American-born urban activist, alternative city-planner, writer.
"Krazy Kat" cartoonist, perhaps the finest ever.
Sociologist, theorist of impersonalism & capitalist alienation.
NABOHASSAR NEW YEAR, 2743.
Ancient Rome: ROBIGALIA, Sacrificial rites to placate the God of Mildew.
I love the daily bleed, but note this description continues a long history of bowdlerization. I was always taught that Robigalia is the Roman feast of Male Prostitutes. If it wasn't, it should have been. (And, no, I can't remember my source.)
ANTI-NUCLEAR DAY: Mutants for Nuclear Power -) say "No Nukes is Not Enough!" & "Better Living Through Radiation!"
ARBOR DAY: Plant a tree.
ANZAC Day, Australia.
-- US: Hagbard Celine has the Mafia assassinate suspected Illuminati. (Any Bleedsters know the year for this?)
From: — Bleedster Darby
I thought you would like to know that: A Terrible Thunder: The Story of the New Orleans Sniper by Peter
Hernon is back in print.
Keep up the good work.
1324 -- England: An entry in the Jornal de la Chambre of King Edward II shows pence a day paid to one "Robyn Hod" for service to the King.
1523 -- England: King Henry VIII forbids private ownership of firearms by any person with an income of less than 100 pounds per year. The ban is cheerfully ignored.
1593 -- Mali: Why, You Ask? Moroccans take Timbuktu, "Town of the 333 Saints" (or guardian genies).
1684 -- Patent granted for the thimble. To some clown name of Jack B. Nimble.
1719 -- Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe first published. Soon pirated, it becomes the first serialized book.
1792 -- France: The guillotine is erected in Paris at the Place de Grève. Quite the erection it is, too.
Source: [Calendar Riots]
1793 -- France: Highway to Hell? Guillotine first used — executes highwayman Nicolas Pelletier. (Or is this the same as above?)
In contrast to today's sanitary executions, behind closed doors, yesteryear's were held in the town center, where families & friends gathered for the 18th-century equivalent of mass entertainment.
The death penalty didn't count for much unless it could be stretched out, subjecting all but upper-class convicts to excruciating hours of torture. In earlier days, quartering was popular (simply tie the victim's limbs to four horses & send the beasts galloping in four directions); fun were the rack & the wheel, both designed for drawn-out death. Luckier victims were simply gutted, then hanged.
1800 -- British poet William Cowper, after six years of nearly unbroken madness, dies.
1816 -- As Lord Byron leaves England in permanent exile, friends arm themselves with firearms to protect him lest the very sight of the poet incites a riot.
Consternation in Mayfair
Rioting in Notting Hill Gate
Fascists marching on the high street
Carving up the welfare state
Operator get me the hotline
Said, father can you hear me at all?
Telephone kiosk out of order
Spraycan writing on the wall
Look out, listen can you hear it?
Panic in the county hall!
Look out, listen can you hear it?
Whitehall up against a wall
Up against the wall !
— Tom Robinson Band (from "Up Against The Wall")
1846 -- México: Pig in a Polk?: Mexican forces obligingly attack a US "scouting party" sent by Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President James Polk into disputed territory between the Nueces & Rio Grande Rivers in hopes of provoking just such a skirmish. The incident is used by the expansionist Congress as an excuse to start the Mexican-American War, during which the US seized California (Surf's Up!).
1870 -- US Tired of living as second-class citizens on Klamath land & discouraged by failed crops during the government attempts to convert them from hunting, Captain Jack & a group of 371 Modoc Indians leave the reservation April 25th or 26th, & return to their ancestral lands near Tule Lake, California.
1873 -- Walter de la Mare lives (1873-1953), Charlton, Kent, England. Novelist, mystic poet, loosely in the literary tradition of Wordsworth & Coleridge. His material often appear in horror collections because of their ghostly atmosphere. Aka Walter Ramal.
1874 -- Radio inventor Guglielmo Marconi lives.
1878 -- Anna Sewell completes Black Beauty, the Autobiography of a Horse & dies, in England, after being invalided to her home in Old Catton, Norfolk the last eight years. This children's classic is said to have been instrumental in abolishing the cruel practice of the "checkrein."
1886 -- US: The New York Times declares the movement for an eight-hour workday "un-American" & its public demonstrations "labor disturbances brought about by foreigners." Other publications said the eight-hour day would induce "loafing & gambling, rioting, debauchery & drunkenness." Boy, were they ever right...
1892 -- France: The trial of François Ravachol begins.
Octave Mirbeau's article in L'Endehors 52 (May 1, 1892), provided one of the few balanced anarchist views of Ravachol's terrorist activity:
"Who is it — throughout this endless procession of tortures which has been the history of the human race — who is it that sheds the blood, always the same, relentlessly, without any pause for the sake of mercy?
— Octave Mirbeau, Ravachol
Governments, religions, industries, forced labor camps, all of these are drenched in blood."
[Details / context]
1898 -- Candy Man?: William S. Porter, convicted of embezzlement, enters the Ohio penitentiary where he begins writing short stories under a name copped from a guard — O. Henry.
1898 -- US: War declared on Spain; grabs many colonies outside the continent in its continuing imperialist expansion, part of its "Manifest Destiny."
1901 -- US: Licentious Communism?: New York becomes first state requiring auto license plates ($1 fee).
1908 -- US: American TV investigative journalist Edward R. Murrow lives.
1913 -- US: Emma Goldman opens series of lectures on Nietzsche at the Woman's Club in Denver, Colorado.
1913 -- Mykhailo Kotsiubynsky dies. One of the most talented Ukrainian impressionist & modernist writers.
1914 -- Claude Mauriac lives. French novelist/critic, eldest son of novelist Francois Mauriac, interpreter of the avant-garde school of nouveau roman, "new novel." Private secretary to Charles de Gaulle 1944-1949, later film & literary critic for the newspaper Le Figaro.
1920 -- Russia: Poland "invades". Most of the WWI allied countries have done the same (including the US & Britain) in an effort to overthrow the Bolsheviks.
It depends how you define Russia. Pilsudski forces entered Ucraina with Ucrainian nationalists' forces to support them. Before WWI, Ucraine (& huge part of Pole populated territory) formed part of Tsarist imperial Russia.
— Bleedster Piero
1923 -- Albert King, American bluesman, lives.
1932 -- Germany: Emma Goldman is on the last leg of her German tour (April 25-May 15) — through Bavaria, Baden-Wurttemberg, & Hessen — all meetings are sponsored by the FAUD. She also lectures in Schweinfurt, Furth, Nuremberg, Stuttgart, Heilbronn, Göppingen, Ulm, Offenbach, Darmstadt, Mannheim, & Ludwigshafen.
Among her lecture topics are "Birth Control," "The American Labor Movement," "Art & Revolution," & "Women's Role in the Russian Revolution."
1937 -- Spain: The UGT leader Roldán Cortada is murdered in Molins del Llobregat.
Source: [Anarchist chronology; Agustin Guillamón]
1937 -- England: The benefit concert for the Spanish refugees, which Emma Goldman has worked frantically to produce, is held at Victoria Palace. With Paul Robeson's performance, it is an artistic success but raises less money than Emma had hoped for.
1938 -- First use of seeing eye dog.
1944 -- "Krazy Kat" cartoonist George Herriman dies, Hollywood. The bricks fly no more.
There is a wonderful resource site for Krazy & Herriman, which was once forced to remove all images when the copyright holder wanted $5,000 a month to use them.
Thankfully, King Syndicate, which does nothing for Herriman anymore, relented & allowed this fan page to continue. Another generation may now discover Krazy.
1945 -- US: Founding conference of United Nations (UN) opens, Frisco, California.
1947 -- France: Renault strike begins. See Birchall, Workers Against the Monolith, Pluto Press.
1959 -- More Leaway?: Saint Lawrence Seaway opens.
1959 -- France: Georges Cochon (1879-1959) dies. Tapestry maker, anarchiste & very popular secretary of the "Federation of Tenants" (ancestor of the DAL). See the Anarchist Encyclopedia page, http://recollectionbooks.com/bleed/Encyclopedia/CochonGeorges.htm
1964 -- Denmark: Heads Up? "Little Mermaid" statue loses her head to a saw in Copenhagen harbor. The head is removed & stolen — see also 6 January. Some kind of weird Disney-Sex-thing we suspect.
1968 -- US: 80 Olympic Community College students arrested in a protest on their Bremerton, Washington campus.
1968 -- The Beatles refuse to perform for the Queen of England at a British Olympic Appeal Fund show. Ringo Starr explains, "Our decision would be the same no matter what the cause. We don't do benefits."
1968 -- Paul Horn records in the Taj Mahal.
1968 -- US: First Local 1400(TWU/Transportation Workers Union) contract negotiated with Port Authority of New York & New Jersey.
1969 -- US: The Rev. Ralph Abernathy & 100 others arrested while picketing a Charleston, South Carolina hospital to support unionization.
1969 -- Italy: gli anarchici sono accusati e poi assolti di vari attentati alla fiera di Milano. Un anarchico di nome Braschi
viene invitato durante un interrogatorio dal commissario Calabresi a buttarsi dalla finestra.
1970 -- US: After playing a concert in Raleigh, North Carolina, where men in the crowd taunt the interracial band with racial insults, Pacific Gas & Electric is shot at as its van leaves the club. Four bullets hit the vehicle but no one is hurt.
1974 -- Portugal: Armed Forces Movement (MFA - Movimento das Forças Armadas) Revolt, the Revolução dos Cravos ("Carnation Revolution") begins, ending 48-year military dictatorship.
See: The Carnation Revolution, 1974-1976, Stewart Lloyd-Jones.
1976 -- Portugal: The first free parliamentary elections in 50 years — Socialists & Popular Democrats share win.
1976 -- Lluís Fernández dies. Author of The Naked Anarchist, Catalonian gay novel, a heady mix of literature & scandal in post-Franco Spain. Also wrote Desiderata; Mirror of Love & Luxury; Monty Clift: Secret Passion.
1977 -- France: Albert Perrier (or Perier), aka Germinal, (1897-1977) dies, Angers. Militant revolutionary syndicalist & resistance fighter.
Perrier smuggled weapons to the Spanish anarchists during the revolution in the late 30s. Also involved in the French anti-Nazi Resistance movement during WWII, he was sent to a prison camp (from which he escaped).
[Details / context]
1978 -- US: Supreme Court rules pension plans can't require women to pay more.
1982 -- Australia: Women lay wreath for all women of all countries raped in war, Canberra.
1983 -- Australia: 175 women arrested in Sydney & Melbourne for marching to mourn the rape of women in war.
1983 -- US: A House of Representatives report criticizes the Interior Department for selling coal leases at "fire sale" prices. More than 1.6 billion tons in the Powder River Basin went for 55 million dollars — about half its market value.
A Northern Cheyenne community organization called Native Action forms to protect the reservation from the impact of the Powder River coal fields & Colstrip, which hosts the nation's largest coal-generating & gasification complex. Native Action launches a court action resulting in a nationwide moratorium on all federal coal leases.
1984 -- US: James Baker III is asked if he's ever been to a Communist country.
"Well," he replies,
"I've been to Massachusetts."
1988 -- Denmark: Greenpeace & the Danish Government debate.
1990 -- Outer Space: Can't see squat....It's really dark out here?! Hubble Space Telescope is deployed from the Space Shuttle.
1993 -- US: Over one million march in Washington, D.C., for gay, lesbian, bisexual, & transgender rights.
1996 -- Australia: ANZAC Day. Swastikas are painted on front door of Barricade Books, as well as those of other local anti-fascist activists. A local demonstration against fascist organizing is held, & a march to the bookstore.
They shall grow not old,
As we that are left grow old.
Age shall not weary them,
Nor the years condemn
For the Fallen
2006 -- Canada: Urban activist, writer Jane Jacobs dies, Toronto.
2011 -- WikiLeaks releases classified cables detailing the interrogations carried out by the United States at the Guantanamo Bay detention camp, as well as the imprisonment in the camp of Afghans and Pakistanis, children, elderly and mentally ill, before later being released without charge.
2011 -- Chilean poet Gonzalo Rojas, one of Latin America's greatest modern writers, dies.
2011 -- About 700 anti-nuclear activists hold a die-in on the border of France and Germany to mark the 25th anniversary of the Chernobyl disaster & after the Fukushima I nuclear accidents in Japan.
"Expect nothing from the state except your passport & your ticket home to a prison of your country's choice. A free hotel for you & your kind. The rats that came ashore with the cargo have got a sporting chance of survival. They can hide & set up house & they don't need a passport, & they don't speak out except in times of plague."
— Ralph Steadman, introduction to Waterstone's & The Medical Foundation For the Care of Victims of Torture celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Alternate spellings: Anarþist, ANARÞÝZM, Anarþizmin, anarþizme, Anarþist, Anarquismo, Anarquista, Anarkistisk, anarkist, anarchisten kalender, tijdlijn, chronologie, chronologie, gebeurtenissen, calendário do anarquista, linha do tempo, eventos, calendario del anarquista, línea del tiempo, cronología, acontecimientos, calendario dell'anarchico, linea di tempo, cronologia, eventi
Our Daily Bleed: Jane Jacobs, Hagbard Celine, François Ravachol, Emma Goldman, Roldán Cortada, Georges Cochon, Albert Perrier, April 25