1790 -- Columbia first US flagged ship to voyage around the world.
1792 -- France: The revolutionary Commune is established in Paris.
Source: [Robert Braunwart] [Hereafter attributed with symbol: ]
1836 -- Canada: For an annuity of 1,250 British pounds (about $2,000), the Saugeen cede 1.5 million acres (23,500 square miles) bordering Lake Huron in southern Ontario.
1842 -- Novelist Herman Melville escapes from the Typee Valley cannibals with whom he has spent a month in captivity in the Marquesas Islands. http://www.melville.org/
1848 -- US: Barnburners party merges with the Free Soil Party, forming the Scorched Earth party, nominating Martin Van Buren for president.
1849 -- Hungary: Republic crushed by Austria & Russia. The coach blames his team citing lack of motivation: "No fire in the belly, they just weren't hungarian enough for it."
1851 -- US: Cathlamet tribe cede lands at mouth of Columbia where Fort Astoria & Fort George had stood, in exchange for food. Another area tribe, the Clatskaniene, sign a treaty ceding their northwest Oregon land; the treaty was never ratified.
1855 -- México: Battle of Acapulco during Mexican Liberal uprising.
1872 -- US: Fire destroys 547 buildings in the heart of Boston's business & commercial district, killing 14 people (including 9 firemen).
1874 -- American paranormal chronicler Charles Fort lives, Albany, New York.
Fort, father of the modern study of strange phenomena, had many views about blood falls which he discussed at length in his writings. In his first book, The Book of the Damned, he wrote the following bizarrely lyrical passage about red rains:
"Or that our whole solar system is a living thing: that showers of blood upon this earth are its internal hemorrhages — Or vast living things in the sky, as there are vast living things in the oceans — Or some one especial thing: an especial time; an especial place. A thing the size of the Brooklyn Bridge. It's alive in outer space — something the size of Central Park kills it — It drips."
Charles Cros, the inventor of the phonograph, was the most popular poet-singer of this kind in mid-nineteenth-century Paris, & his poems spoke for a way of life completely unassimilable by the money-crazy, hypocritical, debauched, & puritanical society of Louis Napoleon’s gimcrack Second Empire.
It is out of people like Charles Cros, simple, sensuous, lyrical, & sarcastic, that poets like Verlaine come, & all of those that he, Verlaine, first called “počtes maudits,” the cursed, the outcast poets, Germain Nouveau, Arthur Rimbaud, Alfred Jarry, Tristan Corbičre, Jean Richepin.
1892 -- US: A group of Hatfields tie three McCoys who'd killed a Hatfield in an election day brawl the previous day to a tree & shoot them; the killings send the legendary feud into high gear, Pike County, Kentucky.
1892 -- Germany: Free Eats! Living mussels rain down, Paderhorn.
Anti-fascist anarchist guerrilla fighter & an important figure in the Bulgarian movement. Fighting the dictatorship of Stambolijski, Ikonomov organized partisan groups which included anarchists, Communists, & members of the peasants' party.
Her father was sculptor Viktor Jansson & mother drawer Signe Hammarten Jansson. Studied art in Helsinki, Stockholm & Paris, worked as a cartoonist & illustrator.
Also wrote plays set in the Momin Valley, adult fiction, short stories & memoirs. Among her illustrated fantasy works for other authors are translated editions of Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, The Hunting of the Snark & J.R.R. Tolkien's The Hobbit.
See other fantasy worlds: C.S. Lewis (Narnia), J.R.R. Tolkien (Middle-Earth), Lewis Carroll's Wonderland.
1914 -- Italy: Il ministro degli esteri italiano prospetta in segreto al capo del governo Antonio Salandra il capovolgimento delle alleanze e l'entrata in guerra contro Austria e Germania a fianco di Inghilterra, Francia e Russia. Occorre perň innanzitutto stipulare accordi per garantirsi compensi territoriali e soprattutto avere "certezza di vittoria," cioč aspettare e vedere come evolva la situazione, a vantaggio o a svantaggio dell'Austria. Spregevole furbizia e disgustoso cinismo si mescolano dunque in una miscela nauseabonda, propria dello stato italiano. Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]
1914 -- Italy: L'esercito italiano entra a Gorizia. La battaglia per Gorizia ha provocato 21.630 morti e 52.940 feriti tra le truppe italiane. Una strage che solo la propaganda militare puň far passare per vittoria. Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]
1920 -- England: British labor organizations appoint a Council of Action to arrange a General Strike if Britain declares war on the USSR.
1922 -- British poet Philip Larkin lives. Became the unofficial British poet laureate, a racist who wrote of stringing up strikers.
1936 -- Germany: African American Jesse Owens wins his fourth gold medal in the Summer Olympic Games in Berlin. Hitler & his superrace are not pleased.
1938 -- Emma Goldman offers IISH (International Institute of Social History) her unpublished sketches & large collection of newspaper clippings as well as Alexander Berkman's diary. She agrees to help IISH obtain other collections of personal papers from her circle of anarchist friends. Several hundred dollars from anarchists in New York & Chicago were sent to her to pay for travel expenses. http://socialhistory.org/en
1942 -- Poland: 10,000 Jews are sent from Boryslaw ghetto (now Borislav, Ukraine) to Belsen extermination camp (the first mass deportation of Jews to the gas chambers). Of course any good conservative can tell you the Holocaust never happened, much less any gassing.
Meanwhile, over in Kiev (Kyiv), the capital of the Ukraine, Dynamo beats Flakelf in soccer — in retaliation the Nazis execute all the winning players.
··· For the Nazis, too, soccer was a matter of state.
A monument in the Ukraine commemorates the
players of the 1942 Kiev Dynamo team. During
the German occupation they committed the insane
act of defeating Hitler's squad in the local stadium.
Having been warned, "If you win, you die," they
started out resigned to losing, trembling with fear &
hunger, but in the end they could not resist the temptation
of dignity. When the game was over all eleven were shot
with their shirts on at the edge of a cliff.
1944 -- Antoine de Saint-Exupery reported missing on a flight over France.
1945 -- Japan: Coffee, Tea or Me?: American "Fat Boy" drops in, Nagasaki. About 70,000 civilians die immediately. Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Harry Truman drops the bomb to prove to Russia he's tough, & gets the Cold War arms race off to a healthy start.
Richard Feynman was only 24 when he started working at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. Feynman had written that there were four main questions that needed to be answered before the work could progress
1. How big must the bombs be? What is the critical mass for the material needed?
2. What materials would best serve as a tamper? (A reflection device to keep all of the neutrons focused on the uranium or plutonium.)
3. How pure would the uranium have to be? (How much work was needed at the Oak Ridge, Tennessee facility?)
4. How much of a shock wave, heat, & light would a nuclear explosion create?
(from James Gleick, Genius: The Life & Science of Richard Feynman, Pantheon Books, 1992, p. 165).
"The worst was when electrical & telephone wires got twisted around people's legs & they couldn't escape ... & they died in that position, fallen to their knees."
— Yosuke Yamahata
In 1999 a New Mexico Museum reports their bestselling curios are the Fat Boy Bomb earrings.
1962 -- Hermann Hesse dies. German poet/novelist, depicted the duality of spirit & nature, body versus mind & individual's spiritual search outside restrictions of the society. Winner of the 1946 Nobel Prize for Literature. Worked in several jobs, as a bookshop clerk, as a mechanic & as a book dealer in Tübingen, where he joined literary circle called Le Petit Cénacle.
There is a scene in Herman Hesse's novel, Steppenwolf, where protagonist Harry Haller is invited to attend an:
"Anarchist Evening at the Magic Theatre
For Madmen Only
Price of Admission Your Mind"
John Lion, a Graduate student at U.C. Berkeley working under the tutelage of Professor Jan Kott, directs Ionesco's The Lesson at the Steppenwolf Bar in 1967. From this passage the company takes its name, "Magic Theatre".
The dadaist & Daily Bleed Patron Saint Hugo Ball (February 22) wrote an early critical biography.
Hesse's breakthrough novel was Demian (1919), which was highly praised by Thomas Mann, who compared its importance to James Joyce's Ulysses & André Gide's The Counterfeiters.
The novel attracted especially young veterans of the WW I, & reflected Hesse's personal crisis & interest in Jungian
In the 1960s & 70s Hesse became a cult figure for young readers & remains popular in the 90s. Also wrote Steppenwolf, & Narcissus & Goldmund.
from "The Glass Bead Game"
Maybe death's hour too
will send us out new-born
maybe life's call to us
will never find an end
Courage my heart,
take leave & fare thee well.
"Everything actually was all-meaningful, that every symbol & combination of symbols led not hither & yon, not to single examples, experiments, & proofs, but into the center, the mystery & innermost heart of the world"
1969 -- US: Manson cult kills five in Los Angeles. Three men & two women, including Sharon Tate & Abigail Folger, found gruesomely murdered in Los Angeles by the "family" of cult leader Charles Manson.
1971 -- Ireland: British reintroduce internment without trial to Northern Ireland.
Responding to increased activity by the Irish Republican Army, emergency powers of preventive detention without trial are invoked. Begin arresting suspected leaders of the outlawed guerrilla force. By December, more than 1,500 people are in prison. Many IRA inmates, known as "blanket men," refuse clothing & smear their cell walls with excrement after prison authorities deny their political status. During a demonstration in Derry against the arrests, British troops shoot 13 civilians.
1995 -- Australia: Heritage Commission accepts the Tent Embassy as a place of special significance to indigenous Australians.
Although Parliament House has moved to a sight a kilometer away & sits on a hill surrounded by a well manicured expanse of grass, the mean spirited petty, intellectually limited renegades Liberal/National Party government reenacted a 64-year old law to remove what they see as an eyesore from in front of the old Parliament House.
The Tent Embassy was established in 1972 as a national focus for the indigenous landrights struggle. Every time the government took down the Tent Embassy in 1972, hundreds, then thousands, rebuilt it.
1995 -- Brazil: Police massacre nine peasants in Rondonia state.
1997 -- US: NYC cops rape & torture Abner Louima, a legal immigrant from Haiti.
1998 -- US: A strike by 73,000 telephone workers of NYC-based Bell Atlantic begins.
2000 -- Guatemala: Government admits responsibility for the massacre of 330 during the civil war & promises to pay compensation & prosecute those responsible.
2002 -- Pakistan: Brave Pakistani Muslims throw grenades at women leaving a Christian church in a hospital, killing three nurses.
2003 -- Canada: Clayoquot Ten Year Anniversary Gathering. Hundreds of Clayoquot arrestees return to the ancient rainforests of Clayoquot Sound this summer to mark the 10-year anniversary of the largest act of peaceful civil disobedience in Canadian history. 12,000 people participated in the peaceful blockade & 856 were arrested.
American Freedom Censorship at its best?:
National Public Radio's "All Things Considered" show commissioned Martín Espada to compose a poem as part of NPR's 1997 April observance of National Poetry Month.
NPR gave him carte blanche subject matter, suggesting a poem focusing on a news story in one of the cities he was visiting during a reading tour.
Martin Espada chose Philadelphia, & submitted it.
NPR continues to refuse to air the poem.
Another Nameless Prostitute Says the Man Is Innocent.
The board-blinded windows knew what happened;
the pavement sleepers of Philadelphia, groaning
in their ghost-infested sleep, knew what happened;
every black man blessed
with the gashed eyebrow of nightsticks
knew what happened;
even Walt Whitman knew what happened,
poet a century dead, keeping vigil
from the tomb on the other side of the bridge.
Fifteen years ago, the cataract stare
of the cruiser's headlights
the impossible angle of the bullet,
the tributaries & lakes of blood,
Officer Faulkner dead, suspect Mumia shot in the chest,
the nameless witnesses who saw a gunman
running away, his heart & feet thudding.
The nameless prostitutes know,
hunched at the curb, their bare legs chilled.
Their faces squinted to see that night,
rouged with fading bruises.
Now another nameless prostitute has disappeared,
says the newspaper. Her nameless name
was Cynthia White, witness for the defense.
Perhaps she stiffens eyes open in a fresh bed of soil,
or floats in the warm gulf stream of her addiction,
or hides from the fanged whispers of the police
in the tomb of Walt Whitman,
where the granite door is open
and fugitive slaves may rest.
Mumia: the Panther beret, the thinking dreadlocks,
sharing meals with people named Africa,
singing out their names even after the police bombardment
that charred their black bodies.
So the governor has signed the death warrant.
The executioner's needle would flush the poison
down into Mumia's writing hand
so the fingers curl like a burned spider;
his calm questioning mouth would grow numb,
and everywhere radios sputter to silence, in his memory.
Cynthia White is gone, gone to the segregated balcony of whores.
But the newspaper reports that another nameless prostitute
says the man is innocent, that she will testify at the next hearing.
Beyond the courthouse, a multitude of witnesses chants, prays,
shouts for his prison to collapse, a shack in a hurricane.
Mumia, if the last nameless prostitute
becomes an unraveling turban of steam,
if the judges' robes become clouds of ink
swirling like octopus deception,
if the shroud becomes your Amish quilt,
if your dreadlocks are snipped during autopsy,
then drift above the ruined RCA factory
that once birthed radios
to the tomb of Walt Whitman,
where the granite door is open
and fugitive slaves may rest.
(Mumia Abu-Jamal was on death row in Pennsylvania for many years.)
Born in Brooklyn, NY in 1957, Martín Espada has been called "the Latino poet of his generation."
His fifth book of poetry, Imagine the Angels of Bread, won the American Book Award & a was finalist for the National Book Critics Circle Award. Rebellion is the Circle of a Lover's Hands (Curbstone), won both the Paterson Poetry Prize & the PEN/Revson Fellowship. The PEN/Revson judges were unanimous:
"The greatness of Espada's art, like all great arts, is that it gives dignity to the insulted & the injured of the earth."
Espada's poems have appeared in such publications as the New York Times Book Review, Harper's, The Nation, Ploughshares, & The Best American Poetry. Many of his poems arise from his work experiences, ranging from bouncer to tenant lawyer. He is also the editor of Poetry Like Bread: Poets of the Political Imagination from Curbstone Press, & El Coro: A Chorus of Latino & Latina Poets. A recipient of fellowships from the NEA & the Massachusetts Cultural Council, Espada is currently an Associate Professor in the Department of English at the University of Massachusetts-Amherst.
The Daily Bleed: Hermann Hesse, Martín Espada, Joseph Tortelier, Kenneth Rexroth, Vassil Ikonomov; Timeline, Almanac of Radicalism, Arts, Literature, Authors, Poets, Anarchists... a radical annotated chronology, almanac, daybook, anarchist CALENDAR, anarchisten, anarchism, anarchico, anarchiste, anarquista, anarsizm, anarţizme, Anarţist, Anarquismo, Anarchismus, sindicalismo, anarquia, anarchia, anarchisme, anarchizm, anarkisme, anarki, anarkist, libertarian, syndicalist, anarcho-syndicalist, anarcho-communism, black cats, What Happened on this day, in recovered memory, suppressed history, A People's History, AUGUST 9
anti-CopyRite 1997-3000, more or less Subscribe to daily email excerpts/updates (include 'subscribe bleed' in subject field), or send questions, suggestions, additions, corrections to: BleedMeister David Brown
Over 2 million a'mopers & a'gawkers since May 2005
anarchist, labor, & radical used booksSee also: Anarchist Encyclopedia http://recollectionbooks.com/bleed/gallery/galleryindex.htm Stan Iverson Memorial Library http://recollectionbooks.com/siml/ Anarchist Time Line / Chronology http://recollectionbooks.com/bleed/indexTimeline.htm