Cat Has Had the Time of His Life

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Our Daily Bleed...

"An idea that is not dangerous is unworthy of being called an idea at all."

— Oscar Wilde

APRIL 11 — JUDITH KRUG     American librarian, defender of banned books, free speech.



Haley's Comet
837 -- Halley's Comet passes earth by 6 million km.

1241 -- Hermannstadt stormed by the Mongols.

1492 -- Margaret of Angoulême, Queen consort of Henry II of Navarre, a patron of humanities & religious reformers & an author, lives, Angoulême. Her most important work was Heptaméron & Les Dernières Poésies, both published posthumously.

1617 -- Pocahontas, the daughter of Native American King Powhatan, dies on a ship returning from England to Virginia. She leaves an infant son.

School children are fed the romantic tale of Pocahontas' encounter with Captain John Smith. But the truth is that English settlers in Jamestown held her captive to force concessions from her father. Then Colonist John Rolfe married the captive Pocahontas, changed her name to Rebecca Rolfe, dressed her in English finery, & took her to England for Queen Elizabeth's amusement.

1722 -- Christopher Smart, dooty Brit poet, lives, Shipbourne, Kent. In & out of asylums, the poet is finally released in 1763 & publishes his masterpiece, A Song to David.

1772 -- Manuel José Quintana lives, Madrid, Spain. Patriot/Neoclassical poet esteemed for poems, pamphlets, & proclamations written during the War of Independence from Napoleon. Crowned national poet in 1855 by Queen Isabella II.

Mechanics in the clockworks; collage by James Koehnline
1812 -- Luddite!England: Attack on Rawfords Hill to destroy machinery.

Wroe & Duncliffs Mfg. set ablaze. 300 Luddites meet the first serious resistance & suffer their first defeat in this abortive attack. Yorkshire machine breaking virtually at an end as Luddism acquires new patterns. Wm Cartwright's mill, Liversedge, attacked by mobs from Halifax, Huddersfield, Liversedge, Heckmondwyke, Gomersal, Birstall, Cleckheaton et al.

Collage by SaintMeister James Koehnline
The event was described by Charlotte Brönte in her novel Shirley. Cartwright & a few soldiers held the mill against about 150 attackers, two of whom were killed. The following week an attempt was made on Cartwright's life & on 28 April William Horsfall, another manufacturer, was killed.

"Discord, broken loose in the night from control, had beaten the ground with his stamping hoofs, & left it waste & pulverised. The mill yawned all ruinous with unglazed frames; the yard was thickly bestrewn with stones & brickbats, &, close under the mill, with the glittering fragments of the shattered windows, muskets & other weapons lay here & there; more than one deep crimson stain was visible on the gravel; a human body lay quiet on its face near the gates; & five or six wounded men writhed & moaned in the bloody dust."

See the Luddite resources at the Stan Iverson Archives:

1834 -- France: Lyon. Insurrection des Canuts. Les combats se poursuivent. Le quartier de la Croix Rousse est bombardée par la troupe qui a reçu des renforts. Tentatives d'insurrection à Saint Etienne et à Vienne.
[Further details]

Captain Jack
1873 -- US: The Battle of Lost River, the first hostilities between the US Government & Captain Jack's band of Modoc Indians.

Today 50 Modoc Indians hold off 329 US troops in the battle of Land's Ranch. The Modoc Medicine Man, Curley Headed Doctor, places a magical rope around Captain Jack's stronghold in the Lava Beds of Northern California. Foggy conditions, green troups, fatigue & inept leadership all played a role.

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1895 -- Cuba: José Martí & Máximo Gómez land at Playitas. In Spanish, see Eduardo Galeano's Memoria del fuego,

1898 -- US: Beloved & Respected comrade Leader President Bill McKinley declares Cuba independent of Spain & asks Congress for a resolution authorizing him to use armed forces in compelling the Spanish to "liberate" the island. The resolution passed & US warships were dispatched to blockade all Cuban ports.

1905 -- Attila József lives. One of the great Hungarian poets of the 20th century, who spent his short life in extreme poverty.

Abandoned by his father at 3, attempted suicide at 9, at 14 his mother died. In 1925 expelled from the University of Szeged for a revolutionary poem. Joined the illegal Hungarian Communist Party & was expelled in 1933 by Stalinists who attacked him as a fascist. Committed suicide in 1937 by throwing himself under a freight train.
Central themes in Jozsef's poems are poverty, loneliness, suffering, but, on the other hand, also love & hope for a more human world.

Jean Malaquais, aka Vladimir (or Wladimir) Malacki
1908 -- Poland: Jean Malaquais lives (1908-1998), Warsaw. Literary pseudonym of Vladimir (or Wladimir) Malacki.

Daily Bleed Patron Saint, JEAN MALAQUAIS     Left council communist, literary radical, writer, activist.

His family perished in the Nazi concentration camps. Private secretary to André Gide, fought in Spain in 1936. During & after WWII he fell in with Victor Serge & the surrealists André Breton & Benjamin Péret & still later associated with Maximilien Rubel, Anton Pannekoek, Albert Camus, Paul Mattick, Raya Dunayevskaya . His political journey led from the left of Trotskyism to an anti-authoritarian council communist position not far from that of class struggle anarchist communism.

An important theme in his novels was his affirmation of life, that despite everything life was worth living.

‘The best thing about life is life!’

Wrote War Diary (Doubleday 1944), World Without Visa (Doubleday 1948), Men From Nowhere (L. B. Fischer, 1943), The Joker (Doubleday, 1954; Warner Paperback, 1974 [Intro by Norman Mailer]), among books.

1910 -- Emma Goldman, anarchist feminist  US: Emma Goldman's lectures in early April in Denver, Colorado, are well attended. But Emma & Dr. Ben Reitman are arrested in Cheyenne, Wyoming, while conducting an open-air meeting. The arrests spur further interest in "Red" Emma.

1914 -- George Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion opens in London with Mrs. Patrick Campbell as Eliza, on the eve of Shaw's 15th anniversary of corresponding with the actress.

1914 -- "Explaining the term 'Anarchist-Communism'," appears in Min Sheng, No. 5, April 11, 1914, pp.1-5.
Further details/ context, click here[Details / context]

1915 -- Italy: La polizia di stato uccide un operaio durante una manifestazione contro la guerra.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]

1916 -- Richard Harding Davis dies in Mount Kisco, New York. Reporter, popular novelist, author of 25 plays.

1917 -- Ragtime composer Scott Joplin dies, New York City.

Daily Bleed Patron Saint 2004-05     Innovator of 'ragtime' jazz.

1918 -- Russia: The Bolsheviks use the respite of the Brest Litovsk treaty with imperialism to attack their critics on the left. Tonight, 26 anarchist centers in Moscow are raided by the Cheka.

A fierce battle rages on Malaia Dimitrovka Street with dozens killed on both sides & hundreds arrested.

"In the spring of 1918, in reaction to the growing repression of all opposition & free expression, the anarchist groups within the Moscow Federation formed armed detachments, the Black Guards, & Lev Chernyi played an active part in these. On the night of April 11, 1918 the Cheka, the secret police, raided the building of the Moscow Federation, & the Black Guards offered armed resistance. About 40 anarchists were killed or wounded & about 500 were imprisoned."

— Terry Phillips, The Match!, #79/Fall 1984

[Additional Source: Calendar Riots]

1920 -- orange diamond dingbat, added 2014, remove 2015Italy: During negotiations to end the city-wide lockout at Fiat, employers demand the power of Factory Councils be kept within the limits of old Internal Commissions. the whole question of power at the point of production is at stake.

1924 -- US: Premier issue of the Bulletin of the Anarchist Red Cross."
Bulletin of the Anarchist Red Cross; source Ephéméride Anarchiste
Bulletin of the Anarchist Red Cross

"Save your brothers tortured in the prisons of Russia"

Launched with a call to American workers & their organizations to put pressure on the Bolshevik authorities to put an end to persecutions & imprisonments of Russian workers, Socialist revolutionary militants, trade unionists, & anarchists — victims because they refuse to kneel before the Bolshevik Party dictatorship.
Source & graphic: Ephéméride Anarchiste

1926 -- American horticulturist Luther Burbank dies.

1931 -- Dorothy Parker steps down as drama critic for The New Yorker, mistress of the verbal hand grenade, ending a self-described "Reign of Terror."

1931 --

"The ordinary man is an anarchist. He wants to do as he likes. He may want his neighbor to be governed, but he himself doesn't want to be governed. He is mortally afraid of government officials & policemen."

— George Bernard Shaw, Address in New York, April 11, 1931.

1932 -- EG, anarchist feminist    Denmark: April 11-13, Emma Goldman lectures in German at the student union in Copenhagen under the auspices of the Society for the Defense of Personal Liberty on "Social Problems in a Contemporary Light" in Odense, & in Aarhus to a large & enthusiastic audience on the effects of prohibition in the US.

1934 -- Mark Strand lives, poet (Sleeping with One Eye Open, etc.), editor, translator.

1934 -- orange diamond dingbat, added 2012, remove 2013US: Immigration authorities arrest & attempt to deport Vincent Ferrero & Domenick Sallitto to Fascist Italy. Italian immigrants, Ferrero & Sallitto ran a restaurant in Oakland, California & rented space to the anarchist journal Man!

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1935 -- Emma Goldman, anarchist    Canada: In her last month in this country this year Emma GoldmanEmma Goldman speaks in Hamilton, Ontario, under the auspices of the National Council of Jewish Women.

Also during the month, Harper's magazine rejects Emma's suggestion that she write a monthly column about the European situation.

The effort to aid the ailing Alexander Berkman is formalized with the creation in New York of the Alexander Berkman Provisional Committee which plans fund-raising events to celebrate the anniversary of his release from prison & his upcoming 65th birthday.

1938 -- US: Bare Market? Richard Whitney, five-term president of the New York Stock Exchange, is sentenced to five to 10 years in prison for grand larceny.

Ford: Quantity is Job #1
1941 -- US: Ford Motor Company signs its first contract with United Auto Workers (UAW).

1943 -- US: James Hatsuki Wakasa, a 63 year-old Japanese-American chef, is shot to death by a sentry at Heart Mountain (concentration camp) while allegedly trying to escape through a fence.

It is later determined that Wakasa had been inside the fence & facing the sentry when shot. The sentry stood a general court marshal on April 28 at Fort Douglas, Utah & found "not guilty."


1951 -- Korea: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Fade Away General Douglas MacArthur is removed from his command for unauthorized policy statements. His idea regards North Korea & China was to nuke 'em early & often. WWIII an all that. Similar to the extreme rightwing clique in the White House under Beloved & Respected Comrade Dubya George Bush in the 21st Century. FadeAway Douglas MacArthur

1956 -- The man later known as Soul Brother Number One, James Brown, has his first chart entry when "Please, Please, Please" debuts on the R&B chart.

1961 -- Bob Dylan makes his New York City stage debut at Gerde's Folk City, a small Greenwich Village club, opening for bluesman John Lee Hooker.

"I was so much older then,

I'm younger than that now."

1961 --

Situationist International

Germany: SI dingbat11 to 13 April Third session of the SI's Central Council in Munich. Participants: Debord, Kotànyi, Nash, Sturm.
Exclusion of Maurice Wyckaert from the Belgian section, following an attempt to meddle in the SI's affairs by the art dealer Otto Van de Loo, who had hoped to influence its politics by making threats & promises to several situationists with whom he had personal relations.

In order to deal with his increasingly pervasive fame, the Central Council accepts the resignation of Asger Jorn from the French section. Jorn affirms his complete accord with the SI, demonstrating it in writing (he continues his participation in the SI under the pseudonym George Keller for around a year).
The Central Council, reduced to four members, decides not to meet again until the next SI conference, where it will be reorganized.

Appearance of

«Musique phénoménale»

(Phenomenal Music), text by Asger Jorn, accompanying the four albums of 'chaosmic music' (written & recorded between December & February) with Jean Dubuffet, Galleria del Cavallino, Venice. | [Situationist Resources]

1963 -- Vatican: Pacem in Terris encyclical issued by Pope John XIII, calling for an end to the nuclear arms race. Nobody listens.

anarchist Rudi Dutschke
1968 -- Germany: In Berlin, the attempted assassination of Rudi Dutschke, a well-known student anarchist activist, unleashes solidarity demonstrations in his behalf in Paris, Rome, Vienna & London.

... show details

1968 -- US: Civil Rights Act of 1968 signed into law. The act bars racial discrimination in housing & other areas.

Hey! Hey! LBJ! signs act. While primarily addressing open housing, the Act also includes a new federal anti-riot law, making it a crime to cross state lines with the intent to incite a riot.

[Why anyone would want to cross a state line for any other purpose is beyond us. — ed.]

1968 -- US: Amid concerns about rising protests of the Viet Nam War, Congress enacts the Anti-Riot Act of 1968.

Also today Beloved & Respected Comrade Secretary of Defense Clark Clifford calls 24,500 military reserves to action for two-year commitments, & announces a new troop ceiling of 549,500 American soldiers in Vietnam. The total number of Americans "in country" peaks at some 541,000 in August this year, & decline to 334,000 by 1970.
[Source: WholeWorld is Watching]

1970 -- John O'Hara, American novelist & short-story writer whose sparingly styled fiction stands as a social history of upwardly mobile Americans from the 1920s through the 1940s, dies in Princeton, New Jersey. Many of his best-selling novels were adapted for stage & screen, including the popular Butterfield 8 (1935; film, 1960) & From the Terrace (1958; film, 1960).
Daily Bleed alternate Patron Saint, JOHN O'HARA     New York School novelist, bon vivant.

1970 -- Peter Green, founding member of Fleetwood Mac, announces he will leave the band on May 25 to devote himself to "what God would have me do." On May 26 he announced God would have him do the reunion tour.

1971 -- 500 marchers in support Pepe Beunza reach Spanish border; 100 beaten by Spain's finest.

Jacques Prevert, poet, libertarian, surrealist
1977 --

"Ni Dieu, ni Maître; Mieux d'Etre"
"Rêve + Evolution = Révolution"

Jacques Prévert (1900-1977) dies. Poet, surrealist, libertarian. Worshiped freedom & glorified the spirit of rebellion & revolt. Participated with the surrealists, but refused to join the Communist Party with André Breton, whom he made fun of in Mort d'un monsieur. Also a talented screen writer, whose credits include The Children of Paradise.
Prévert poem, animated

1978 -- Zambia: 136 Zimbabweans killed in Rhodesia napalm bombing, Solway Refugee Camp.

Jim Koehnline collage
1979 -- Uganda: Dictator Idi Amin overthrown; Tanzania takes Kampala.

Collage by SaintMeister James Koehnline

1980 -- US: Leisure Village, NJ workers join TWU. [Inspires Americans across the nation to start wearing "leisure" suits].
Also today, Local 100 wins 11-day strike in New York gaining 23% increases in wages & benefits over two years.

Ooops...animated flames
1981 -- Germany: 10,000 gather in West Berlin to protest housing shortages. Some wear paint, some bring instruments. It is a celebration. The next night 500 go on a rampage, smashing cars & store windows & battling cops.

1982 -- Burma: A double-deck ferry boat hits a sandbar & capsizes in the Irnawaddy River near Rangoon; 160 drown.

1986 -- US: 17 arrested on felony riot charges after police tear-gas striking Hormel meatpacking workers in Austin, Minn. 6,000 (in a city of 20,000) demonstrate tomorrow.

The Hormel strike, generally regarded as the first major grass roots revolt against corporate downsizing, is eventually suppressed by Hormel in cooperation with both the state & the workers' own national union. (See also 13 November 1933).

Sailboarder at sunset
1986 -- Dodge Morgan sails solo nonstop around the world in 150 days.

1987 -- Novelist Erskine Caldwell dies in Paradise Valley, Arizona. Wrote Tobacco Road; God's Little Acre. Closely involved with photographer Margaret Bourke-White.

"The first book, God's Little Acre & the short stories, that's enough for any man, he should be content with that."

William Faulkner

1987 -- Primo Levi dies, an apparent suicide. Italian-Jewish writer & chemist. Gained fame with his autobiographical story If This is a Man (1947), of survival in Nazi concentration camps. See July 31, 1919.

1990 -- First US cruise missiles removed from West Germany to be destroyed in Arizona.

1991 -- United Nations officially declares an end to the Gulf War.

1991 -- US: The musical "Miss Saigon," denounced by detractors as racist & sexist, opens on Broadway.

1996 -- Egypt: Treaty of Pelindaba signed in Cairo, making Africa a nuclear-free continent &, at least in theory, making the entire southern hemisphere a nuclear-free zone.

Young Bob Dylan flopped out on bed with guitar & harmonica
2003 -- The 3rd People's Poetry Gathering (-13), "A Woodstock for words in Lower Manhattan," celebrating America's — & the world's — oral & written poetries.

A "paradise of poets," three days when the air in Lower Manhattan shimmers with voices in an exaltation of odes, sonnets, elegies, rants — poetry from ancient songs to postmodern epics.

NY 3rd Annual Anarchist Bookfair
2009 -- US: New York 3rd Annual Anarchist Bookfair.

Montreal 10th Annual Anarchist Bookfair; source:
2009 -- Canada: Montreal 10th Annual Anarchist Bookfair.
Posters courtesy of Just Seeds

2009 -- US: American librarian, banned books activist Judith Krug dies, Evanston, Illinois.

3000 --

Hold the Line

There is a group in this here town,
That really goes too far;
They've traded in their Ph.D.s
For a folk guitar.

Sing a song for People's Artists,
Balladeers unite!
Buy your latest People's Songbook
There's a hoot tonight!

Organize & fertilize
& sing your little song;
You are right on every issue
All the rest are wrong.


— From the Bosses Songbook, by Dick Ellington & Dave Van Ronk, circa 1964

The Daily Bleed: JEAN MALAQUAIS, Rudi Dutschke, Guy Debord, Asger Jorn, Situationist International, Marcus Graham, Vincent Ferrero, Domenick Sallitto, Lev Chernyi, Bulletin of the Anarchist Red Cross, Emma Goldman, Min Sheng, Annual Anarchist Bookfair, Bosses Songbook, Dick Ellington, Dave Van Ronk; Timeline, Almanac of Radicalism, Arts, Literature, Authors, Poets, Anarchists... a radical annotated chronology, almanac, daybook, anarchist CALENDAR, anarchisten, anarchism, anarchico, anarchiste, anarquista, anarsizm, anarþizme, Anarþist, Anarquismo, Anarchismus, sindicalismo, anarquia, anarchia, anarchisme, anarchizm, anarkisme, anarki, anarkist, libertarian, syndicalist, anarcho-syndicalist, anarcho-communism, What Happened on this day, in recovered suppressed history April 11

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