Our Daily Bleed...
The dry sterile thunder without rain, the confused alarms of struggle & flight, are projected outward, into the great unknown, across the seas & over the mountains.
We're on the side with the angels.
Budapest, Hungary: ST. STEPHEN'S FESTIVAL. A magnificent procession carries the reliquary through the streets & parks.
1493 -- His Days Are Numbered?: Death of Frederick, III as Holy Roman Emperor; IV as King of Germany; & V as King of Austria.
1565 -- New Old World: Black artisans & farmers aid explorer Menendez in building of city of St. Augustine, Florida.
1619 -- New Old World: First group of 20 Africans slaves land at Jamestown, Virginia.
1639 -- Martin Opitz, German poet, lives.
1701 -- Charles Sedley, poet & playwright remembered for his wit — & debauchery — at court, dies at home, near Hampstead, aged about 62.
1804 -- US: Charles Floyd, dies, only fatality of the Lewis & Clark Expedition.
1830 -- US: First Negro convention held, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1866 -- US: The short-lived National Labor Union formed, headed by William H. Sylvis.
The first American labor union to unite skilled & unskilled workers. Claimed 640,000 members from smaller organizations, not all of whom were labor groups.
It decided to form its own political party "as soon as possible" but focused on securing an eight-hour day & "producers' cooperatives."
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1866 -- US: National Labor Union requests an Eight-Hour Workday.
How many hours is a reasonable workday? Today the National Labor Union, made up of skilled & unskilled workers, farmers, & reformers, calls on Congress to order an eight-hour workday.
1874 -- Cunilia Belleria, Bakunin's young Ticinese friend, writes from Locarno to Mikhail Bakunin at Splington: A friend from Naples arrived here [Carmelo Palladino]. He says that nothing can be done. Those whose address you want are hiding or in prison. Errico Malatesta is expected here; if he does not arrive today, this would be a bad sign. At the Naples post office for twelve days a police officer is waiting for people who would call for letters addressed to D. Pasqualio, care of Nicolo Bellerio [Malatesta's address, the same which Bakunin's diary of 1872 contains, as mentioned above].
Source: Max Nettlau, Errico Malatesta: The Biography of an Anarchist.]
1878 -- American novelist Upton Sinclair lives.
1881 -- Humorist & poet Edgar A. Guest lives, Birmingham, England. At 10 he is brought to America.
1886 -- German-American theologian/philosopher Paul Tillich lives, Starzeddel.
1886 -- US: Sentences are handed down against the Haymarket Trial defendants. Found guilty despite the obvious innocence of some, seven of the anarchists are condemned to death: George Engel, Samuel Fielden, Adolph Fischer, Louis Lingg, Albert Parsons, Michael Schwab & August Spies. Oscar Neebe is sent to prison for 15 years. A small measure of grace intervenes for Schwab & Fielden, their sentences reduced to life imprisonment on November 10, 1887. The hangings take place on November 11, 1887.
1889 -- Adolf Hitler starts spewing, sputtering, crying & screaming.
Much hate, murder, mayhem — & a large part of Germany buys in.
1889 -- France: Antoine Monier (or Monnier), aka Simentoff. Florist, individualist, illégaliste. Antoine (Etienne) Monier ("Bande à Bonnot")
Active around the L'Anarchie (edited by Victor Serge & Rirette Maîtrejean). In 1910 he joined the Bonnot Gang; captured in 1912 & guillotinéd April 1913.
"Je lègue à la Société mon ardent désir qu'un jour, peu lointain, règne dans les institutions sociales un maximum de bien-être et d'indépendance, afin que l'individu, dans ses loisirs, puisse mieux se consacrer à ce qui fait la beauté de la vie, à l'instruction et à tout ce qui est science." Testament de Monier.
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1890 -- American Crackpot fantasist H. P. Lovecraft lives, Providence, Rhode Island.
"The world is indeed comic, but the joke is on mankind."
— H.P. Lovecraft
American poet & author of macabre short novels, whose cult following, particularly in America & France, can be traced to the 60 or so 'Cthulhu Mythos' stories.
Most of his short stories appeared in the magazine Weird Tales, beginning in 1923. His best-known story is "The Call of Cthulhu" (1928), where he created his basic myth of the Elder Race, that once dominated the Earth, but largely destroyed itself, & whose members now lie sleeping somewhere under the sea or underground.
See: Lovecraft: A Biography by L. Sprague De Camp (1975); The Encyclopedia of Fantasy, edited by John Clute & John Grant (1997); Clive Baker's A-Z of Horror (1997).
1896 -- Dial telephone patented.
1897 -- Tarjei Vesaas lives (1897-1970). Norwegian novelist/short story writer.
Among Vesaas' best known works are The Great Cycle; The House; & The Birds. His wife Halldis Vesaas is also a writer.
Other Norwegian novelists who debuted in the 1920s & 1930s: Aksel Sandemose, Cora Sandel, Inge Krokann, Nini Roll Anker, Magnhild Haalke, Sigurd Christiansen, Johan Borgen.
1897 -- Spain: Michele Angiolillo refuses the last sacraments & is garroted in the prison yard. His execution, photographed by the press, is one of the first visual testimonies of this official brand of cruelty.
"That smile of his, full of light, life & dawn, expired there on the horrifying garrote:
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1898 -- US: Fourteen weeks after beginning a walkout, the Amalgamated Woodworkers Union of Oshkosh, Wisconsin, halts its strike.
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1898 -- Vilhelm Moberg lives (1898-1973). Swedish novelist/dramatist, best known for his four volume story of the Swedish immigration to America in the 1850s.
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1901 -- Salvatore Quasimodo lives. Italian poet, critic, & translator, awarded the Nobel Prize in 1959.
During WW II Quasimodo was a member of anti-Fascist group, & was briefly imprisoned. After the war he joined the Italian Communist party, but resigned in protest, when the party insisted that he write political poems. In the 1930s he became a leader of the 'hermeneutic' poetry movement with Eugenio Montale (1896-1981) & Giuseppe Ungaretti (1888-1970).
After WW II his poetry dealt largely with social issues, reflecting deep concern of the fate of Italy. Translated classical poetry & drama, among them such writers as William Shakespeare, Molière (Tartuffe), Homer, Aeschylus, Sophocles, Virgil, Catullus. Quasimodo also translated European & American contemporaries, including e.e. cummings & Pablo Neruda
1904 -- Ireland: The Abbey Theatre founded in Dublin.
1904 -- US: Colorado miners seize town of Cripple Creek & deport officials.
1909 -- US: Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) free-speech fight, Fresno, California.
1912 -- Plant Quarantine Act goes into effect.
1913 -- China: The Chinese anarchist journal, Hui-ming-lu ("The Voice of the Cock Crowing in the Dark"), begins publication (-1916).
It used the Esperanto name, La Voco de La Popolo, & after the first few issues, changed its Chinese title to Min Sheng ("The Voice of the People"). By 1913, a number of intellectual groups were cultivating anarchist theories & values, especially in south China. Most active, & producing the great bulk of publications during this period, were Shih Fu & his group...
1914 -- US: Rustling office at Parrot Mine in Butte, Montana is dynamited during a period of intense labor strife.
In March 1912, Amalgamated Copper fired 500 miners they labeled as Socialists. Then, in December, they imposed a blacklist system to screen workers by requiring miners to fill out cards & answer questions about their union & political affiliations. Those deemed agitators were simply not called for work.
Pinkerton & Thiel agency detectives were hired to infiltrate, identify troublemakers, & provoke violence themselves if possible to weaken the unions from within.
Years later the writer
poet laureate of the dispossessed,
would recall his days in
Butte as an armed
mercenary being paid
by the Pinkerton
detective agency &
the mine companies.
One night, as he sat in
a Butte bar, Hammett
said he was approached
by a mine company
offered him $5,000 to
kill Frank Little.
Beating Wobblies with clubs
was one thing . . . murder was
another, & Hammett said he
quit on the spot.
1920 -- Charles Ponzi, who guaranteed investors "double your money back in 90 days," admitted he could not pay his liabilities & is sent to bankruptcy court. Claims against him amounted to $4,308,874.73.
1926 -- England: "Eeyore has a birthday" is published in the August edition of the Royal Magazine.
1934 -- Fredy Perlman, lives (1934-1985), Brno, Czechoslovakia. Printer, organizer, scholar, dramatist, musician, gardener, translator, social theorist, novelist & anti-authoritarian activist.
"This is the place to jump, the place to dance! This is the wilderness! Was there ever any other?"
... show more
A great part of his theoretical & practical struggle was an investigation of this process of alienation & fragmentation by which human beings surrender their autonomy & participate in their own suppression.
1937 -- Spain: Founding National Congress of the anarchist women's group, "Mujeres Libres", in Valencia.
1940 -- México: The "Red Butcher" of Kronstadt, "snowball" in Orwell's Animal Farm, gets picked for heaven, by Frank Jackson.
Although the "common" animals have not enough food, the pigs grow fatter & fatter. They tell the other animals that they need more food, for they are managing the whole farm...
1941 -- US: Clam Up!? A single clam falls from the sky in Yuma, Arizona.
Source: 'Calendar Riots'
1944 -- France: During an uprising by the Resistance in Toulouse, André Malraux takes command of the St. Michel prison.
1951 -- US: Greg Bear, Seattle area science fiction author, lives.
1955 -- Hundreds killed in anti-French rioting in Morocco & Algeria.
1965 -- US: Johnathan Daniels, seminary student & civil rights activist, is shot & killed at point-blank range in Nayneville, Alabama. His killer is acquitted by an all-white jury.
1965 -- US: Pacifists Dave Dellinger, editor of Liberation magazine, & Yale history professor Staughton Lynd, at a nonviolent antiwar demonstration in Washington, DC, are splattered with red paint by angry super-"patriots."
Photo: Life, August 20, 1965.
1968 -- Czechoslovakia: Soviet Army invades just minutes before midnite. Tanks & over 200,000 Warsaw Pact troops enter Prague, putting an end to the "Prague Spring" & beginning a period of enforced & oppressive "normalization." The Communist government has attempted democratic reforms. In January student Jan Palach will commit suicide in protest against this normalisation.
1968 -- US: Director of the University of Tennessee's audio lab, Dr. David M. Lipscomb, reports a guinea pig subjected over a three month period to 88 hours of rock music recorded at a Knoxville disco at 120 decibels suffered acute damage to the inner ears. The NY Times was told by disco owner Steve Paul, "Should a major increase in guinea pig attendance occur at the Scene, we'll certainly bear their comfort in mind."
1969 -- US: Oakland: Bobby Seale, National Chairman of the Black Panther Party, arrested for New Haven murder of former Panther Alex Rachey (suspected black informer). Charges eventually dropped.
1969 -- Got Clap?: Frank Zappa disbands the Mothers of Invention right after an eight day tour in Canada. Zappa says he's "tired of playing for people who clap for all the wrong reasons."
1973 -- US: As he enters Rivergate Convention Center in New Orleans, Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Dick M Nixon grabs his Press Secretary Ronald Ziegler by the shoulders, spun him around, & shoved him away.
"Let's stop for one second, & not move our arms so much."
— Pablo Neruda
1974 -- US: House of Representatives votes 412-3 to recommend three articles of impeachment against Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Dick M Nixon. The first charges him with taking part in a criminal conspiracy to obstruct justice in the Watergate cover-up; the second charges he "repeatedly" failed to carry out his constitutional oath in a series of alleged abuses of power; & the third accuses him of unconstiutional defiance of committee subpoenas.
1975 -- Beginning date of Lluis Fernandez The Naked Anarchist, a Catalonian gay novel, a heady mix of literature & scandal in post-Franco Spain.
1979 -- 21-year-old Maria Chavez becomes the 23rd wife of Glynn Wolfe, 71.
1980 -- US: Speak Up? NY Yankee baseball player Bob Watson hits Seattle Kingdome speaker, 2nd straight day.
1980 -- Reinhold Messner of Italy is first to climb Mt Everest solo.
1981 -- US: Crow Indians barricade Hwy. 313 near Hardin, Montana, to protest non-Indian fishing on Bighorn River in Crow Reservation.
1981 -- Ireland: Tenth & last hunger striker dies, Belfast.
1988 -- Cease fire ends Iraq-Iran war. US arms sales plummet. But not for long. Free enterprise knows how to make profits selling death & an enterprising American government leads the world in promoting these sales, as well as funding its own biological & chemical weapons research while sanctimoniously denouncing terrorism & (an always shifting) Axis of Evil.
1989 -- US: Attack of the Cookie Monsters? The Partiers League for Christmas Cookie Liberation abducts the smiling Ronald clown statue from outside a Sacramento McDonalds.
Two days later the PLCCL issue a demand for for children, accompanied by a photo of the blindfolded Ronnie, a stick of dynamite taped to his neck & a sign behind him that reads
"Do What They Say or I'm McHistory."
The 'ransom' is not 'paid' & the conspirators are never caught.
Source: 'Calendar Riots'
1989 -- Spain: José Peirats (1908-1989), dies. Member of the FAI & CNT, combatant in the Spanish Revolution, including a stint with 26e division (Durutti Column) in Aragon & Catalonia.
Editor, writer & director of various papers ("Solidaridad Obrera," "Tierra y Libertad," "Acratia"). Interned in French concentration camps, then spent seven years in South America. Returned to France after WWII & was elected secretary general of CNT-MLE (Libertarian Movement in Exile). He broke with group over the direction Montseny-Esgleas were taking it, Montseny-Esgleas, joining the dissident "Frente Libertario" (1970-77).
An historian, in addition to his many journalistic writings, Peirats' books include Anarchists in the Spanish Revolution & other books on Spain.
1995 -- US: On two days' notice, hundreds of civil rights activists rally in Seattle, Washington, outside a Rainier Club campaign appearance for reactionary presidential candidate Pete Wilson.
1995 -- Hugo Pratt dies, near Lausanne, Switzerland. Italian artist, cartoonist, whose graphic novels have been translated into several languages. Best known character is existentialist adventurer Captain Corto Maltese, in books where fictional characters intermingle with real historical persons, whose world travels follows him from his youth to the 1930s, when he disappears during the Spanish Revolution.
1996 -- Italy: Maria Occhipinti (1921-1996) dies, in Rome. Italian militant pacifist & anarchico.
In 1945 Maria lies down in front of army trucks looking for new young conscripts for the army. Within minutes, a crowd surrounds the soldiers who kill a demonstrator & set off a major revolt...Roma · Maria OCCHIPINTI Mort de cette ancienne communiste devenue anarchiste après la Seconde guerre mondiale.
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1998 -- High Seas: US cruise missiles pound targets in Sudan, & Afghanistan (& accidentally in Pakistan). In Khartoum, El Shifa Pharmaceutical Industries factory — maker of anti-malaria & veterinary drugs — is precisely targeted & destroyed.
"There will be no sanctuary for terrorists & no limit to our resolve to defend American citizens & our interests — our ideals of democracy & law..." Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader US Defense Secretary William Cohen says afterwards.
Still later the US confesses it erred in claiming the plant was manufacturing or storing nerve gas, or linked to Osama bin Laden, as it previously claimed (hey, hey, CIA!).
1999 -- France: Jesús Guillen Bertolin (aka Guillembert) dies, Béziers. Spanish painter, draughtsman & militant.
Companion of the militant anarquista & poet, Sara Berenguer. Member of CNT, & "Jeunesses Libertaires" (JJLL). Fought with the Durutti Column in Aragon during the Spanish Revolution. Interned in the French concentration camps, later fought as a partisan against the Nazis. Contributed numerous writings to the anarchist press (Ruta, Solidaridad, etc.) Expelled from the CNT during the split that occurred at the congress of Montpellier in 1965. He & Sara were organizers of the 50th anniversary exposition marking the beginning of the Spanish Revolution of 1936.
1999 -- The Institute for Social Ecology marks 25 years of radical education & activism at the 25th Anniversary Celebration Gathering at the ISE. There are workshops, seminars, & social gatherings. The second International/Interpolis Conference on The Politics of Social Ecology: Libertarian Municipalism takes place on August 27-29 in Plainfield, Vermont. This working conference follows a previous meeting in Lisbon, Portugal & is held for those interested in discussing & advancing libertarian municipalism.
2005 -- US: Seattle HempFest, largest such gathering worldwide.
2006 -- Italy: 2nd annual remembrance for Emilio Canzi, anarchist partisan (“Un padre della Resistenza”) & a leading member of the resistance movement in Piacenza & northern Italy. A.N.P.I. Associazione nazionale partigiani d'Italia Comitato provinciale di Piacenza
The things the worker buys with his wages are first of all consumer goods which enable him to survive, to reproduce his labor-power so as to be able to continue selling it; & they are spectacles, objects for passive admiration. He consumes & admires the products of human activity passively.
He does not exist in the world as an active agent who transforms it, but as a helpless, impotent spectator; he may call this state of powerless admiration "happiness," & since labor is painful, he may desire to be "happy," namely inactive, all his life (a condition similar to being born dead).
The commodities, the spectacles, consume him; he uses up living energy in passive admiration; he is consumed by things. In this sense, the more he has, the less he is.
— Fredy Perlman, The Reproduction of Daily Life
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