Our Daily Bleed...
NAM JUNE PAIK
Korean Neo-Dadaist video artist, Fluxus member.
BINDING OF THE WREATHS. Young people go to the woods, bedeck themselves with wildflower wreaths, entwine the branches of the two trees into an arch & pass through it as couples, asking the goddess to bless them, & kissing.
Sweden: MARGARETA NAME DAY.
1247 -- The Ka-Khan of the Mongols demands homage of the Pope.
1304 -- Petrarch (Francesco Petrarca), lives, Arezzo, Tuscany. Italian scholar, poet, humanist, famous for poems addressed to Laura, an idealized beloved, married to someone else, whom he met in 1327 & who died in 1348. Called the greatest scholar of his age. Combines interest in classical culture & Christianity, deeply influenced literature throughout Western Europe. Wrote Epistles; Africa; Canzoniere.
1521 -- México: Spanish enter Tenochtitlan, begin destroying it house by house [see August 7].
1534 -- England: Cambridge University receives a Royal Letters Patent to print & sell all manner of books.
1549 -- England: Kett's Rebellion against enclosures begins with the insurgents' refusal to disperse; the 3500 strong peoples' army captures Norwich, landowners are tried at mass courts & a Commonwealth is established on Mousehold Heath. After the uprising, which will involve 16,000 at its peak, Kett refuses the King's pardon, arguing:
"Kings are wont to pardon wicked persons, not innocent men.
We have done nothing to deserve such a pardon.
We have been guilty of no crime."
Source: 'Calendar Riots'
1616 -- Death of "Red" Hugh O'Neill.
1801 -- US: A 1,235 pound cheese ball is pressed at the farm of Elisha Brown, Jr. The huge ball of cheese was later loaded on a horse-driven wagon & presented to President Thomas Jefferson at the White House. Jefferson was heard to say, "That's one small bite for man, one giant cheese for mankind."
1864 -- Erik Axel Karlfeldt lives. Swedish poet, famed for regional, tradition-bound poetry.
1866 -- Beginning of Jules Verne novel 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea.
1866 -- Italy: Sconfitta della flotta italiana a Lissa. Nonostante la sua superiorità numerica la flotta italiana, al comando dell'ammiraglio Pellion, subisce l'affondamento della cannoniera Palestro (231 morti) e della nave ammiraglia Re d'Italia (318 morti). Prova evidente di inettitudine strategica senza limiti.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]
1868 -- France: Georges Yvetot lives (1868-1942). Typesetter & corrector, anarchiste, syndicaliste, anti-patriot, pacifist.
1869 -- Mark Twain's The Innocents Abroad is published. His second, & best-selling book, during his lifetime.
In chapter 19 he quips: "They spell it Vinci & pronounce it Vinchy; foreigners always spell better than they pronounce."
1874 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader General Custer & first official exploring expedition enters Black Hills with 110 wagons & 1,000 men, in direct violation of the treaty of 1868 barring whites from these sacred hills.
1877 -- US: State militia fire on striking railroad workers, Baltimore, Maryland; 50 die.
1885 -- Canada: Charged with treason on July 6, the trial of Metis rebel Louis Riel (1844-1885) begins, Regina.
1889 -- Italy: Prendendo a pretesto manifestazioni antiaustriache il governo decide lo scioglimento del comitato per Trento e Trieste.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]
1894 -- US: 2,000 federal troops are recalled from Chicago, after having ended the Pullman strike.
[Details / context]
1901 -- Russia: Ida Mett lives. Member of the Dielo Truda group from 1925 to 1928.
1917 -- US: IWW Class War Picnic in Seattle, Washington. Yum-Yum-Yummy. Eat the Rich!
1917 -- México: Zapatistas fight Carrancistas at Zapotitlan, Oax.
1920 -- Italy: Arrest papers issued in Milan for Armando Borghi, the general secretary of the Unione Sindicale Italiana. The arrest is not executed until October 12, in an effort by the right wing to destroy the USI.
1920 -- Italy: The militant anarcosindicalista Spartaco Stagnetti, secretary of the syndicat des traminots de Rome is attacked & wounded by a bunch of nationalists & fascists, setting off a General Strike against these violent provocations.
1921 -- Belgium: Jacques Long (Jacklon) dies, a suicide. French militant & antiwar activist. Frequented the individualist milieu & wrote for L'Anarchie. Joined the Fédération Communiste Anarchiste. Companion of Jeanne Morand. Opposed to the War that Ended All Wars, under threat of prison they both left France, bouncing around Europe.
Source: [L'Ephéméride Anarchiste]
1923 -- México: Mayhaps revolutionary Pancho Villa (1878-1923) dies, ambushed in Parral, Mexico. Villa had teamed up with the anarchist Emiliano Zapata to overthrow the corrupt conservative government (redundancies abound, so sorry!), then retired.
Daily Bleed Patron Saint 2004-2008
Radical psychiatrist & proponent of Third World revolution as response to colonial rule.
1929 -- US: Hydroplane racing begins on Green Lake, Seattle, Washington.
1929 -- Italy: La rivista Civiltà Cattolica viene sequestrata per un articolo sui Patti Lateranensi. Emerge una diversità di interpretazione dei patti tra lo stato e la chiesa.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]
1932 -- Korean neo-Dadaist video artist Nam June Paik lives (d. 2006) Seoul, Korea.
1933 -- Novelist Cormac McCarthy lives, Providence, Rhode Island. Grew up outside of Knoxville, Tennessee & started writing novels in the 1960s, such as The Orchard Keeper, Outer Dark, & Blood Meridian. Later, he wrote All the Pretty Horses, which won the 1992 National Book Award, followed by The Crossing two years later, & Cities of the Plain that came out last year — a trilogy about young cowboys in west Texass & their adventures across the border in Mexico.
1934 -- Henry Dumas lives, Sweet Home, Arkansas. African American author who never saw his novels, short stories, & poetry in print. In a case that's still unresolved, a police officer shot & killed him in 1968. His short-story collection Ark of Bones, appeared two years later, & the story collection, Rope of Wind, came out in 1979.
1934 -- US: 67 strikers wounded in Minneapolis truckers' strike.
1934 -- The writer of Speculations About Jacob (1959), Uwe Johnson lives, Cammin.
His first novel is rejected by East German publishers so he moves to West Berlin in 1959.
Highly experimental, his narratives abruptly shift from one consciousness or place to another, & words assume different meanings when used by different characters. His works examine the problems of humanity in a divided Germany.
1936 -- Spain: In Barcelona, following the fascist uprising by Franco & the military against the Republic yesterday, the workers of the CNT & POUM counterattacked & today only Atarazanas barracks remain in fascist hands. During the assault Francisco Ascaso is killed (see Daily Bleed, April 1, 1901).
1937 -- US: More than 100 delegates representing ten organizations meet, in Beaumont, & found the Texas State Industrial Union Council.
1942 -- US: The first advance groups of Japanese American prisoners arrive at the Gila River camp.
1942 -- Morocco: Italian militant Paolo Antonini dies. Fought in the Spanish Revolution, escaping to Morocco in 1939 following the defeat. He & several anarchist friends seized a trawler in an effort to get to Gibraltar, but the act of piracy fails & Antonini arrested. He dies in prison in Casablanca, victim of the ill treatment of his French jailers.
1944 -- Germany: Operation Valkyrie: Clique of officers attempt to kill Adolf Hitler & stage a coup. A briefcase concealing a time bomb was left at Hitler's feet during a meeting. The bomb killed four people, but a table shielded Hitler. In Berlin, conspirators took over, believing Hitler dead. By midnight the participants are shot. The Gestapo arrest 7,000 & execute 4,980 people resulting in the destruction of the organized resistance movement in Germany.
1945 -- Beginning date of N. Scott Momaday novel House Made of Dawn.
1948 -- US: Twelve Communist Party leaders indicted,
charged with advocating overthrow of ...
... the government.
1951 -- US: Mattachine Society, early gay rights organization, formally organizes in California.
1954 -- Switzerland: Geneva Conference on Indochina declares a demilitarized zone at the 17th parallel in Vietnam.
1955 -- US: The UAW (United Auto Workers) is indicted for illegal political contributions.
1956 -- All-Vietnamese election to reunite the country, scheduled for today by the Geneva agreements, fails to take place. The South rejected it on grounds that falsified votes from the North might overrule honest elections in the South. France & the US, leading the effort to prevent democratic elections, feared the communists would win any election, honest or dishonest.
1956 -- US: Relationships between US government & Siletz tribe are terminated, leaving no recognized Indian tribes in western Oregon.
1956 -- Japan: Number 3 of World Citizen ("Mondcivitano," in esperanto) appears. Antimilitarist periodical affiliated with the International War Resisters International (WRI). Published by esperanto advocate Taiji Yamaga (1892-1970), a militant pacifist & long-time secretary of the Anarchist Federation of Japan.
See Victor García's Taiji Yamaga y su versión del Tao Te King & Three Japanese Anarchists: Kotoku, Osugi & Yamaga (Kate Sharpley Library, 2000).
1964 -- US: Brooklyn Negro uprising two days after riots in Harlem.
Illustration by Eric Drooker
1964 -- ¶ During this month Neal Cassady drives Beatster Jack Kerouac to New York City to meet the "Merry Pranksters" at a party in a Park Avenue apartment; in an interview with Val Duncan for the newspaper Newsday, Kerouac reveals his rightwing proclivities, proclaiming he is a Republican & supports Barry Goldwater for president.
1966 -- US: Blacks begin several days of rioting in New York City.
1967 -- US: The first National Conference of Black Power opens in Newark, N.J. The four-day meeting is attended by 1,100 African-Americans. Meanwhile, rioting begins at Princeton &.a night of race rioting occurs in Memphis, Tenn. & the national guard is mobilized.
1967 -- Chilean poet Pablo Neruda (pen name for Neftali Ricardo Reyes Basoalto) receives the first Viareggio-Versile Prize.
1968 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader LBJ assures South Vietnamese President Thieu the US will pursue Vietnam War at present pace.NAPALM.
"Some of the finer selling points were explained to me by a pilot in 1966:
'We sure are pleased with those backroom boys at Dow. The original product wasn't so hot — if the gooks were quick they could scrape it off. So the boys started adding polystyrene — now it sticks like shit to a blanket. But then if the gooks jumped under water it stopped burning, so they started adding Willie Peter [WP — white phosphorous] so's to make it burn better. It'll even burn under water now. & just one drop is enough, it'll keep burning right down to the bone so they die anyway from phosphorous poisoning.'"
— Philip Jones Griffiths, Vietnam Inc.
"Now it sticks like shit to a blanket..."
1968 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Cleveland Mayor Carl Stokes orders National Guard back to slum areas.
1968 -- Iron Butterfly's "In-a-Gadda-da-Vida," featuring a 17-minute title track with one of the longest drum solos in rock history, debuts on US charts.
1969 -- Neil Armstrong becomes first Moon Man.
1970 -- US: First baby born on Alcatraz Island.
1970 -- US: National Chicano Moratorium Committee march & rally draw 5,000 people in Houston, Texass.
1971 -- US: FDA confesses the Bon Vivant plant which produced the botulism-ridden can of vichyssoise eaten by Samuel Cochran (see 7 July) had not been inspected since May 1967.
1971 -- US: First labor contract in the history of the federal government signed by postal unions & the Postal Service through the collective bargaining process.
1979 -- US: Native American political prisoner Leonard Peltier escapes Lompoc federal penitentiary, California.
1979 -- South Africa: Neil Mitchell becomes first Catholic conscientious objector jailed.
1979 -- US: 44-kg Newfoundland dog pulls 2293-kg load, Bothell, Washington.
1980 -- Italy: Il banchiere Roberto Calvi è condannato a 4 anni di carcere e a 16 miliardi e mezzo di multa per esportazione di valuta. Di qui a qualche anno, nell'epoca di Internet e della globalizzazione, accuse di questo genere faranno ridere i polli.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]
1985 -- High Seas: Treasure hunters begin hauling off $400 million in coins & silver ingots from the sea floor in the biggest underwater jackpot in history. The bounty came from the Spanish galleon, Nuestra Senora de Atocha, which sank 40 miles off the coast of Key West, Florida in 1622.
1989 -- Burma Military orders house arrest for Aung San Suu Kyi (Nobel Prize Winner, 1992).
1991 -- Songster Earl Robinson dies this evening, in a head-on auto collision on Southwest Admiral Way in Seattle, Washington.
1996 -- US: 26th Olympic Summer games opens in Atlanta, Georgia. Ends with a bang, not a whimper.
1996 -- Spain: Albert Meltzer's (1920-1996) ashes are scattered in the CNT section of Montjuich cemetery in Barcelona. Cofounder of the Anarchist Black Cross, former used bookseller, author, etc., & helped found the Kate Sharpley Library.
1997 -- US: Launch of the USS Seawolf, flagship for a new series of attack submarines of the same name, is accompanied by protests & 25 arrests. Groton, Conn.
1997 -- Honduras: announces more mass graves of leftists on military sites.
2001 -- Italy: Black Block anarchist demo, part of the numerous attempts to breach the red zone at the G8 Summit in Genoa.
2001 -- US: Two girls, 13 & 10, try to rob a Pennsylvania bank for shopping money.
2001 -- Italy: Carlo Giuliani, a 23-year-old Italian activist & anarchist, dies during demonstrations against the Group of Eight (G8) summit (July 19-21) in Genoa. Giuliani was killed in a clash between protesters & Italian Carabinieri (military police), who shot him & then, for good measure, ran over him with a jeep.
2012 -- US: Adam Lanza shoots his way into Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut, killing 20 children & six adults.
2012 -- US: At a midnight showing of The Dark Knight Rises a gunman with goggles, guns & a gas mask opens fire on a theater full of moviegoers in Aurora, Colorado, killing 12 people & injuring almost 60 others.
"Every time you build a prison, you close a school."
— Victor Hugo
3500 --The Daily Bleed: Philip Levine, Francisco Ascaso, Carlo Giuliani, Albert Meltzer, Taiji Yamaga, Ida Mett, Armando Borghi, Jacques Long, Georges Yvetot, Spartaco Stagnetti, Paolo Antonini; Timeline, Almanac of Radicalism, Arts, Literature, Authors, Poets, Anarchists... a radical annotated chronology, almanac, daybook, anarchist CALENDAR, anarchisten, anarchism, anarchico, anarchiste, anarquista, anarsizm, anarþizme, Anarþist, Anarquismo, Anarchismus, sindicalismo, anarquia, anarchia, anarchisme, anarchizm, anarkisme, anarki, anarkist, libertarian, syndicalist, anarcho-syndicalist, anarcho-communism, black cats, What Happened on this day, in recovered memory, suppressed history, A People's History, JULY 17
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