Our Daily Bleed...
But who would count eternity in days?
— Theodore Roethke
American belle-lettriste, chronicler of the Spanish Revolution.
FEAST OF ZEROWORK
Every 50 years the Ancients observed the jubilee — a time of renewal when all slaves were freed, all debts were canceled, all prisoners were released, all fields lay fallow, & all laborers observed feast days & festivals of zerowork!
For 500 years the 'New' World has been sentenced to life at hard labor, death in the fields, mines, big houses, schools, prisons & factories of competing cabals. But the Capitalist/Socialist Planetary Work & War Machine will not rule forever! In the cracks & on the margins of this Wetiko-diseased world, Temporary Autonomous Zones flourish! Sound the ram's horn! We call for a celebration of the Grand Jubilee of the New World's discovery. In advance of the feasting & revelry we are preparing a Calendar of Saints, with each & every day a Feast Day! We invite your nominations! Sponsor a saint today!
— Frater Harpo Ben Ishmael Bey
861 -- France: Paris is again burned by the Vikings.
1371 -- France: John the Fearless, son of Philip the Bold, father of Philip the Good, lives, Burgundy.
1378 -- Author Geoffrey Chaucer is sent on an English diplomatic mission to Lombardy.
Source: [Robert Braunwart][Hereafter attributed with symbol: ]
1588 -- Scotland: Alison Pearson burned for sorcery.
1665 -- A manuscript of Isaac Newton bears this date — earliest documentation of fluxions.
1725 -- Need Company?: English founder of Methodism John Wesley writes in a letter: 'I can't think that when God sent us into the world He had irreversibly decreed that we should be perpetually miserable in it.'
1779 -- Thomas Moore lives (1779-1852). Irish poet, whose buddies included Lord Byron & Percy Bysshe Shelley. Moore & publisher John Murray burned Byron's memoirs when Byron died, presumably to protect his friend.
1797 -- France: Revolutionary Gracchus Babeuf is executed (1760-1797). He formed a secret society plotting to overthrow the government; it became known as the Conspiracy of the Equals. Participe ŕ la ligue des Egaux avec Buonarroti, Sylvain Maréchal, Jacques Roux, Jean Varlet et d'autres.
[Details / context]
1830 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Andy Jackson's recommendation to forcibly move all Indians west of Mississippi River — a relocation plan later used as a model by South Africa's apartheid leaders — becomes law (Removal Act).
1835 -- US: Bound To Last?: The Ladies Shoe Binders Society is formed in New York.
1843 -- US: Noah Webster, lexicographer, dies at 84.
1849 -- Anne Brontë dies, age 29, Scarborough, Yorkshire, of the family scourge, tuberculosis.
1859 -- Last issue of Charles Dickens' periodical Household Words appears.
1871 -- France: The The Paris Commune, initiated two months ago, is today finally crushed; some 20,000 people are executed by the government. (But, let us speak of murderous anarchists & terrorists....)
End of the "Bloody Week" (Semaine Sanglante). The slaughter includes the anarchiste bookbinder, Eugene Varlin (1839-1871).
"The Commune is the end of the old governmental & clerical world, militarism, officialism, the exploitation, agiotage, the monopolies, of the privileges, to which the proletariat owes its serfdom, the Fatherland, its misfortunes & its disasters."
— Eugene Varlin, during the Paris Commune
1872 -- Russia: Prince Peter Kropotkin, during this month (I don't have exact day — ed.), returns to Russia.
Based on his travels in Europe he is now a convinced anarchist. Peter brings with him a large collection of socialist literature "unconditionally prohibited by the censor." This is his first subversive act against the state. He took this tremendous risk so he could share these works with others.
[Details / context]
1875 -- France: Fernand Elosu lives, Bordeaux. Doctor & a propagandist for néo-Malthusian ideas of maternity, free love, etc.
In 1910, Elosu became president of the League of the Humans Rights in Bayonne. Collaborated with numerous libertarian papers, as well as contributing to Sébastien Faure's 'Encyclopédie Anarchiste. A pacifist, Elosu was imprisoned during WWII as a "communist" & died in prison in 1941 of pneumonia. Author of L'amour infécond (1908).
1879 -- US: First law prohibiting employment of women — Illinois, in coal mines.
1881 -- England: During a severe thunderstorm, periwinkles fall on Worcester.
Source: [Calendar Riots]
1888 -- US: Native American athletic great Jim Thorpe lives, Shawnee, Oklahoma.
1895 -- US: Spanish Revolution chronicler Gamel Woolsey lives, South Carolina. A writer who, like her books, fought not to fade.
1897 -- US: Carl Nold & Henry Bauer, convicted & imprisoned for aiding in Alexander Berkman's attempt to assassinate Henry Frick, are released from the Western State Penitentiary in Pittsburgh. Berkman remained in prison for many years & his book Prison Memoirs of an Anarchist, is now considered one of the masterpieces of prison literature.
1897 -- Italy: Camillo Berneri lives, in Lodé. Professor of philosophy, propagandist & anarchico militant & theorist.
Forced into exile by the Italian fascist government, Berneri organized the first column of Italian volunteers to fight in Spain (Gigi Di Lembo, the Italian section of the column "Ascaso," with approximately 500 volunteers), where he participated in the battle of Monte Pelado on August 28, 1936, &, on September 3, on the Huesca front.
Camillo Berneri is dragged from his home, as is Francesco Barbieri from a hospital, & executed by Stalinist Communist Party members, apparently under Moscow's orders.
1902 -- Corliss Lamont lives. Author, philosopher, civil libertarian, Columbia benefactor & former lecturer in philosophy.
Lamont was one of the few principled liberals in the 50s who stood up to Senator TailGunner (including young lads) McCarthy & refused to adopt liberal efforts to out-anti-communist the rightwing anti-communists (ala the "Communist Control Act," etc.).
1905 -- US: Foul? NY police arrest 200 for playing baseball on Sunday.
1908 -- Ian Fleming lives (1908-1964). British journalist, secret service agent, & author whose most famous creation was superhero stud James Bond, agent 007. Some think his novels are more authentic than most spy thrillers, but are, in reality, fairy tales.
Rosamond Lehmann notes:
"The trouble with Ian is that he gets off with women because he can't get on with them."
"My books have no social significance, except a deleterious one; they're considered to have too much violence & too much sex. But all history has that.
— Ian Fleming
New Yorker, April 21, 1962
1908 -- US: Congress passes a bill regulating child labor in Washington, DC.
1909 -- US: Brooklyn chief of police orders cancellation of a lecture by the anarchist-feminist Emma Goldman.
Due to continuing harassment, "A Demand for Free Speech" manifesto is signed & circulated by prominent individuals to protest the recent suppression of Emma Goldman's rights & a Free Speech Society is formed which is especially active in June & July when the government & police continues its attempts to suppress Emma's attempts to speak or lecture.
1910 -- Paul Lapeyre lives (1910-1991). French anarchiste, along with his brothers Aristide Lapeyre & Laurent.
1912 -- Patrick White lives (-1990). Australian novelist, short story writer & playwright who combines myth, symbols & allegory in poetic imagination, awarded the 1973 Nobel. In his late years White became vocal on such issues as Aboriginal rights & protection of the environment.
1916 -- Walker Percy (The Moviegoer) lives, Birmingham, Alabama.
1916 -- Italy: L'esercito austriaco occupa Asiago avanzando per piů di 20 chilometri oltre il confine. Iniziano le prime esecuzioni sommarie di ufficiali e soldati ordinate dal generale Cadorna per punire quello che viene chiamato il cedimento di uomini di scarso valore.