Our Daily Bleed...
Miguel Hernández, 1910-1942
American-born co-founder of Greenpeace International.
Tomar, Portugal: FIESTA DO TAPULEIROS begins.
An elaborate harvest fiesta, featuring 600 girls wearing 30-pound headresses made of bread, as tall as the girls & decorated with flowers, with Maltese crosses on top.
FESTIVAL OF CARGO CULTS.
The Church of the Subgenius, that Bob guy, has declared today the end of the world. The church has seemingly been cyberly deleted off the big server. Is losing one's web presence the same as death?
645 -- Flint-Sky-God K accedes to Mayan throne of Dos Pilas.
1436 -- Sigsimund recognized as King of Bohemia; agreement with the Hussites is confirmed.
1687 -- Isaac Newton's Principia published by Royal Society in England.
I have my principles. & if you don't like them, I have others.
— Groucho Marx
1794 -- Sylvester Graham, inventor of the Graham cracker, lives. Never attains a state of Vermont.
1803 -- George Borrow lives, East Dereham, Norfolk. English traveler, linguist, & one of the most imaginative prose writers of the 19th century. His adventures include many contacts with Gypsies, providing some of the material for Lavengro & The Romany Rye (1857).
1810 -- P. T. Barnum lives, Bethel, Connecticut.
"There's a sucker lives every minute."
1830 -- Algeria: The French take Algiers, beginning their 40-year conquest of the country.
Source: [Robert Braunwart] [Hereafter attributed with symbol: ]
1840 -- China: Invading British fleet captures & pillages Tinghai, (Opium War).
1851 -- US: During this month (exact day unknown) two railroad strikers are shot dead & others injured by the state militia in Portgage, New York.
1854 -- US: Fire destroys Maelzel's chess automaton (the Turk), Philadelphia.
1857 -- Clara Zetkin lives. An influential German Communist politician & a fighter for women's rights.
German Marxist writer, proletarian, feminist, communist activist.
1862 -- England: During this summer Mikhail Bakunin writes the brochures The People's Cause & To Russian, Polish, & All Slav Friends. alt spellings: Michael Bakunin, Michel Bakounine, Mihail Aleksandroviç Bakunin; Aleksandrovic, Aleksandrovich, Mihkail
1880 -- Not His Calling?: George Bernard Shaw, 23, leaves his job with the Edison Telephone Company. He points out:
"You must not suppose, because I am a man of letters, that I never tried to earn an honest living."
1881 -- George Borrow dies, Oulton Broad. Found himself at home in Spain where much of the material for his better work comes, especially The Zincali: An Account of the Gypsies in Spain & The Bible in Spain.
1881 -- US: Corning, Iowa, premier issue of the monthly "Le Communiste-Libertaire", published by the Icarienne community. It follows upon "La Jeune Icarie" (publishing since May 1, 1878).
A dissident paper, it is written Émile Péron & printed on the presses of the anarchist Jules Leroux. Though short-lived, "Le Communiste-Libertaire" testifies to the libertarian elements in this French utopian community founded by Etienne Cabet.
Epigraphe: "De chacun selon ses forces — A chacun selon ses besoins."
(From each according to their ability - To each according to their need).
Stand up, Working Man, stooping in the dust,
Now comes the time of the awakening
See the banner of the holy Community
Floating on the American shores
Never again vice, no longer pain
No more crime, no sorrow anymore
Equality, the majestic, is moving forward...
1884 -- US: Congress passes the 2nd Chinese Exclusion Act.
1885 -- Friedrich Engels, in his letter of reply to the German anarchist Gertrude Guillaume-Schak (London, about July 5, 1885), he notes,
It is my conviction that real equality of women & men can come true only when the exploitation of either by capital has been abolished & private housework has been transformed into a public industry....
1888 -- England: Three young women are sacked from the Bryant & May factory in East London for exposing the appalling working conditions there. The other 672 women laborers come out in solidarity. The 'Match Girls' Strike' itself is unsuccessful but solidarity generated nationally is unprecedented & galvanizes the working class movement.
Source: [Calendar Riots]
1889 -- Jean Cocteau lives (1889-1963), Maisons-Lafitte, near Paris. French artist & writer who worked widely in different arts — in poetry, fiction, film, ballet, painting, & opera — & whose works reflect the influence of surrealism, psychoanalysis, Catholicism & opium.
Cocteau gained fame with his involvement as writer & supervisor in Parade (1917), a ballet produced by Serge de Diaghile, sets by Pablo Picasso & music by Erik Satie.
During WW I Cocteau was an ambulance driver on the Belgian front. Soon after he met the future poet/novelist Raymond Radiguet, whose early death led him to an addiction to opium & a period of cure.
In the 1930s Cocteau began to make films. The first, The Blood of a Poet, was based on his own private mythology. His greatest play, The Infernal Machine, was also written before WWII. In the 1940s Cocteau returned to filmmaking, producing Beauty & the Beast (1946) & Orphee (1950).
1894 -- US: The Pullman Strike of 1894. Federal government & troops interfere with a peaceful labor strike, led by Eugene Debs, against the Pullman Palace Car Company, which has drastically reduced wages. Federal troops killed 34 American Railway Union members in the Chicago area attempting to break the strike. Debs & several others are imprisoned for violating injunctions.
Despite repeated protests by Governor Altgeld, Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Cleveland continued to send in federal troops.
The reaction of the strikers to the appearance of the troops was that of outrage.
&, thus, the merry war — the dance of skeletons bathed in human tears — goes on ... forever unless you, the American Railway Union, stop it; end it; crush it out.
— Jennie Curtis, President of ARU Local 269, the "Girls" Local Union, 1894
1894 -- Italy: During this month 'antianarchiche' laws are passed, aiming to destroy all the movements of protest against the state.
1914 -- Brazil: São Paulo Libertarian Conference. One of six sessions convened to select two delegates in preparation for an upcoming anarchist Congress in London is held today. The London Congress was aborted due to the Great War That Ended All Wars.
Conferência Libertária de São Paulo - Rua José Bonifácio, 39-2º andar. Ao todo realizaram sessões nos domingos 14, 21 e 28 de junho, 5, 12 e 26 de julho de 1914. O objetivo principal era preparar e indicar dois delegados para representar o Brasil no congresso anarquista de Londres que não chegou a acontecer por causa da guerra.
Conferência Libertária de São Paulo - Rua José Bonifacio, 39-2 floor. Sessions were held on Sundays — June 14, 21 & 28, & on July 5, 12 & the 26th. The main objective was to prepare & choose two delegates to represent Brasil in the anarchist congress in London that did not happen because of the war.
Source: [Arquivo de História Social]
1916 -- US: Hell's Angels? BikerMamas Adelina & August Van Buren start on the first successful transcontinental American motorcycle tour attempted by two women. The bikers left New York City on this day & arrived in San Diego, Ca. on September 12th.
1918 -- Russia: The left SRs assassinate the German ambassador & are in turn crushed by the Bolsheviks.
1921 -- US: Bartolomeo Vanzetti takes the stand. He is questioned at length about his political views during cross- examination.
1922 -- Brazil: Uprising of social righteousness in Rio de Janeiro.
1923 -- Canada: Sydney miners & steelworkers strike for wages & union recognition, Nova Scotia.
1924 -- Nikos Kazantzakis returns to Crete to work on sequel to Odyssey.
1926 -- Ivan Turgenev play "A Month in the Country" opens in London.
1932 -- Russia: First prisoners arrive at Kolyma — first major prison-labor camp in Siberia.
1932 -- US: Seattle's Dugdale baseball park burns.
1934 -- US: San Francisco's "Bloody Thursday," as police shoot down striking longshoremen & supporters at Rincon Hill, killing two & injuring over 100. The governor had called in the national guard to suppress strikers, & rioting ensued. The known casualties include 43 clubbed, gassed, & stoned, 30 treated for bullet wounds.
May 9, 1934 the Great Strike began.
On May 10th the MWIU began to strike in support of the ILA, & on May 15th the International Seamen's Union AFL officially voted to strike as well.
Conditions during the strike were not the best, but of the things that happened prior to Bloody Thursday I was most struck by the actions of two chemical companies.
In an attempt to gain business from the San Francisco police department both the Lake Erie Chemical Company & Federal Laboratories dispatched a representative of the company to peddle their wares during the strike. Ignatius H. McCarty represented the Lake Erie Chemical Company, & Joseph Roush represented Federal Laboratories.
Both men used riot situations during the strike to demonstrate their products on actual people.
On July 5th Roush shot a long-range tear gas shell at a man & reported the incident to his company as follows:
"I might mention that during one of the riots, I shot a long-range projectile into a group, a shell hitting one man & causing a fracture of the skull, from which he has since died.
As he was a Communist, I have had no feeling in the matter & I am sorry that I did not get more."
A plaque in the Boel-Bezing cemetery (Atlantic Pyrenees) remarks on his fight for freedom in Spain:
"Where the Column advances, one collectivizes.
The land is given to the community, the agricultural proletarians, slaves of caciques which they were, metamorphose themselves as free men.
One passes from agrarian feudalism to free Communism."
— Extract from his funeral speech for Durruti
Last Escape, Exile & Murder:
Nelly Sachs escapes to Sweden, Gertrud Kolmar is murdered in an extermination camp.
Theodor W. Adorno, Bertolt Brecht, Hermann Broch, Alfred Döblin, Lion Feuchtwanger, Max Horkheimer, Heinrich & Thomas Mann, Arnold Schoenberg, Franz Werfel escape to the US.
Walter Benjamin commits suicide at the Spanish border.
Suicides: Carl Einstein, Walter Hasenclever, Ernst Toller, Kurt Tucholsky, Ernst Weiß, Stefan Zweig.
See our Carl Einstein page,
1941 -- C.S. Lewis publishes The Screwtape Letters in book form.
1942 -- Ian Fleming becomes the first graduate from the Special 25 spy-training school, Port Hope, Ontario.
1943 -- "The Adventures of Nero Wolfe" premiers on NBC Blue radio network. Based on the mystery novels of Rex Stout.
1945 -- "Philo Vance" starring Jose Ferrer premiers on NBC radio.
1947 -- Sony Labou Tansi lives (1947-1995). Congolese novelist, poet, & dramatist, a member of the African avant-garde, whose critical but hopeful satires met much censorship. Tansi's central themes were the corruption of power & the possibilities of resistance.
"They are blind, like the law. & equally brutal..."
1947 -- Tex Williams #1 hit "Smoke! Smoke! Smoke! (That Cigarette)" makes the "Billboard" country charts for 23 weeks (Capitol's first million-seller).
1948 -- England: War-ravaged Britain adopts National Health Service Act, which includes medical, unemployment, motherhood, widow, orphan, old age, & death benefits.
1950 -- Korea: Private Kenneth Shadrick of West Virginia, is first US fatality in Korean War.
1950 -- Italy: Sicilian bandit Salvatore Giuliano, who robbed from the rich to feed the poor, & evaded the 1,000+ troops & the police sent to catch him, betrayed & killed today. When he robbed the duchess of Pratameno, he borrowed a book she was reading; he returned it later with compliments. Mario Puzo's The Sicilian, is a dramatized version of Giuliano's life, filmed by Michael Cimino.
1951 -- US: Junction transistor invention announced, Murray Hill, NJ. Traffic jams invented as a by-product.
1952 -- US: Early in July 1952, composer & anarchist John Cage performs a series of his sonatas & interludes in a large tent.
Charlip had printed programs on tiny pieces of toilet paper & placed these programs on a table next to the entrance. Also on the table was a large bowl of tobacco. During the concert, the audience was invited to roll cigarettes with this tobacco, using their programs as cigarette papers...
I was with some Vietnamese recently, & some of them were smoking two cigarettes at a time.
That's the kind of customers we need!
— Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader US Senator Jesse Helms, on meeting with the Vietnamese ambassador designate at a dinner given by the R J Reynolds Company
[Now that you have read this entry, you are prepared to answer at least one of the questions the Daily Bleed's Auntie Dave poses in The 2002 Quiz Music & Anarchists for the Research on Anarchism list...let's see how good your memory is now...or try your hand at some of the others!]
1958 -- ¶ Beatster Jack Kerouac does an interview about the Beat Generation with Lucien Carr for the UPI wire service.
1958 -- Jazz purists are in a snit after Ray Charles performs at the Newport Jazz Festival (they consider him a rock 'n' roll act).
1960 -- Italy: La polizia di stato interviene duramente a Licata (Agrigento) nel corso di uno sciopero generale contro la disoccupazione : 1 morto e 24 feriti.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]
1961 -- US: Seattle City Council & state legislature announce probes of incidents of local police brutality.
1961 -- Algeria: 80 Muslims are killed during demonstrations & a strike.
1965 -- US: Congress Of Racial Equality (CORE) national convention adopts & then rescinds resolutions calling for US withdrawal from Vietnam & Dominican Republic.
1965 -- US: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), federal agency which investigated discrimination charges, becomes operational. Essentially rendered useless by Reagan administration.
1968 -- John Lennon sells his psychedelic painted Rolls-Royce.
1969 -- Walter Gropius, architect, founder Bauhaus school of design, dies at 86.
1969 -- Max Klinger, German graphic artist/painter/sculptor, dies at 63.
1969 -- Border incident leads to the Futbol War (breaks out on the 14) between Honduras & El Salvador.
1971 -- US: The 26th Amendment to the Constitution lowers the voting age from 21 to 18. Old enough to die in America's wars, old enough to vote for the clowns who send us ... finally.
1975 -- Warren Klope throws a stone that skips 24 times, Lake Huron.
1983 -- US: Baby girl born in Roanoke, Virginia., to a mother brain dead for 84 days.
1985 -- US: Baseball history is made: NY Mets finally beat the Atlanta Braves, 16-13. A five-run rally for the Mets, in the 19th inning, seals the win at 3:55 a.m. E.D.T. The line score: 46 hits, 29 runs, 19 innings, two rain delays & game length was 6 hours, 10 minutes. A Fourth of July fireworks show follows (at 4 a.m.).
1987 -- Australian Pat Cash upsets #1 seed Ivan Lendl to win Wimbledon (proves the theory that Cash is Better Than a Czech).
1987 -- You've Got E-Mail: Spam lunch meat celebrates its 50th anniversary. People still eat the stuff. Always a famine somewhere.
1991 -- Howard Nemerov, US poet laureate (Pulitzer), dies.
1993 -- Canada: Protesters erect a blockade to protect Clayoquot wilderness, Vancouver Island, BC.
1993 -- Thailand: Longman Dictionary of English banned over its "Bangkok" entry.
1995 -- US: Justice Department opts not to take antitrust action against Ticketmaster, ending a 13 month long fight with Pearl Jam. The band had used a rival ticket service in retaliation of Ticketmaster's tactics, & ironically, it was the use of that service that proved that Ticketmaster didn't have a monopoly.
1998 -- Rebel Longshoreman Gilbert Mers (1908-1998) joins the One Big Union in the Sky...
In Houston, Texass, John Gilbert Mers passed away quietly in his sleep at the age of 90... I shook hands with Gilbert Mers around 1986. He told me that he was a "Wobbly," IWW, Industrial Workers of the World.
Gilbert Mers was the closest thing to a Texas labor legend since the days of Martin Irons & the Great Southwest Strike of 1886.
Since they haven't been an effective labor organization for at least fifty years, it seemed like the natural place for an abstract idealist to end up.
He was a wonderful man who made several real contributions, not the least of which is this book. Dr. George Green of UTA wrote a fine introduction that puts Mers' experiences in perspective with other American labor history on the docks.
[In his book Working the Waterfront: The Ups & Downs of a Rebel Longshoreman] the Texas Rangers are exposed for what they were during the turbulent 1930s & 40s: legalized strike-breaking bullies armed with guns & badges, breaking up the legitimate struggles of labor at the whim of a corporate controlled state.]
— Steve Rossignol
2000 -- US: Detroit demonstration to protest of the killing of Frederick Finley.
Sharpton, Anthony & Conyers, along with the rest of Detroit's officialdom, were frightened by the substantial turnout at the July 5 rally. They do everything in their power to keep the situation under control.
The killing of Finley evoked considerable outrage among workers & youth in Detroit, & today some 7,000 people, mostly young & predominantly black, rallied outside the Dearborn mall to demand the arrest of Finley's attackers.
Tomorrow involuntary manslaughter charges are brought against the guard Richardson. Another rally to protest the killing is held outside the federal building in downtown Detroit on July 17, attended by about 1,000 people.
2000 -- Canada: Greenpeace co-founder Jim Bohlen dies, Comax, British Columbia. Well-aged at 84 — Green no more.
"Better to go hungry than to feast on lies."
"Better, on lies to enjoy, to go you famished."
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