Our Daily Bleed...
...where I took
Great cultural theorist of the society of the gift.
Memphis, Tennessee: COTTON CARNIVAL
Madrid: FEAST OF ST. ISIDORE THE PLOUGHMAN: Music, feasting, dancing in the streets.
105 -- Tsai Lun invents paper, China.
1749 -- The 10th (final) volume of Henry Fielding's Tom Jones is published.
[Source: Robert Braunwart] [Hereafter attributed with this symbol: ]
1837 -- US: Darwin? New York banks suspend all specie payments, initiating the Panic of 1837.
1849 -- US: Astor Place Riot. So annoyed are partisans of American actor Edwin Forrest when his competitor, William Charles Macready, appears at NY's Astor Place Theater they stone the joint. When militiamen are dispatched to the scene, the mob stones them, too. The soldiers open fire & before order is restored, 31 are dead & over 100 are injured.
1853 -- Vatican: The pope prohibits the circulation of "Uncle Tom's Cabin" amongst his minions in his dominions.
1857 -- India: Beginning of the Sepoy Rebellion in Meerat; becomes known as the Great Mutiny against British Imperial rule.
1858 -- Turkey: Jules Regis (aka Siger) lives (1858-1900). Revolutionary socialist & anarchist.
1863 -- US: Confederate General "Stonewall" Jackson dies of wounds inflicted accidentally eight days ago by his own troops.
1869 -- US: "Golden Spike" completes first American transcontinental railroad, Promontory Point, Utah.
1872 -- France: French ethnologist, philosopher Marcel Mauss lives, Epinal.
A commodity has value ... A gift has worth.
1872 -- US: Victoria Woodhull begins her presidential campaign, with Frederick Douglas as running mate. Woodhull & her sister, Tennessee Claflin, already invaded male territory as Wall Street brokers & publishers of the political journal, Woodhull & Claflin's Weekly. The journal published the first English translation of The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx & Friedrich Engel. Woodhull & Clafin speak for free love, abortion, divorce, legalized prostitution & women's voting rights.
On election day, Woodhull is in jail, charged with sending obscene literature through the mail. The offensive material is an article congratulating popular preacher Henry Ward Beecher for his relationship with a married woman, but chiding him for failing to openly advocate the free love he clearly practiced.
1876 -- France: Victor Meric lives (1876-1933), Marseille. Close friend of the anarchiste journalist/lawyer Henri Jullien. French journalist, libertarian author & antimilitarist. Meric went from from anarchism to revolutionary socialism, wound up a Communist Party member, then devoted himself to pacifism.
1887 -- England: United Mine Workers organizer Ginger Goodwin (1887-1918) lives, Teesdale.
'GINGER' KNEW WHAT SIDE HE WAS ON
Shot by a hired private cop outside Cumberland, British Columbia. His murder sparked Canada's first General Strike.
He won't be forgotten. The grave is well kept & always has fresh flowers.
1887 -- US: Puget Sound Cooperative Colony is founded, near Port Angeles, Washington.
1894 -- US: The Pullman Co. fires three workers for being on the grievance committee. This evening workers vote to strike & tomorrow they shut Pullman down.
[Details / context]
1898 -- US & Canadian workers form the Western Labor Union.
1898 -- Ukraine: Historian Ariel Durant (Ida Kaufman) lives, in Proskurov.
1898 -- Puerto Rico: Spanish forces in the fortress of San Cristóbal in San Juan exchange fire with the U.S.S. Yale under the command of Capt. William Clinton Wise.
1899 -- Popular dancer Fred Astaire lives, Omaha, Nebraska. I
just put my feet in the air & move them around.
— Fred Astaire
"I don't know why everyone makes such a fuss about Fred Astaire's dancing. I did all the same steps, only backwards. & in heels!"
— Ginger Rogers
1902 -- Angola: General uprising against Portuguese rule; Portugal declares itself a bankrupt state soon after.
Source: [Calendar Riots]
1905 -- England: Oscar Wilde's play "Salome" opens privately in London (it is banned in public in the UK until 1932).
1908 -- US: Socialist party picks Eugene Debs for president, Benjamin Hanford for vice.
1910 -- Outer Space: Comet Halley's closest pass to Earth is spectacular — unlike the disappointing 1986 appearance which triggered all those lawsuits.
1910 -- England: British government jails Tom Mann for six months for urging soldiers not to shoot striking workers.
1910 -- Eric Berne, founder of Transactional Analysis, lives to transact.
1911 -- México: Magonista anarquistas occupy Tijuana today, until routed by Mexican Federalists on June 22.
The Magonistas were led by Jack Mosby, a deserter from the US Marines, & later by Caryl Ap Rys Price.
The Magonistas were supported & joined by many American members of the I.W.W. (Wobblies); they previously captured Mexicali (January 29) & Tecate (March 12, holding it for a few days).
1915 -- English writer Monica Dickens, daughter of Charles Dickens´ grandson lives (1915-1992). Moved to the US in 1951.
1920 -- England: Dock workers refuse to load armaments for use by Allies against Russia (the Allies, including the US, invaded Russia to overthrow the godless commies).
1920 -- US: Beloved & Respectable Comrade Leader presidential candidate Warren Harding calls for return to normalcy (a word he invented). Can't remember if he is remembered for anything else, except rolling in the White House hay....
1922 -- US: In Chicago 200 labor leaders are arrested for complicity in the murder of two policemen & bombing of factories.
Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Cross-Dresser J. Edgar Hoover appointed head of the FBI.
"In June 1970 Nixon met with Hoover, Helms, NSA Director Admiral Noel Gaylor, & Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) representative Lt. Gen. Donald V. Bennett & told them he wanted a coordinated & concentrated effort against domestic dissenters. To do that, he was creating the Interagency Committee on Intelligence (ICI), chaired by Hoover. The first ICI report, in late June, recommended new efforts in "black bag operations," wiretapping, & a mail-opening program."
1926 -- England: Talks begin to end the General Strike.
1930 -- Thomas Wolfe, fleeing from Aline Bernstein, sails from NY for Europe on the S.S. Volendam, eight months after publication of Look Homeward, Angel.
1932 -- Author William Faulkner makes his first trip to Hollywood to write for MGM.
1933 -- Germany: Book Burning Day. 25,000 books by Jews & liberals are publicly burned by Nazis, Berlin. Also today, Socialist parties are prohibited in Nazi Germany.
1933 -- Paraguay: War declared on Bolivia (Chaco War) (-1935).
1934 -- Spain: The General Strike in Aragon, which "totally paralyzed the Aragonese capital throughout April 1935" ends today, 10 May.
[Graham Kelsey, Anarchism in Aragon, p. 72]
1936 -- Jayne Cortez lives, Arizona. African-American poet especially noted for jazz accompanied performances of her poetry. Her frequently cruel & juxtaposed imagery produce surrealistic effects.
1936 -- Spain: Azaña is named President of the Republic. Wave of strikes. Land seizures in the west & the south of the country.
1937 -- US: Founding of Transport Workers Union.
1940 -- US: The South registers its first full year without any reported lynching. The reasons for this mysterious drop-off leaves everyone else hanging.
1940 -- England: Winston Churchill succeeds Neville Chamberlain as British PM.
Brutal in his treatment of striking workers, he was vehemently opposed to woman's suffrage, was careerist & snobbish. As foreign secretary, Churchill ordered the use of mustard gas against Kurdish Villages. "I do not understand this squeamishness about the use of gas. I am strongly in favour of using gases against uncivilised tribes [to] spread a lively terror."
This is the same curtain-maker who declared, "Your movement (fascism) has abroad rendered a service to the whole world...Italy has shown that there is a way to combat subversive forces," & a champion of terrorism during WWII (wholesale fire-bombings of civilians in the cities).
1942 -- England: Churchill broadcasts a threat to use poison gas if Germany does.
1943 -- France: Régis Messac, a teacher, union organizer, resistance member, novelist & poet (30 books in all), pacifist & anarchiste, is arrested during the German occupation & sent to the concentration camps — from which he does not return.
1943 -- Perú: The National Library is destroyed by fire.
1944 -- Victor Loquier (1866-1944) dies.
French hair dresser & propagandist. Ardent anarchist, as is obvious in everything he does but in hairdressing. Wrote for "La Vrille" from 1903 to 1914, & some of his anti-military articles earned him jail time. Member of Cercle d'Etudes sociales & the Fédération Communiste Anarchiste & wrote for "Libertaire."
1944 -- US: A Federal Grand Jury issues indictments against 63 Heart Mountain draft resistors. The 63 are found guilty & sentenced to jail terms on June 26. They are granted a pardon on December 24, 1947.
1948 -- Palestine: First attack on Palestinian Jews by irregular Egyptian forces occurs.
1948 -- US: Nationwide railroad strike is averted by a court injunction.
1954 -- US: $30 automatic coffee makers shown, capable of brewing two cups in four minutes. Your Daily Bleed, "A Wake Up Call Better Than Boiled Coffee!" now rivals the speed of such machines.
1955 -- Russia: The Kremlin proposes cuts in nuclear weapons. US hangs up the phone.
1955 -- Russia: The USSR accepts the US's "6 Principles" for conventional & nuclear disarmament, thus forcing the US to withdraw them on Sept. 6.
1955 -- US: American government announces it has shot down two Chinese jets over international waters.
1960 -- Yury Karlovich Olesha (1899-1960) dies. Russian writer who writes of the conflict between the old mentality & the new in the early years of the Soviet Union.
1962 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader JFK orders ships & 1,800 marines to Indochina to counter Communist gains in Laos.
1962 -- US: Attorney General Robert Kennedy informs J. Edgar Hoover that the CIA has used underworld figures in an attempt to assassinate Castro.
1966 -- South Vietnam: General Thi dismissed from government by Ky; Buddhist revolt starts.
1966 -- China: Explosion of China’s third nuclear bomb.
[Source: K.S. Karol]
1967 -- At the very hour that Mick Jagger is formally charged with illegal possession of pop pills & Keith Richards is charged with permitting cannabis to be smoked on his premises February 12th, police arrest Brian Jones & charge him with unlawful possession of drugs. Jagger & Richards are jailed overnight & released on bail pending a June 27 trial. Jones is remanded on bail & trial is set October 31.
1967 -- US: Captain Howard Levy jailed for three years for refusing to train US soldiers for Vietnam.
1967 -- Italy: Il settimanale l'Espresso esce con una serie di articoli che parlano di un possibile colpo di stato preparato dai carabinieri nel luglio 1964 con la copertura del presidente della repubblica. Si svela per la prima volta l'esistenza del piano Solo.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]
1967 -- Guatemala: Bishops condemn rightwing terrorism.
1967 -- International Tribunal on War Crimes accuses US of aggression in Vietnam.
1967 -- US: Anti-Vietnam War teach-ins are staged at more than 80 US campuses.
1967 -- US: Racial riots erupt in Jackson, Miss. — two die (-May 11).
1968 -- France: Latin Quarter of Paris is barricaded: Night of the Barricades. Militant resistance to authority truly begins in earnest.
The week of May 6-13 in France saw the seizure of all of France's universities & many lycées (secondary schools). Police entered the campuses for the first time in the 20th century, the first time (except for the Nazi occupation) that the autonomy of the university was violated.
People all over Paris witness the savagery of the police & are sickened by the system's dependence on force to maintain order. On May 8, after nearly a week of riots, the French public opinion poll IFOP reports that four-fifths of the people of Paris are sympathetic to the rebellious students.
Several thousand young pupils marched through Paris with placards:
'Tomorrow we shall have the same problem'
From the very start of the evening, 20,000 demonstrators occupy the Latin Quarter, which takes an insurrectionary aspect. Students & youth built dozens & dozens of cobblestone ramparts to defend the Latin Quarter. The previous night Action Committees had conducted strategy meetings throughout the Latin Quarter. Over 60 barricades — some over 10 feet high — were built from overturned cars, sawed-down trees, lampposts, & anything else at hand.
Beyond Paris the movement is now supported all over France. The students refuse police demands & the CRS attacks the first barricades of the street Gay-Lussac, which they are unable to take for three hours, leaving over 350 wounded (including 251 police officers). 469 of the insurrectionaries are arrested.
Night of riot in the Quartier Latin: police assault 60 barricades.
367 are hospitalized of which 251 are police; 720 others hurt & 468 arrested. 60 Cars are burned & 188 are damaged.
The Minister of Education says of the protesters, "Ni doctrine, ni foi, ni loi."
1968 -- France: During this night of the barricades in Paris, Léo Ferré creates his now-famous song "The Anarchists".
This verse translates, to a certain extent, the surprise of close observers of the rebirth of the black flag at the time of the demonstrations & the processions of May.
10 mai 68 Barricades dans le quartier Latin, attaquées vers 2 heures du matin'Night of the barricades', Paris: The return of the repressed, as revolution reappears in the heart of the smug consumer democracies of the west.
par les CRS.
1968 -- France: Peace talks begin between the US & North Vietnam.
Peace talks open in Paris with Averell Harriman representing the US & Xan Thuy representing North Vietnam. Talks soon deadlock over the North Vietnamese demand for an end to all US bombing of North Vietnam.
More than 2,000 American soldiers die in combat this month, the highest monthly loss of the war.
Source: [Chicago '68: A Chronology]
1968 -- US: This is perhaps the most famous image from the Columbia University uprising of 1968, snapped by a Life magazine photographer on the chaotic first day: a student smoking President Kirk's cigar. The student was not a serious occupier of the President's office, & left shortly thereafter, well before the arrests. The image has been used ever since to discredit student building occupations as the actions of spoiled children who only want to play with grownup toys. Photo: Life Magazine, May 10, 1968.
1969 -- US: The Turtles play the White House. Mark Volman falls off the stage five times. Turns turtle? The Turtles & Temptations were doing Tricia Nixon's White House masque ball.
1969 -- As many as 3,000 youth stage a "Zap-In" in Zap, North Dakota; local police are not amused, & call out the National Guard.
1970 -- England: An incendiary device is discovered aboard an Iberian Airliner at Heathrow. Similar devices are found in other European capitals on planes belonging to Iberia. One of many attacks in England & France during this year, some of which are believed attributable to 'The Angry Brigade' or similar anarchist groups.
1972 -- Canada: Workers riot & occupy a radio station in protest of the jailing of three Quebec labor leaders, Sept-Iles.
1973 -- US: John Mitchell & Maurice Stans, former Nixon Cabinet members, & financier Robert Vesco indicted for Vesco's illegal $200,000 contribution to Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Nixon campaign.
1975 -- El Salvador: The poet Roque Dalton (Clandestine Poems) assassinated by a rival faction within his party in San Salvador.
forgive me for helping you understand
that you're not made of words alone
1980 -- US: 50,000 march for passage of Equal Rights Amendment.
1980 -- El Salvador: Twenty thousand march in funeral procession for slain protesters, San Salvador.
1981 -- US: Two women members of Ervil Lebaron's Lambs of God, a polygamous Mormon cult, shoot & kill Dr. Rullon Allred, the leader of a larger, less violent polygamist sect, Murray City, Utah.
1984 -- 3 StrikesYou'reOut: World Court rules US mining of Nicaraguan harbors violates international law, orders US to stop.
1984 -- US: Federal judge in Salt Lake City, Utah finds the US government negligent in its above-ground testing of nuclear weapons in Nevada from 1951 to 1962, though only one cancer victim is compensated.
1984 -- México: Leftist students throw a Molotov cocktail at the Palacio Nacional.
1989 -- Canada: Cree of northern Quebec file suit to stop construction of $7.5 billion Great Whale Project, Phase II, James Bay, a dam project so massive that if completed it would have altered weather patterns in North America. After seven years of massive grass roots opposition, Quebec government agreed in early 1996 to postpone James Bay II indefinitely, but still remains committed to building it.
1989 -- US: Postman Alfred Hunter hijacks a private plane & strafes the post office where he works with an AK47, Boston.
In 1994, 6,588 US workers are killed on the job. 249 bosses die too. The leading cause of death? Homicide by employees.
Source: [Calendar Riots]
1990 -- Walker Percy, writer, dies Covington, Louisiana. Much of his work was influenced by his hospitalization for tuberculosis & his conversion to Roman Catholicism.
1990 -- Americas Watch says the US violated the Geneva Convention during its invasion of Panama.
1990 -- China: 211 pro-democracy dissidents released from prison.
1991 -- Victor García (Tomás Germinal García Ibars) dies. Militant anarcho-syndicaliste espagnol, écrivain, traducteur et historien du mouvement anarchiste international. Sometimes known as 'the Marco Polo of anarchism' for the length & breadth of his travels. Infatigable militant, il est l'auteur de nombreux articles, dont ses recits de voyages publiés dans la presse libertaire. Traducteur (en castillan) de l'Encyclopédie Anarchiste de Sébastien Faure, il est aussi un important penseur et historien: Antologia del anarcho-sindicalismo; Museihushugi, el anarchismo japonés, etc.
Author of Three Japanese Anarchists: Kotoku, Osugi & Yamaga (Kate Sharpley Library, 2000). 30p., in which Victor García recounts the stories of three of the major figures of Japanese anarchism, each shedding light on the wider social context as well as the struggles of the Japanese anarchist movement.
1992 -- Serbia: Women resist mobilization of kinsmen, Tresnjevac.
1993 -- Thailand: Just Child's Play? 188 die, 469 injured in a fire at a Kader toy factory used by Hasbro & other US companies. Deaths were blamed on doors & windows locked to keep sweatshop workers on the job (the world's deadliest factory fire).
1993 -- US: The UMW (Untied Mine Workers) calls a selective strike against US coal mines.
1994 -- South Africa: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Nelson Mandela inaugurated as President, ending 300 years of white colonial rule.
"Walk gently, breathe peacefully, laugh hysterically."
— Nelson Mandela, 1994 Inaugural Speech
1994 -- Cleanth Brooks, long-time advocate of "New Criticism," dies in New Haven, Connecticut.
1995 -- South Africa: 100 miners die in a mine disaster.
1999 -- The Sidewalk ends...Shel Silverstein dies from a heart attack. Writer, cartoonist, composer.
2002 -- US: Third Anarchist Film Festival in Chicago, Illinois, May 10-12, as part of "Matches & Mayhem," which includes a bookfair, soccer tournament (Soc It To Em?), & debates.
2002 -- Palestine: Palestinian gunmen are allowed to leave the Church of the Nativity in Jerusalem, where they have been holed up for five weeks.
2007 -- Italy: A new burial, 97 years after his death, unites the remains of the anarchist Giovanni Passannante.
Passannante's skull & brain had been kept at the Museum of the Institute of Criminology in Rome.
It took the mobilization of artists & intellectuals such as Dario Fo, Ulderico Pesce (author of the play: L'innaffiatore del cervello di Passannante (The Water on the Brains of Passannante) & a speech to the European Parliament to get the Italian State to finally acquiesce to this simple request of respect for human dignity.
[Details / context]
France: Le 10 mai 2007, à Savoia di Lucania (Salvia) PZ Italie, enterrement, 97 ans après sa mort, des restes de l'anarchiste Giovanni Passannante, à savoir son crâne et son cerveau qui étaient conservés jusqu'à cette date au Musée de l'Institut de Criminologie de Rome. Il aura fallu pour cela la mobilisation d'artistes et d'intellectuels tel que Dario Fo où Ulderico Pesce (auteur de la pièce de théâtre : L'arroseur de la cervelle de Passannante) ainsi qu'une intervention au Parlement Européen, pour que l'Etat Italien consente à se plier aux exigences du droit au respect de la dignité humaine.
2007 -- "The New England Journal of Medicine" reports cancer risk is almost nine times higher for people who have oral sex with more than six partners.
'I got no time for a dozen . . .
Six of you gotta go . . . '
— The Fugs, "My Bed Is Getting Crowded"
2010 -- Renowned fantasy illustrator Frank Frazetta dies at 82. His muscles & boobs covers for "Conan" paperbacks & others in the 1960s set the standard for sword-and-sorcery-genre artwork.
2014 -- England: London Radical Bookfair & Alternative Press Takeover. Three floors of Bishopsgate Institute, opposite Liverpool Street station. 130 exhibitors, author events, book awards, workshops & more. Includes the Alliance of Radical Booksellers' Bread & Roses Award for Radical Publishing & the Little Rebels’ Children’s Book Award.
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