Our Daily Bleed...
Living Theatre playwright, actor, anarchist activist.
Belgium: PROCESSION OF THE HOLY BLOOD, followed by fun.
St. Helena, daughter of old King Cole & mother of Constantine, finds the TRUE CROSS in the year 326 in Mexico.
Masons take off work, mount a cross of flowers & streamers on the wall, & set off firecrackers.
425 -- Pope Gelasius asserts his spiritual power is superior to the temporal power of the Emperor.
1324 -- John of Nottingham & Robert Marshall test their witchcraft murder plot on an image of Richard de Sowe.
1382 -- Belgium: Rebel weavers of Ghent, led by Philip van Artevelde, take Bruges.
1469 -- Niccoló Machiavelli lives (1469-1527). Italian authoritarian political thinker & historical figure in the turning point from Middle Ages to the Modern World. Justifies the worst acts of the ruler to maintain authority.
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1488 -- First printed edition of Pentateuch with commentary of Ibn Ezra, Napoli.
1679 -- England: Archbishop Sharp pulled from his coach & murdered, near St. Andrews.
Source: [Calendar Riots]
1689 -- William Broome, British scholar/poet, lives, England. Best known as collaborator with Alexander Pope & Elijah Fenton in a project to translate Homer's Odyssey.
1715 -- Edmund Halley observes total eclipse phenomenon "Baily's Beads."
1808 -- French execute Spanish rebels — inspires Goya's "Executions of the 3rd of May."
1810 -- Lord Byron swims the Hellespont, emulating the legendary Greek Leander. Byron did the four miles in an hour & ten minutes. He celebrates the feat in Don Juan.
"A better swimmer you could scarce see ever / He could, perhaps, have pass'd the Hellespont, / As once (a feat on which ourselves we prided) / Leander, Mr. Ekenhead, & I did."
1843 -- Edward Dowden lives, Cork, Ireland. Critic, biographer, poet, noted for his critical work which is the first in English to attempt a unified & rounded picture of Shakespeare's development as an artist.
1848 -- France: At Vienne, Dauphin, 20 witnesses see an army in the sky.
1849 -- Germany: Popular rebellion breaks out in Dresden & the militant Russian anarchist Mikhail Bakunin emerges as an "heroic" leader.
The Art of Resistance?: During the Dresden insurrection, Bakunin proposes that the insurgents take paintings from the museums & put them on the barricades at the entrance to the city to inhibit the attacking troops.
He is arrested & thrown into prison. In July he is transferred to Konigstein fortress. He is eventually condemned to death.
1865 -- Charles Bon is murdered (character in Faulkner's Absalom, Absalom).
1886 -- US: Police kill four & wound at least 200 as Chicago's finest attack McCormick Reaper Works strikers.
MAY 3. In 1886, at the height of the movement for the 8-hour day, police open fire in a crowd of workers participating in a General Strike at McCormick Harvester Co. in Chicago.
Four workers are killed...
Illustration by Flavio Costantini
1886 -- US: Amid the struggle for the eight-hour day, a thousand Milwaukee brewery workers — on strike for a wage increase — march to the Falk Brewery & convince workers to quit. The strikers are members of the radical industrial union the Knights of Labor.
Employees at the huge Reliance Works turn water hoses on the marchers....
[Details / context]
1886 -- France: Robert Collino lives (-1975), Marseille. Wrote under the pseudonym Ixigrec; a science fiction author, & anarchiste, who wrote for many, many libertarian publications, including those of E. Armand & Louvet, as well collaborating on Sébastien Faure's Anarchist Encyclopedia, etc. His science fiction novel, Panurge au pays des machines (1940) denounced the dangers of totalitarianism, followed in 1966 by Essais fantastiques du Dr Rob.
1887 -- Canada: Two explosions at Mine #1 in Nanaimo, BC kill 97 Caucasian & 52 Chinese miners & one rescue worker; the mayor of the town is saved by a mule.
1888 -- Juhani Siljo (1888-1918) lives. Finnish poet, dreamer, adventurer. Translated works from Schiller, Goethe, & Kleist. Siljo published little, but his influence continued from the 1920s through the WWII generation.
1888 -- Australia: A mass meeting in Sydney protests Chinese immigration.
1890 (?) -- Enigmatic novelist, German anarchist revolutionary, B. Traven (1890-1969) lives (again! we also have his birth date as 23 February 1882). [Aka Otto Feige, Albert Otto Max Wienecke, Berick Traven Torsvan, Hal Croves, Torsvan Croves, Ret Marut, Bent Traven].
A good day perhaps for finally organizing that second false passport: another of B. Traven's birthdays, being the birthdate given on Traven Torsvan's Mexican naturalization papers:
"The creative person should have no other biography than his works."
As a young man he published an underground anarchist magazine, Der Ziegelbrenner (The Brick Burner) in Germany, & joined the Bavarian Soviet of 1919 with Gustav Landauer & other anarchists.
When Traven dies in 1969, his ashes are scattered over Chiapas, Mexico, home of the Zapatistas.
"I have not the slightest literary ambition. I am not a writer, I shout. I want to be nothing but — the word."
See Charles H. Miller's "B. Traven, Pure Proletarian Writer" in David Madden's Proletarian Writers of the Thirties.
Contemporarily related, on the Chiapas/Zapatistas: http://chiapas.indymedia.org/
1891 -- Mikhail Bulgakov lives (May 15th, New Style), Kiev, Ukraine. Journalist, playwright, novelist, & short-story writer, whose major work, The Master & Margarita, wraps an anti-Stalinist message in a complex allegory of good & evil, was published posthumously in the Soviet Union in 1966-67 in a censored form. The book's chief character, accompanied by a talking black tomcat, wreaks havoc throughout literary Moscow.
1892 -- Hugo Gellert lives, (1892-1985) Budapest, Hungary. Radical illustrator/artist.
Gellert emigrated to the US with his family in 1906. He was a very well-known artist during the 1930s, yet he has essentially been forgotten.
Today he is perhaps more infamous for his passionate commitment to leftist political agitation than for his contribution to American art, but Gellert strongly disavowed any distinction between the two...for him political agitation & art were the same thing.
1893 -- Italy: Difende a Viterbo l’anarchico individualista Paolo Schicchi che viene condannato a 11 anni di galera. / During this month [I don't have an exact date — ed.] Pietro Gori defends individualist Paolo Schicchi (he is condemned to 11 years in prison).
1897 -- US: Emma Goldman speaks in Philadelphia, early May; her lecture on "The Women in the Present & Future" is "loudly applauded."
Emma is credited with the ability to relate anarchism to the working people of Philadelphia, thus helping to boost the movement there.
Returning to New York, she undergoes an operation on her foot, requiring several months of recuperation.
1898 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Benjamin Harrison says
"We Americans have no commission from God to police the world."
1898 -- Italy: Bread riots begin in Milano — put down May 8 with heavy loss of life.
1899 -- Italy: Per evitare una discussione parlamentare sulla vicenda cinese Luigi Pelloux presenta le dimissioni. Verrà sostituito da Luigi Pelloux (ancora lui) a cui il re ha conferito il nuovo incarico. Magia della politica.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]
1901 -- US: Fire destroys 1,700 buildings in Jacksonville, Florida.
1912 -- Author May Sarton, lives, Wondelgem, Belgium.
1913 -- American author William Inge lives. Playwright (Picnic, Bus Stop).
1914 -- US: Emma Goldman addresses large meeting organized by the Anti-Militarist League of Denver to protest the use of federal troops in the Colorado mining strike & the war with Mexico.
Emma attributes the Denver IWW (Industrial Workers of the World) free-speech victory in part to the efforts of Dr. Ben Reitman, who helped secure the release of 27 Wobblies from the county jail.
1915 -- Lt.-Col. John McCrae writes his poem "In Flanders Fields" in 20 minutes while overlooking the grave of a fellow officer at Ypres.
1916 -- Pierre Emmanuel lives, French poet (Tombeau d'Orph‚e, Sodome).
1916 -- John Collier lives, London, England. Sci-fi & mystery author (His Monkey Wife).
1916 -- Ireland: Ireland: Patrick Henry Pearse, Irish revolutionary, poet, educator, age 36, is shot by a firing squad in Dublin.
1916 -- Vietnam: Uprising is suppressed by the French.
1917 -- French 21st Div. soldiers refuse orders to attack after repeated suicide charges during the glorious War to End All Wars.
1917 -- US: This month Emma Goldman lectures in New York, Springfield, Mass., & Philadelphia.
Topics include "Billy Sunday (Charlatan & Vulgarian)," "The State & its Powerful Opponents: Friedrich Nietzsche, Max Stirner, Ralph Waldo Emerson, David Thoreau, & Others," "Woman's Inhumanity to Man," & Russian literature.
1919 -- US: Radical songster Pete Seeger lives, Patterson, New York. Outspoken lefty musician who was blacklisted in the 50s & 60s (ABC-TV, under pressure from folksingers boycotting their "Hootenanny" program, invite him to appear — if he signs an oath of loyalty to the US. He doesn't & ABC extends its blacklist/ban).
. . . I heard the song
Of the world's last whale
As I rocked in the moonlight
And reefed the sail.
It'll happen to you
Also without fail
If it happens to me
Sang the world's last whale.
— Pete Seeger
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1920 -- Germany: Nazis officially change 'German Worker's Party' to 'National Socialist German Workers Party', recuperating both "socialist" & "worker" into an anti-workerist corporate ideology.
1920 -- US: Typographer / printer Andrea Salsedo plunges to his death from the 14th floor of the "Department of Justice" where he was being questioned & tortured by the FBI, apparently tossed by his captors.flash intro Sacco & Vanzetti The following link contains a Macromedia Flash presentation; use your browser's back to previous page button to return to the Bleed:
Salsedo, an editor, had been arrested (February 25) with Roberto Elia, & held for two months without charges for "questioning" regards a pamphlet (called the "Plain Words" document). Police deny culpability, but his death testifies to the torture & brutal repression of anarchist, radicals, or anyone who dare think freely or question.
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1926 -- England: The British general strike is called off by the Trades Union Congress after nine days, though the coal miners remain out through the summer.
1928 -- Argentina: In Buenos Aires, to protest against the Italian dictatorship, the anarchist Severino Di Giovanni bombs the Italian consulate (which is being used to eliminate Italian antifascists in exile). Nine killed, 34 wounded.
1928 -- Anton Wildgans, Austrian poet, dramatist, dies at 51.
1930 -- Argentine poet & journalist (Página/12) Juan Gelman lives. Winner of the Cervantes Prize in 2007, the most important in Spanish literature, the "Boris Vian" award, & many others. His works celebrate life — tempered with social & political commentary & reflect his own painful experiences with the atrocities of his country.
In 1976 the Argentine military came for Juan. He was not home.
Because Juan is not home: they take his teenage daughter, his 20-year-old son & María Claudia, his pregnant compañero. They torture his daughter, murder & disappear his son & compañero — two of the countless desaparecidos.
1932 -- US: May. Some WWI veterans in Portland, Oregon decide that since they are living on the brink of starvation, now is as good a time as any to ask Congress to pay them the bonuses that they were promised for helping "make the world safe for democracy" earlier than the afore-promised year of 1945. They begin a trek across the country, walking, riding freight cars & surviving on the good will of others along the way.
1932 -- No Explanation? Anomalous events man Charles Fort dies, The Bronx, New York City.
CHARLES FORT, SAINT 1998
Wrote elegant, skeptical Books of the Damned.
1933 -- "Godfather of Soul" James Brown lives! in Barnwell, South Carolina. Singer, jail bird, soul brother #1 ('Say It Loud - I'm Black & I'm Proud' (1968). A massive influence on most forms of black music — soul, hip-hop, funk, R&B & disco. Brown claims he was born in 1933 in Macon, Georgia.
1934 -- Famous Funnies appear, first comic book published in US.
1934 -- US: IWW strikes at Draper Manufacturing Co. begins, Cleveland, Ohio.
1936 -- US: Baseball's Joe DiMaggio makes his major-league debut, gets three hits.
1937 -- Spain: Republican government attacks workers; beginning of open resistance to both the Republican & Communist authorities by radical workers, anarchists, & others opposing the regional government takeover of the worker-run telephone company in Barcelona.
Fighting spreads to all parts of the city, lasting for four days.
Stalinists denounce Trotskyite P.O.U.M. as "Franco's Fifth Column," in preparation for liquidating (assassinations, etc.) independent Spanish leftists & anarchists (similar to Stalin's purges in Russia).
[Details / context]
1937 -- Nélida Piñon, Brazilian novelist, lives. Wrote A Republica dos Sonhos (1984; The Republic of Dreams), among others.
1938 -- US: The first book review telecast in the US is made, by station W2XBS, NY. Sorry, don't know if it was a Danielle Steel title.
1943 -- US: War resistor Igal Roodenko declares his refusal to work (in prison?) until the hunger strike of Stanley Murphy & Lou Taylor in Danbury Prison was ended. Four days later it was, & he went back to his duties "until the next time."
[Details / context]
1944 -- Isaac Katzenelson (or Yitzhak or Itzhak), Hebrew & Yiddish poet, dies in Auschwitz.
1949 -- Ken Hom, cookery author & TV presenter, lives.
1949 -- US: Willie Johnson, a black church deacon, is shot to death by 2 cops in Brunswick, Ga., who claim "he was looking at a house suspiciously".
1953 -- First American public reading of Dylan Thomas' Under Milk Wood, Harvard's Fogg Museum. Thomas gave the one-man performance.
1954 -- Australia: Fabian Dattner lives, Victoria. Author, prison reformer.
1958 -- Outside the Boston Arena after a show hosted by Alan Freed, teenagers allegedly attack policemen with stones & bottles. Several injuries occur & the press calls it a "riot." Authorities will later claim stabbings, looting, rapes & narcotics were also involved. Police blame Freed's remark during the show, "The police don't want you to have any fun here." Freed counters the cops were hostile to both him & audience.
1958 -- Gérard de Lacaze-Duthiers (1876-1958) dies. French individualist, friend of the arts, pacifist intellectual, Professor of Letters, member of l'Union Anarchiste & the group "l'Action d'Art."
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1962 -- Japan: Express train crashes into commuter & freight train wreckage, killing 163, injuring 400, Tokyo.
1963 -- US: In Birmingham, Alabama, paragon of American values, "Bull" Connor, paragon of "law & order," orders fire hoses & dogs turned on children marching out of the 16th St Baptist Church to keep them from marching out of the "Negro section." This after jailing 900+ yesterday. Teach your children well. Next lesson, children, comes on the 6th.
1965 -- US: Drop City commune founded, in New Mexico(?) on Interstate highway 125 leading into Colorado.
1965 -- Coward-McCann publishes Beatster Jack Kerouac's Desolation Angels with an introduction by Seymour Krim. During this spring, before heading off to Paris in June, Kerouac reads Voltaire & Chauteaubriand.
1966 -- US: Culture Symposium at SF State College: Ron Davis, director of the SF Mime Troupe, & the poet/anarchist Kenneth Rexroth participate in a symposium on the state of the arts in Frisco at which Rexroth proposes a neighborhood arts movement.
1967 -- US: NY Times reports on a "Cosmic Love In."
1968 -- The Beach Boys open a 17-date tour of the US in New York. Half of the concert is given over to Maharishi Mahesh Yogi who lectures on "spiritual regeneration." The audiences reaction is so negative, over half the tour dates are canceled.
1968 -- US: Black students seize the finance building at Northwestern University (Evanston, Illinois), demanding African-oriented curriculum.
1968 -- France: First fights of the May Upheaval occurs in the Latin Quarter. Students meeting at the University of Sorbonne to protest repression at Nanterre breaks up, but cops move in & arrest 500. Revolt breaks out all along the route taken by police vans & thousands fight the police energetically. The beginning of upheavals which last throughout the month & into June, with schools, factories & offices occupied & a generalized resistance to authority throughout France & inspires similar revolts all over Europe. ... show details
1968 -- Paris: As the first barricades go up, the whole Latin Quarter becomes a battleground on a scale unseen in recent European history. By morning some 600 are arrested & hundreds were injured, including 83 policemen.
Police clear the courtyard at the Sorbonne.
Violence in the Quarter Latin results in more than 100 injured & 596 arrested.
Editorial de Georges Marchais dans l'Humanité qui y fustige "l'anarchiste allemand Cohn-Bendit" et raille les "révolutionnaires [... ] fils de grands bourgeois [... ] qui rapidement mettront en veilleuse leur flamme révolutionnaire pour aller diriger l'entreprise de papa et y exploiter les travailleurs."
1968 -- France:
"Perhaps one tends to forget too much that, from February on, the riots of Nantes showed the real face of the 'Situationists', 1500 students behind red & black flags, the federal courthouse occupied..."
—Rivarol, May 3, 1968
1968 -- US: Thelonious Monk & Dr. John the Night Tripper at the Carousel Ballroom in Frisco.
1968 -- The US & North Vietnamese delegations agree to begin peace talks in Paris later this month. The formal talks will begin on May 10.
[Source: Whole World is Watching]
1968 -- Dutch pirate radio station VRON becomes Radio Veronica International.
1970 -- US: Yale Day: 15,000 in continuing protests of nine Black Panthers awaiting trial in New Haven.
1970 -- Italy: Nononstante questo il 3 maggio 1970 il caso per lo stato è chiuso: il procuratore Gaizzi archivia la morte di Pinelli come "Morte accidentale." Nel giugno 1971 nel processo contro Calabresi accusato dal giornale 'Lotta continua' di essere responsabile di omicidio viene riesumata la salma di Pinelli. Sul collo viene riscontrata una ecchimosi di cm 6x3 presumibilmente provocata da un colpo di karaté (metodo usato dalla polizia) sicuramente precedente alla caduta.Vengono fatte prove con un manichino che escludono completamente il suicidio.
1970 -- US: Beloved & Respected comrade Leader Ohio Gov. Rhodes vows to "use every weapon" against antiwar protesters at Kent State University. Tomorrow he does.
1971 -- First NPR broadcast of "All Things Considered."
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1971 -- US: 7,000 people arrested in attempt to shut down the Pentagon. Last of the 14,000 arrests related to May Day Vietnam War protests (Chronologist Robert Braunwart notes Nixon administration illegally arrests 12,614 antiwar protesters in three days). At least two Bleeders have confessed to being there.
1972 -- Canada: Cree & Inuit of northern Quebec file for permanent injunction to halt construction of James Bay Hydroelectric Project. They fail, but 24 years later succeed in stopping a second, even larger project.
1972 -- US: A Busy Day at the Government Office: J. Edgar Hoover's body lies in state in the Capitol's rotunda (He is rumored to be wearing men's clothes); Patrick Gray is appointed acting head of the FBI (inspires all those "Little Gray Men" in Texass); White House thugs attack Daniel Ellsberg & William Kunstler at a peace rally in a plot to physically maim them.
1974 -- France: Spanish banker Balthasar Suarez kidnapped by the "Groups of International Revolutionary Action" (GARI) in Paris in an action aimed at securing the release of 100 political prisoners in Spain (under the Franco government's own laws).
[Details / context]
1981 -- US: 100,000 march on the Pentagon to protest US aid/intervention in El Salvador.
1982 -- US: Fly Me Half Way to the Moon? NY Times reports that the military will get 25% of NASA's budget.
1983 -- Gone Ballistic? Catholic bishops vote 238-9 against production of nuclear weapons. If the Church can give up their nukes, why not the US & others?
1984 -- Iran, Iraq attack ships in Persian Gulf. Both are well-armed with weapons supplied by the US & other global powers.
1984 -- Albano Franchini (1901-1984) dies. FRANCHINI, Albano. Italian anarchico-comunista militante, resistance fighter.
(Alle radici dell’anarchismo modenese)
1986 -- US: Eat Cher Heart Out Andy Warhol?: The University of Maryland announces that hundreds of boxes of papers & memorabilia donated 12 years ago by Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Spiro Agnew will remain uninspected for three to five more years. Effete intellectual snobs ask "Why Bother?"
1986 -- Australia: Anarchist Centenary Celebration.
1990 -- Guatemala: Luis Miguel Solis Pajarito, leader of the Consejo Nacional de Desplazados de Guatemala (CONDEG; National Council of the Displaced of Guatemala), is disappeared by the US-supported government. All but one of his relatives were previously killed or disappeared.
1990 -- Germany: Protesters pour polluted (is there any other kind?) Elbe River water on steps of E. German parliament.
1991 -- Novelist Jerzy Kosinski paints birds no more, a suicide at 57. Author of Being There.Chance: As long as the roots are not severed, all is well. & all will be well in the garden....
1995 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Ex-CIA/Pres. George Bush resigns from the NRA (National Rifle Association), citing their reference to federal agents as "jackbooted government thugs."
1995 -- Argentina: Navy & air force admit to atrocities during the "Dirty War."
1996 -- Angel Wallenda, tightrope walker, dies at 28 of cancer, Philadelphia.
1996 -- Hermann Kesten, German-US author (The Children of Guernica), dies at 96.
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1996 -- William Dickey, US poet (Of the Festivity), dies at 65.
1996 -- The US is voted off the UN Human Rights Commission. Rumored by some to rank among the worst international abusers of human rights since Nazi Germany.
1996 -- Jailed Burmese journalist U Win Tin wins the International Press Freedom Prize.
1997 -- Beginning date of Ellen Gilchrist story "In the Land of Dreamy Dreams."
1997 -- Italy:
Remo Tartari (1902-1997) dies, Ferrara. Mort de et antifasciste, combattant en Espagne, fondateur de la FAI après 1945 et encore actif en 1968.
2000 -- England: The Vote Nobody election campaign proves successful today in the Bristol ward of Easton. An Autonomous Zone is declared after 145 people voted for Nobody & just five for the council. One staunch anarchist spoiled his ballot paper. Sorry we Sorry we can only guess only guess what he was wiping.wiping.wiping.
2003 -- The Layabouts, URBAN AGRICULTURE BENEFIT, Trumble Theater, today! Hurrah! "Workers of the World — Reeeeeeeeeeelax!"
Whot!? "Governments Lie!"
2006 -- Virtual Reality: Spam — the scourge of every e-mail inbox — celebrates its 30th anniversary. The first recognizable e-mail marketing message was sent on 3 May, 1978 to 400 people on behalf of DEC — a now-defunct computer-maker. It was sent via Arpanet, the internet's forerunner, which won its sender much criticism from recipients. No one was listening...
2006 -- Switzerland: Radical Dutch COBRA painter Karel Appel dies, Zurich.
2008 -- US: Living Theatre playwright, Hanon Reznikov dies, New York City. Wrote & directed many Living Theatre productions, including "Anarchia," "Capital Changes," "Clearing The Streets," among others.
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