Cat Has Had the Time of His Life

thin line

Our Daily Bleed...

, on this day in recovered history April 1

April is the cruelest month, breeding
Lilacs out of the dead land, mixing
Memory & desire, stirring
Dull roots with spring rain.

       — T.S. Eliot, The Waste Land


Radical French anthropologist, theorist of popular culture.

APRIL FOOL'S DAY: Originated with calendar change in 1752. A day of pranks & fool's errands.

A Fool
"The first of April is the day we remember what we are the other 364 days of the year."

— Mark Twain




SAINT STUPID'S DAY. (A San Francisco tradition since 1980)

FESTIVAL OF FOOLS: Dublin, Ireland.






St Petersburg idiots unite on April Fool's Day.

Julia the Queen of Fools (center) leads japing young idiots in their pursuit of fun at the Konyushenny Dvor bar.






First Week of April is:

"A map of the world that does not include Utopia is not worth even glancing at, for it leaves out the one country at which Humanity is always landing. & when Humanity lands there, it looks out, & seeing a better country, sets sail. Progress is the realisation of Utopias."

— Oscar Wilde, The Soul of Man Under Socialism



Second week is:



Reading: Capitalism necessitates & oppressed underclass?

Third week is:





Fourth week be:





Moveable holidays:

1st Friday: ARBOR DAY. (Apache, Navajo, Coconino, Mohave, Yavapai; Arizona).


Thursday between 19th & 26th: FIRST DAY OF SUMMER. (Iceland!...first day is also the last day, right?)



1184 -- England: Pretending to be barmy, the wise fools of Gotham deceive King John & prevent establishment of a crown highway through Nottinghamshire.
Source: [Calendar Riots]

1239 -- First known MCF.

1649 -- England: Diggers occupy St. George's Hill, near Cobham, Surrey, seizing land to hold in common & to plant; other communities follow in Northants, Bucks, Kent, Herts, Middx, Leics, Beds, Glos & Notts.

1755 -- Anthelme Brillat-Savarin, gourmet, lives to eat — appropriately — in Belley, France. After 30 years simmering, his Physiology of Taste is published in 1825 — at his own expense.

Random number counter
1755 -- Switzerland: Blood-red rain falls at Locarno this month. Sorry, don't know exact day, so I picked one at random.

1766 -- Horace Walpole's hoax letter to the half-mad Rousseau is published in the "The Saint James Chronicle," in which he pretends to be Frederick the Great, offering political asylum.

1816 -- Jane Austen writes one who has suggested that she make her next work an "historical romance."

"I could not seriously sit down to write a serious romance under any other motive than to save my life."

1841 -- US: Brook Farm, history's most famous utopian community, is founded near West Roxbury, Massachusetts. It's primary appeal was to young Bostonians who shrink from the materialism of American life, & the community was a refuge for dozens of transcendentalists, including Ralph Waldo Emerson & Nathanial Hawthorne.
Further details / context, click here[Details / context]

1847 -- US: Michigan becomes first state to abolish the death penalty.

Charles Maurin, French anarchiste
1856 -- Charles Maurin lives (1856-1914). French painter, engraver, & anarchist.
Friend of Toulouse-Lautrec, collaborates in "La Revue Blanche" directed by Félix Fénéon, & initiates Felix Vallotton to engraving & anarchism.

(fragment d'un autoportait, Musée Crozatier); below, woodcut by Maurin, of Ravachol at the guillotine

1866 -- US: Congress overrides Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Andrew Johnson's veto of Civil Rights Bill, gives equal rights to all men born in the US — except Indians.

1867 -- US: Joshua Norton I, "Dei Gratia" Emperor of the United States & Protector of Mexico, claims Maximillian as a POW.

To Mr. Seward:
It is my desire that, in case Maximillian will surrender, he be sent here a prisoner of war, but that in the event of his continuing the war, or refusing to surrender, then he be shot.

— April 1867 (exact date unknown).

1868 -- Edmond Rostand, poet/dramatist lives, Marseille. Best known for the verse drama Cyrano de Bergerac.

Anarchist symbol
1871 -- France: Émile Digeon is arrested, following the army's defeat of the Narbonne Commune yesterday.
Further details / context, click here[Details / context]

1872 -- Russia: Bolshevik feminist Alexandra Kollontai lives, St. Petersburg.

ALEXANDRA KOLLANTAI, 1998 Daily Bleed Patron Saint
Tried to bring women's rights to the Bolshevik counter-revolution.

1875 -- Edgar Wallace (1875-1932) lives. British novelist, playwright, journalist who produced popular detective & suspense stories, practically inventing the modern "thriller." His prolific output, however, undermined his reputation as a fresh & original writer.

1882 -- Egypt: Coalheavers strike against the Suez Canal Company in Port Said.

Lon Chaney (F)RED
1883 -- Lon Chaney, man of a thousand faces, lives.

1883 -- France: Louise Michel: Elle est incarcérée à la prison de Saint-Lazare.
Source: [Michel Chronologie]

1896 -- Emma Goldman, anarchist feministUS: Back in New York this month, Emma Goldman resides with Edward Brady in a German neighborhood on Eleventh Street.

Emma earns a meager living as a midwife & nurse, witnessing the plight of many women suffering from unwanted pregnancies....& is active on many other fronts as well.

Further details/ context, click here[Details / context]

1901 -- Francisco Ascaso lives, Almudevar, Spain. Anarquista militant/CNT member. Member of "Los Justicieros" & "Los Solidarios."

Ascaso, et al
Several members of Nosotros, an FAI action group. Those pictured include the three most well-known figures, Garcia Oliver, Francisco Ascaso, & Buenaventura Durruti.

Francisco Ascaso Abadia was part of "Los Solidarios" with Durruti, Gregorio Jover, Juan García Oliver, Antonio Ortiz, Ricardo Sanz, etc. They fought against the "Pistoleros" (hired by cleric employers to assassinate trade unionists).

Ascaso died on July 20, 1936 in the famed assault against the Atarazanas barracks...

Further details / context, click here[Details / context]

1907 -- Anna Bondestam lives. Finnish-Swedish author, one of the few describers of the Swedish speaking working class in Finland. Also written poems & translated Finnish literature to Swedish.

Paul Brousse; image courtesy of Ephéméride Anarchiste
1912 -- Paul Brousse dies (1844-1912). Member of the Swiss anarchist Jura Federation, helping James Guillaume publish its bulletin. Later a socialist & electoral reformist, stooping, at the International Congress in London, August 1886, with Jules Guesde, to vote for the expulsion of the anarchists. Consequently, Brousse's name is associated with the Socialist Party, reformism & vote-catching maneuvers.

1915 -- US: Harrison Narcotic Act.

1916 -- Emma Goldman, anarchist feministUS: Emma Goldman prepares for her birth control trial scheduled for the 5th & continues to lecture this month in New York; drama critique includes discussion of British playwright Harley Granville-Barker.

1917 -- Emma Goldman, anarchist feministUS: During this month Emma Goldman speaks at several meetings chaired by John Sloan of the New York Art Students League.

1918 -- Emma Goldman, anarchist feministUS: During this month the final issue of Mother Earth Bulletin produced; future publication is made impossible by ongoing government seizures.

Today Harry Weinberger meets with the assistant superintendent of prisons in Washington, DC, to complain about government tampering & confiscation of Emma Goldman's mail.

Also this month, the Ferrer Center (see Modern School) in New York closes.

1919 -- The final game for the 1919 Stanley Cup is canceled because of the worldwide epidemic of influenza. No winner is declared in the series between the Montreal Canadiens & Seattle Metropolitans.

1920 -- US: T-Bone Slim's The Popular Wobbly published in the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) One Big Union Monthly.

1920 -- US: The American Way? Five members of NY state legislature expelled as Socialists.

1922 -- Historian William Manchester lives, Attleboro, Massachusetts.

1924 -- Germany: Adolf Hitler imprisoned for involvement in the Beer-Hall Putsch, begins dictating Mein Kampf to Rudolf Hess.
Its original title — Four-&-a-Half Years of Struggle Against Lies, Stupidity & Cowardice; Settling Accounts with the Destroyers of the National Socialist Movement — seemed too light-hearted. Leads one wag to comment: "Everyone needs an editor."

1924 -- Automatic Record Changer introduced.

1924 -- Czech novelist, short-story writer, playwright, poet Milan Kundera, lives, Brno. Kundera's works combine erotic comedy with political criticism. Until 1989, all of his books were banned in his country.

1924 -- US: One of West Virginia's most unusual strikes begins today, when union miners walk out at the Coal River Collieries.

... show details

1926 -- anarchist diamondFrance: Charles Angrand (1854-1926) dies. Impressionist, Pointillist painter & anarchist illustrator. Friends with Seurat, Cross, Luce & Signac & other libertarian artists & illustrators. Angrand designed a now-famous black cat & provided illustrations to Jean Grave's Les Temps Nouveaux as well as helping to finance it with the sale of his paintings.

1930 -- France: Cultural theorist, philosopher Pierre Bourdieu lives.
Source: Autonomedia Calendar

1932 -- US: 500 school children, most with haggard faces & in tattered clothes, parade through Chicago's downtown section to the Board of Education offices to demand that the school system provide them with food.
See Mauritz Hallgren, Seeds of Revolt.

1936 -- Emma Goldman, anarchistEngland: During this month Emma Goldman leaves London, arriving in Nice on April 6.
Further details / context, click here[Details / context]

Abe Bluestein & Selma Cohen, April 1, 1937
1937 -- US: Abe Bluestein & Selma Cohen head to Spain to aid the anarchists.

1938 -- Spain: The Lincolns are overrun by the fascist armies near Gandesa; the battalion suffers heavy casualties, among them Commander Robert Merriman; during the next week they re-assemble at Mora la Nueva on the Ebro, only 120 Lincolns remain.
Early April: The Lincolns in training at Darmos, near Mora la Nueva, where they are joined by more than 400 young Spanish recruits.
[ Resources & sources on the Spanish Revolution of 1936 ]

1939 -- Alley Oop steps into a time machine.

1939 -- Spain: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Franco declares the Spanish Civil War at an end. The democracy-loving US rushes to recognize his fascist dictatorship.

... show details

1940 -- Emma Goldman, anarchist feministCanada: Emma Goldman returns home to her Toronto apartment today, after regaining consciousness but not the ability to speak. She suffers a second hemorrhage on May 6.

Samuel Delaney
1942 -- Samuel Delany lives. Science fiction writer, composer, musician. Bisexual African American, husband (1961-1980) of poet Marilyn Hacker.

1945 -- Japan: US forces attack Okinawa.

1946 -- US: Strike by 400,000 mine workers.

Yet Truman ultimately suppressed this strike wave (1945-46) by calling out the military ("workers in uniform") not only to restore social order but also to run key sectors of the economy until the more rebellious elements of this strike wave could be rebridled. The contentious April 1, 1946 strike by 400,000 mine workers led by the then independent UMW was ended when the US government used the army to seize the mines to continue production.


TV Repair
1949 -- The revolution will not be televised: Gil Scott-Heron lives.

Green Acres, The Beverly Hillbillies, & Hooterville
Junction will no longer be so damned relevant, &
Women will not care if Dick finally gets down with
Jane on Search for Tomorrow because Black people
will be in the street looking for a brighter day.

The revolution will not be televised.


1951 -- During this month Beatster Jack Kerouac writes a new version On the Road on a paper scroll. He & Joan Haverty also separate. Kerouac goes to North Carolina to his sister's home. In May he learns Joan is pregnant.

1952 -- Big Bang theory proposed in Physical Review by Alpher, Bethe & Gamow.

1952 -- During this month Beatster Jack Kerouac is in Mexico, where he writes Dr. Sax using "spontaneous prose" method & marijuana.

1954 -- US: "Great Cheese Scandal." Secretary of Agriculture Ezra Taft Benson, disregarding the fact that Wisconsin cheese distributors had contracted to sell the government 90 million pounds of cheese at 37 cents per pound, drops the price support level on dairy products from 90 to 75 percent parity. The cheese distributors promptly repurchased the title to their product at 34 cents per pound, realizing a $2.2 million profit on cheese that never left their warehouse.

1954 -- First H-bomb tested on Bikini Atoll. First aerial test of an H-Bomb also occurs here, May 21, 1956.

1954 -- During this month Beatster Jack Kerouac takes a bus back from California to his mother's house in Richmond Hill (New York). Works briefly on the Brooklyn waterfront but quits because of phlebitis condition.
April-August: Starts writing science fiction story "cityCityCITY."

1955 -- South Africa: Boycott of segregated schools begins.

1955 -- Jack Kerouac's "Jazz of the Beat Generation" (parts of chapters 10 & 14, Book Three from On the Road), in New World Writing #7 (under the pseudonym Jean Louis).

Kenneth Rexroth's intersection with the Beat Generation vortex began in 1955. Initially he had nice things to say about Kerouac's "Jazz of the Beat Generation" & on October 7, 1955 Rexroth was the master of ceremonies at the historic & legendary Six Gallery reading. Together with Lawrence Ferlinghetti, Rexroth heavily influenced the San Francisco renaissance which became swept up in the vortex during the 1950s.

But the personal relationship between Rexroth & Kerouac was quickly infused with bad karma, & he panned On The Road when it was published in 1957.

1960 -- US: Launching of the first weather satellite, Tiros I. Now everything is sunny, we see the light at the end of the tunnel.

1961 -- US: Local 101 begins 6-week strike against Brooklyn Union Gas Company.

1963 -- US: Longest newspaper strike in US history ends. The nine major papers in New York City ceased publication over 100 days ago.

1966 -- China: Start of “cultural revolution”. Mayor of Peking, P’eng Chen, dismissed & several cultural officials, including Chou Yang, removed from office.
[Source: K.S. Karol]

1968 -- Spain: Las facultades de Sevilla, clausuradas hasta después de Semana Santa.

Stan Iverson, Seattle anarchist
1969 -- First collective anarchist pizza made as Morningtown Pizza & Subs opens in Seattle, Washington.

... show details

1969 -- US: Ralph Nader's last chance to buy a car: Last Chevrolet Corvair built.

Jimi Hendrix
1971 -- Six months after his death, Jimi Hendrix's "The Cry of Love" goes gold. It is the last LP on which the guitarist was a willing participant & some say it might have gone higher than #3 had it not been for an LP by another deceased rock star, "Pearl," by Janis Joplin.

1972 -- France: Dissolution of the Situationist International. SI dingbat

Real Split

The Real Split in the International: a public circular of the Situationist International (Éditions Champ-Libre, Paris), a book by Guy Debord & Gianfranco Sanguinetti, appears during this month.

The central chapter 'Theses on the SI & its time' announces the dissolution of the Situationist International.

"And now... we will become even more inaccessible, even more clandestine. The more our theses become famous, the more we will ourselves be obscure."

1972 | [Situationist Resources]

1973 -- Vietnam: Hanoi releases last 591 acknowledged American POWs.

1974 -- North Vietnam: "Hanoi" Jane Fonda arrives on her second visit — & the American right wing is still livid.

Ernst painting
1976 -- Max Ernst, artist in many media, dies in Paris on the eve of his 85th birthday. Remembered primarily for his activities in the Dada period, he was also one of the most important artists identified with the Surrealist movement, until André Breton "excommunicated" him. For most of his life, Ernst rejected identification with any group. He hated to be categorized.

See Daily Bleed Patron Saints Gallery page,

... show details

1982 -- Marvin Gaye is killed by a gunshot wound in Los Angeles in an argument with his father. He was 44 years old. Gaye's father received probation after pleading guilty to voluntary manslaughter.
My country tis of thee...

1982 -- Pacific Peacemaker damaged by French police boats during nuclear weapons testing protest, Muroroa Atoll, South Pacific.

1983 -- England: Human chain 14 miles long linked Brughfield, Greenham Common & Aldermaston to oppose Cruise & Pershing missiles.

Big Brother is Watching You
1984 -- Winston Smith discovers Freedom resides at 7-11 Store.

1985 -- US: Environmental Protection Agency orders end to dumping of sludge off the New Jersey coast. Apparently even they can't swim in the stuff.

Kid poking another kid in the eye
1986 -- US: Smog-Brains? The Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors votes to lobby the US Congress to rename the Angeles National Forest the "Reagan National Forest." Says Sierra Club spokesman Bob Hattoy,

"Naming a national forest after Ronnie Reagan is like naming a day care center after W C Fields."

1990 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Beginning of Juan García Ordoño novel Tres crímenes y algo más

1994 -- Source=Robert Braunwart China: Dissident Wei Jingsheng is arrested outside Beijing.

U. Utah Phillips on the air
1999 -- US: Loafers Glory, with U. Utah Phillips, labor organizer, IWW Wobbly, anarchist, exquisite bullshitter ("My God! That's Moose Turd Pie...Good, Though!"), songster, hits the airwaves, Pacifica Radio online, 9am Thursdays; some stations, like Seattle's KBCS-FM, tape the program for rebroadcast on a different date & time. [Radio show suspended April 2002 for lack of funding].

Utah Phillips is described as "a national treasure, a writer of haunting songs, a storyteller of hilarious presence & subtle depth, a union organizer, historian & scholar, a Celtic-Yiddish bard, a Pleistocene bon vivant, a post-modern ne'er-do-well, & a heck of an engineer." A 40-year member of the IWW, he is the most entertaining labor troubadour of our time...

A conversation with Ani Difranco & Utah Phillips, kindred spirits & collaborators on a daring new album

2001 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Bangladesh: Three-day General Strike against the government begins.

2001 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Scotland: Greenpeace protesters occupy a Conoco oil exploration rig.

2001 -- anarchiste diamondFrance: Suzanne Allen (1920-2001) dies. French poet & novelist, born in India. A member of the Groupe surréaliste révolutionnaire in 1946-47, her works are as much philosophical as poetic & often libertarian in spirit. Published her first novel, La mauvaise conscience in 1955.

2003 -- Source=Robert Braunwart US: Pearl Jam singer Eddie Vedder impales a mask of Beloved & Reinspected Comrade Leader President Bush the Junior, Denver, Colorado. Encore! Encore!!

2009 -- England: G-20 protesters break into the Royal Bank of Scotland. Protesters carrying placards that read "Hang the Bankers" target banks in London's financial district, spray-painting the word "Thieves" on the side of the building, breaking into the Royal Bank & smashing windows. Unfortunately the coffers were found empty, CEO's having made off with all the loot long ago. Elsewhere, some 4,000 protesters pelt police with beer cans, fruit & flour in a valiant effort to storm the Bank of England.

2011 -- Manning Marable, Black American historian, director of the Institute for Research in African American Studies at Columbia University, dies at age 60.

George Bush, the Evil Darth Vader unmasked!
3000 --
Daily Bleed Work page pointer for April The Daily Bleed: U. Utah Phillips, Situationist International, Guy Debord, Paul Brousse, T-Bone Slim, Charles Angrand, Émile Digeon, Morningtown Pizza, Francisco Ascaso; Timeline, Almanac of Radicalism, Arts, Literature, Authors, Poets, Anarchists... a radical annotated chronology, almanac, anarchist CALENDAR, anarchisten, anarchism, anarchico, anarchiste, anarquista, anarsizm, anarþizme, Anarþist, Anarquismo, Anarchismus, sindicalismo, anarquia, anarchia, anarchisme, anarchizm, anarkisme, libertarian, syndicalist, libertarian, What Happened on this day, in recovered history April 1

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