Our Daily Bleed...
I beg you: leave me restless.
I live with the impossible ocean
& silence bleeds me dry.
— Pablo Neruda, excerpt "XXVIII,"
"The Sea & the Bells, (Port Townsend: Copper Canyon Press, 2003)
Canadian-born ethicist, proponent of Analytical Marxism.
DREAMS OF REASON FEAST DAY, dedicated to discarded scientific theory & science fiction futures.
Laos: NEW YEAR (416).
PAN AMERICAN DAY.
74 -- According to Jewish historian Josephus, 967 Jewish zealots commit mass suicide within the fortress of Masada on this last night before the walls are breached by the attacking Roman Tenth Legion. (Two women & five children survive by hiding in a cistern, & were later released unharmed by the Romans.)
1291 -- A body of Templars make a night raid on the Moslem camp at the Siege of Acre. They are all killed.
1611 -- "Telescope" named at a banquet given by Federico Cesi, Duke of Acquasparta.
1629 -- Christiaan Huygens, astronomer (discovered Saturn's rings) lives.
1756 -- New Old World: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Pennsylvania Governor Morris' declaration of war on the Delaware Indians states "for the scalp of every male Indian enemy, the sum of 130 pieces of eight."
1775 -- US: First abolition society in the US organized in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1788 -- US: Doctor's Riot. Five killed as a mob storms Doctors Hospital in New York, where Columbia University doctors & students were dissecting human corpses, many stolen from local graveyards.
1812 -- England: Luddite Sheffield food riot — mainly women & boys — seizing potatoes & vegetables & attacking a militia arms store.
Source: [Luddite Chronology]
1816 -- Barbados: Slave uprising breaks out on Easter Sunday night, taking advantage of the temporary freedom from work & the cover of permitted gathering for festivities. See also 18 August & 27 December.
Source: [Calendar Riots]
1822 -- Sir Walter Scott entertains George IV when the king visits Edinburgh. He gave Scott a precious glass goblet, which he put in his coat — & later sat down & crushed it.
1828 -- First publication of Noah Webster's American Dictionary of the English Language, 22 years in preparation. It introduces "Americanisms" — 12,000 words never before in any dictionary.
1834 -- France: In Lyon, where the Insurrection of the Silk Workers began the 9th of April, the army gradually begins retaking the city, attacking, for the third time, the Croix Rousse district, & massacring many workers. ("Sanglante semaine" — The "Bloody Week.")
1839 -- India: Rain of fish in Calcutta.
Source: [Calendar Riots]
1845 -- France: Louis Genet lives, Ain. Textile worker, member of the Vienna anarchist group "Les Indignés."
[Details / context]
1865 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Lincoln is shot by John Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theater in Washington, DC. Secretary of State Seward is also attacked with a Bowie knife, & severely wounded, by Lewis Paine, a co-conspirator of Booth. Lincoln dies tomorrow.
1874 -- US: Josiah Warren dies, Boston, Massachusetts. Author of True Civilization & Equitable Commerce.
Warren founded several “equity” stores, based on the idea of exchanging goods for an equivalent amount of labor & the principle that cost should be the limit of price. He established three utopian colonies; the most successful (1851–c.1860) was Modern Times (now Brentwood), Long Island, N.Y.... show details
1879 -- Russia: St. Petersburg. Somebody is about to have a Very Bad Day.
1881 -- Jean Biso (1881-1966) lives, in Bastia, Corsica. Anarcho-syndicalist, Secretary of the Syndicat des Correcteurs in Paris, participant in support groups for Sacco & Vanzetti, & the Spanish Revolution of 1936.
1889 -- Historian Arnold Toynbee lives, London. Wrote on Greek history & civilization.
1892 -- Australia: Radical anthropologist Gordon Childe lives, North Sydney.
Daily Bleed Patron Saint 2006-2010
Australian Marxist archeologist & prehistorian.
1894 -- US: First commercial screening of a motion picture, New York City, using Thomas Edison's Kinetoscope.
1897 -- Horace McCoy lives (1897-1955). "Hard-boiled" American mystery writer & Hollywood scriptwriter.
Contributor to Black Mask along with Raymond Chandler, James M. Cain, Dashiell Hammett, et al. His best known novel is the 1930s Depression drama They Shoot Horses, Don't They, filmed & directed by Sydney Pollack. Also wrote Kiss Tomorrow Goodbye; Corruption city.
1901 -- US: Emma Goldman begins a lecture tour (April-July) with a free-speech battle in Philadelphia where she is prevented from speaking before the Shirt Makers Union. Emma & the organizations sponsoring her talks, including the Single Tax Society, defy police orders; she speaks in public here on at least two occasions.
Today Emma speaks at an event sponsored by the Social Science Club; other speakers include Voltairine de Cleyre.
1910 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Taft begins tradition of throwing out baseball on opening day. Probably another political curveball.
Once upon a time for many years we would take Time to visit a very sick boy, "Mudball" Taylor, who once lived just across the lake from us; however, in the year 2004 he grew up, & went away & his fabulous baseball pages & Little League diary have all disappeared now from the Internet.
1911 -- US: Emma Goldman's lecture on "Victims of Morality" is among the most well attended in Denver, Colorado (April 14-19).
1912 -- US: Emma Goldman's lectures in Denver (April 14-27) positively received.
Emma's lecture topics include "Woman's Inhumanity to Man" & "The Failure of Charity."
"The Denver Post" features interviews with & articles by Emma. She extends her stay in Denver to teach a course on modern drama.
1915 -- James Hutton Brew, "Pioneer of West African Journalism," dies.
1919 -- Ireland: Limerick General Strike in full swing, in the face of British military occupation: workers run the city as a 'soviet', maintaining utilities & transport, issuing their own newspaper & currency, & regulating food supply (food depots established & food sold at below market prices, profiteering prevented).
1920 -- Italy: Today the strike & Councilist factory occupations, begun March 15, has spread, & is now general in Piedmont; in the following days it spreads through much of northern Italy, particularly among the dockers & railroad workers. The government had to use warships to land troops at Genoa to march on Turin.
The councils began a strike combined with occupation of the factories & resumed production under their own control. By September an upsurge again engulfs most of Northern Italy: the occupation of more than 200 factories by 600,000 workers revitalized the sagging council movement. It was supported by a small Socialist section in Turin & by the anarchists in Piedmont, but the unions & the Socialist Party opposed the movement & sabotaged the strikes.
1926 -- England: Emma Goldman lectures on "The Menace of Dictatorship: Bolshevist or Fascist," with British feminist Sylvia Pankhurst & William C. Owen at Essex Hall.
Emma is in London until the end of the month, for a series of six lectures on dramatists, including O'Neill, Ibsen, Susan Glaspell, & the German expressionists; she also delivers the same lectures in Yiddish as well as lecturing on Yiddish drama.
Emma continues her work for political prisoners in Russia, focusing her efforts on imprisoned women; enlists the support of influential women politicians like Lady Astor. Her old anarchist pal, Dr. Ben Reitman & his family visit her.
1930 -- Russian poet Vladimir Mayakovsky, betrayed by the Stalinist purges, commits suicide.
Of grandfatherly gentleness I'm devoid,
There's not a single grey hair in my soul!
Thundering the world with the might of my voice,
I go by — handsome,
— Vladimir Mayakovsky,
"Cloud in Trousers," 1915
"At the Top of My Voice," 1930
1930 -- US: Police arrest over 100 Chicano farm workers for their union activities in Imperial Valley, California. Eight will be convicted of so-called "criminal syndicalism."
By 1933, California farm laborers see a five-year wage cut from 35 cents to 14 cents an hour. In response, they support strikes led by unions such as La Union de Trabajadores del Valle Imperial. Their militancy contradicts the stereotype of Mexican passivity.
In one of the most powerful strikes, 12,000 laborers in the San Joaquin Valley fight price cuts for picked cotton. To bust the union, growers evict strikers & dump their belongings on the road. Local police, meanwhile, arrest strike leaders & picketers. But in the end the strikers win a 15-cent wage hike.
1931 -- Spain: A Republic is proclaimed. Alfonso XIII crosses paths on his way out of Spain with hundreds of returning exiles, among them the anarchists Buenaventura Durruti & Francisco Ascaso.
... show details
1931 -- Italy: Il IV Congresso del partito comunista d'Italia, seguendo quanto già deciso dalla CGdL nel Congrsso di Lione del 1929, invita i suoi membri a lavorare all'interno delle organizzazioni fasciste per utilizzarle ai propri fini. La cosa non sarebbe nè immaginabile nè possibile se i fini delle organizzazioni fasciste e di quelle comuniste non fossero, in molti casi, identici.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]
1935 -- US: A windstorm moves from the Dakotas into the southern plains, lifting powdery soil into a 1,000-foot-high cloud — a blizzard of black dust & muddy rain hundreds of miles wide.
With winds of 60 miles per hour, the storm moves quickly, engulfing whole towns in total darkness by early afternoon. Motorists are stranded on highways; farmers can't find their way home; families cower in houses, watching the dust pack so thickly against windows it seems they are being entombed.
In 1935 alone, the winds took an estimated 850 million tons of topsoil. By the time the drought ends in 1940, the Dust Bowl states lost one-third of their population.
1935 -- Canada: Emma Goldman speaks twice in Toronto, on "Youth in Revolt," to a branch of the Arbeiter Ring.
1936 -- Innovative "voodoo" production by the WPA Federal Theater Project's Negro Theater Unit of William Shakespeare's "Macbeth" begins showing, in Harlem. On the 21st the headline: CROWD RUSHES 'MACBETH'; 3,000 Shut Out at Free Showing of WPA Negro Production appears in the NY Times.
1937 -- Germany: Bruderhof, a collectivist traditional Christian peace church, raided by the Gestapo in Frankfurt.
1937 -- Spain: Friends of Durruti Group," (former anarchists in the Durruti Column) issues a Manifesto opposing commemoration of the anniversary of the Republic, arguing it is merely a pretext for reinforcing bourgeois institutions & the counterrevolution.
1939 -- John Steinbeck's Grapes of Wrath is published.
A majestic fury of unforgettable images ... potatoes floating in the river with armed guards on the banks, oranges burning in the fields while the poor migrant labor looks on. Peaches rotting in the fields...
1941 -- Canada: Analytical Marxist theorist Gerald Cohen (died 2009) lives, Montreal. Opposed the views of John Rawls & Robert Nozick & provided an extensive critique of the Lockean principle of self-ownership as well as the use of that principle to defend right — as opposed to left — libertarianism.
1961 -- Old Tom, a cat left behind by his family when they moved 75 miles, shows up a year later.
1964 -- US: American ecology writer Rachel Carson falls silent, Silver Spring, Maryland.
Daily Bleed Patron Saint.
American proto-ecologist, author of Silent Spring.
"The beauty of the living world I was trying to save has always been uppermost in my mind — that, & anger at the senseless, brutish things that were being done . . . ."http://www.rachelcarson.org/
1964 -- ¶ Beatster Jack Kerouac gives Northport library an interview, later published in the magazine Athanor.
1965 -- Russia's first motel built in Moscow.
1966 -- Swiss pharmaceutical firm Sandoz discontinues production of LSD. Owsley smiles.
1966 -- US: 75 demonstrate against the Vietnam War outside NY Stock Exchange.
1968 -- West Germany: 4,000 anti-Vietnam War student protesters battle police in West Berlin. Also the peak of demonstrations in West Berlin against Axel Springer & his publishing empire, after an assassination attempt on Rudi Dutschke ("Red Rudy").
1968 -- US: (Easter Sunday) Love-in at Malibu Canyon in California.
1971 -- US: $675,000,000,000,000 suit is bought against General Motors for polluting the country.
1979 -- Germany: St. Petri church in Hamburg is occupied during this month by atomic energy opponents. Ten protestant pastors among them are reprimanded by the the church administration. [Exact date not given. — ed.] source: Frankfurter Rundschau, October 30, 1979, cited in Campaign Against The Model West Germany Nr.7: The Atomic State & The People Who Have To Live In It. (West Germany: Campaign Against the Model West Germany, 1979). page 43
1981 -- Gwyn Thomas, Welsh novelist/playwright, dies. His first novel was The Dark Philosophers (1946), about four unemployed Welsh miners, reminded critics of Chaucer, Rabelais, & Damon Runyon.
1983 -- Gyula Illyes dies in Budapest. Poet, novelist, dramatist, & dissident — a leading literary figure in Hungary.
1986 -- French philosopher/feminist Simone de Beauvoir dies.
1986 -- Libya: US aircraft attacks five "terrorist" locations, killing numerous civilians, in Tripoli & Benghazi, & assassinating the daughter of Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Qaddafi.
The Reagan troika took a poll before, & found that 66% of Americans approved of killing babies.
Pretext is a terrorist act in Germany flimsily attributed to a Libyan-trained group which today remains in dispute (including possible CIA involvement).
1988 -- France: Goodbye Daniel Guérin. Dies, age 84 years. One of France's best known revolutionary activists & thinkers, author of books such as Fascism & Big Business; 100 Years of Labor in the USA; Anarchism; Ni Dieu, ni Maître: anthologie du mouvement libertaire (1965).
Within France Guérin was a well-known libertarian communist, not only for his prolific writings, but also as a long standing trade union militant of the CGT; as a veteran anti-imperialist who supported the victims of French aggression in Indo-China, Algeria & the Kanaks of New Caledonia; as a fighter for gay rights (he was bisexual) in the 'Homosexual Front for Revolutionary Action.'
1988 -- Denmark declares its ports nuclear-free.
1992 -- Serbia: Solidarity action with 83 refusing military service Stara Moravica, Vojvodina.
1994 -- Iraq: Two US fighter jets shoot down two US helicopters.
1995 -- US: Native American Leonard Peters & sheriff's deputy Bob Davis are killed in a shootout during a police ambush near Covelo, California. Native American Bear Lincoln is later acquitted of murder charges in the deaths in a racially charged trial.
1996 -- Manuel "Manny" Greenhill (1916-1996) dies. Folk music manager. Spent several years as a union activist, before establishing Folklore Productions in 1958.
Josh White, his guitar teacher from union days, was the first artist Manny presented in formal concert.
Others featured in those days included Pete Seeger, Odetta & Theodore Bikel. Later he went on to work with Flatt & Scruggs, Mahalia Jackson, Bob Dylan, Lightnin' Hopkins, & perhaps most crucially, Joan Baez, who became his first managerial client.
He found that he enjoyed guiding her career, & by the mid-Sixties his roster included Doc Watson, Reverend Gary Davis, & Jesse "Lone Cat" Fuller, among many others.
1997 -- Launch of separate two-month marches of the unemployed in nearly a dozen European countries, to converge on a European Union meeting in June.
2000 -- US: Microradio movement news accounts on the struggle to free the airwaves: NAB Protest in Washington DC (video) IndyMedia - DC.
[Source: Pirate Radio Kiosk]
2004 -- US: Presidential election: An advertisement for John Kerry placed in a newspaper in Gulfport, Florida by a local Democratic Party club gets negative national publicity, as it suggests shooting Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld.
2010 -- US: Value Meal? Free Eats!! 8-year-old 3rd grader busted for handing out 60 bags of heroin. Brown-bagger indeed...
Technology is "the knack of so arranging a world that we need not experience it."— attributed to Max Frisch, dramatist; source unknown
"Things are in the saddle & ride mankind."— Ralph Waldo Emerson
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