Our Daily Bleed...
It was an important night of my life ... Either I paid up or I got out: that was what the note said, the note the landlady had put under the door. A great problem, deserving acute attention. I solved it by turning out the lights & going to bed."
— John Fante, Ask the Dust
Suave, gay proponent of the fire this time.
Jamaica: INDEPENDENCE DAY.
Guyana: FREEDOM DAY.
Australia: PICNIC DAY.
Macedonia: DAYS OF THE WATER NYMPHS. No clothes may be washed, & you may only swim or bathe if you are holding a piece of iron.
320 -- Yat-Balam founds dynasty that rules Yaxchilan (Mayan Empire) throughout its 500-year recorded history.
1776 -- US: Declaration of Independence formally signed.
1819 -- US: First parachute jump in US. Arrested for possession of hemp upon landing.
1832 -- US: Sauk-Fox tribe, under a white flag of truce, massacred at Bad Axe River by Illinois militia.
Several hundred starving Sauk & Fox Indian warriors, together with wives & children, were massacred in Wisconsin by the Illinois militia, despite attempt to surrender.
Illinois militia catch up with retreating Sauk Indians. Forced off their land near Rockford, the Sauk offer a white flag of surrender at the Bad Axe River in Vernon County, Wisconsin. A militia commander records his impressions: (quote) "As we neared them they raised a white flag & endeavored to decoy us, but we were a little too old for them." The militia disregards the surrender attempt, & slaughter nearly the entire group, including women & children. A captured Chief Black Hawk offers a surrender speech (quote):
"The white men do not scalp the head; but they do worse — they poison the heart."
The State of Wisconsin refuses to apologize for the massacre until 1990.
1832 -- Theosophist leader Henry Steel Olcott lives.
1849 -- US: Reconvened session of the woman's rights convention is held at the Unitarian Church in Rochester, NY. Amelia Bush is chosen chair, & is the first woman to preside over a meeting attended by both men & women.
1855 -- US: Deadbeats? Black River band of Chippewa sign treaty to compensate Chippewa for destruction of their homes by construction of the 500 Locks (Great Lakes). The Chippewa have yet to be paid.
1861 -- US: National income tax, the first of its kind, passed to aid the Union war effort.
1862 -- Cuba: Fernando Tarrida del Marmol lives (1862-1915), Santiago. Militant & anarquista theoretician, Spanish free-thinker.
Son of Catalan emigrants, he moved to Spain for his education, becoming an anarchist after meeting Anselmo Lorenzo. Became Director of the Polytechnic Academy of Barcelona. Arrested during the terror of the Clerics & military, his family was able to pull strings to gain his release. Hounded & in fear for his life, he went to England where he lodged with Kropotkin & Louise Michel.
Contributed articles to the international anarchist press, the avant-garde literary journal "La Revue Blanche" translator of Tolstoï; author of Anarquía, ateísmo y colectivismo (1885); Anselmo Lorenzo. Estudio crítico-biográfico; Les inquisiteurs d'Espagne (1897); Programa socialista libertario y la constitución del mundo (1908).
1865 -- Irving Babbitt lives, Dayton, Ohio. Critic, teacher, leader of the movement in literary criticism known as "New Humanism." George Santayana (supporter of Franco's fascist takeover of Spain) & T.S. Eliot, are among its followers.
1867 -- US: 60 striking miners wounded by police in Scranton, Pennsylvania.
1869 -- George Eliot begins work on Middlemarch.
1870 -- During this month [I don't have exact date & place —ed.] Mikhail Bakunin is expelled from the Geneva section of the International due to his support for the Jura faction. Karl Marx, after a long concerted smear campaign against Bakunin, succeeds in having him expelled along with James Guillaume in 1872. To maintain dictatorial control of the International, Marx also moved its General council to NY, away from the membership & effectively destroying the First International.
March 5, 1872
The General Council approves a private circular, Fictitious Splits in the International, written by Marx & Engels, which "exposes" Bakuninist intrigues & disruptive activity in the International
The London Conference of the First International. Drawing on the lessons of the Paris Commune. Marx & Engels substantiate the need for political struggle by the working class & for independent proletarian parties in each country; these ideas are incorporated in a resolution of the Conference
1875 -- US: George Vanderveer lives. Attorney for the Centralia Wobs (IWW) & the Chicago 101.
One of the few lawyers in Seattle, Washington willing to represent members of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) during WWI & after.
He represented the defendants in the Everett & Centralia massacres, as well as workers & labor unions during & after the Seattle General Strike of 1919.
1876 -- US: Wild Bill Hickock is shot in the back & killed in a poker game, Deadwood, South Dakota.
1878 -- Aino Kallas, Finnish writer, lives, Vyborg, Russia. Wrote also as Aino Krohn & Aino Suonio. Wrote The Wolf's Bride; The White Ship: Eros the Slayer.
1878 -- Italy: During this month [I don't have exact date — ed.] Errico Malatesta, Stepniak, Ceccarelli, Cafiero, & others branded as the "Gang of Matese" (la “banda” del Matese), are brought to trial after languishing in prison for the past year. They had been captured by the army while liberating towns in the Benevento province.
All were acquited.
[Details / context]
1893 -- France: Régis Messac lives, (1893-1943?) Champagnac (Charente).
Teacher (his doctorate being a thesis on police procedurals, Le detective Novel et l'influence de la Pensée Scientifique), poet, & writer (in all some 30 books), pacifist, militant anarchiste, resistance member. Captured in 1943, Messac disappeared in the concentration camps.
"In one of the remarkable 'konvoluts' of his arcades project, Benjamin notes a 'remarkable association of flânerie & the detective novel at the beginning of Les Mohicans de Paris, by Alexandre Dumas, 1863'. Regis Messac, in Le detective novel et l'influence de la pensee scientifique, bodily transports the habits & even the inhabitants of the prairie into a Parisian setting: we have a marvelously endowed dog called Mohican, a duel of hunters, a l'Americaine in the suburbs of Paris, & a redskin named Towah who kills & scalps four of his enemies in a Hackney cab right in the heart of Paris with such dexterity that the driver never even notices. 'Nothing forbids us from supposing that the tribes we call savages are the debris of great civilizations.' (Baudelaire)."
1903 -- Macedonia: Insurrection breaks out in the area of Bitola, two other areas of Skplié & Salonique. In Thrace, revolutionists also intervene. But the Turkish troops react & crush the revolutionists. 2006: FRENCH TEXT + GOOGLE TRANSLATIONS: Le 2 août 1903, jour de saint Elie, une insurrection éclate en Macédoine dans la région de Bitola, les deux autres régions de Skplié et Salonique, moins bien armées, secondent mal le mouvement. En Thrace, les révolutionnaires interviennent également. Mais les troupes turques réagissent et écrasent les révolutionnaires. La Bulgarie n’intervient pas, car la monarchie préfère une Macédoine et une Thrace turques à deux provinces socialistes révolutionnaires.
On August 2, 1903, day of Elie saint, an insurrection bursts in Macedonia in the area of Bitola, the two other areas of Skplié & Salonique, less better armed, assist the movement badly. In Thrace, the revolutionists also intervene. But the Turkish troops react & crush the revolutionists. Bulgaria does not intervene, because monarchy prefers Turkish Macedonia & Thrace with two revolutionary socialist provinces. Cette expérience révolutionnaire en Macédoine et en Thrace, a été quasiment effacée de l’histoire officielle. A l’heure où certains bon penseurs "socialistes" (anarchistes ou autres) essaient d’opposer lutte de libération nationale et lutte de classe, ce texte a tout son intérêt.
KROUCHEVO ET STRANDJA 1903 Si la commune de Paris est universellement connue comme un premier pas vers le socialisme et l’émancipation des travailleurs par eux-mêmes, par contre l’insurrection populaire de 1903 en Macédoine et en Thrace n’est guère étudiée en dehors de certains pays balkaniques.
KROUCHEVO & STRANDJA 1903 If the commune of Paris is universally known like a first step towards the socialism & the emancipation of the workers by themselves, on the other hand the popular insurrection of 1903 in Macedonia & Thrace is hardly studied apart from certain Balkan countries.Si les marxistes étaient indifférents à la question macédonienne, il existait une exception avec Vassil Glavinov qui partageait les vues révolutionnaires d’une autonomie obtenue par la lutte armée. Il n’est donc pas étonnant qu’ « en Macédoine, il y avait une influence particulièrement forte des populistes russes et des anarchistes, dont la vision était partagée par la plupart de la jeunesse étudiante macédonienne. » (2). L’adoption de l’action directe révolutionnaire et le refus des Etats ne pouvaient qu’attirer les anarchistes. Et dès 1895, de nombreux anarchistes bulgares se mêlèrent aux révolutionnaires macédoniens, dont le mot d’ordre était : « Libération de la Macédoine par l’insurrection dans tout le pays. », selon les paroles d’un des leaders les plus connus Gotse Deltchev (3).
If the Marxists were indifferent to the Macedonian question, there was an exception with Vassil Glavinov which shared the revolutionary sights of an autonomy obtained by the armed struggle. It is thus not astonishing that “in Macedonia, there were a particularly strong influence of populist Russian & anarchists, whose vision was shared by the majority of youth coed Macedonian. ” (2). The adoption of the revolutionary direct action & the refusal of the States could only attract the anarchists. & since 1895, with many Bulgarian anarchists mixed with the revolutionists Macedonians, whose watchword was: “Release of Macedonia by the insurrection in all the country. ”, according to the words of one of the most known leaders Gotse Deltchev (3).
Stanja est une région de la Thrace qui pendant une vingtaine de jours vit ses villages qui s’organisaient spontanément en communes sans argent ni propriété. « La population exprimait sa joie, dans les villages on dansait, on offrait des repas. Il n’existait plus « le tien-mien » : dans les forêts (...) nous avions des dépôts préparés ; toute la récolte était stockée en grains et en farine, dans des greniers et des dépôts communs. Le bétail était également possession commune. » Ces paroles du responsable militaire et organisationnel de l’insurrection, Mikhaïl Guerdjikov, anarchiste comme une partie des révolutionnaires, sont un des rares témoignages sur ce que l’histoire bulgare appelle « la république de Stranja » (8). Ce mouvement révolutionnaire autogestionnaire fit brisé par la répression turque. Des dizaines de milliers de personnes se réfugièrent en Bulgarie. Cependant, il avait démontré qu’une masse majoritairement paysanne, ethniquement composite, peut être unie et conscientisée de manière révolutionnaire par une tactique d’action directe et de mesures socialistes profondes (sans préparation d’un parti ni période transitoire). C’est ce qu’on retrouve également dans l’Ukraine de 1917-1921 et l’Espagne -avec moins de problèmes ethniques- des années 30. On peut ajouter que l’autonomie était fondée sur la communauté de l’oppression, et non sur des justifications chauvines liées au passé. Le facteur linguistique était résolu par l’admission de plusieurs langues. Si ces critères étaient respectés aujourd’hui, bien des antagonismes officiels disparaîtraient.
Stanja is an area of Thrace which during a score of days saw its villages which spontaneously organized in communes without money nor property. “The population expressed its joy, in the villages one danced, one offered meals. There was not any more “the tien-mien”: in the forests (...) we had prepared deposits; all harvest was stored in grains & flour, in attics & joint filings. The cattle was also common possession. ” These words of the military & organisational person in charge for the insurrection, Mikhaïl Guerdjikov, anarchist like part of the revolutionists, are one of rare testimonys on what the Bulgarian history calls “the republic of Stranja” (8). This self-management revolutionary movement made broken by Turkish repression. Tens of thousands of people took refuge in Bulgaria. However, it had shown that a mass mainly country, ethniquement composite, can plain & be conscientisée in a revolutionary way by a tactic of direct action & socialist measurements major (without preparation of a limited party nor period). It is what one also finds in the Ukraine of 1917-1921 & Spain - with less ethniques- problems of the Thirties. One can add that autonomy was founded on the community of oppression, & not on chauvinistic justifications related to the past. The linguistic factor was solved by the admission of several languages. If these criteria were respected today, many official antagonisms would disappear.
1914 -- Japanese playwright & leader in the attempt to revitalize the post-WWII theater, Junji Kinoshita, lives, in Tokyo. Created a unique genre of "folk plays," Yuzuru (Twilight Crane, 1949) being an outstanding example, & plays Investigating the role of guilt, such as Kaeru Shoten (Ascension of the Frog, 1951) & Shimpan (The Judgement, 1970).
1914 -- Sherlock Holmes' last adventure, "His Last Bow: An Epilogue of Sherlock Holmes" begins today (in Strand Magazine, September, 1917; Collier's September, 1917).
1917 -- US: Greencorn Rebellion.
1920 -- Pancho Medrano, Sr., lives.
1921 -- Italy: Patto di pacificazione tra fascisti e socialisti / pact of pacification between socialists & the fascists.
[Source: Crimini e Misfatti]
1922 -- Mécislas Charrier (1895-1922) dies, guillotinéd in Paris. French individualist & illégaliste. Raised until the age of five by the anarchist Mécislas Golberg (or Goldberg).
On July 25, 1921, Charrier & two accomplices attempted to rob the First Class travelers on the Paris-Marseilles train, but things went badly & a person was killed. Afterwards in Paris, he was arrested, & his accomplices were killed by the police. Charrier went on trial on April 28, 1922. Mécislas, while not the killer, argues before the court his anarchist illegalism & defies it to take his head.
The court obliges, sending to the guillotine a simple idealistic robber.
At four o'clock in the morning, he approaches death in song, singing "l'Internationale," "L'hymne au 17e" & "La Carmagnole."
"Je ne puis me défendre de la sympathie que j'éprouve pour vos conceptions ; j'en reconnais toute la valeur, mais que voulez-vous, j'ai trop souffert pour ne pas vouloir me venger, et j'ai été trop écoeuré par les inégalités sociales pour vous suivre dans l'âpre voie du travail (...)"
— "Le Libertaire," May 26, 1922
1923 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Harding dies at the Palace Hotel.
1924 -- James Baldwin lives, illegitimately, Harlem Hospital, NY City. American radical black queer essayist, novelist, & playwright, noted for his sharp works on black-white relations, civil-rights struggle, & gay issues, which fuse autobiographical material with social concerns.
... show details
1931 -- Albert Einstein urges all scientists to refuse military work.
1933 -- Spanish-born novelist who writes in French, Machel del Castillo, lives, Madrid. Famous at 24 with the short novel, Tanguy (Child of Our Time), which, like The Diary of Anne Frank, tells with the poignancy of a child's witness to cruel historical events, tells of his actual experiences as a political refugee & prisoner in concentration camps.
1934 -- First airplane train, plane tows three mail gliders behind it.
1935 -- Alexander Woollcott writes to Mrs. Otis Skinner that he has been "weeping steadily because once again I had come to the great healing last chapter of the Brothers Karamazov. It always chokes me up & fills me with a love of mankind which sometimes lasts till noon of the following day."
1935 -- Italy: Dal balcone di piazza Venezia il duce degli italiani annuncia, tra scene di giubilo a Roma e altrove, l'imminente aggressione all'Etiopia. Mussolini è solo il portavoce delle criminali manie di grandezza di un intero popolo che, mai come in questo caso, si stringe intorno al suo duce.
[Source: Crimini e Misfatti]
1936 -- France: French Cabinet decides on a policy of non-intervention towards the war in Spain between the fascist military & the Republicans.
Photo: La miliciana Marina Jinesta en la plaza de Catalunya
... finding the hidden treasures, giving sparkle to worn out events, invigorating the tired soul with imagination, creating some kind of truth with many lies.
PT-boats could accelerate from 8 to 40 knots in about 11 seconds, begging the question, if you can't get out of the way of a destroyer, why no court-martial for the bonehead who had to be asleep at the helm?
Whole lot of alleges & widening gulfs, beginning with these. August 2 & 4, 1964
The Gulf of Tonkin Incident. North Vietnamese torpedo boats attacked the US destroyer Maddox in the Gulf of Tonkin. A second attack allegedly occurs on August 4.
... show details
1972 -- American anarchist cultural critic Paul Goodman absurdly dies. Wrote Growing Up Absurd."A free society cannot be the substitution of a new order for the old order; it is the extension of spheres of free action until they make up the most of social life."
"I move in a society so devoid of ordinary reality that I am continually stopping to teach good sense, to give support, to help out, as a young gangster might help an old lady across the street on his way to the stick-up."
1972 -- Brian Cole, an original member of the Association, dies of a heroin overdose. He played bass on the hits "Windy," "Cherish" & "Never My Love."
1976 -- Filmmaker Fritz Lang dies.
BLACKLISTED WRITERS RECEIVE
WGA Announces Correction of
1986 -- South Africa: Fire in nuclear power plant kills two workers, Johannesburg.
1988 -- Raymond Carver poet/short story writer, dies at 50.
"It's strange. You never start out life with the intention of becoming a bankrupt or an alcoholic or a cheat & a thief. Or a liar."
— Raymond Carver
1990 -- Iraq invades Kuwait, following grievance over oil, loans & land, after discussing plans with US Ambassador April Glaspie. The Gulf War: Secret History
1991 -- In A Funk?: Funk singer Rick James, arrested on sexual torture charges.
The cut-up method brings to writers the collage, which has been used by painters for 50 years. & used by the moving & still camera. In fact all street shots from movie or still cameras are by the unpredictable factors of passersby & juxtaposition cut-ups. & photographers will tell you that often their best shots are accidents . . . writers will tell you the same.
— William S. Burroughs, THE CUT-UP METHOD OF BRION GYSIN, from The Third Mind
1997 -- Fela Anikulapo-Kuti (1938-1997) dies.
Daily Bleed Saint December 6, 2007.
Nigerian rock star, pot & AIDS activist, culture hero
Multi-instrumentalist musician & composer, pioneer of Afrobeat music, human rights activist, & political maverick.
1999 -- Alberto Gironella, a leading Mexican surrealist painter & promoter of literature & arts, dies, age 70.
2009 -- England: Food packages to Vestas factory occupiers cut off by management.
"It is by losing ourselves in inquiry, creation & craft that we become something. Civilization is a continual gift of spirit: inventions, discoveries, insight, art. We are citizens, as Socrates would have said, & we have it available as our own."
— Paul Goodman
“I regard the President as my public servant whom I pay, & berate him as a lousy employee. I come on as an old fashioned patriot, neither supine nor more revolutionary than is necessary for my modest goals.” Goodman's goals were forthright rather than modest. He wanted a society in which children have bright eyes, nobody is pushed around, rivers are clean, & in which there is useful work, tasty food, & “occasionally satisfying nookie.”
Quotes from Anarchists
— Marty Jezer
anti-CopyRite 1997-3000, more or less
Subscribe to daily email excerpts/updates (include 'subscribe bleed' in subject field),
or send questions, suggestions, additions, corrections to:
BleedMeister David Brown
Visit the complete Daily Bleed Calendar
The Daily Bleed is freely produced by Recollection Used Books
Over 1.75 million a'mopers & a'gawkers since May 2005
anarchist, labor, & radical used booksSee also: Anarchist Encyclopedia
Stan Iverson Memorial Library
Anarchist Time Line / Chronology