly for writing The Art of Love, a guide to lovemaking.

1345 -- A triple conjunction of Saturn, Jupiter & Mars in the 40th degree of Aquarius occurring on this day is (later) given as the reason for the Black Death.

1727 -- Sir Isaac Newton dies in London at 84.

1770 -- Mad poet Friedrich Holderin (1770-1843) lives, Laffen am Necker, Germany. One of the greatest German lyric poets, especially admired for naturalizing the forms of classical Greek verse in the German language & melding Christian & classical themes.

1812 -- England: Luddites. Frame-Breaking Act made a capital felony, criticized by Sheridan, Whitbread, Romilly & Lord Byron, et al, opposed by Lamb Lord Liverpool.

1815 -- Swiss declare perpetual neutrality in all wars. Next up, the Good Ol' USA...

1815 -- France: Napoleon enters Paris after escape from Elba, declaring "No man is an island," begins 100-day rule.

1828 -- Norway: Playwright Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906) lives, Skien. Ibsen

Black Rain!
1828 -- Scotland: Black Rain falls in the Clyde Valley.

... A correspondent to Knowledge, 5-190, writes of a black rain that fell in the Clyde Valley, March 1, 1884: of another black rain that fell two days later. According to the correspondent, a black rain had fallen in the Clyde Valley, March 20, 1828: then again March 22, 1828.


1848 -- Italy: The Milanese populace storms the garrison of the Austrian occupiers of their city & declare themselves a republic.
Source: 'Calendar Riots'

1852 -- Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin published, provoking a wave of hatred against slavery, as well as the publication of 30 books defending the peculiar institution. The first novel to sell a million copies.

... show details

1863 -- US: L.E. Chittendon, Registrar of the US Treasury, signed 12,500 bonds in 48 hours so they could be placed aboard a ship scheduled to leave for England. Chittendon suffered years of pain as a result of his heroic effort; the bonds were never used.

1871 -- France: Declaration of Émile Duval, former police commander:

"Paris, depuis le 18 mars, n'a d'autre gouvernement que celui du peuple: c'est le meilleur. Jamais révolution ne s'est accomplie dans des conditions pareilles ŕ celle oů nous sommes. Paris est devenu ville libre. Sa puissante centralisation n'existe plus. La monarchie est morte de cette constatation d'impuissance. (...)."

       — Extract, the Official Journal of the Paris Commune.

1889 -- Jean de Boe lives, Anderlecht, Belgium. Militant anarchist, syndicalist & cooperativist. See Daily Bleed's Anarchist Encyclopedia page,

1896 -- Nicaragua: US Marines invade this country for the first of many, many, many times.

1898 -- Emma Goldman, anarchist feministUS: In Chicago, Emma Goldman, (March 20-26, during her speaking tour of February/June, addressing 66 meetings) is aided by Josef Peukert, who secures for her several speaking engagements before labor unions.

"Red" Emma also visits Max Baginski, Moses Harman, & visits Michael Schwab (one of the pardoned anarchists imprisoned for charges relating to the Haymarket Affair.

1899 --  Electric chair Martha Place, is the first woman to be executed by electrocution. Tried to kill her 17-year old stepdaughter with acid & an ax, but wound up smothering her with a pillow. Sing Sing Prison, New York.

1903 -- England: Arbeter Fraint begins republishing under the administration of the Arbeter Fraint group & editorship of Rudolf Rocker, but now as the organ of the "Federation of Yiddish-Speaking Anarchist Groups in Great Britain & Paris."
[Details / context]

1904 -- Ain't Misbehavin'?: B.F. Skinner, psychologist, pioneer in Behaviorism lives.

1905 -- Vera (Fëdorovna) Panova lives (1905-1973). Soviet novelist/journalist, who chose her subjects from the life of ordinary people & adhered faithfully to socialist realism. Won the Stalin Prize three times.

1907 -- Hugh MacLennan, novelist/essayist whose books offer an incisive critique of Canadian life, lives, Glace Bay, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia. His first novel, Barometer Rising (1941), is based upon an actual explosion of a munitions ship that partly destroyed the city of Halifax in 1917.

Unknown Deserter by Clifford Harper
1916 -- Private Aby Harris, no. 111799, shot by firing squad for desertion in 1916.

Abraham Beverstein

Private Abraham Beverstein was a Jewish soldier from the East End of London. Due to some people viewing it as dishonourable for a Jewish person to enlist as a soldier, Beverstein enlisted under the false name of Harris....

[Details / context]

F. Scott Fitzgerald
1920 -- F. Scott Fitzgerald inscribes a copy of This Side of Paradise for H. L. Mencken:

"This is a bad book full of good things."

The novel is published six days later.

1921 -- US: On or about this date: The Pig Stand, a Dallas restaurant specializing in pork sandwiches, decides to serve customers in their cars, creating the first drive-in.
Source: [Vanessa Collection]

1921 -- Germany: On or about this date, some Roman Catholic priests begin spreading rumors about Jehovah's Witnesses, charging that they are financed by the Jews & are working to overthrow the state. — Religion, p 77.
Source: [Vanessa Collection]

1922 -- American comedy writers Ray Goulding & Carl Reiner live.

1924 -- anarchist diamond; anarquistaWalter Morrison MBE, Scottish community activist in Glasgow, lives; died February 6, 2004. Militant, active anti-nuclear Scottish Committee of 100 Morrison, who died in his eightieth year, fought courageously against the wrongs in society, proudly wore the badges of non-violence & libertarian socialism, & spoke his mind fearlessly no matter where he was or in whose company.

... show details

1933 -- Germany: Nazis open their first concentration camp in Dachau.

1937 -- US: Detroit police evict labor strikers from the Newton Packing Company; three hours later 150 police attack sitdowners at a tobacco plant.

... show details

1940 -- France: Célestin Freinet, French militant educator, arrested. Freinet is interned in various camps in the south of France. Eventually released, in May 1944 he joined the Maquis FTP of Briançon, & was also active in the "Comité départemental de Libération de Gap."

1944 -- US: School bus plunges off a bridge into New Jersey's Passaic River, killing 15 children & the driver.

Tower, concentration camp US
1944 -- US: Forty-three Japanese American soldiers are arrested for refusing to participate in combat training at Fort McClellan, Alabama.

Eventually, 106 are arrested for their refusal, undertaken to protest the treatment of their families in United States concentration camps.

Twenty-one are convicted & serve prison time before being paroled in 1946. The records of 11 are cleared by the Army Board of Corrections of Military Records in 1983. (The other 10 did not apply for clearance.)


1946 -- US: Tule Lake (a US concentration camp for Japanese Americans) closes, culminating "an incredible mass evacuation in reverse."

In the month prior to the closing, some 5,000 internees had had to be moved, many of whom were elderly, impoverished, or mentally ill & with no place to go (many had their homes, businesses & property stolen by American "patriots"). Of the 554 persons left there at the beginning of the day, 450 are moved to Crystal City, 60 are released, & the rest are "relocated."


1951 -- Fabulous Thunderbirds guitarist Jimmy Vaughn & Carl Palmer, drummer with Emerson, Lake & Palmer & Asia, live.

1960 -- Cuba: Big Belly Ache? Anarchist-syndicalist workers' papers — including Solidaridad Gastronomico — forced to cease publishing.

1964 -- Irish writer, bad boy, political rebel Brendan Behan dies. Wrote Borstal Boy; The Quare Fellow; The Hostage.

1968 -- Eric Clapton & three members of the Buffalo Springfield — Neil Young, Richie Furay & Jim Mesina — arrested in Los Angeles for "being at a place where it is suspected marijuana is being used." It's a misdemeanor for which Clapton will later be found innocent, the others paying small fines.

1969 -- John & Yoko fly to Gibraltar & get married then fly to Amsterdam for one week "lie-in" for peace.

1969 -- Janis Joplin & Her Band opens at Winterland, Frisco.
Source: [Frisco History Archive]

1969 -- US: A federal grand jury indicts the Chicago Eight.

1970 -- US: GM announces all Fisher Body 2 workers will be permanently laid off & the plant turned over to Chevrolet for building light trucks. The future of the workers & the Local union is uncertain, & this action appears an obvious retaliation for the 1969 strike.
See John Zerzan's "Organized Labor versus 'The Revolt Against Work',"

1970 -- Sweden: Collision involving the tanker Othello, in Tralhavet Bay, results in a 60,000 - 100,000 ton oil spill.

Heaven is my judge, not I for love & duty,
But seeming so for my peculiar end.

1976 -- US: Patricia "Tania" Hearst convicted of bank robbery.

"I wasn't with a bunch of Cub Scouts."

universal anarchist icon
1982 -- France: Pierre Lentengre (aka Pierre Lentente) (1890-1982) dies, in Var. Militant & founder of a Parisian anarchist group. Administrator of "La voix libertaire" (1928-1939) & active in "The Friends of Sébastien Faure." See the Anarchist Encyclopedia,

1983 -- Australia: 150,000 (1% of population) demonstrate in anti-nuclear rallies.

1984 -- anarchist diamond; anarquistaUS: Louise Crowley dies, Seattle. Avid kite-maker, anarchist activist, produced the Seattle Group Bulletins.

1985 -- Bolivia: Army crushes General Strike. Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Siles resigns as president in its wake & an attempted coup.

Stan Iverson, self-sketch
1985 -- US: Benefit for anarchist Stan Iverson (1927-1985), at Seattle's Left Bank Books. One of many fund raising efforts to aid Stan in his fight against cancer.

1990 -- Namibia: Independence!

1991 -- Eric Clapton's 4 year old son, Conor, falls to his death from a 53rd story New York City apartment window. The tragedy inspires Clapton's song "Tears in Heaven."

1991 -- England: British Government announces abandonment of the Poll Tax. All hail the Council Tax.
Source: [Calendar Riots]

1995 -- Japan: Scores die, thousands injured when an obscure religious cult releases nerve gas into the Tokyo subway system.

1995 -- US: Last words of Thomas J. Grasso, executed in Oklahoma by lethal injection:

"I did not get my Spaghetti-O's, I got spaghetti. I want the press to know this."
Source: 'Today in Rotten History'

1996 -- US: 25 arrested at Department of Justice in Washington D.C., 27 others in San Francisco, during protests demanding freedom for Leonard Peltier.

1997 -- US: Union Local 252 organizes Courtesy Bus. (Philadelphia?)

L'agneau carnivore book cover
1998 -- France: Agustin Gomez-Arcos (1939-1998) dies from cancer, Paris. Spanish anarquista, gay dramatist/novelist. Wrote many novels about pro-Franco Spain: L'agneau carnivore (1975), Maria Republica (1976), Ana non (1977), L'enfant pain (1983), Un oiseau brűlé vif (1984).

Often in winter the end of the day is like the final metaphor in a poem celebrating death:

there is no way out.

— Agustin Gomez-Arcos, A Bird Burned Alive, 1988

2002 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Uganda: Bit Testy, Are We? Police say a woman bit off her husband's penis & testicles during an argument. He won't be makin' that mistake again. You win some, you lose some.

Texas Mesquite
2003 -- Iraq: Source=Robert Braunwart Bush & Blair attack, in violation of international law & the UN mandate; Bush wants war crimes impunity for Americans. Bush & Blair rationalize their war by noting Iraq violations of UN mandates, but conveniently fail to cite their own violations.

24 Tomahawk missiles & four 2,000 lb. "bunker buster" bombs, with pin point accuracy land on top of Saddam Hussein.

... show details

Protest photo: Globalize Justice; source Research on Anarchism
2003 -- US: Among the thousands of demonstrations world wide, anti-war Direct Action shuts down Market Street in Frisco, California.

Antiwar demonstration Rome, Feb 15, 2003
2004 -- US: Global Day of Action Against War & Occupation. Over 575 protest around the world mark the one-year anniversary of the Bush Bumble-Crew's recolonization war on Iraq. London, England, Big Ben protesters scale the tower of time, insisting it is "Time to Tell the Truth."

One year ago, tens of millions around the world protested the impending BushWhacker's war on Iraq & other US government acts of aggression. This year, concerned Olympians again join the global day of protest.

Olympia, Washington: Say No to War!

... show details

2004 -- Italy: Nummer 1 Son's first day in Florence. Hey! Sveglili buon marcio sporco per niente di bum!! Hanno cronometrato sprecare!

2010 -- In Memoriam: Ai (1947-2010)

Ai was a poet like no other. When she burst onto the literary stage forty years ago, her poems were shocking in their intensity & austerity. She was absolutely fearless & sometimes almost brutal in her evocation of a dark world made brighter by her courageous testimony. She died of breast cancer in Stillwater, Oklahoma.

2012 -- The film "John Carter" based on Edgar Rice Burroughs' novel A Princess of Mars, records one of the biggest losses in cinema history, forcing Disney to take a $200 million writedown. Colin Wilson was among its producers & Michael Chabon was among its screen writers.

2014 -- Spring has sprung, done done it again: Return of the Maiden Goddess, & the young life energy she brings with her. Winter & the dark time have finally been put behind us, & the season of growth has begun. Mazing.

3000 --

"If most people were to be born twice they'd improbably call it dying."

       — e.e. cummings

(Better git ready — tomorrow is a comin', to a place near you...)

Blind Patriotism
3500 --
"Anarchist history Day book, anarchist almanac, anarchist daybook, anarchist chronology" Anarchist Day book, anarchist almanac, anarchist daybook The Daily Bleed: Stan Iverson, Louise Crowley, Agustin Gomez-Arcos, Pierre Lentengre, Emma Goldman, Arbeter Fraint, Walter Morrison, Jean de Boe, Solidaridad Gastronomico; Timeline, Almanac of Radicalism, Arts, Literature, Authors, Poets, Anarchists... Antiauthoritarian Calendar / Timeline & Encyclopedia, a radical annotated chronology, almanac, anarchist CALENDAR, anarchisten, anarchism, anarchico, anarchiste, anarquista, anarsizm, anarţizme, Anarţist, Anarquismo, Anarchismus, sindicalismo, anarquia, anarchia, anarchisme, anarchizm, anarkisme, libertarian, syndicalist, libertarian, What Happened on this day, in recovered history March 20

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