Our Daily Bleed...
Come & see the blood in the streets,
Nicaraguan revolutionary leader, guerrilla, martyr.
Sweden: ERIK NAME DAY.
INTERNATIONAL GOODWILL DAY. Yep.
1048 -- Poet Omar Khayyam lives, Nishapur, Persia.
1096 -- 500 Jews of Worms are massacred by Christian Crusaders.
1302 -- Matins of Bruges — Flemings revolt against French occupation.
1313 -- Robert I, "the Bruce," lands on the Isle of Man.
1593 -- England: Kyd Me Not?: A warrant is issued for the arrest of Christopher Marlowe, falsely accused of heresy by his roommate Thomas Kyd in an effort to save his own ass.
1781 -- Perú: Tupac Amaru II (Perúvian rebel, José Gabriel Condorcanqui adopted the name), leader of a two-year rebellion Inca Rebellion against Spanish colonial rule, Micaela Bastidas & other leaders, executed (drawn & quartered) in the same square as his ancestor two centuries before (Plaza Mayor del Cuzco).
Michael Bakunin, like many other Russian anarchists, including Peter Kropotkin & Leo Tolstoy, is born into the educated class but spends his life fighting for the peasantry.
Unlike German economist Karl Marx, Bakunin argues that peasants themselves can win freedom & society's transformation.
Competing with Marx for leadership of the International Workingmen's Association, Bakunin believed the Marxist theory of revolution as a recipe for either parliamentary misrepresentation or elitist tyranny.
1827 -- US: Josiah Warren opens his first Time Store in Cincinnati, Ohio — the first commercial cooperative.
Warren, Josiah, 1798–1874, American reformer & anarchist, b. Boston.
An early follower of Robert Owen, he soon rejected Owen's political socialism, advocating instead anarchy based on “the sovereignty of the individual.”
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1852 -- Isaac Leib Peretz lives, Zamoœæ, Poland. Wrote poems, short stories, drama, humorous sketches, & satire & raised the standard of Yiddish literature.alt spelling: Zamosc
1855 -- US: George Speed lives. Anarchist agitator, active in the Haymarket defense of the falsely accused anarchists, Coxey's Army, the Pullman Strike, & as a labor organizer for the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW).
1862 -- Mows 'Em Down?: Edwin Budding of England signs an agreement for manufacture of his invention, the lawn mower.
1872 -- Wales: Bertrand Russell lives (-1970), Trelleck.Philosopher, mathematician & social critic, one of the most widely read philosophers of the 20th Century. Awarded Nobel for Literature, 1950. Outspoken pacifist, imprisoned during WWI. Abandoned pacifism during WWII, but was a leading figure in the antinuclear movement. Imprisoned in 1961 for taking part in a demonstration in Whitehall. A pioneer of logical positivism.
1874 -- France: Madeleine Pelletier lives (1874-1939). French doctor & feminist, member of the Socialist Party, briefly a Communist, then a libertarian. Founded the review "La suffragiste" & collaborated on other néo-Malthusian & anarchiste publications.
"Tout cela me décourage, l'émancipation de la femme ne viendra donc jamais. Autrefois, mes allures d'affranchie ne me valaient que des lazzi des voyous, maintenant, on m'arrête parce que je n'ai pas l'air d'une asservie, comme les autres femmes, évidemment, je suis née plusieurs siècles trop tôt."
— September 16, 1914.
Too radical for her times, she remains wrongfully forgotten & too little known today.
1876 -- Gigi Damiani lives (1876-1953). Italian anarchico who emigrates to Brazil, directs various publications (Battaglia, Plebs, Guerra Sociale, etc.). Editor, with Errico Malatesta, of Umanita Nova (an anarchist daily paper published by Malatesta in Milan, along with Damiani, Camillo Berneri, Nella Giacomelli, Armando Borghi, Luigi Fabbri, etc). Under attack by fascists, Damiani was exiled in Tunisia. Active there with Giuseppe Pasotti, then returned to Rome in 1946 & involved again with Umanita Nova until his death. dell’anarchismo italiano, anarchismo, anarchici, anarquista, sindicalistas / Brasil
1889 -- Gunnar Gunnarsson lives (1889-1975). Prolific Icelandic writer, who published in Danish to gain a wider audience. With Guðmundsson & Halldór Laxness, among the first internationally known Icelandic authors.
1895 -- Augusto Sandino lives, hero of Nicaraguan independence.
Nace en Niquinohomo, Augusto C. Sandino: The magical kings do not come from distant places to greet his birth, but leave gifts for the farmer, carpenter, & vivandera passing to market. The midwife buries the placenta, like a root, in a corner of the orchard. She buries it in good place, where it will get the full strength of the sun.
1896 -- US: Supreme Court, in Plessy v. Ferguson case, approves racial segregation under the "separate but equal" doctrine.
1897 -- Populist filmmaker Frank Capra lives, Palermo, Sicily.
1897 -- Bram Stoker play "Dracula, or the Undead," premiers, Royal Lyceum.
1910 -- Eliza Orzeszkowa dies. Polish novelist who depicts the conflict between Jewish orthodoxy &. modern liberalism. Nominated for the Nobel in 1905 together with Henryk Sienkiewicz & Leo Tolstoy, the Prize committee thought dividing the prize an act of disparagement & gave it to Sienkiewicz.
1912 -- Ty Cobb has been suspended from playing baseball. Detroit Tigers' manager gives in to players who say they won't play unless Cobb does. He hires St. Joseph's College team in their place, but their pitcher, Aloysius Travers, gets pounded. Travers gave up 24 runs — a single-game record.
1912 -- South Africa: Apartheid fighter Walter Sisulu lives, Engcobo, Transkei. One of the Rivonia Trialists, along with Govan Mbeki, Ahmed Kathrada & Dennis Goldberg, who, with Nelson Mandela & others, were serving life imprisonment on the notorious Robben Island.
Daily Bleed patron Saint, 2009-2010
South Africa anti-apartheid activist, liberationist.
1917 -- US: WWI draft enacted. That's how popular it was, not enough patriots ready to voluntarily die for flag & pie.
1917 -- US: The Amalgamated Meat Cutters & Butcher Workmen initiates a huge labor organizing campaign in packinghouses across the country. Membership rises from 6,500 to 100,000 two years later.
1917 -- Eric Satie ballet "Parade" premiers, in Paris, with art work by Picasso, choreography by Leonide Massine, & also a book by Jean Cocteau. Apollinaire describes Picasso's sets & costumes as "surrealist" — the first use of the term.
1919 -- Novelist Vladimir Nabokov learns to fox-trot.
1921 -- Author Patrick Dennis, lives, Chicago. Wrote Auntie Mame.
1921 -- US: In Mingo County, West Virginia, where labor organizing is going on amongst the miners, the sheriff authorizes State Police Captain Brockus to assume responsibility for law enforcement in the county. "Volunteer state police" organized. Actually a virtual "police state." Tomorrow the Governor declares marital law. West Virginia is where the famed Matewan, Battle of Blair Mountain & other labor conflicts occur.
See David Alan Corbin's Gun Thugs, Rednecks, and Radicals: A Documentary History of the West Virginia Mine Wars (PM Press, 2011).
1922 -- Italy: Pasquale Binazzi, eminent Italian anarchist from Spezia, contacts the Soviet Minister of Interior Department to help the anarchists imprisoned by the Bolsheviks.
1925 -- Downhill Races?: First celebration of International Goodwill Day.
1927 -- US: Bath, Michigan School Disaster. Andrew Kehoe, seeking revenge against the community for taxes imposed on his farm to pay for a new school, set off a TNT bomb in the school, killing 43 people, including 39 grade-school children. After the explosion, Kehoe killed his wife, then drove his truck back, loaded with dynamite & nails, to the school, & set it off, killing himself & the school superintendent.
1928 -- Russia: Big Bill Haywood, IWW & labor activist, dies in lonely exile, Moscow.
Known as "Big Bill" Haywood, William Dudley Haywood, b. Salt Lake City, Utah, Feb. 4, 1869, was a radical militant labor leader who founded the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW).
At the age of 15 he began working as a miner. He led the Western Federation of Miners from 1900 to 1905 & in 1905 helped found the IWW, which aimed to organize all workers in "one big union." In 1906, Haywood & others were tried for the murder of a former governor of Idaho, but the noted trial lawyer Clarence Darrow won their acquittal. In 1918, the last year of WWI, Haywood & 165 other IWW leaders were convicted of sedition for opposing the US war effort. Haywood jumped bail in 1921 & went to the USSR, where he remained until his death.
See Melvin Dubofsky's Big Bill Haywood (Vol 1, 1987) or Haywood's own autobiography.
1929 -- Italy: Nuova legge per l'assistenza all'infanzia. Vengono istituite colonie in montagna e al mare per ospitare ogni anno migliaia di bambini e ragazzi. Lo stato manipola i giovani non solo a scuola ma anche in vacanza.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]
1933 -- US: Congress authorizes the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA). Commies obviously after the Hicks.
1933 -- Dylan Thomas's first poem published outside Wales, in the New English Weekly.
1935 -- François Segond Casteu (1876-) dies (or on the 21st?) in Paris. French anarchiste who attended Sébastien Faure's "Ruche" colony & a collaborator (with his partner, the teacher Eugènie Trébuqueton) on Libertaire & the weekly magazine Germinal. His remarks often have him in hot water with authorities &, in September 1927, he was imprisoned at Amiens for a series of anticlerical articles. Casteu was released following a hunger strike.
Among those attending was the teacher Eugènie Trébuquet, who with her husband François Segond Casteu, wrote for Germinal & Libertaire. Eugènie Casteu was killed in a bombardment while visiting her wounded brother at the anarchist front during the Spanish Revolution.
1936 -- Ralph Metzner lives.
1942 -- US: New York City ends night baseball games for the rest of WW II.
1949 -- US: Antiquarian Booksellers Association of America incorporates.
1950 -- Lukas Foss opera "The Jumping Frog of Calaveras County" premiers, Indiana.
1951 -- US: American hobo, Industrial Army of the Poor organizer, Jacob Coxey dies.
1952 -- US / Canada: Which Side Are You on? Paul Robeson, in dramatic defiance of the government’s ban on his leaving US soil, standing on a flatbed truck parked one foot inside the US border at the Peace Arch, in Blaine, Washington, speaks & sings to a crowd of 40,000 Canadians & Americans gathered on both sides of the border.
Paul Robeson statement to the House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC):
“You are the Un-Americans, & you ought to be ashamed of yourselves.”
1953 -- US: First woman to fly faster than the speed of sound, Jacqueline Cochran, pilots F-86 Sabrejet at an average speed of 652.337 miles-per-hour.
1955 -- US: Black educator Mary McLeod Bethune dies, Daytona Beach, Florida.
MARY MACLEOD BETHUNE
American advocate of education for Black women, Daily Bleed Saint October, 24 1998
1958 -- Indonesia: In the face of Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Eisenhower's denials the US is aiding anti-Sukarno rebels, an American B-26 is shot down by Indonesia while bombing Sumatra. US dismisses the pilot as a "soldier of fortune," but he was eventually unmasked as a CIA employee.
1960 -- England: Michael Ryan, who becomes England's worst mass murderer when he shoots 16 in the 1987 "Hungerford Massacre," lives, Hungerford.
1965 -- Outer Space: Gene Roddenberry suggests 16 names — including Kirk — for Star Trek Captain. It will never fly, say some.
France '68: The Wild Days of May continues...
1968 -- England: Ralph Schoenman is arrested in Dublin, & is to be deported back to Italy. He is said to have been attempting to enter Britain.
1968 -- Spain: 10,000 march in Madrid, Spain, erect barricades & clash with police, in solidarity with the May revolt in France. Multitudinario recital de Raimon en Madrid, que termina con enfrentamientos.
1968 -- Italy: Protests flare up in Rome during the May Days.
[Details / context]
1969 -- US: The Klamath tribe wins $4.1 million for loss of Oregon lands during fraudulent government surveys in 1880s.
1970 -- US: Black protesters occupy administration offices at Seattle University.
1972 -- US: Founding of radical senior advocacy group Gray Panthers.
1972 -- US: Phil Berrigan back to jail (Danbury) to complete six-year term for destruction of draft records in Baltimore & Catonsville, Maryland.
1974 -- India: Government explodes its first nuclear device underground in the Rajasthen Desert.
1979 -- US: Silkwood vs. Kerr-McGee case establishes corporations are responsible for the people they irradiate.
1980 -- South Korea: Widespread civilian uprising for democracy begins in Kwangju, where police kill at least 200 protesters. Beginning of the May Movement.
The Uprising begins today, lasting until May 27, 1980 in Kwanju & surrounding towns. It is a mass uprising of the people fighting for their rights & democracy. The May Movement carried on the spirit of the Uprising & the people's fight to expose the truth & punish those guilty of mass killings.
1980 -- US: McDuffie Riots, Liberty City section of Miami, when four cops are acquitted after murdering an innocent black man in his home. 14 killed, 200 injured.
1980 -- US: Not So Saintly?: Mt. St. Helens, dormant for 123 years, erupts, Washington state. Kills 61 & destroys 160,000 acres of forest. The violent blast, estimated to be 500 times as powerful as the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima, was followed by others on 25 May & 12 June. Economic losses estimated at nearly $3 billion. Harry Truman, who refused to leave the area, buried alive.
1981 -- Italy: Voters retain one of the most liberal abortion laws in Europe despite intense pressure from the Vatican.
1982 -- US: Keep The Faith? Beloved & Respected Comrade Moonie Reverend Sun Myung Moon, Unification Church founder, convicted of tax fraud.
1983 -- Sam Shepard play "Fool for Love" opens, off Broadway.
1984 -- "Under the Volcano" (based on the novel by Malcolm Lowry) receives a great ovation at Cannes Film Festival.
1986 -- David Goch finishes swimming 55,682 miles in a 25-yard pool & Chung Kwung Ying does 2,750 "atomic" hand-stand push-ups.
1989 -- China: Demonstrations in Tiananmen (Tian'anmen) Square during USSR-China talks.
1989 -- Louis Dorlet (1905-1989) dies. French labor organizer & pacifist. Sent to prison in 1925 for desertion. Member of l'Union Anarchiste, organized among the unemployed & founded a consumer co-op. Dorlet wrote for many libertarian publications & was a co-editor of Libertaire. Mobilized in 1939, he was captured & sent to a stalag. Released in 1945, he resumed his work with Libertaire.
1991 -- South Korea: 200,000 are involved in violent antigovernment protests.
1993 -- Amnesty International says Guatemalan military continues to murder & torture.
1993 -- México: Greenpeace protesters place a gas mask on statue of Diana, México City.
1995 -- Henri Laborit (1914-) dies. French libertarian writer & researcher.
1996 -- Italy: 2° Festival Léo Ferré, at the Teatro Calabresi in San Benedetto del Tronto, with Giuseppe Gennari.
2001 -- UNESCO declares Honduran music & dance patrimony of humanity.
2011 -- Canada: Montreal’s 6th International Anarchist Theatre Festival, featuring Pol Pelletier & artists from Germany & Quebec.
"Living never wore one out so much as the effort not to live."
— Anais Nin
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