Our Daily Bleed...
& with memories
yellow stains on the fingers
— Douglas Fetherling, excerpt from
Italian theoretician, poet, radical feminist.
England: ST. JAMES' DAY. Opening of oyster season.
Grotto / Oyster-Shell Day, London: Great phalli fashioned from piles of empty oyster shells are erected, on top of which a candle is lighted & strangers are hailed with "Mind the Ghetto" & accosted for money. (Sounds like any street in America on any given day).
London: ST. CHRISTOPHER'S DAY. Cars line outside Church of St. Michael Paternoster for royal "blessings" to guard against hazards of the road.
Belgium: PROCESSION OF PENITENCE, followed by Pleasure Fair.
China: THREADING THE NEEDLE holiday.
Puerto Rico: FIESTA OF SANTIAGO, whose cult is somewhat fused with that of Yoruba warrior god Shango.
FESTIVAL OF PICARESQUE ANIMALITY.
1248 -- Michael VIII recovers Constantinople — end of Latin Empire of Romania. Mikey VIII everything in site.
1570 -- Ivan IV, "the Terrible" Czar of Russia, attends public execution of most all of his advisers & ministers. A bad heir day.
1593 -- Henry IV, Protestant King of France, becomes a Catholic: "Paris is worth Mass!"
1648 -- New Old World: York county court upholds authority of colonists to kill on sight any free Indian they see in settled areas.
1734 -- Ueda Akinari lives, Osaka, Japan. Author best known for tales of the supernatural. Eight years in the writing, publishes Ugetsu monogatari (Tales of Moonlight & Rain). Calls for a revival of classical literature & language reform.
1832 -- US: First railroad accident in the nation, Granite Railway, Quincy, Massachusetts — one dies.
"You are not to board this train which has only stopped to let you know that it does not stop here on Sundays."
— Announcement from a train stopping at a British station on a Sunday (You can't there from here?)
1850 -- India: Rain of Frogs at Rajkote.
What's green & dangerous?
A frog with a hand-grenade.
[But so too, we suspect, is this guy, http://recollectionbooks.com/bleed/images/humor/grenadeBank.jpg]
1853 -- Author David Belasco lives.
1864 -- Kate Austin lives (1864-1902) La Salle County, Illinois. Working woman, Universalist, feminist, anarchist, writer.
1865 -- Dr. James Barry, Inspector General of the British Army, dies aged 73.
A post-mortem reveals him to have been a woman: Barry introduced vaccinations; was involved in a duel while stationed in Cape Town; & had several lovers & a child.
1867 -- Karl Marx's Das Kapital first appears in Germany.
1869 -- US: He Supports a Pioneer Aviator: Decree from Norton I, to advance money to Frederick Marriott for his airship experiments.
Whereas, we Norton I, "Dei Gratia" Emperor of the United States & Protector of Mexico, being anxious for the future fame & honor of the residents of San Francisco, do hereby command all our good & loyal subjects to furnish the means & exert their best skill & advance money to make Mr. Marriot's aerial machine a success.
Given at San Francisco, Cal., this 25th day of July, A.D. 1869, in the seventeenth year of our reign.
1890 -- US: NY garment workers win the right to unionize & the firing of all scabs after a seven month strike.
1897 -- US: Jack London, novelist/socialist, bitten by gold fever, heads for the Klondike aboard the steamer Umatilla.
1898 -- Puerto Rico:
TerroristsBENEVOLENT Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Uncle Sam invades & colonizes this tiny country, overthrowing the autonomous government & recolonizing the island as one of the spoils of the Spanish-American War.
General Nelson Miles & his troops disembark in Guánica. Manifest Destiny, an American God-thing, gives the US government & its businesses spoils in Latin America & the Pacific Islands which they maintain & exploit to this day.
The soldiers enter singing, with gun in brigand & toothbrush crossed in the hat, marching before the impassible glance of the farmers of the cane & the coffee.
1902 -- US: Danbury Hatters strike begins at D.E. Loewe & Co.
1904 -- US: 25,000 textile workers strike in Massachusetts.
1905 -- Elias Canetti lives, Rutschuk Bulgaria. Wrote Crowds & Power. Bulgarian-born English author, gets 1981 Nobel Prize for Literature.
Crowds & Power (1960), a multidisciplinary study that draws on history, folklore, myth, & literature on its analysis of mass movements. Canetti presented Hitler as the paranoiac ruler of crowds, fascinated by the size of the crowds he commands. Canetti's attack on the religion of power has been compared to the works of Gogol & Dostoyevsky.
1907 -- Théodule Meunier dies, imprisoned in Cayenne, where he had made a failed to escape in a vain effort for freedom. French anarchiste & practitioner of "propaganda by the deed." He wrote Jean Grave in 1906 that he had no regrets for his acts.
1907 -- France: The trial of François Ravachol begins.
Ravachol had been pointed out to police by a waiter (the boy Jules Lhérot) in the restaurant Very, & on the 24th, the restaurant was bombed, killing its owner & a customer.
Lhérot fled the country, & a long cycle of vendetta between government repression & "illegalist" anarchistes follows. Ravachol's trial resulted in a sentence of life at forced labor. The author of the present attack, Théodule Miller, was arrested in London in June 1894. Tried & sentenced in July, he was sent to prison, where he died July 25, 1907. An article by Octave Mirbeau appears a week after the bombing, in "L'Endehors" 52 (May 1, 1892), giving one of the most balanced anarchist views of Ravachol's terrorist activity.
"Who is it — throughout this endless procession of tortures which has been the history of the human race — who is it that sheds the blood, always the same, relentlessly, without any pause for the sake of mercy? Governments, religions, industries, forced labor camps, all of these are drenched in blood.
— Octave Mirbeau, Ravachol
1908 -- Luce Fabbri lives (1908-2000). Life-long anarchist, intellectual, teacher, poet & activist (& daughter of the famed Italian militant Luigi Fabbri).
Author of many books, including La Libertad entre la Historia y la Utopia: Tres Ensayos y Otros Textos del Siglo XX (Freedom in History & Utopia: Three Essays & Other Texts of the 20th Century (REA, 1998)). Luce died in Montevideo, Uruguay at the age of 92. Her life will be documented in a forthcoming biography by Margareth Rago.
1914 -- The day before leaving Barcelona for the US, 11-year-old Anaïs Nin makes the first entry in her diary:
"I am sad to think we are leaving a country that has been like a mother & a lucky charm to me."
Except for a four-month gap in 1917, she continues the diary for the rest of her life.If what Proust says is true, that happiness is the absence of fever, then I will never know happiness. For I am possessed by a fever for knowledge, experience, & creation.
— Anais Nin
1917 -- US: Emma Goldman is released from Jefferson City, Missouri, prison, sent to NY's Tombs prison; later released on $25,000 bail pending the appeal of her case before the US Supreme Court. Alexander Berkman is not released on bail until September 10.
July 25 - 28
Conferència the of reconstitució of the FIS.(Federació Sindical Internacional).
1920 -- Will Rogers silent movie "Cupid, the Cowpuncher" is released. The sheep over ta the next ranch are gettin' very nervous.
1921 -- France: Mécislas Charrier, French individualist & illégaliste, attempts to rob the Paris-Marseille train.
Mécislas Charrier & two accomplices attempted to rob the First Class travelers on the Paris-Marseille train, but things go badly & one person is killed. Charrier was later arrested & his accomplices killed. While not the killer, Charrier defended his anarchiste illegalism at his trial (April 28, 1922) & defies the court to take his head.
The court does exactly that, sending him to the guillotine on August 22, 1922, where he last sings "l'Internationale," "L'hymne au 17e" & "La Carmagnole."
"Je ne puis me défendre de la sympathie que j'éprouve pour vos conceptions ; j'en reconnais toute la valeur, mais que voulez-vous, j'ai trop souffert pour ne pas vouloir me venger, et j'ai été trop écoeuré par les inégalités sociales pour vous suivre dans l'âpre voie du travail (...)"
— "Le Libertaire," May 26, 1922
1927 -- Spain: Congress of the União Anarquista Portuguesa (UAP; Portuguese Anarchist Union) secretly held, in Valencia (July 25-26th). Originally scheduled for June 20, 1926 in Lisbon, Portugal, a rightwing military coup in May of 1926 forced its cancellation & the move to Spain. This congress marks the founding of the FAI (Federación Anarquista Ibérica).
[Details / context] Attendees include Francisco Nobrea do Quintal, secretary of the União Anarquista Portuguesa (UAP; Portuguese Anarchist Union); the Portuguese CGT was represented by Germinal de Sousa 25-26 juillet Espagne. Constitution, à Valence, de la Fédération anarchiste ibérique (F.A.I.) pour lutter contre le réformisme de certains dirigeants de la C.N.T. // 25- July 26 Spain. Constitution, in Valence, of the Iberian anarchistic Federation (F.A.I.) to fight against the reformism of certain leaders of the C.N.T.
1928 -- Italy: In the provincial council scompaiono elected members are replaced by representatives of the fascist party.
1928 -- Semi-Colon?: Robert Benchley movie short "The Sex Life of a Polyp" is released. (Another half-assed attempt at a colonoscopy gone awry?)
1930 -- US: 19-year-old Josh Gibson called out of the stands to substitute for the regular catcher for the Pittsburgh Homestead Grays, one of the best-known all-Negro professional baseball teams. From here he goes on to play 15 years with a variety of Negro teams. His lifetime batting average, a mere .423, he was elected to the Hall of Fame in 1972.
1930 -- US: A white mob threatens to hang ranchers employing Filipinos, in Wapato, Washington.
1933 -- Netherlands: Dutch live radio concert: Duke Ellington.
1934 -- Austria: Engelbert Dollfuss, Austrian chancellor, is assassinated by the Nazis. They missed Humperdink.
July 25-August 25
Congress of the Third International.
1936 -- Spain: Camillo Berneri arrives in Catalonia with a cargo of rifles & ammunition.
News of the fascist 'coup d'état' in Spain spread rapidly. With the slogan "Today in Spain, tomorrow in Italy" on their lips, Italian anti-fascists headed to Spain.
When Berneri arrived he was immediately offered a position in the Council of the Economy, but he refused as soon as he realized he was dealing with a sort of ministry. Berneri instead hosted a rally before 100,000 people in Plaza de los Toros, in Barcelona, bringing with him the greetings of the Italian anarchists & their solidarity with the Catalan revolution.
Also in Barcelona, the constructive work of the libertarian revolution is set up gradually; the transport sector & particularly the trams of Barcelona are collectivized by the C.N.T. They are followed by other public services, part of the sector of the distribution & provisioning, then by many industries, including the Hispano-Suiza automobile factories.
Francesco Barbieri, the Italian antifascist & anarchist militant, slipping back into Spain, reaches Barcelona today. Barbieri fought at the Huesca Front before illness forced him back to Barcelona in May 1937, where he was dragged from his home by Stalinists goons & murdered.
1938 -- Spain:
25 juillet 1938, en Espagne, début de la grande bataille sur le front de l'Ebre (fleuve qui sépare ? ce moment-l?, les forces républicaines (communistes et anarchistes) des troupes nationalistes (franquistes). Les troupes républicaines, apr?s avoir traversées le fleuve, réussissent dans un premier temps ? repousser les franquistes.
De ao?t ? novembre, le front se stabilisera avant une contre-attaque des franquistes qui mettra en déroute, le 16 novembre 1938, l'armée républicaine de Catalogne, provoquant des dizaines de milliers de morts et de blessés.
November 16, 1938, the Republican army of Catalonia, made up of anarchist & communist forces, is defeated after three months by pro-Franco forces, leaving tens of thousands of casualties & dead.
The Republican forces had held for three months during the great battle on the front at the Ebre River.
1939 -- Nicolas Faucier sent to prison at the end of July [I don't have the exact day for this. — ed.] with a two-year sentence for inciting insubordination within the military. French militant trade unionist & a pacifist, active with Louis Lecoin.
1940 -- US: John Sigmund begins swimming for 89 hours 46 minutes in the Mississippi River. Long muddy.
1941 -- US: A Presidential Order freezes Japanese assets in the United States & causes a run on Japanese banks. UK & US freeze the assets over Japan's claim to Indochina bases. Also today, FDR bans selling benzene & gasoline to Japan.
1942 -- Norway: Manifesto of nonviolent resistance to Nazi occupation.
1943 -- Italy: Breve colloquio di Mussolini con il re che gli annuncia la sua sostituzione a capo del governo con il maresciallo Pietro Badoglio, un militare totalmente coinvolto nel fascismo e diretto responsabile delle operazioni in varie guerre di aggressione (Etiopia, Grecia). All'uscita del colloquio Mussolini viene arrestato dai carabinieri.
1944 -- In the Government Slaughterhouse: Today the Red Army's First Ukraine Front surrounds Lvov, Poland; Hitler decrees a total mobilization of the Reich ("Volkssturm"); Gen. Bradley's 12th Army Group breaks out of its beachheads for Paris; Canadians begin an offensive near Caen...with 450 dead & 1,500 wounded, it is the 2nd bloodiest day of WW II for Canada...
The first jet fighter to engage in combat, a German Me 262, over Munchen; Allied jailbreak at St.-Lo (behind German lines); US planes kill 136 & wound 621 GIs at St.-Lo; Erich Hartmann, the world's greatest fighter pilot (352 victories), is awarded Diamonds to the Knight's Cross (Germany); the Japanese attempt a drunken banzai assault against US marines, Guam.
Meanwhile, back in the Good Ol' USA, Bing Crosby & the Andrews Sisters record "Don't Fence Me In" for Decca Records.
1946 -- First underwater atomic explosion. Bikini Atoll, South Pacific, at 8:34 am local time, in the Marshall Islands, is rocked by the underwater detonation. Worthy attempt to destroy the commie "Red Tide" before it washes over America? (See also Domino Theory; A Red Under Every Bed; Uncle "Tail" Gunner Joe McCarthy, etc.)
1946 -- The Crime... Two young black couples — Roger & Dorothy Malcom, George & Mae Murray Dorsey — were killed by a lynch mob at the Moore's Ford Bridge over the Appalachee River connecting Walton & Oconee Counties. The four were tied up & shot hundreds of times in broad daylight by unmasked men; murder weapons included rifles, shotguns, pistols & a machine gun. The Tuskegee Institute called it a "lynching."
The Coverup... Despite an intense investigation by FBI & GBI agents, the killers remain free. "The best people in town won't talk," said Georgia State Patrol Major William E. Spence on the climate of fear & threat of retaliation that discouraged law abiding citizens from cooperating with the investigation.
None of the mob have ever been brought to justice, & in 2005 there are still attempts to bring surviving murderers to justice.
See Laura Wexler's Fire in a Canebrake
1953 -- Jean Shepard/Ferlin Husky #1 country hit "A Dear John Letter" hits the charts.
1956 -- US: HUAC asks the House to cite dramatist Arthur Miller & songster Pete Seeger for contempt.
1958 -- "Sensational" Sherri Martel wins wrestling's WWF woman's title.
1958 -- England: International Anarchist Federations (IAF) Congress meets (July 25-August 1st) in London. Among those present are André Prudhommeaux & Clément Fournier, delegates of the Fédération anarchiste française. list of anarchist congresses
1963 -- Limited nuclear test ban treaty agreed upon by the US, Great Britain, the USSR, barring all but underground nuclear tests.
1963 -- US: Police arrest 23 young blacks in a sit-in at Seattle City Council chambers protesting appointment of only two blacks to the city's new Human Rights Commission.
1965 -- Los Angeles street artist & lovable eccentric Simon Rodia dies.
1965 -- Bob Dylan — Plugged! He shocks crowd at the Newport Folk Festival by plugging the instruments in. People yell "Sellout!" & Pete Seeger later said he was "ready to chomp the microphone cord." Now called a turning point in the world of Folk Rock.
1966 -- China: Wet Look? Mao Tse-tung swims the Yangtze River. (Because it was, dialectically, there.)
1967 -- US: H. Rap Brown, chairman of SNCC, suggests to black residents of Cambridge, Maryland that they "burn this town down." They oblige by rioting & setting fires in Cambridge's black business district.
1967 -- The Beatles & U.K. rock groups urge the British government to legalize marijuana, in a London Times advertisement signed by all four of the mopheads.
1967 -- US: Race riots in Detroit force postponement of a Tigers-Orioles game.
1968 -- Germany: Peppermint frappé, de Carlos Saura, gana el Oso de Plata del Festival de Berlín.
1969 -- US: Suspension Bridge? Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Senator Edward M. Kennedy, the driver of the car in which Mary Jo Kopechne was killed on 18 July, receives a two-month suspended sentence for leaving the scene of an accident. (See also 18 July; 1 August.)
1969 -- German social critic, painter Otto Dix dies, Hemmenhofen, Germany.
Daily Bleed Saint, 2004 OTTO DIX
German social critic, painter.
1970 -- Vatican: Cloak & Dagger? Catholic church confirms its condemnation of homosexuality, calling it "a moral aberration that cannot be approved by human conscience." Meanwhile the Church conscienciously winkswinks as priests around the world bugger the kiddies.
1972 -- US: Health officials concede blacks were used as guinea pigs in 40 year syphilis experiment.
1978 -- Louise Brown, first test-tube baby (born under the sign of Pyrex?).
1978 -- Johnny Rotten forms the rock group Public Image Ltd.
1981 -- Raleigh? Can't Miss! Jeff Barker spits tobacco juice 10.2 m, Raleigh, Miss. Inspires "no spitting" laws around the world.
1983 -- US: First nonhuman primate (baboon) conceived in a lab dish, San Antonio, Texass. They name her Petri.
1983 -- US: State of Washington Public Power Supply System defaulted $2.25 billion. Boondoggle, lovingly referred to as WHOOPS!
Hey, it's only money.
so much depends
a red wheel
glazed with rain
beside the white
— William Carlos Williams,
The Red Wheelbarrow
1983 -- Nicaragua: The US / American rightwing-funded contras torture & kill 15 at San Francisco del Norte. Reagan compares them to Abraham Lincoln.
1987 -- US: Half Price Books opens a branch in Berkeley, Calif.
1990 -- US: Comedian Rosanne Barr causes quite the stir when she sings the National Anthem in San Diego before a baseball game. After the anthem she spit & scratched herself — just like the boys do. The crowd booed.
1990 -- US Ambassador tells Iraq, US won't take sides in Iraq-Kuwait dispute. We're as good as our word, yup, yup, yup...(or 29th?)
1991 -- Yugoslavia: March for Peace, Belgrade.
1991 -- South Africa: Government admits secret funding of right-wing Namibian party.
1993 -- Lebanon: Israel begins blasting targets in southern Lebanon; 130 die by the end of the month. 500,000 flee the bombardment. Tune-in again in 2006 as Israel & Hezbollah go at it.
1993 -- Brazil: Rio de Janeiro policemen are arrested for massacre of street kids.
1994 -- Israel & Jordan sign end-of-hostility declaration. Yep.
1994 -- Doctors Without Borders says 13,000 Rwandan refugees have died near Goma, Zaire in the last six days.
1995 -- An international tribunal accuses Bosnian Serb leaders Radovan Karadzic & Ratko Mladic of genocide.
1996 -- US: Government begins increased airline anti-terrorism precautions. Yep.
2001 -- US: Listen Up, Saddam!?! Bush administration, high on image, short on principal, rejects a draft treaty on enforcement of a biological weapons ban.
2001 -- Amnesty International says US federal & state justice systems are "riddled with racial discrimination."
2001 -- France: In Dijon, 40 anarchists occupy the Italian consulate to protest police violence at the G8 Summit in Genoa, Italy. A streamer proclaiming: “G8 kills to bury the anger of the street” is hung above the entry. They issue a statement, part of which declares
"We fight, we will fight to build another world, rid of the dominations & power which characterize yours."
"Nous luttons, nous lutterons pour construire un autre monde, débarrassé des dominations et du pouvoir qui caractérisent le vôtre." extrait du communiqué des anarchistes.
2001 -- India’s "Dacoit Queen" Phoolan Devi shot dead by avengers, New Delhi.
2010 -- Germany: A panicked crush of partygoers in an overcrowded tunnel serving as the sole entrance the world's largest techno music party (1.5 million) leaves 19 dead, & over 300 injured.
2010 -- WikiLeaks, online publisher of anonymous, covert, & classified material, leaks to the public 90,000+ internal reports about the United States-led involvement in the War on Afghanistan from 2004 to 2010.
Daily Beast website reports the Obama administration asked Britain, Germany, & Australia among others to consider bringing criminal charges against Julian Assange for the Afghan war leaks & to help limit Assange's travels across international borders.
All US federal government staff have been blocked from viewing WikiLeak, remaining, as usual, in the dark.
“But what is primarily secret is what is a secret & what isn’t; that is perhaps the actual state secret.”
— Hans Magnus Enzensberger, Politics & Crime
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