Our Daily Bleed...
Revolutionist, theorist, editor, martyr, Education Minister in the short-lived Bavarian Soviet Republic.
EVE OF THE FINDING OF THE TRUE CROSS, England. Branches of mountain ash & witchen tree gathered as a protection against evil.
England: GANGE DAYS, wherein to perambulate the parish & serve neighbours with buns & beer (a custom later appropriated during the 19th Century as "beating the bounds" & used to enforce respect for property rights).
1519 -- Renaissance polymath Leonardo Da Vinci dies, Cloux, France.
1551 -- William Camden (Britannia, 1586), lives, London. Chief historian & antiquarian of Elizabethan times.
1668 -- Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, ends War of Devolution.
1670 -- England: Hudson Bay Company chartered by King Charles II, giving them ownership of "Rupert's Land," which comprises much of central & western Canada.
1772 -- Novalis (pseudonym) lives (1772-1801). Early German Romantic poet, who influenced later Romantic thought. The central image of his visions, a blue flower, became a symbol of longing among Romantics.
1780 -- William Herschel discovers first binary star, Xi Ursae Majoris. He finds most stars (like you & I) are "bi."
1859 -- Jerome K. Jerome lives, Staffordshire, England. Journalist, essayist, & short story writer whose humorous Three Men in a Boat, has been translated into many languages. Wrote over 40 books, but in spite of his serious works he was labeled permanently as a humorist.
1863 -- US: Target Practice? Confederate General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson was accidentally — & fatally — shot by his own troops. He dies eight days hence.
1879 -- Spain: Social Democratic Party founded in a Madrid tavern.
1881 -- Canadian writer Mary Maclane lives, Winnipeg, Manitoba.
1886 -- One of the most influential German writers of the mid-20th century, expressionist Gottfried Benn, lives, Mansfeld. Degeneracy & medical aspects of decay are important allusions in his early poems, many found in Morgue & andere Gedichte ("Morgue & Other Poems," 1912).
1886 -- US: Twenty-five hundred workers march in Milwaukee for the 8-hour day.
Demonstrators carry red Socialist flags & the tricolor banners of the Eight Hour League.
In response, the Governor Jeremiah Rusk supplies the Milwaukee National Guard headquarters with increased ammunition & the entire city police force with four companies of infantry & artillery. Despite the threat, the workers parade & this threatened violence.
1895 -- Italy: In Florence, the trial of Oreste Lucchesi & Amerigo Franchi begins. They are on trial (-May 22) for assassinating Giuseppe Bandi, editor of "Il Telegrafo," on July 1, 1894. His articles resulted in the repression & arrest of numerous anarchici.
1895 -- Mécislas Charrier lives. French anarchiste illégaliste, guillotined for an attempted train robbery in which a person was killed. Charrier was not the killer, but he defended his illegalist actions & defied the court to take his head. They obliged.
1896 -- Nicaragua: US Marines land at Corrinto, to "protect" US interests.
1897 -- Italy: Demonstration in Rome after anarchico Romeo Frezzi is found dead in a prison cell, believed murdered by his police guards.
[Details / context]
1911 -- US: First worker compensation law in US enacted, in Wisconsin. America begins to crumble, best beef up those standing armies...
1911 -- US: Passage of the Illinois Workman's Compensation Law, which Dr. Alice Hamilton helped to get passed.
1915 -- England: This month the "International Anarchist Manifesto on the War" is issued from London; Emma Goldman is among over 30 anarchist signatories from the US, Italy, France, Spain, the Netherlands, & Russia.
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1918 -- Amilcare Cipriani dies. Italian anarchico involved in the Paris Commune, & a friend of Lissagaray. Also did seven years in prison for "conspiracies" in Italy, was wounded fighting against the Turks, & sent to prison again for three years. Wrote for "Le Plébéien" & other libertarian papers.
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1919 -- US: Benjamin Spock pediatrician/author, lives.
"There are only two things a child will share willingly — communicable diseases & his mother's age."
1919 -- Gustav Landauer murdered by soldiers.
Called a "mystical" anarchist, Landauer was involved in the "Red Bavaria" uprising & murdered by soldiers. Landauer was a signatory to the Ernst Joël Petition (1915), among other leading cultural figures of the day, including Walter Benjamin, Martin Buber, Kurt Eisner, S. Fischer, Alfred Kerr, Heinrich Mann, Thomas Mann, Fritz Mauthner & Frank Wedekind.
1919 -- Brazil: Beginning of a General Strike which eventually includes 50,000 workers of all trades & unions in Sao Paulo.
1919 -- Pierre Chardon (Maurice Charron; 1892-1919) dies (né le 3 novembre 1892 à Châteauroux). French militant individualist anarchiste & antimilitarist. Wrote & directed "La Mêlée", etc.
1920 -- US: Boston radicals, including Sacco, Vanzetti, Mario Buda (aka Mike Boda), Aldino Felicani, & others meet to discuss support for Roberto Elia & Andrea Salsedo & to plan a protest against their illegal imprisonment. Salsedo is killed in police custody tomorrow.
[Details / context]
1921 -- Russia: Emma Goldman & Alexander Berkman begin receiving visits from many foreign delegates, during this month, for the International Congress of the Third International.
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1921 -- India: Filmmaker Satyajit Ray lives, Calcutta. Director, writer (World of Apu, Adversary).
Daily Bleed Saint, April 23.
1921 -- Paul Wulf lives (1921-1999). German antifascist much influenced by the work of the anarchist Erich Mühsam. Muehsam, Eric
Wulf was a victim of Nazi eugenics, forcibly sterilized in 1938. Following WWII he was an active Nazi-hunter, flushing out & revealing those seeking to hide & integrate themselves in the community.
1921 -- France: Roger Boussinot lives (1921-2001). Humaniste libertaire, écrivain, scénariste, et historien du cinéma.
"LIBERTE. Principe fondamental de l'anarchie, opposé de façon irréductible au principe d'autorité..."
— Les Mots de l'Anarchie
1924 -- US: Supreme Court upholds the involuntary sterilization of mentally retarded persons.
1924 -- Theodore Bikel lives, Wien. American folk singer, actor (The Russians Are Coming).
[Source: Robert Braunwart]
1932 -- Premiere of Jack Benny program on radio.
1933 -- Germany: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Adolf Hitler abolishes all labor unions.
1935 -- Canada: Telegrams of tribute greet Emma Goldman at a farewell event hosted by Rabbi Stern of Montreal. ... show details
1936 -- Edna St. Vincent Millay's manuscript of Conversation at Midnight is destroyed in a hotel fire in Florida.
1936 -- The "Sterilizers of Bordeaux" trial in France.
In April 1935, lacking specific laws against voluntary vasectomies, the government charged Dr. Norbert Bartosek, an anarchist Austrian, & others (among them Aristide Lapeyre & both Andrée Prevotel & André Prévotel) with the "crime of castration" & "aggravated assault." Charges against Andrée are dropped; Bartosek received three years in prison & the others 16 months.
The magazine Mujeres Libres went to the streets of Spain, where the essential ideas which drove the collective & their actions, were harvested.
He once declared that South Carolina would abolish the state's school system rather than abolish school segregation.
[Source: Robert Braunwart]
I was goin' pretty fast, I looked behind,
a'here come the devil doin' ninety-nine.
— From "Race With the Devil" by Gene Vincent
"I killed more people tonight than I have fingers on my hands. I shot them in cold blood & enjoyed every minute of it . . . They were commies, Lee. They were red sons of bitches who should have died long ago . . . They never thought that there were people like me in this country. They figured us all to be soft as horse manure & just as stupid."
— Mickey Spillane, Atlas Shrugged
His book War Against War presents his demand for militant struggle against war & militarism.
"Without social revolution there can be no lasting peace....We must prepare systematically an uprising against war." ... show details
1968 -- France: Protest at University of Nanterre escalates into French student strike. By May 20 six million workers are on strike; within a few days the number is up to ten or eleven million.
2 mai 68 Pompidou part pour l'Iran et l'Afghanistan / Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Prime Minister Georges Pompidou leaves for official visits to Iran & Afghanistan. Courses at the faculty of letters are suspended at Nanterre after incidents there.... show details
Les cours sont suspendus à la faculté de Nanterre.
1968 -- US: Despite the murder of Martin Luther King, Jr., his Poor Peoples' March on Washington, DC begins, led by successor Ralph Abernathy. 3,000 erect Resurrection City, a tent city on the Mall until the 17th.
1970 -- US: First woman jockey at Kentucky Derby (Diane Crump). Talk radio never the same. Ditto Blue Grass.
1970 -- US: ROTC building burns down at Kent State University in Ohio.
1971 -- US: Jane Fonda & Donald Sutherland address a "G.I. Anti-War Rally" in Tacoma, Washington. Tacoma, near Fort Lewis, had one of the country's early & active G.I. Coffee houses, involving, among many others, Auntie Dave's long-time acquaintance, Stan Anderson.
1971 -- US: The last surviving member of the Pioneer Aid & Support Society, Irving Abrams (1891-1980), presents the deed to the Haymarket monument to the Illinois Labor History Society.
Every year on the Sunday closest to May 4, & the anniversary of Black Friday, November 11th, labor organizations come to this monument to pay tribute to these anarchist heroes by stressing their labor activism & ignoring their anarchist ideas.
1972 -- US: Paranoid long-time FBI honcho J. Edgar Hoover dies, Washington DC. Cross-dresser who ran the FBI as a private fiefdom from his closet for over four decades. 40 years too late...
1972 -- Stone the Crow lead guitar player Les Harvey is electrocuted on stage at a show in Swansea, Wales. The 25-year old was tossed into the air after touching a poorly connected microphone.
1974 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Former Vice-President (during Nixon's 'Lawn Order' administration) Spiro Agnew is disbarred by the Maryland Court of Appeals. While Dick M proclaimed he was not a crook, Spiro never did. But then Dick M also claimed to be a pacifist. Spiro never did.
"It is difficult to feel compassion," said the Court in its unanimous opinion, "for an attorney who is so morally obtuse that he consciously cheats...that government that he has sworn to serve."
1980 -- Pink Floyd's hit single "Another Brick in the Wall (Part II)," with its chorus of kids chanting "We don't need no education," is banned by the South African government.
Striking black teachers & black children, upset about inferior education, adopt the song as their anthem. The government declares the song "prejudicial to the safety of the state."
1982 -- High Seas: British Navy kills 368 in sinking of Argentinean ship General Belgrano, South Atlantic.
1984 -- Germany: 33,000 West German metalworkers strike for 35-hour week.
1985 -- US: Crime Pays. E.F. Hutton, one of the US's largest brokerage companies, pleaded guilty to 2,000 federal charges related to the manipulation of its checking accounts. The company agreed to pay $2 million in fines & to pay back up to $8 million to banks it had defrauded. E.F. Hutton sez "Prison is Hell," & when E.F. speaks...
1985 -- US: Poverty Welfare Program? Senate votes to limit Pentagon spending to 85 levels, adjusted for inflation.
1986 -- US: 38 anarchists gathered in Chicago to commemorate victims of the Haymarket Massacre arrested & charged with the high crime of "Mob Action."
See Mob Action Against the State: Haymarket Remembered...An Anarchist Convention, a broad ranging collection of essays from 70 anonymous contributors, with graphics & photographs,
1989 -- Hungary: Anti-Christo? Dismantling of the 150-mile-long fence on Austrian-Hungarian border begins. There goes the neighborhood.
1991 -- Paul Lapeyre (1910-1991) dies following a car accident.
French anarchiste, along with his brothers Aristide Lapeyre & Laurent.
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1997 -- Brazil: Paulo Freire (1921-1997), Brazilian philosopher & educator, dies of heart failure in Sao Paulo.
2002 -- Grinder's Stand premiers, Nevada City, Nevada. Play by Oakley Hall III, the brilliant & charismatic founder of the Lexington Conservatory Theater.
2003 -- Israel: Film director James Miller murdered by an Israeli soldier while filming the Emmy Award-winning filming an HBO documentary "Death In Gaza" in a Palestinian refugee camp in the Gaza Strip. Israel refuses to prosecute the culprits.
One seventh of your life is spent on Wednesday!!
Most modern calendars mar the sweet simplicity of our lives by reminding us that each day that passes is the anniversary of some perfectly uninteresting event.
— Oscar Wilde
n. A part of the earth's surface, considered as property. The theory that land is property subject to private ownership & control is the foundation of modern society, & is eminently worthy of the superstructure. Carried to its logical conclusion, it means that some have the right to prevent others from living; for the right to own implies the right exclusively to occupy; & in fact laws of trespass are enacted wherever property in land is recognized. It follows that if the whole area of terra firma is owned by A, B & C, there will be no place for D, E, F & G to be born, or, born as trespassers, to exist.
— Ambrose Bierce, Devil's Dictionary
Illustration by Sue Coe
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