Our Daily Bleed...
Ath, Belgium: FESTIVAL OF GOLIATH. Parade of giants.
1598 -- Netherlands: Deed of Transfers proclaims independence of the (-8/22).
Source: [Robert Braunwart] [Hereafter attributed with symbol: ]
1621 -- New Old World: Roll Your Own? One widow & eleven maidens consigned to the Virginia colony are ordered to be sold at the rate of 120 pounds of tobacco for each.
Secondhand smoke is not a problem. If children don't like to be in a smoky room, they'll leave. (As for infants,) ... at some point, they crawl.
— Charles Harper, chairman, RJR Tobacco Company
1647 -- The bones of Picart, & the living body of Thomas Boulle, are burned.
1680 -- New Old World: Spanish survivors of the Pueblo Indian revolt abandon Santa Fe, flee to El Paso, leaving to native peoples an area that will become known as New Mexico.
The Pueblos revolted against the Spanish occupiers on August 10th, killing 400 — including 21 missionary priests. They remain independent of the Spaniards for 12 years. In 1692 Diego de Vargas recaptures the territory & destroys nearly all the Pueblo villages. The only known town to survive his wrath is Acoma, the oldest continuously inhabited US community.
"All around, blood soaked the yellowing sandstone"
In 11-15-3-9-13, the Pueblo, allies of Oezteca, fought off an invasion on their northeastern frontier by pale-skinned barbarians. The barbarians claimed that they were fleeing an empire across the Eastern Ocean that enslaved their kind. The Pueblo sent word to Emperor Intlitlatl that this foreign empire might pose a danger to their land.
1752 -- France: Jacques Roux (1752-1794) lives, Charente. French revolutionist, known as the pitiless & sometimes cruel "Red Priest," but also a precursor of socialism & modern anarchism.
[Details / context]
"So you would use us for bumfodder?
Not for Long!"
— Address of the Sansculottes of the Rue Mouffetard to the Convention, 9 December 1792
1762 -- Lady Mary Wortley Montagu's last words: "It has all been very interesting."
1775 -- Plug Your Ears?: A rain of earwigs occurs in Stroud, England.
1791 -- Black slave uprising in Santo Domingo.
1831 -- Nikolai Gogol visits the printers to oversee the production of Evenings on a Farm, finds the typesetters greatly amused by the proofs, & concludes he will be "an author entirely to the taste of the common people."
1831 -- US: Virginia slave Nat Turner leads slave rebellion, Virginia (crushed by the 23rd). Convinced by an eclipse it is time to deliver his people from bondage, he embarks with 60 followers on a raid resulting in the murders of 55 whites. In the ensuing manhunt, & not to be outdone, more than 100 blacks were slaughtered.
1831 -- Portugal: An insurrection begins at Lisboa; 300 people are killed.
1841 -- History's First Blind Date?: John Hampson patents venetian blinds, claims "yuppies will be delighted."
1844 -- US: "Anti-Renters" commit outrages in Rensselaer County, NY.
1850 -- France: At the Pere Lachaise Cemetery in Paris, Victor Hugo delivers a funeral oration for Honore de Balzac, who died three days ago:
"Monsieur de Balzac was one of the first among the greatest, one of the highest among the best.... All his books together make one book."
1851 -- US: New Orleans mob sacks the Spanish consulate when word reaches them that 51 Americans who set out from the city to 'liberate' Cuba were captured & executed (see 3 August). The Spanish consul is forced to seek protection in the city jail.
1869 -- France: Fortuné Henry lives, Limeil-Brévannes. Militant anarchiste, orator, antimilitarist, founder of the famed Colony of Aiglemont, where his friend André Mournier ("The Agronomist") developed practical methods for large scale agriculture. Fortuné Henry was the French delegate to the founding congress of "l'Association Internationale Antimilitariste" (A.I.A.) in Amsterdam in 1904.
"Faisons donc des petits essais, qui eux-mêmes vivant l'intensive vie de l'alvéole, pourront plus tard se fédérer pour consacrer définitivement le succès de la démonstration." in Le Libertaire (1903).
1872 -- Decadent British illustrator Aubrey Beardsley lives.
1881 -- US: African-American baseball catcher Moses Fleetwood Walker of the Cleveland Whites is barred from minor league game against the Louisville Eclipses in Kentucky. Already present in baseball's National League, racial segregation soon becomes the rule in every league from the majors on down.
1887 -- US: Philadelphia's Dan Casey strikes out in a game with the NY Giants (possibly the inspiration for Ernest Thayer's poem "Casey at the Bat").
1888 -- US: William S. Burroughs awarded patent for adding machine.
1893 -- US: Emma Goldman again leads a march of a 1,000 people to Union Square, where, speaking in German & English, she repeats her belief that workers have a right to take bread if they are hungry, & to demonstrate their needs "before the palaces of the rich"; about 3,000 gather to listen. Goldman's speech is characterized by the press as "incendiary" &, next week, is cited as the reason for her arrest.
1894 -- US: Emma Goldman speaks on "The Right of Free Speech", in the land of the free, at a mass meeting called by the American Labor Union in Newark.
1896 -- US: Roark Bradford lives, Lauderdale County, Tennessee. Wrote fiction & folklore based on childhood contacts with African-American preachers, musicians, & storytellers on the plantations.
1901 -- US: Baltimore loses a forfeit to Detroit when pitcher Iron Man McGinnity steps on the baseball umpire's toes, punches him & spits in his face. Inspires hockey & wrestling.
August 21, 1901
First Conferència prior to the founding of Union Federació the International (FIS), promoguda pels sindicats socialistes d'Europa. També is mentioned com the International d'Amsterdam.
Source: [Congressos Obrers]
1904 -- US: William "Count" Basie is born in Redbank, NJ. One of the most influential forces in jazz.
Daily Bleed Saint 2004
& big band
composer & conductor.
1911 -- Cleaned Out?: On a cleaning day when the museum is closed to the public, Vicenzo Peruggia, a Louvre employee, steals the Mona Lisa by cutting it from its frame.
Angered by a racist insult, Perrugia steals the Mona Lisa from the Louvre, Paris & keeps it for a couple of years under his bed. After the furor in the press dies down, he attempts to sell the painting to his native Italy for $95,000. Italian officials arrest him & return the 300 year-old work to France without a scratch. At his trial, Peruggia convinced the tribunal that his act was one of patriotism, & he received the relatively light sentence of one year & 15 days.
1913 -- Ireland: Nearly 200 men & boys in the parcels office of the Tramway Company receive the following notice:
"As the directors understand that you are a member of the Irish Transport Union, whose methods are disorganising the trade & business of the city, they do not further require your services. The parcels traffic will be temporarily suspended. If you are not a member of the union when traffic is resumed your application for re-employment will be favourably considered."
This act precipitates The 1913 Lock-Out in Dublin which begins August 26th, when tram drivers took out their union badges & pinned them in their buttonholes. They then walked off their trams...
1920 -- Child Abuse?: Christopher Robin Milne lives, London, England. Son of A. A. Milne & model for the human hero of his father's Winnie-the-Pooh books. As an adult he complains:
"The fictional Christopher Robin...& his real-life namesake were not always on the best of terms.... In pessimistic moments...it seemed to me, almost, that my father had got to where he was by climbing upon my infant shoulders."
1920 -- US: In response to continuing violence by coal operators & their paid goons in the southern coalfields of West Virginia, a three hour gun battle between labor strikers & guards leave six dead. 500 Federal troops were rushed in, & a General Strike was threatened if the troops did not cease their strikebreaking activities.
The strike continued with 1,700 people living in tent colonies. Battles flared intermittently, troops were withdrawn, rushed back, withdrawn again, until by August 20, 1921, the miners decided the area of Logan County, suffering the violence of guards, deputies & troopers, would have to be opened up by force of arms. A miner's march of some 4,000 was headed by war veterans.
See Jeremy Brecher, Strike!, pp136
Further background, see also,
1921 -- US: During on-going labor disputes in the coalfields, such as Logan & Mingo Counties, the first unit of West Virginia National Guard — Company I, 150th Infantry — reactivated at Williamson. By the end of the year, 11 National Guard companies are organized — all but one situated in or near the nonunion coal fields.
As miners drew near Logan County, their numbers reached 4,000. UMW president Keeney tried to get them to disperse but word came that armed deputies had swooped down on a camp & killed five miners. Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Harding ordered them to disperse but they ignored him & engaged in battle at five points with deputies defending non-union counties. At that point 2,100 troops of the 19th Infantry together with machine guns & airplanes were rushed in, forcing the miners to surrender. Company imposed law & order resulted in some 350 miners indicted for treason but never convicted.
See Jeremy Brecher, Strike!, pp138
[Details / context]
1927 -- US: Supreme Court Justice Brandeis refuses to hear request for stay of execution in the case of Nicola Sacco & Bartolomeo Vanzetti. (see August 23).
1930 -- Italy: Goliardo Fiaschi (1930-2000), Italian partisan, anti-fascist & anarchist guerrilla in Spain, bookstore owner, lives.
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1932 -- Melvin Van Pebbles lives, Chicago, Ill. Writer & dramatist, produces some of the more important African-American feature films of the 1960's & 1970's, including Story of a Three Day Pass, Watermelon Man & Sweet Sweetback's Baadass Song.
Melvin Van Peebles Sweetback is the first American film with a black protagonist who refuses to adapt to the daily humiliations of racism. He is neither passive nor good: He is a brother who dares to get "the Man's foot out of his ass."
1935 -- Czechoslovakia: German writer Heinrich Mann becomes a citizen. Attacks on militarism, nationalism, & the authoritarian social structure of German society led to his exile in 1933 by the Nazis. His younger brother, novelist Thomas, was also forced to flee.
1935 -- The Benny Goodman Orchestra opens at the Palomar Ballroom, Los Angeles. This concert is generally regarded as the beginning of the Swing Era.
1936 -- Italy: During this month, Il mensile comunista "Lo stato operaio" pubblica un manifesto indirizzato a tutti gli italiani, anche "ai fratelli in camicia nera" invitando all ''unione del popolo italiano, fascista e non fascista." Con notevole ritardo i comunisti si accorgono che tutto il popolo è con Mussolini. Altro che espressione del capitalismo imperialista!
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]
1937 -- Emma Goldman travels to Nice & later in the month to St. Tropez for her final stay at Bon Esprit, which is sold shortly after her departure for Spain the following month, temporarily freeing Goldman from financial worries & allowing her to continue her work for the anarchists in Spain.
1938 -- Italy: Government bars Jewish teachers from the public schools.
1940 -- México: Leon Trotsky dies of wounds inflicted by a Stalinist assassin yesterday.
1941 -- México: Workers successfully strike the Compania Telefonica de Mexico.
1941 -- Bette Davis movie "The Little Foxes," based on Lillian Hellman's play involving the corrupt machinations of a wealthy Southern family, opens, NY.
Lillian was a brusque & abrasive babe, & she had her haters & her admirers. Among her admirers was J. Edgar Hoover & his FBI, witch-hunting congressional committees, the army, State Department & CIA who maintained files on her.
Her FBI file notes that she was a sponsor of a dastardly group: the League of Women Shoppers!
In 1941 she attended a testimonial dinner for Theodore Dreiser. The FBI also notes she is close to those other folks they greatly admire & keep tabs on, paramour Dashiell Hammett, Marc Blitzstein, Clifford Odets & Richard Wright.
1944 -- France: Over 4,000 Spaniards take part in the Maquis uprising in Paris that begins today.
Photographs show them armed & crouched behind barricades in scenes one could easily mistake for the street fighting in Barcelona in July 1936. Before long they were supported by regular troops from the Normandy beach-heads.
The first units to enter Paris & reach the Hotel de Ville were from the 9th Tank Company of the French 2nd Armoured Division. But the lead half tracks bore the names of Spanish battlefields — "Guadalajara"; "Teruel"; "Madrid" & "Ebro." They were manned by Spaniards, of whom there were 3,200 serving in the 2nd Armoured.
Many of these were veterans of the 26th Division (the anarchist Durruti Column) who had entered the French army from the prison camps in 1939 & gone on to fight in North Africa.
1944 -- France: Eugène Dieudonné (1884-1944) dies. Individualist, illegalist & member of the Bonnot Gang ("Bande à Bonnot").
Arrested & sentenced to death along with André Soudy, Antoine Monier & Raymond Callemin on February 28, 1913. Callemin's efforts on his behalf managed to save Dieudonné from the guillotine which took their lives on April 21, 1913. Dieudonné's sentence was commuted to life. After several escapes, & following a campaign for his release headed by Albert London, he was pardoned in 1925.
[Details / context]
1952 -- US: Strike against International Harvester by the United Electrical Workers.
1954 -- ¶ Malcolm Cowley in a Saturday Review article refers to Jack Kerouac's unpublished novel On The Road & calls Kerouac the man who invented the Beat generation.
1961 -- First US edition of Thomas Mann's The Story of a Novel is published by Knopf.
1963 -- Vietnam: Beloved & Respected Comrade Puppet South Vietnamese President Diem closes universities & attacks Buddhists.
1965 -- Canada: Anti-Vietnam war protesters stage a sit-in in Vancouver, B.C., during visit by Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Prime Minister Lester Pearson.
1967 -- Greece: Mikis Theodorakis, poet, & its greatest living composer is arrested. Jailed, banished to Zatouna. He had been arrested numerous times during & since WWII by right wing governments, & beaten & tortured, so this is not a new experience. During 1948-49, at the Makronissos Camp, where some 5,000 prisoners are murdered, he contracted tuberculosis, as did his fellow-prisoner, poet Yannis Ritsos.
Illustration: Theodorakis conducting »Epiphania-Averoff« in jail.
1968 -- US: Dean Johnson, shot dead by Chicago police.
You will remember Chicago: city that does not know it has been
described by Norman Mailer
slag city, city dropped on the Middle West like a stone
in the armpit of dying Lake Michigan
on the plains of darkest America...
— excerpt, Todd Gitlin, Chicago: Remember?
1968 -- Pinito del Oro, gravemente herida al caer del trapecio.
1970 -- US: Black Panther Huey Newton publicly supports the "Gay Power" movement.
1971 -- US: Black liberation activist George Jackson, 29, & five others are assassinated by prison guards, San Quentin, California. Killed during a supposed escape attempt, while about to face another trial on charges of murdering a white guard.
"The symbol of the male here in North America has always been the gun, the knife, the club. Violence is extolled at every exchange: the TV, the motion pictures, the best-seller lists. The newspapers that sell best are those that carry the boldest, bloodiest headlines & most sports coverage. To die for king & country is to die a hero."
— George Jackson, following the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.Daily Bleed Saint 2005-2008
Prison organizer, Black Panther Party Field Marshal Martyr.
1972 -- US: Following a chaotic show in Akron, Ohio, Grace Slick is maced in the face when a band official calls cops "pigs," & Paul Kantner has his head slammed to the floor by authorities.
A phoned-in bomb threat put police on edge. When fans toss rocks at a squad car, police respond with tear gas. Jack Cassidy objects from the stage. He's arrested & taken to the basement. When Slick & Kantner go downstairs to check things out, that's when the cops begin to seriously "protect & serve."
1973 -- France: Juan Portales Casamar (1922-1973) dies, near Paris. Spanish militant, member of the Spanish anarchist youth organization, along with his brothers & sister, in "jeunesses libertaires" (JJLL). Named secretary of the peninsular defense committee of the Federación Ibérica de Juventudes Libertarias (FIJL) in 1947, he was soon arrested, but escaped to France in January 1948 where he helped found the CNT with Cachan.
1975 -- US: Bombs are planted under LAPD squad cars, allegedly by the SLA (-8/22).
1976 -- US: Beginning of two days of occupation of Seabrook nuclear power plant construction site, Seabrook, New Hampshire.
1976 -- France(?): The First French-European Punk Rock Festival, without the Sex Pistols, who are not invited.
1983 -- Philippines: Opposition leader Benigno Aquino assassinated upon return from exile, Manila.
1986 -- Cameroon: Lake Nios Volcano kills 1,746.
1987 -- US: Clayton Lonetree, the first Marine court-martialed for spying, convicted.
1989 -- Czechoslovakia: Police beat & arrest protesters shouting "Freedom!."
1991 -- Russia: Mass demonstrations overcome attempted coup, Moscow. US rightwing calls it a Commie trick.
1995 -- Croatia: Beloved & Repected Comrade Leader President Tudjman seals the borders of Krajina after it has been "cleansed" of Serbs.
1996 -- Former Talking Heads lead singer David Byrne sues to prevent the rest of the group from touring as "The Heads." The suit is settled out of court.
1996 -- US: Active Resistance Counter-Convention begins in Chicago for 10 days — before, during, & after the 1996 Democratic National Convention. The gathering seeks to unite individuals & collectives to create sustainable communities of resistance.
1998 -- Korea: Second East Asia Peace & Human Rights Academic Conference held in commemoration of the 50th Anniversary of the Cheju April 3rd Massacre, today through the 25th. Keynote speaker is Dr. José Ramos Horta, the 1996 Nobel Peace Prize laureate from East Timor.
The conference tries to bring world attention to the horrific genocide of 30,000 innocent civilians (1948-949), by the South Korean army, police, & the US military, which directed the counterinsurgency operation, providing military advisers, naval & air support, & US ground troops.
Some crimes are too terrible to be forgotten, especially when America wraps itself in it's flag & dares to characterize others as evil...
2003 -- Wesley Willis (b.1963) dies. Busker, musician & artist from Chicago. Gained a sizable cult following in the 1990s after releasing several hundred songs of unique but simple music, with emphasis on his humorous, bizarre, & frequently obscene lyrics. In addition to his large body of solo work, Willis fronted the punk rock band the Wesley Willis Fiasco.
2004 -- Seattle Hempfest 2004. 13th annual gathering. HemoMeisterRick, turning over a new leaf, swears again.
21st & 22nd, 10 a.m. - 8 p.m.
Seattle Hempfest is FREE!
2010 -- US: Seattle Anarchist Bookfair August 21-22, 2010
2017 -- See You there!: Next total solar eclipse visible from North America.
"The murder business & sport by saint & sinner alike has been pushed ruthlessly, merrily on, until at last protective measures are being called for, partly, I suppose, because the pleasure of killing is in danger of being lost from there being little or nothing left to kill, & partly, let us hope, from a dim glimmering recognition of the rights of animals & their kinship to ourselves.
— John Muir (1838-1914), pacifist, tramp, farmer, poet. Translated 19th century Transcendentalist thought into action & demonstrates what one person can do in the battle for ecological integrity.
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