Our Daily Bleed...
The whole psychological & power set up of war can be seen in the swastika. The mechanism reaches out in right angels like a gear claw. It resembles iron & metal. We feel the residue in the billion little manly decisions we make daily, while we commit genocide, massacre the ghost dancers. Afraid of death, in everyday politeness we open the doors for each other to turn our backsides.
— excerpt, The Last of the Moccasins by Charles Plymell
Great filmmaker, social rebel; French authorities gave him
Zero for Conduct
Sierra Leone: NEW YEAR'S DAY: An ancient seed-sowing ceremony is still performed to the goddess of fertility who watches over the crops.
FESTIVAL OF INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY.
121 -- [AD] Marcus Aurelius lives. Roman Emperor & Stoic, author of Meditations of Writings to Himself in 12 books.
Stoicism — a philosophy named after the Stoa Poikile, a hall in Athens where it was first formulated around 300 BC by Zenon of Citium.
According to Stoic Ethics, the goal of human existence is to live consistently with Nature, which means "consistently with Reason."
1478 -- An attempt is made on the life of Lorenzo de Medici; Giuliano de Medici murdered.
1564 -- William Shakespeare (1564-1616) is baptized.
1649 -- England: Today, when Robert Lockier is sentenced to be shot for fomenting revolt in the New Model Army, the first Digger's Manifesto — 'The True Levellers' Standard Advanced' — is published:
"For by their labours, [the poor] have lifted up Tyrants & Tyranny; & by denying to labour for hire, they shall pull them down again. He that works for another, either for Wages, or to pay him Rent, works unrighteously, & still lifts up the Curse."
1655 -- Dutch West India Co. refuses to exclude Jews from New Amsterdam.
1711 -- Scotland: Philosopher/historian David Hume lives, Edinburgh.
1731 -- Novelist Daniel Defoe dies, London, in hiding from creditors.
Wherever God erects a house of prayer,
The Devil always builds a chapel there;
And 't will be found, upon examination,
The latter has the largest congregation.
— The True-Born Englishman. Part i. Line 1.
1785 -- John James Audubon, birdwatcher, lives, Les Cayes in Santo Domingo (now Haiti). Artist, naturalist, journalist.
1812 -- England: Luddite problem. Thousands of strangers appear in Manchester, & the local militia is called out; most strangers disappear by 28 April.
Source: [Luddite Chronology]
1845 -- China: Fire in the Canton theatre kills 1,670.
1854 -- J. A. Wayland lives, Versailles, Indiana. Publisher & editor of "Appeal to Reason," the largest circulating socialist paper in the country, based in Girard, Kansas.
Daily Bleed Alternate Saint for 2004, 2006: JULIUS AUGUSTUS WAYLAND
Agrarian socialist, pacifist, publisher.
See Talkin' Socialism: J. A. Wayland & the Radical Press by Elliott Shore (University Press of Kansas) & The Autobiography of Mother Jones (Chapter IV: Wayland's Appeal to Reason.)
1858 -- US: California legislature passes a bill prohibiting Chinese or "other Mongolians" from landing at any port in the state unless the boat on which they were passengers is driven ashore by storm or unavoidable accident.
1865 -- US: John Wilkes Booth, Lincoln's assassin, is shot dead near Bowling Green, Virginia.
1873 -- US: Captain Thomas Wright & Captain Evan Thomas are beaten by Captain Jacks' band of Modocs in what becomes known as the "Thomas-Wright Massacre." The US troops lose 20 men & four officers, including 16 wounded & one third of their troops to desertion. The Modocs suffer no deaths.
1877 -- US: Minnesota declares Day of Prayer for deliverance from the grasshopper. Inspires well-known American TV program.
1884 -- England: From Stonyhurst Observatory, near Liverpool, was reported, occurring at 11 am., 'the most extraordinary darkness remembered.'
40 minutes later fell rain 'as black as ink,' & then black snow & black hail (Nature,30-6). Black hail fell at Chaigley, several miles from Liverpool (Stonyhurst Magazine). Five hours later, black substance fell at Crowle, near Worcester (Nature, 303-32).
1885 -- Carl Einstein (1885-1940) lives, Neuwied (Allemagne).
Poet, writer (anti-novel 'Bebuquin or the Dilettantes of Wonder), dadaist, art historian (The first to understand Cubism as a movement, he was a well-known & influential art critic & theorist in his own day.
Among many other groundbreaking efforts, his Negro Sculpture (1915) was a pioneering work of art theory).
Einstein was an anarchist combatant in the Spanish Revolution of 1936, with the famed Durruti Column.
Nephew of the famous physicist, Albert Einstein. Committed suicide to prevent his capture by the Nazis. alternate spelling Karl Einstein
A plaque in the Boel-Bezing cemetery (Atlantic Pyrenees) remarks on his fight for freedom in Spain:
"Where the Column advances, one collectivizes. The land is given to the community, the agricultural proletarians, slaves of caciques which they were, metamorphose themselves as free men.
One passes from agrarian feudalism to free Communism."
— Extract, Einstein's funeral speech for Durruti
See the Anarchist Encyclopedia page,
1889 -- Austria: Language philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein lives, Vienna.
1893 -- Anita Loos, a brunette, lives, Sisson, California. Wrote Gentlemen Prefer Blondes.
1898 -- Vicente Aleixandre lives (1898-1984). Spanish writer, a major influence in 20th century Spanish poetry, Nobel Prize winner 1977. During the Spanish Revolution (1936) his works were banned. Wrote Destruction or Love; History of the Heart; Poems of Consummation, among others.
1898 -- US: Emma Goldman in Frisco, California for speaking engagements, late April-May.
Red Emma opens with a lecture on "Patriotism," which, following the outbreak of the Spanish-American War, becomes her most important & successful lecture.
Other speeches are well attended. Emma meets Abe Isaak, former editor of the "Firebrand" & current editor of "Free Society" & also Anna Strunsky (Walling), who becomes a lifelong friend & associate, & through her, Jack London....
[Details / context]
1898 -- Italy: Ondata di manifestazioni in Romagna contro un nuovo rincaro del pane. Si estenderanno a quasi tutta l'Italia.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]
1900 -- Charles Richter, lives, to tell us how bad the quakes are. But, curiously, he refuses blame, sez its all San Adreas' fault.
1902 -- US: Congress passes the second Chinese Exclusion Act, making it unlawful for Chinese laborers to enter the US for the next 10 years & denying naturalized citizenship to the Chinese already here. Extends the act of 1882 another 10 years; in 1904 the act is extended indefinitely.
[More on Exclusion Act]
1903 -- Anne Fried (1903-1998) lives. Austrian-born writer, immigrated to the US at the outbreak of World War II, & after a long career in education & social work moved to Finland, where she established herself as novelist, essayist, & critic.
1905 -- France: Surrealist / anarchist filmmaker Jean Vigo lives, Paris. Son of the anarchist Eugene Vigo. Great filmmaker, social rebel — French authorities gave him Zero for Conduct.
Zero De Conduite
(Zero for Conduct)
His first film, "In Connection with Nice" (1930) is a virulent social satire. Zero for Conduct (1933) his most famous film, was banned for "Praise of indiscipline & attacking the prestige of the educational institution."
See the Jean Vigo page in the Anti-Authoritarian Encyclopedia, http://recollectionbooks.com/bleed/Encyclopedia/VigoJean.htm.
Life in a French boarding school, where the authorities attempt to regiment the students — unsuccessfully. The kids are all wonderfully spontaneous; one of the best films ever about children among children. The inspiration for If…. Written by the director.
Zéro de conduite, was Vigo's first major work, a film relating the conflict between teachers & students in a boarding school. Although now regarded as an impressive film, it was immediately banned by the film censors when it was first released as being seditious.
Vigo is now acknowledged as one of the great heroes of French cinema & a standard-bearer for independent film makers.
1905 -- US: Chicago Cubs Jack McCarthy becomes only major league baseball player to throw out three runners at the plate in a single game. All were completions of a double play.
1908 -- US: Emma Goldman ends her San Francisco lecture series with a speech on patriotism.
In attendance, out of boredom & curiosity, is US soldier William Buwalda, stationed at the Presidio, who is witnessed shaking hands with Emma following her speech.
Buwalda is subsequently court-martialed for this dastardly action.
1914 -- Pulitzer-winning novelist Bernard Malamud lives, Brooklyn, New York. Wrote The Fixer & the baseball novel The Natural.
1931 -- US: Beep Beep?: Baseball's Lou Gehrig hits a home run but is called out for passing a runner; the mistake costs him the American League home run crown — he & Babe Ruth end up tied for the season.
1935 -- Charles Plymell lives. Anarchist-leaning American mid-West poet. "Let's make history, Dorothy."
In the fifties, when all the children were supposed to be asleep, a gang of jailbirds, junkies, drunks & artists germinated in the private parts of Wichita, Kansas. They have been exposed by a member, Charles Plymell...
1937 -- Spain: Guernica is destroyed by German bombing. The German Nazis are bombing over Basque towns during this period & today German Condor Legion destroys the town.
This aerial massacre of civilians occurred during the Spanish Revolution, while the US & England refused all pleas by the Republican government for help against Franco's fascist forces — instead imposing an embargo upon Spain. There are over 2,500 civilian casualties.
1938 -- Edmund Husserl (1859-1938) dies. German philosopher, known as the father of phenomenology.
Daily Bleed alternate Patron Saint
Great phenomenological philosopher, prophet of the coming crisis in Western civilization.
1942 -- China: Deadliest mining disaster ever, occurs when between 1,549 & 1,572 miners are killed by an explosion in Honkeiko.
1944 -- US: Catalog This? Government takes over Chicago headquarters of Montgomery Ward & Co. after it defies National Labor Relations Board (NLRB).
1952 -- High Seas: US destroyer Hobson sinks in the Atlantic within 4 minutes after colliding with the aircraft carrier Wasp; 176 lives are lost.
1953 -- US: Radioactive rain falls on Troy, New York.
1954 -- US: Salk It To Me? Nationwide test of the Salk anti-polio begins.
1954 -- April 26-July 21, Geneva Conference on Indochina results in Geneva Accords partitioning Vietnam at the 17th Parallel & provides for "unifying" elections in two years.
America, the democracy-loving "free world" power, refuses to sign or promise to abide by the Geneva Accords. (A great many books say the US promised it would not violate the Accords. This is an error based on careless misreading of the US declaration at the final session of the Conference, July 21, 1954.)
The US & its Vietnamese puppet Diem refused to hold nationwide elections, fearing a communist victory. Diem instead created a "Republic of Vietnam" in the south, & rigged "elections" there. (In Saigon, with about 450,000 registered voters, the official vote tally claimed about 600,000 votes cast for Diem.) Diem declared he had gotten more than 98% of the votes, & that he was now President of the Republic of Vietnam. Thus there came to be two governments in Vietnam.
First Industrial Conference...
26 1958 'First Industrial Conference' in Alba, Italy. Lecture by tape recorder & in person by Guy Debord & Pinot Gallizio from the Italian translation of Debord's Report on the Construction of Situations.
Also during this month Debord is interviewed on Belgian radio, speaking at length on industrial painting.
[Exact date not given —ed.]
http://www.cddc.vt.edu/sionline/chronology/chronology.html | [Situationist Resources]
1961 -- England: Actress Vanessa Redgrave is among 826 British anti-nuclear protesters arrested during a London sit-down.
"Don't you hear the H-bomb's thunder/
Echo like the crack of doom?"
— John Brunner
1966 -- Java: Eruption of Mt. Kelud, kills 5,000 people.
1966 -- The New York Times reports R&B immortal Ray Charles will undergo tests in a Boston hospital to see whether or not he has abstained from narcotic drugs.
Basically, rock 'n' roll came into being when white artists & white bands started covering black music . . . in the '50s, when you had popular singers like Pat Boone & Elvis Presley & Carl Perkins covering black music. They just took rhythm-&-blues songs & did their own versions of them. When Elvis came along, he not only covered the music, but he was...well, he was moving his body on stage just like a black artist would. Now, in those days a black artist couldn't get away with doing that on stage for the teenagers of America, but Elvis got away with it. He was criticized at first, but he got away with it. He was just doing what he saw people doing down on Beale Street...
1966 -- US: Rodolfo "Corky" Gonzales founds the Chicano activist group Crusade for Justice in Denver, Colorado. Disillusioned with the establishment &, particularly, the Democratic Party, Gonzales sets up the Crusade to establish Chicano-controlled communities.
The group issues a "Plan of the Barrio" covering housing, education, economic opportunities, land reform & wealth redistribution. The Crusade helps organize Colorado's La Raza Unida party & participates in West Denver High School walkouts, which call for an end to discrimination against Chicano children.
1968 -- Germany: John Heartfield dies, East Berlin, East Germany.
First artist to use photomontage (combining whole or parts of photographs with text to communicate a new message) as a political weapon. Main organizer of the "First International Dada Fair" in Berlin in 1920. Der Dada (3 Numbers, 1919-1920) was edited by Raoul Hausmann, Heartfield, & George Grosz. His anti-Nazi art forced him to flee Germany. Co-founded a publishing house & as an illustrator of books he showed that even the dust jacket could be turned into a political argument.
1968 -- US: National student strike against the war enlists as many as one million high school & college students across US 2,000 boycott classes at University of Washington.
1968 -- US: Prueba nuclear en el desierto de Nevada, la de mayor envergadura hasta la fecha.
1968 -- US: Occupation of Math, Avery, Fayerweather at Columbia University (-28th).
[Details / context]
1970 -- US: The state capitol of Louisiana, in Baton Rouge, is damaged by a dynamite explosion.
1971 -- US: 50,000 demonstrators (Vietnam vets?) in Washington DC set up "Algonquin Peace City" (in West Potomac Park).
This camp is part of an attempt to blockade government "business as usual" for a day; it involves 5,000 District police, 1,500 National Guardsmen & 8,000 federal troops, with at least 7,000 arrested; the figures, according to another source is: "20,000 National Guard & police, & 10,000 paratroopers." Between May 3-5 alone 1,200 antiwar protesters are arrested — bringing the final total to 12,614 (a Guinness record!?!).
1973 -- France: André Respaut (1898-1973) dies. Author, resistance fighter, anarchiste, survivor of Buchenwald, worked with deportees. Author of Buchenwald terre maudite (1946), Sociologie fédéraliste libertaire (1961).
1974 -- Ireland: Nothing Ventured, Nothing Gained? $19,200,000 worth of paintings are stolen from Russborough House, near Blessington, by an IRA gang. All 19 paintings are later recovered. In 1986 a gang of Dublin criminals led by Martin Cahill stole 18 art works, three of which are never recovered. On June 27, 2001, in yet another robbery here, a Gainsborough is heisted for the third time. Charmed, we are sure.
1975 -- US: 60,000 march in Washington, DC, demanding jobs for all Americans. Speakers at a rally include Minnesota's Beloved & Respected Comrade Senator "Dump the Humph" Hubert Humphrey. The rally ends prematurely as several hundred young demonstrators, whom one organizer described as "unemployed people full of frustration & anger," charge the speaker's stand.
1985 -- Argentina: A fire at the St. Emilienne Neuro-Psychiatric Hospital kills 79 people, most of whom are patients locked in their rooms or too tranquilized to escape, Buenos Aires.
1986 -- Ukraine, USSR: Chernobyl nuclear disaster occurs.
Worst known nuclear disaster in history; eventual death toll alone, from radiation exposure, is now estimated in the hundreds of thousands. & you also know now whether you have the Chernobyl CIH computer virus (set to go off 1999, destroying boot records & hard drives). Effects are still felt to this day.
Soviet authorities started evacuating people from the area around Chernobyl within 36 hours of the accident. A month later, all those living within a 30 kilometer (18 mile) radius of the plant — about 116,000 people — had been relocated.
1988 -- US: Defending his personal style, Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader George (Big) Bush asks,
"What's wrong with being a boring kind of guy?"
He says it would be a bad idea "to kind of suddenly get my hair colored, & dance up & down in a miniskirt," [we disagree — the editors] adding, "I kind of think I'm a scintillating kind of fellow." [ditto] Pundits agree, had he danced side to side in a miniskirt, he would have won the '92 election.
Among the better known celebrities blacklisted during the 1950s witch hunts conducted by liberals & conservatives was Lucille Ball, whose experience was atypical in that she recovered her career & popularity.
Ball's grandfather had been an old railroad man who idolized Eugene Debs & convinced young Lucy to register to vote in California as a Communist.
Years later when her "crime" was discovered, the blacklisters banned Lucy from the studios, thus ending a promising movie career. She fought back by forming her own production company & making the well-known television series "I Love Lucy."
1991 -- A.B. Guthrie dies in Choteau, Montana. His three most famous novels are The Big Sky (1947), The Way West (1949), which won a Pulitzer Prize, & These Thousand Hills (1956).
1995 -- US: Corliss Lamont, the author, philosopher, civil libertarian, Columbia benefactor & former lecturer in philosophy, dies at his country home in Ossining, NY. He was 93. Lamont was one of the few principled liberals in the 50s who stood up to Beloved & Respected Comrade Joe McCarthy & refused to adopt liberal efforts to out-anti-communist the rightwing anti-communists (ala the "Communist Control Act," etc.).
1998 -- Guatemala: Bishop Juan Gerardi Conedera is assassinated, two days after release of a report blaming US-backed Guatemalan military governments for hundreds of thousands of deaths in the 1980s.
2000 -- Italy: Luciano Ferrari Bravo, dies. Workers' autonomist, professor at the University of Padova, postfordist theorist & activist, victim of the incarceration madness on April 7, 1979. Accused, along with Toni Negri & others, of being the "evil masters" of red terrorism in 1960s & 1970s.
2004 -- Norwegian chess prodigy Magnus Carlsen (13) becomes the world's youngest international Grandmaster (GM), & the second youngest ever, after four wins & four draws out of nine games in the 6th Dubai Open Chess Championship.
2008 -- Ukraine: Chernobyl remembrances, demonstrations & protests.
2009 -- Switzerland: Naked ramblers banned in Appenzell, one of two remaining Swiss Landsgemeinden, with a 700-year tradition of an open-air assembly in which citizens can take key political decisions directly. Rumors that the voters were all bare neked are false.
"Everybody's an authority, in a free land."
— Hüsker Dü, In a Free Land
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