My respirations & inspirations....the beating of my heart....the passing of blood
& air through my lungs.
— Walt Whitman, Leaves of Grass, 1855
The Daily Bleed: François Malicet, Walt Whitman, Katherine Anne Porter, Mikhail Bulgakov, Bonnot Gang, Alexander Berkman, Winnipeg General Strike, T-Bone Slim, Enrages & Situationists, Battle for People's Park, Bobby Seale, John Zerzan, The Layabouts, Montreal Anarchist Bookfair, Woody Guthrie, José Lluís Facerias, Francisco Sabaté, El Quico, Situationist, Colony Aiglemont; Timeline, Almanac of Radicalism, Arts, Literature, Authors, Poets, Anarchists... a radical annotated chronology, almanac, daybook, anarchist CALENDAR, anarchisten, anarchism, anarchico, anarchiste, anarquista, anarsizm, anarþizme, Anarþist, Anarquismo, Anarchismus, sindicalismo, anarquia, anarchia, anarchisme, anarchizm, anarkisme, anarki, anarkist, libertarian, syndicalist, anarcho-syndicalist, anarcho-communism, What Happened on this day, in recovered suppressed history May 15
Indian anti-colonial activist, freedom fighter.
Alternate patron Saint: CHARLES NORDHOFF Early historian of North American utopianism.
Spain, Philippines, Columbia, etc.: CELEBRATIONS OF SAN ISIDRO,
the saint who got the angels to do all his plowing for him.
INTERNATIONAL CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTORS' DAY — what if they gave a war & nobody came?
1164 -- Héloïse dies in Paraclete Abbey. Student, & later wife, of French theologian/philosopher Peter Abelard, whose tragic love affair with him results in his castration.
1174 -- Death of Nur-ed-Din.
1527 -- Germany: End of the Earth! well... er, ah...Anabaptist Hans Huth predicted this to be final day of judgment; things didn't come down the way he expected, but the bright fellow had the prescience to postpone it to 1529. http://triggur.org/coqo/
1591 -- Murder of Dimitri Ivanovitch, son of Czar Ivan IV.
1705 -- Soggy Bottoms? French writer Charles Perrault dies (May 15/16). In the story of Cinderella, he mistranslated vair, the word for fur, as verre, glass, thus making her wear glass slippers. However it is easier to drink from a glass slipper than a soggy fur one.
1740 -- Encyclopedist Ephraim Chambers dies in London.
1753 -- French critic Freiherr von Grimm launches a cultural newsletter.
Source: [Robert Braunwart] [Hereafter attributed with symbol: ]
1812 -- North America: Red Tide? Surf's Up!! The Russians begin building Ft. Ross, California.
1823 -- England: Swedenbourgian Thomas Lake Harris lives, Fenny, Stratford.
1838 -- US: Cherokee Indians force-marched, in defiance of the US Supreme Court, on the Trail of Tears, reaches Little Rock, Arkansas. Part of Andrew Jackson's Indian removal policy, the Cherokee nation was forced to give up its ancestral lands in Georgia to migrate to present-day Oklahoma. The Cherokee people faced hunger, disease, & exhaustion. Over 4,000 out of 15,000 of the Cherokee died. http://georgiainfo.galileo.usg.edu/topics/history/link/trail-of-tears
1843 -- François Malicet lives, Nouzon, Ardennes. French barber, lifelong anarchiste, member of "Les déshérités" group in Nouzon.
Met Fortuné Henry at a conference & in 1903 participated in Henry's founding of the libertarian communist colony at Aiglemont. Malicet left the colony over differences with André Mounier. Adhering to the notion "Et du boyau du dernier prêtre, serrons le cou du dernier flic" until his death, Malicet was killed September 7, 1927, by a burglar.
1855 -- Walt Whitman, having registered Leaves of Grass, brings the copyright notice to the Brooklyn printing office of James & Thomas Rome, where he is working on the first, privately printed, edition. Brother George comments,
"I saw the book, but I didn't read it at all — didn't think it worth reading. Mother thought as I did."
1856 -- L. Frank Baum lives (1856-1919). American journalist/writer, whose Indian-hating stories about the imaginary Land of Oz are classics of fantasy literature.
On January 3, 1891 (a few days after the Wounded Knee massacre) The Aberdeen Saturday Pioneer published an editorial, written by Baum:
"The PIONEER has before declared that our only safety depends upon the total extirmination [sic] of the Indians... we had better, in order to protect our civilization, follow it up by one more wrong & wipe these untamed & untamable creatures from the face of the earth."
In another, relating to the death of Sitting Bull, Baum again advocates genocide:
"The Whites, by law of conquest, by justice of civilization, are masters of the American continent, & the best safety of the frontier settlements will be secured by the total annihilation of the few remaining Indians."
1859 -- France: Pierre Fauvet lives, Saint-Etienne. French anarchiste militant, member of groups in Saint-Etienne & organizer of tours in the region for Sébastien FaureSebastian. Convicted numerous times in both Switzerland & France for his activities. http://www.ephemanar.net/mai15.html#fauvet
1862 -- Arthur Schnitzler lives, Vienna. Austrian dramatist/novelist.
1869 -- US: Elizabeth Cady Stanton inherits $50,000 from her father & she & Susan B. Anthony form national Woman Suffrage Association.
The women's rights movement splits into two factions as a result of disagreements over the 14th & soon-to-be-passed 15th amendments. Elizabeth Cady Stanton & Susan B. Anthony form the more radical, NY-based National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA). Lucy Stone, Henry Blackwell, & Julia Ward Howe organize the more conservative American Woman Suffrage Association (AWSA) in Boston.
Russian journalist, playwright, novelist, & short-story writer, whose major work, a Gogolesque fantasy, The Master & Margarita (The book's chief character, accompanied by a talking black tomcat, wreaks havoc throughout literary Moscow), was published posthumously in the Soviet Union in 1966-67, three decades after his death, in a censored form.
His works enjoyed great popularity, but criticism of the Soviet system left him rarely published by 1930. Also wrote The White Guard, The Heart of a Dog, & biographies of Pushkin & Ivan the Terrible.
Many of the future Gang members first met each other in the circle of anarchists involved with the paper L'anarchie, edited by Victor Serge.
After the arrest of André Soudy, then Edouard Carouy & Raymond Callemin, it is the turn of Bonnot & Dubois — who, when encircled, fight until the end before being killed by the police.
Lastly, Garnier & Valet are killed during a siege on their hideout by both the police & the army (300 policemen & gendarmes & 800 soldiers), while thousands of the curious run for cover. Firing from both sides was intense, & at 2 AM, Surete Chief Guichard decides to blow the place up. Garnier dies in the explosion, but Valet tried to keep firing despite his wounds.
1914 -- US: In Los Angeles, Emma Goldman continues delivering propaganda & modern drama lectures ( May 15-June 11), which includes discussion of Irish playwright Seamus O'Kelly.
Emma's propaganda lectures include "Revolution & Reform — Which?" & "The Place of the Church in the Labor Struggle." She reports to birth-control advocate Margaret Sanger that "Not one of my lectures brings out such a crowd as the one on the birth strike & it is the same with the W[oman] R[ebel]. It sells better than anything we have" (May 26, 1914).
Walt Disney (a fascist sympathizer & FBI informer on Hollywood "subversives") went to New York in February to ask his distributor to raise the price per animated film from $2,250 to $2,500. The distributor insists instead that he take a cut to $1,800 or lose the character & his studio. The owner, Charles L. Mintz had covertly signed up Disney's entire staff of animators. Everyone except Ub Iwerks had agreed to leave. Disney relinquishes control of the character "Oswald the Lucky Rabbit" which Mintz is only able to squeeze out one more year of films from. On the train ride back to New York, Disney begins sketching a cartoon mouse character he tentatively calls "Mortimer."
1928 -- US: Krishnamurti gives his first public talk in America, to 16,000 at the Hollywood Bowl.
1929 -- Paint It Black?: Soviet anarchist artist, Suprematist movement founder, Kazimir (or Kasimir) Malevich dies, neglected & in poverty, persecuted by the Stalinist regime. His painting "White on White" drives 'em nuts; Black Square is even worse!
Daily Bleed Patron Saint 2006-2008
Russian designer, painter, Supremicist theorist.
Alexander Bruner, a young painter, stunned the art world in 1992 by entering an Amsterdam museum & defacing Kazimir Malevich's renowned "White Cross" [or "Suprematism 1922-1927"?] with a spray-painted green dollar sign in protest of the increasing commercialization of modern art.
Feb 11, 1997 — statement issued in support of Alexander Bruner for defacing Malevich's painting, is apparently no longer online.
1930 -- US: Ellen Church becomes first airline stewardess, on United, Frisco to Cheyenne.
1931 -- A Fighting Man of Mars appears on earth. Don't panic, it's just a novel by Edgar Rice Burroughs, published today.
1935 -- US: National Labor Relations Act passed, recognizing workers' right to organize & bargain collectively.
1935 -- Italy: Su delazione dello scrittore Pitigrilli vengono arrestati, a Torino, Vittorio Fao, Norberto Bobbio, Massimo Mila, Cesare Pavese, Franco Antonicelli, Carlo Levi, Ludovico Geymonat, Giulio Einaudi e altri componenti del gruppo di Giustizia e Libertà. Verranno condannati dal tribunale speciale a pene da 5 a 15 anni. Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]
1937 -- US: TWU (Transport Workers Union) wins bargaining rights on New York's IRT subway line.
1941 -- Finland: Bertolt Brecht leaves for Moskva, Vladivostok & Santa Monica, California.
1942 -- Joltin' Joe DiMaggio begins his historic major-league baseball hitting streak which ended after 56 games.
1942 -- US: Death of great IWW labor songwriter T-Bone Slim, New York City. See Selected Writings of T-Bone Slim, edited by Franklin Rosemont. "Wherever you find injustice, the proper form of politeness is attack."anarchist
1949? -- Spain: Bombs set off at the Bolivian, Peruvian & Brazilian (this explosive fails to ignite) consulates by the antifascist guerrilleros José Lluís Facerias, Androver, El Quico (Francisco Sabaté), Paco & others.
1953 -- US: As contract talks stall, Local 9 of the Brewery Workers International Union goes on strike against all Milwaukee beer companies to press demands that would make pay & hours consistent with brewery workers on the east & west coasts.
As the companies lose out on their busy summer months, they appear united against the labor union. But their uneven financial losses prove divisive. Schlitz & Pabst have large breweries in other cities, while Miller, Blatz & Gettleman have only their Milwaukee plants.
In late July, Blatz broke with the Employers' Bargaining Committee to reach a settlement. The other companies then quickly accept the terms of the Blatz agreement, resulting in a substantial pay increase, life insurance, pension improvements, a paid lunch period & more paid holidays.
1953 -- Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie, Bud Powell, Charlie Mingus & Max Roach perform together at Massey Hall, Toronto.
1955 -- University of Jena awards Thomas Mann an honorary doctorate.
1957 -- First British H-Bomb test.
1963 -- Last of the Mercury flights, the 'Faith 7', launches. First of the Mercury flights not broadcast live, because a fickle TV audience lost faith.
1964 -- Laos: US begins bombing — & effectively destroying — this country.
1965 -- US: National teach-in to oppose the war in Vietnam held in Washington, DC.
1966 -- US: American Friends Service Committee, SANE, & Women March for Peace sponsor a 10,000+ person anti-war picket at White House & 63,000+ rally at the Washington Monument with four other organizations.
1966 -- Vietnam: Buddhist altars placed in streets to stop troops arresting dissidents, South Vietnam.
1968 -- France: The French Prime Minister appeals to the population to resist 'anarchy'. Occupation of the théâtre de l'Odéon.
During the first three or four days of the Sorbonne occupation (1417 May) the Situationists & Enragés express & develop one of the more lucid approaches to the situation, particularly in the face of numerous labor unions, bureaucrats & leftist groupsicles (Maoist, Trotkyites, etc) who are trying to catch up with ideas & events in hopes of either containing the movement or gaining control or power.
The Situationists, the Enragés & a few dozen other councilist revolutionaries formed the Council for Maintaining the Occupations (CMDO) with the aim of encouraging workers to bypass them all, to link directly with each other to realize the radical possibilities their action has already opened up.
Over 10 million workers will seize hundreds of factories, mines, shipyards, government offices, a nuclear facility & at least one whole town. Wave upon wave of strikes cut off all public transportation, air, rail & sea service, communications, banks & the Paris stock exchange. In one of the longest strikes, 13,000 producers, journalists & technicians shut down the government-run radio & television, raising slogans like
"The police on the screen means the police in your home."
At one point, the technicians responsible for communication between the Ministry of the Interior & police headquarters go on strike. Paris — the heart of France — was paralyzed, & the whole country in turmoil.
Everywhere public officials are held up to ridicule.
15 mai 68 Les étudiants occupent l'Odéon et les ouvriers, l'usine Renault de Cléon. The theatre de l'Odéon is occupied by 2,500 students & the Renault factory at Cléon is occupied by workers.
1969 -- US: As Reagan orders armed police to carry out a dawn raid against hippie protesters who had occupied People's Park near the Berkeley campus of the University of California,
the 'straight' world & the "counter-culture" appeared to be implacably opposed.
On one side of the barricades, Governor Ronnie Reagan & his followers advocated unfettered private enterprise & supported the invasion of Vietnam.
On the other side, the hippies & students championed a social revolution at home & opposed imperial expansion abroad. In the year of the raid on People's Park, it seemed that the historical choice between these two opposing visions of America's future could only be settled through violent conflict. As Jerry Rubin, one of the Yippie leaders, said at the time:
'Our search for adventure & heroism takes us outside America, to a life of self-creation & rebellion. In response, America is ready to destroy us...'
1969 -- US: Abe Fortes is the first Supreme Court Justice to resign under fire, after Life magazine disclosed financial transactions between him & a financier convicted of securities law violation.
1969 -- Australia: Clarrie O'Shea, secretary of the Victoria Tram & Bus Employees' Union, is jailed in Australia for his union's failure to pay fines.
1970 -- US: Several million students hold a strike to protest the Vietnam War.
1970 -- US: Around or just after midnight last night, the Mississippi Highway Patrol kills 2, wounds 11 at Jackson State College in a barrage of gunfire. See the entry for yesterday.
1971 -- US: Native American Rights Fund files suit on behalf of Hopi to prevent strip mining on sacred Black Mesa, Arizona. Dispute over access to Black Mesa deposits eventually leads to Big Mountain forced relocation of thousands of Navajo.
1971 -- US: Second anniversary of People's Park demonstration, "instigated" by the University of California student paper, Daily Cal, leads to the paper moving off the Berkeley campus. http://www.peoplespark.org/
1972 -- Rolling Stones' 1972 US tour encounters problems three weeks before it starts. A ticket computer for the San Francisco show overloads, leaving thousands waiting — taking 12 minutes to process each order.
Can you say "Ticketmaster sucks!" Knew it.
1972 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Alabama Governor George Wallace shot & seriously wounded. Arthur Bremer was sentenced 63 years (later reduced to 10) for shooting Wallace & three bystanders. According to the FBI, Bremer had previously stalked Dick m Nixon & Hubert Humphrey.
1972 -- US: A permanent publishing injunction is issued against author Victor Marchetti at the request of the CIA.
1973 -- US: Who's Minding The Kitchen?: Bobby Seale's campaign for Oakland mayor ends in defeat.
Seale was prosecuted in the Chicago 8 Conspiracy Trial (David Dellinger, Rennie Davis, Thomas Hayden, Abbie Hoffman, Jerry Rubin, John Froines, Lee Weiner, Bobby Seale).
1973 -- US: "Strange Bedfellows From Labor, Business' Own Dominican Resort" article appears on the front page of the May 15,1973 Wall Street Journal, by Jonathon Kwitney:
Among the leading stockholders in the 15,000 acre Punta Cana, Dominican Republic resort & plantation are George Meany & Lane Kirkland, president & secretary-treasurer of the AFL-CIO, & Keith Terpe, Seafarers' Union official, as well as leading officers of Seatrain Lines, Inc., which employs members of Terpe's union.
Not seen for what they are, the striking cases of mounting business-labor-government collusion & cooperation have largely been overlooked.
— John Zerzan, "Organized Labor versus 'The Revolt Against Work'"
1997 -- United Nations cites Australian human-rights violations in detaining Cambodian boat people from 1989.
1998 -- Congo: Human-rights activist Pascal Kambale is arrested.
2000 -- US: Microradio movement news accounts on the struggle to free the airwaves: "Low-Power Meets High Static" — Washington Post [Source: Pirate Radio Kiosk]
2000 -- United Nations Committee Against Torture issues its first report on the US, criticizing stunbelts, prison conditions & police brutality.
2000 -- Cuba: Dissident Marta Beatriz Roque is released early from prison.
2002 -- US: Real Crime-Stoppers? Bush administration admits it had warnings before September 11 that agents of Osama bin Laden would try to hijack US airliners. Ignored, of course, as Bush takes the longest Presidential vacation on record, then flies around the country avoiding Washington DC after 9/11.
2004 -- Canada: The 5th Annual Montreal Anarchist Bookfair!
The Bookfair is the largest anarchist cultural gathering in northeastern North America, & an important exchange of anti-authoritarian ideas. For anarchist & non-anarchists alike, in English, French & Spanish, with over 50 booksellers & groups from all over North America & beyond. Events include workshops, readings, films, presentations, walking tours & much more.
2007 -- Denmark: Protesters clash with police in Copenhagen with the Little Mermaid being doused with red paint. The clashes follow the demolition of a building in the Freetown Christiania district.
2012 -- Author Carlos Fuentes, a leading author of Latin American Boom, dies in Mexico aged 83. Among his many novels was The Old Gringo, which was made into a film starring Gregory Peck in 1989. It was inspired by the disappearance of journalist Ambrose Bierce during the 1910-1920 Mexican Revolution. A vocal critic of US administrations, including Washington's policies on immigration & the war on terror. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-18081034
2013 -- US: It'sTheRealThang? A man who found what he believes to be the secret recipe for Coca-Cola at an estate sale sells the instructions on eBay for $15 million. Now every hacker in the world has what he believes to be the real thing...
2013 -- US: American graphic designer Richard Swanson dies after being struck by a pickup truck in Oregon while attempting to dribble a soccer ball all the way to Brazil to raise money for charity.
"Most everybody I see knows the truth but they just don't know that they know it."
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anarchist, labor, & radical used booksSee also: Anarchist Encyclopedia http://recollectionbooks.com/bleed/gallery/galleryindex.htm Stan Iverson Memorial Library http://recollectionbooks.com/siml/ Anarchist Time Line / Chronology http://recollectionbooks.com/bleed/indexTimeline.htm