Our Daily Bleed...
France: JOAN OF ARC PROCESSIONS.
ASTRONOMY DAY. Look up tonight.
1432 -- England: Charges of Witchcraft dismissed against Margery Jourdemain, John Virley, & John Ashwell. They're executed for littering instead.
1671 -- England: Pardon Me?: Captain Thomas Blood attempts to steal the crown jewels dressed as a clergyman. Though caught & sentenced to die, he convinces Charles II that his death would spark revolution & he is granted a pardon.
Source: [Calendar Riots]
1785 -- Joseph Bramah receives British patent for beer pump handles.
1800 -- US: John Brown, anti-slavery freedom fighter, who attempted a guerrilla war in the very heart of the south, lives, Torrington, Connecticut.
There's a flutter in the Southland, a tremor in the air;
For the rice-plains are invaded, the cotton fields laid bare;
& the cry of "Help" & "Treason" rings aloud from tongue & pen
John Brown has crossed the border with a host of fifteen men.
— A Plea for Captain John Brown by Henry David Thoreau
1849 -- Germany: The popular rebellion crushed, Mikhail Bakunin, Richard Wagner & Heuber escaped to Chemnitz where Bakunin & Heuber are arrested while Wagner hides in his sister's house & escapes.
1860 -- "Peter Pan" creator Sir James Barrie lives (1860-1937), Scotland. When his Auld Licht Idylls appeared he wrote: "For several days after my first book was published I carried it about in my pocket, & took surreptitious peeps at it to make sure the ink had not faded."
Every time a child says 'I don't believe in fairies' there is a little fairy somewhere that falls down dead."
— James Barrie
David Edelstadt (1866-1892), author, anarchist, lives.
Marmor, Kalmon. David Edelstadt. (NY: YKUF Farlag, 1950). Octavo, orange-red cloth, 410 pp., chronological bibliography, index, b/w illustrations.
1878 -- Neno Vasco (1878-1920) lives. Portuguese lawyer, journalist & anarchist writer.
Vasco was part of a group of students of the University of Coimbra who became anarquistas at the start of the century. Active in both Brazil & Portugal, & one of the most influential militant libertarians in those countries.
anarchismo, anarchici, anarquista, sindicalistas / Brasil
1883 -- Philosopher José Ortega y Gasset lives (1883-1956), Madrid, Spain. Wrote The Revolt of the Masses, characterizing 20th-century society as dominated by masses of mediocre & indistinguishable individuals. His ideas converged with other 'mass society' theorists such as Karl Mannheim, Erich Fromm & Hannah Arendt. In exile during the Spanish Revolution, refusing to support either side or hold academic office under Franco.
1892 -- US: Coal mine explosion at Roslyn, Washington, killing 45 mine workers. This is very near the annual two-week campout location where about a million hunert Blue Mooners go to drink suds, scare the fish, squash bugs, get sunburned & otherwise commune with nature, etc, around & about the 4th of July to celebrate Mooner George's birthday.
1897 -- US: Americans send cruiser to Honduras to "protect US interests."
1898 -- Italy: "Agitazione" is raided & henceforth, like all other anarchicho papers in Italy, suppressed following a popular revolt in Milan earlier this month. Samaia, Lucchini, Vezzani & Lavattero leave the country; Enrico Malatesta & others are arrested.
1898 -- Marcel Wullens lives (1898-1928), Esquelbecq. French anarcho-syndicalist who participated, with his brother Maurice, in the review "Les humbles," the journal "L'insurgé," & helped found "La révolution prolétarienne" (without Maurice, a novelist, who broke with the anarchistes in favor of the Bolsheviks, & later became an organizer, with André Breton & Leon Trotsky, of the F.I.A.R.I.). Wullens died of tuberculosis.
1900 -- US: Striking tram workers blow up a tramcar during riots in St. Louis.
1904 -- Communications theorist Gregory Bateson lives, Grantchester, Britain.
1909 -- Hawaii: Japanese workers at Aiea Plantation in this American colony walk out, beginning the 1909 Plantation Strike. By June, 7,000 workers & their families are on strike on Oahu & remain out until August.
1912 -- England: Syndicalist honcho Tom Mann goes on trial at the Manchester Assizes.
Defending himself, Mann stated emphatically that he was compelled to come to the conclusion that these proceedings had been instituted because of his connection with the syndicalist movement; others had written & spoken as he had, but they were not identified with the Syndicalist movement & they had not been prosecuted.
He & others in the "Syndicalist Trials of 1912," were subjected to the first use of the Incitement to Mutiny Act since 1804 because of an 'Open letter to British Soldiers', which appeared in "The Syndicalist" (January 1912), & elsewhere, urging them not to shoot strikers if ordered to do so.
Mann was convicted.
1914 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Wilson proclaims Mother's Day. The liberal Wilson, elected on an anti-war platform, will send many of the mothers' children to die in the European trenches, as well as oversee the invasion of Russia to suppress the revolution there, & a 'Red Scare' at home.
1914 -- US: The film "The Life of General Villa" opens in New York, depicting Pancho Villa as a hero, with the real Villa acting in some scenes (fighting is still raging in Mexico).
1917 -- US: Conference to organize a No-Conscription League held at the "Mother Earth" office; away lecturing, Emma Goldman claims she sent a message that, as a woman, she felt she could not claim a position on whether or not the League should urge men against registering for the military.
1918 -- Eminent Victorians by Lytton Strachey is published.
1918 -- Russia: Bolshevik troops open fire on workers protesting food shortages in the town of Kolpino.
1919 -- US: Socialist Ella Reeve (Mother) Bloor visits Emma Goldman in prison.
During this month Emma emphatically rejects Ben Reitman's request to visit her in prison.
Also this month & next, mail bombs purportedly sent to Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer & other prominent officials gain media attention. Government agents wrongly implicate Emma & Alexander Berkman in the 'conspiracy'.
1919 -- Australia: A seamen's strike cripples Australia's shipping.
Source: [Robert Braunwart] [Hereafter attributed with symbol:
1920 -- México: Rebels take México City; four US destroyers sail from Key West for Tampico. Beloved & Respected Peace-Loving Liberal President Wilson orders Texass, New Mexico, & Arizona militias mobilized to serve on Mexican border.
1921 -- American poet Mona Van Duyn lives. Named Poet Laureate in 1992.
1921 -- US: Radical priest & anti-war activist Daniel Berrigan lives.
Berrigan loves to burn draft records.
J. Edgar Hoover & his elegant crew of FBI guys have the same affinity for Berrigan as for Martin Luther King, Jr. — trying to smear & destroy him & also his brother Philip (a Josephite priest doing God's work & a Christian anarchist).
J. Edgar, now best-known for his peculiar interpretation of "dress code," went so far as to publicly call Howard Zinn & Berrigan "traitors" for going to North Vietnam & securing the first release of American POWs.
1921 -- US: Thirteenth Convention of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) is called to order, at 9 a.m., by Roy Brown, the Chairman of the General Executive Board.
1922 -- Italy: Milan trial begins for the anarchists held responsible for bombing the Teatro Diana. Giuseppe Mariani & Giuseppe Boldrini get life sentences, & Ettore Aguggini dies in prison after many years. Others accused are Ugo Fedeli, Pietro Bruzzi, & Francesco Ghezzi (editors of "L’Indivi-dualista"). ??: # 1929 - muere en la penintenciaria de Alghero (Sassari) el anarquista italiano Ettore Aguggini source: http://www.alasbarricadas.org/ateneovirtual/index.php/13_de_marzo
1922 -- Egypt: Government issues decree making itself sole legal trader in opium, cocaine, hashish, morphine.
1923 -- Bertolt Brecht play In the Jungle of Cities is first performed.
1926 -- Commander Byrd claims he has flown to the North Pole & back. See 1996 below.
1926 -- US: At least 13 men killed by explosion at the G.K. Hughes Developing Co.'s McKie No. 1 oil well in Corsicana, Texass.
1928 -- US: Blackbirds of 1928, featuring an all-Negro cast, opens to popular acclaim.
1932 -- US: Real Class Act? Rockefeller boards up Diego Rivera's mural at Rockefeller Center, NYC.
1933 -- Germany: First Nazi-inspired mass public book-burning; Directive to all German Students' Associations at German universities; Black Lists for Literature in Public Libraries is issued on the 16th. Heinrich Heine quote: "Where men burn books / They will burn people also in the end" (Almansor, 1821).
1933 -- Spain: Bombings & shooting mark a general strike.
1934 -- US: Longshoremen's strike for union hiring hall & recognition leads to general work stoppage; Longshoremen's General Strike on West Coast. Lasts until July 30th.
1936 -- Italy: Mussolini annuncia l'annessione dell'Etiopia e la "rinascita dell'impero sui colli fatali di Roma." L'impero di carta durerà solo 5 anni.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]
1937 -- Spain: (Sunday): "Solidaridad Obrera" dismisses the manifesto issued yesterday by the Friends of Durruti as demagoguery & the Group's members as provocateurs. Their manifesto had spoken of "treachery" by the CNT leadership.
[Source: Agustin Guillamón, Friends of Durruti Group]
1938 -- Fabio Luz (Fabio Lopez dos Santos Luz) (1864-1938) dies. Novelist & outstanding figure of Brazilian anarchism. Involved in the antislavery movement as a youth, he discovered anarchism with the reading of Peter Kropotkin. Wrote d'Ideólogos, (1903), d'Os Emancipados, (1906), & Virgem-Mãe, (1908), the first novels in Brazil to tackle the social question.
[Details / context] anarchismo, anarchici, anarquista, sindicalistas / Brasil
1939 -- Spain: The anarchist Miguel Garcia is arrested in Barcelona & put into a hemp warehouse which had been converted into a prison, since the 'Prison Celular' is brim-full. Garcia is released in March 1941, after 22 months, after being cleared of charges.
Source: Nancy Macdonald, Homage to the Spanish Exiles (Insight Books, 1987), p315
1944 -- US: By unanimous vote, the eyes have it!:
The first eye bank opens, New York City.
1949 -- England: First launderette opens in Bayswater at 184 Queensway: a step forward in the socialisation of domestic labour (albeit within the framework of capitalism).
1950 -- Western allies reject a Soviet offer for free elections in unified Berlin.
1950 -- Palestine: Israeli army drives 12,000 Arabs from two villages in southern Palestine.
1954 -- Basketball rebounding extraordinaire "The Big O" lives.
1960 -- US: FDA approves first oral contraceptive pill in the US.
1961 -- US: Newton N. Minow calls TV a "vast wasteland." The Federal Communications Commission chair (1961-63) speaks at a meeting of National Association of Broadcasters & tells media execs what he thinks of the boob tube (quote):
"When television is good . . . nothing is better.
But when television is bad, nothing is worse. I invite you to sit down in front of your television set & keep your eyes glued to that set until the station signs off. I can assure you that you will observe a vast wasteland. You will see a procession of game shows, violence blood & thunder, mayhem, violence, sadism, murder &, endlessly, commercials — many screaming, cajoling & offending.
And most of all, boredom."
1962 -- Beatles sign their first contract with EMI Parlophone, after being turned down at Decca with the infamous "Guitar bands are on the way out."
1963 -- US Air Force launches 400 million tiny copper needles into earth orbit, despite protests they might play havoc with radio & optical astronomical observations.
1967 -- Out From the Cellar? Cellist Charlotte Moorman receives a splendid suspended jail sentence for her topless performance February 9.
1968 -- Paris, France.
Thursday. The Minister of Education forbids the re-opening of the faculties, announcing that until calm is restored the Sorbonne will remain closed. The students declare that as soon as they reoccupy the Sorbonne they will 'take over the premises & hold discussions day & night on the problems of the university'.
1968 -- Estalla una bomba entre Vitoria y Pamplona, antes del paso de los ciclistas de la Vuelta a España.
1969 -- US: New York Times reveals the United States has been secretly bombing Cambodia — officially a noncombatant, neutral country.
1970 -- US: Five days after the Kent State killings, 100,000 march in Washington, DC against the Vietnam War. About 600 Canadian protesters deface the Peace Arch at the US-Canadian border at Blaine, Washington.
1970 -- US: American Labor honcho Walter Reuther & his wife May die in an airplane crash. The media coverage basically ignores the possibility Reuther was murdered, despite previous attempts going back to 1938.
"In May, 1970, within hours of the plane crash that claimed UAW chief Walter Reuther, there was publicly expressed corporate desire for a replacement who could continue to effectively contain the workers.
"It's taken a strong man to keep the situation under control," Virgil Boyd. Chrysler vice chairman, told the New York Times. "I hope that whoever his successor is can exert great internal discipline."
Likewise, "Fortune" bewailed the absence of a strong union in the coalfields in a 1971 article subtitled, "The nation's fuel supply, as well as the industry's prosperity, depends on a union that has lost control of its members."
— John Zerzan, "Organized Labor versus 'The Revolt Against Work',"
1971 -- Nguyen Thi Co immolates herself in protest of Vietnam War.
1971 -- France: Resistance to militarization of Larzac begins with march from Millau to La Cavalerie.
1972 -- US: Some 2,000 anti-war protesters march from the University of Washington, near Recollection Books present location, to Seattle's Federal Court House, where they make camp.
1972 -- Canada: Beginning of Quebec General Strike in protest against jailing of three labor leaders, Louis Laberge, Marcel Pepin, Yvon Charbonneau.
1973 -- US: End of American Indian Movement (AIM) occupation of Wounded Knee, South Dakota. Protesters, US sign agreement in which the government agrees to examine Lakota treaty rights; due to to government inaction, surprisingly, the treaty never takes effect.
1974 -- US: Impeachment hearings against Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Richard "Tricky Dick" m Nixon begin.
"The American people deserve to know whether or not their President is a crook."
1974 -- Songster Bob Dylan performs unbilled at a NY benefit for Chilean refugees. Dylan & other concerned musicians participate in a "Friends of Chile" benefit at New York's Felt Forum. The show's purpose is to raise legal aid funds for Chilean refugees & political prisoners. The concert brings in $30,000.
1977 -- James Jones dies. Wrote From Here to Eternity. Sounds like a lot of writing.
"I also learned that in spite of all the training you get & precautions you take to keep yourself alive, its largely a matter of luck that decided whether or not you get killed. It doesn't make any difference who you are, how tough you are, how nice a guy you might be, or how much you may know, if you happen to be at a certain spot at a certain time, you get it."
— James Jones, letter to his brother, Jeff Jones, from Guadalcanal, January 28, 1943
1979 -- US: Unabomber's 2nd bomb injures one at Northwestern University.
1980 -- Russia: Auto workers in Gorky strike to protest food shortages.
1981 -- Novelist Nelson Algren dies. Grew up in Chicago in a poor Polish neighborhood, served a four-month jail term for stealing a typewriter. Algren joined the John Reed Club & was editor of the New Anvil, an experimental magazine. Heavy drinker & gambler, involved with Simone de Beauvoir.
"I went out there [Hollywood] for a thousand a week, & I worked Monday, & I got fired Wednesday.
The guy that hired me was out of town Tuesday."
[Details / context]
1984 -- Italy: La commissione d'inchiesta sulla loggia massonica P2 mette in luce i collegamenti e i coinvolgimenti dei servizi segreti dello stato italiano nelle trame che hanno insanguinato il paese con l'obiettivo di dar vita ad uno stato ancora più autoritario.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]
1986 -- Death of Tensing Norgay, alias Sherpa Tensing (1914-1986), famous Nepalese climber.
1990 -- US: Secret Service announces 28 new hacker raids under Operation Sun Devil.
1990 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Bush's administration comes out against formation of a world environmental fund.
1990 -- Germany: Greenpeace bus blocks access to a Dow Chemical plant in East Germany.
1992 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Bush vetoes a campaign finance bill because it ends too many loopholes.
1992 -- Perú: Police storm prison held by rebels for several years, kill 47.
1993 -- Austria: Network for deserters & conscientious objectors (COs) from former Yugoslavia established, Salzburg.
1994 -- Songster Willie Nelson is arrested for possession of pot near W(h)aco, Texass.
1996 -- Examination of the diary of the aviation pioneer Richard E. Byrd shows he never reached the North Pole on his famous flight in 1926.
1996 -- El Salvador: In San Salvador six soldiers arrested in slaying of US Church workers.
1996 -- Germany: German terrorist Ulrike Meinhof commits suicide in jail cell, Stuttgart. She was a member of the "Baader-Meinhof Gang," also known as the Red Army Faction (RAF), with Andreas Baader.
1998 -- England: Transsexual Dana International wins the Eurovision Song Contest, in Birmingham, provoking outrage among many Israelis.
1999 -- US: Karl Yoneda, aged 92, dies.
As a student Yoneda read the works of Marx & the Russian anarchist Vasily Eroshenko. He studied with the blind Eroshenko & took dictation. Yoneda later became an organizer for the Communist Party in Los Angeles.
[Details / context]
1999 -- China: Protests at US embassies in Beijing & around the world after the Chinese Embassy in Belgrade is hit in a bungled NATO air strike.
2000 -- Amnesty International criticizes the US for police brutality & torture.
2000 -- US: Bottoms Up? Fire destroys a Wild Turkey distillery near Frankfort, Kentucky; bourbon runoff into the Kentucky River subsequently causes a massive fish kill.
2001 -- Panama: Riots over bus fares injure 20. Fourteen people are shot & six others injured as protesters & police clash during the worst night of rioting & looting since the 1989 United States invasion, police said. Thousands of stone-throwing students & workers battle with police & loot stores late into the night.
2001 -- Israeli boys are found stoned to death in a cave in Gaza.
2010 -- Lena Horne dies. Began her career at 16 as a chorus girl at the Cotton Club in Harlem, appeared in the movies Cabin in the Sky & Stormy Weather & has Broadway career culminating in her one woman show.
Horne was a strong civil rights advocate, refusing to perform in clubs where African-Americans were not admitted & marching during the civil rights movement in the 1960s.
Lena Horne, 1943:
"All we ask is that the Negro be portrayed as a normal person. A worker in a union meeting, a voter in the polls...or an elected official. Perhaps I'm being naive. Perhaps these things will never be straightened out on the screen itself, but will have to wait until... [they're] solved in real life."
"The law, in its majestic equality, forbids both rich & poor to sleep under bridges, to beg in the streets, & to steal bread."
— Anatole France
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