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Our Daily Bleed...

The Daily Bleed: Dave Van Ronk, Roberto Freire, Dick Ellington, Eyvind Johnson, Errico Malatesta, Ángel Pestaña, Charles Gogumus, Alexander Berkman, Emma Goldman, Maquis; Timeline, Almanac of Radicalism, Arts, Literature, Authors, Poets, Anarchists... a radical annotated chronology, almanac, daybook, anarchist CALENDAR, anarchisten, anarchism, anarchico, anarchiste, anarquista, anarsizm, anarþizme, Anarþist, Anarquismo, Anarchismus, sindicalismo, anarquia, anarchia, anarchisme, anarchizm, anarkisme, anarki, anarkist, libertarian, syndicalist, anarcho-syndicalist, anarcho-communism, black cats, What Happened on this day, in recovered memory, suppressed history, A People's History, AUGUST 25
"Oh roar a roar for Alice, Nora Alice in the night; for she has seen Aurora Borealis burning bright. Hoo-roar a roar for Alice...."
— Walt Kelly

Gerard Lebovici

Radical French Champ Libre publisher, martyr.

Lake Champlain, New York: FEAST OF THE GREEN CORN.
A pageant presented by the Society for the Preservation of Indian Lore, performed by actors from the six Iroquois nations.

325CE -- The General Council of Nicea settles on the rules for calculating the date of Easter each year.
Source: 'Calendar Riots

383 -- WhoDone'Em?: Gratian, Roman Emperor, slain at Lugdunum.

1608 -- France: UFO appears at Martigues, near Marseille.
Source: [Robert Braunwart] [Hereafter attributed with symbol: Source=Robert Braunwart]

1609 -- Galileo presents his 30X telescope to the Venetian Senate. They look in the wrong end, & the rest is history.

1669 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Sweden: Dozens of witches are burnt at Mora.

1689 -- New Old World: 1,200 Iroquois warriors attack Montreal.

1775 -- England: New Exchange Rate? Two thousand Liverpool seamen ignore the reading of the Riot Act to liberate nine of their fellows imprisoned for wrecking a ship when paid short wages.

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1776 -- Scotland: Philosopher/historian David Hume dies in Edinburgh, 65.

1803 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Irish rebel Robert Emmet is captured by the British.

flux face
1819 -- US: Birth of the fink (Allen Pinkerton, whose strike breaking detectives ('Pinks') gave us the word 'fink'.)

"Thanks for a nation of finks...."

William S. Burroughs

Space shot
1822 -- Young Lust?: William Herschel discovered Uranus, dies at 85.

1828 -- Source=Robert Braunwart US: Pennsylvania Workingmen's Party holds its first convention, Philadelphia.

1830 -- Dutch Rub?: Belgium revolts against Netherlands, a rebellion against the oppression of being constantly in dutch.

1835 -- Source=Robert Braunwart US: NY Sun publishes a moon hoax story claiming astronomer Sir John Herschel has observed little men living there; the paper's circulation goes "way up."

1836 -- US: Bret Harte lives, Albany, New York. Leaves school at 13 to go to work, travels to California before moving to NY to pursue a writing career.

1838 -- US: The ever-curious Ralph Waldo Emerson seeks out Thomas Carlyle in Cumberland, gets himself invited to dinner, initiating a lifelong friendship.

1845 -- Mad King of Bavaria, Louis (Ludwig) II lives. Dream King, the Swan Prince, the Recluse of the Alps — a legend in his own time. Ludwig's grandiose castle capped a building boom that nearly bankrupted Bavaria.

1860 -- In Bonderup, Denmark, playwright, poet, literary critic Johan Heiberg dies. The influential literary paper he edited in Copenhagen from 1827 to 1830 introduced many new writers, including Soren Kierkegaard & Hans Christian Andersen.

1864 -- 'Remember the Alameda'?: Combination rail & ferry service available from San Francisco to Alameda.

1873 -- France: Charles Gogumus lives (1873-1915), Dijon. Militant syndicaliste révolutionnaire, anarchiste et antimilitariste.
GOGUMUS, Charles INDEXED?: D'abord employé dans un magasin de Nouveautés à Dijon, il y créé un syndicat. En 1906, il se fixe à Paris où il vend des lainages. En 1908, il fonde le "Syndicat des employés de la région parisienne." En 1909, en tant que secrétaire de ce syndicat, il dirige plusieurs actions dans les grands magasins. Membre du comité de la C.G.T, mais aussi de la "Fédération Anarchiste Communiste Révolutionnaire," il préconise à plusieurs reprises dans des réunions de grévistes l'emploi de l'action directe, du boycottage et du sabotage. Notes de la police: "- Mai 1911, prépare le sabotage des magasins qui ne fermeraient pas à 7 heures, en formant des équipes de 10 hommes, chargées de renverser les étalages, briser les glaces. - Juin 1911, des bombes soufrées de l'acide sulfurique et des oeufs remplis d'encre doivent être utilisées. Un sabotage a déjà été commis dans ces conditions au magasin -Aux Elégants- avenue du Maine." Fin 1911, il devient administrateur du journal "La Bataille syndicaliste" qui sera à l'origine de la création en juin 1913 du "Comité de Défense des Soldats" créé dans le but de soutenir les appelés frappés pour avoir protestés contre le maintien sous les drapeaux de leur classe et assurer une aide matérielle aux victimes de la répression. Charles Gogumus en est le trésorier. Mais tuberculeux, il meurt à Paris à l'âge de 42 ans, le 24 juin 1915. Il sera incinéré au cimetière du Père-Lachaise.

1875 -- Matthew Webb is the first to successfully swim the English Channel, crossing from Dover, England, to Calais, France, in 22 hours.

1882 -- Iivo Härkönen (1882-1941) lives. Finnish writer, journalist, teacher, advocate of Karelian culture. Secretary of the Union of Finnish Writers from 1920 until his death.

1893 -- US: "Colored Peoples' Day" at the Columbian Exposition in Chicago.

1897 -- Source=Robert Braunwart First date in the movie "Bram Stoker's Dracula."
Nancy Joyce Peters on Backyard Bombs, ...Horror Films on TV

1900 -- "Mad" German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche dies, Weimar, Germany after a long mental illness.

"...this time however I come as the victorious Dionysus, who will turn the world into a holiday ... Not that I have much time..."

— Nietzsche (from his last "insane" letter to Cosima Wagner)

ballooning mosquisto hits the 'Big' one
1901 -- Clara Maass, army nurse, sacrifices her life at 25 to prove that the mosquito carries yellow fever.

1907 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Hans Castorp is diagnosed with TB, in Thomas Mann's Magic Mountain.

1910 -- Dorothea Tanning lives, Galesburg, Illinois.

American painter, moved to NY in 1935, & met the Surrealist artists in exile there. Married Max Ernst in 1946, & shared his life for 35 years — much longer than any of the other women associated with him — Louisa Straus, Marie-Berthe Aurenche, Leonora Carrington, or Peggy Guggenheim.

Her art evolved & changed over a long career, including a series of sculptures using the techniques of upholstery. A room-size installation in this medium is in the permanent collection of the Beaubourg Museum, Paris. Tanning’s autobiography, Birthday, published in 1986, describes her life through her 75th year.

— Bleedster "Wild Bill" Koehnline

cartoon: some is more equal than others
1913 -- "Pogo" creator Walt Kelly lives.

"There is no need to sally forth...."

"We are confronted with insurmountable opportunities."

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1914 -- Source=Robert Braunwart México: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Pres. Carranza calls a conference of revolutionaries.

1918 -- Russia: First All-Russian Conference of Anarcho-syndicalists meets in Moscow (August 25-September 1). ... show more

1920 -- EG, anarchist feministRussia: Late August, Alexander Berkman & Emma Goldman visit Kiev.

The majority of the population is Jewish. Here they find valuable material on the rightwing Denikin pogroms; interview local Jews whose views on Bolshevik anti-Semitism differ....

Visited by two women representing the Ukranian guerrilla Nestor Makhno ... it is too risky to meet with him in person.

Further details/ context, click here; libertaire, anarchiste, anarchisme, anarchistes, anarchie[Details / context]

Malatesta collage
1921 -- "The slave is always in a state of legitimate defense & consequently, his violence against the Boss, against the oppressor, is always justifiable, & must be controlled only by such considerations as that the best & most economical use is being made of human effort & human sufferings."

Errico Malatesta (Umanita Nova, August 25th, 1921)

1921 -- US: West Virginia Governor Morgan asks Beloved & Respected Comrade Lover President Warren Harding for Federal troops & military aircraft, saying miners have been inflamed & infuriated by radical officers & leaders. Actually most officers of the UMW union, including its president, have been followers — trying desperately to suppress the workers militant actions.
See David Alan Corbin's Gun Thugs, Rednecks, and Radicals: A Documentary History of the West Virginia Mine Wars.

1922 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Frank Harris finishes writing volume 1 of My Life & Loves.

Ángel Pestaña, anarquista
1922 -- Spain: Ángel Pestaña is ambushed by a rightwing death squad.

Returning from a lecture tour, Pestaña, militant anarcho-syndicalist & CNT reformist, is shot down by "pistoleros du syndicat libre" in the industrial town of Manresa, Catalonia.

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Àngel Pestaña, Angel Pestaña Núñez anarquista Angel PESTAÑA NÚÑEZ , PESTAÑA NÚÑEZ, Angel

1925 -- US: African American labor organizer A. Philip Randolph founds the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters.

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1925 -- Althea Gibson lives, Silver, South Carolina. Pioneer tennis player, the first African American to play at the US Open in 1950 & at Wimbledon the following year. In 1957, she won the singles & doubles titles at Wimbledon.

1925 -- EG, anarchist feministEngland: Emma Goldman spends most of this month in the British Museum reading Russian dramatists in preparation for her upcoming lectures.

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1925 -- Donald Justice, lives, Miami, Florida. American poet / editor best known for his finely crafted verse that frequently illuminates the pain of loss & desolation of an unlived life. His Selected Poems (1979) wins the Pulitzer Prize, & his lifelong interest in music leads to the writing of the libretto for The Death of Lincoln.

1930 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Perú: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Augusto Leguía resigns the presidency during a revolt.

1930 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Poland: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Josef Pilsudski forms a ministry & arrests leftists. Józef Pilsudski rose to national prominence as an anti-Russian socialist agitator.

Gerard Lebovici
1932 -- Radical French publisher Gerard Lebovici lives. Founder of Editions Champ Libre in 1969. Assassinated in 1984, probably executed by the police for supporting the memory & family of convicted bank robber Jacques Mesrine. The French press attempted to implicate Lebovici's friend Guy Debord; he sued several newspapers for libel & won judgments against them all.

1933 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Germany: Hitler's first list of Germans to be deprived of citizenship is announced — author Heinrich Mann is on it.

1937 -- Source=Robert Braunwart US: Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters signs its first contract with Pullman.

1938 -- EG, anarchist feministEmma Goldman leaves London for Paris, having secured a British visa for Spain at the last moment.

1940 -- A Match Made in Heaven?: First parachute wedding, at the NY World's Fair. Parachutists include minister, bride, groom, best man, maid of honor & four musicians (obviously the woodwinds section; no tubas or grand pianos here, puhleeze!).

1940 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Germany: RAF terror bombs Berlin in a retaliatory night raid (a civilian target, a war crime).

1941 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Iran: UK & USSR invade following the Shah's refusal to expel Germans; Britain & the USSR demand that Iran accept Allied "protection."

1944 -- France: French divisions march into Paris followed by the US 4th Infantry Division. Nazi resistance was light & a quick surrender is negotiated, ignoring Hitler's orders to burn the city to the ground.

Paris is occupied by the Maquis, driving out the Nazis; but the armed presence of Spanish anarchists within the Maquis causes alarm & the British Home Office gives a directive to penetrate the London-based Spanish anarchists.

Divisions between middle class pacifists & liberals, involved with the British anarchist movement during the war, & the rest of the movement, causes one split. Reaction against those from Spain who entered the bureaucracy during the Civil War & became ossified in those positions — tending to rely on the Allied cause rather than resistance — causes another split, though these divisions are not clear-cut until later.

'Forgotten Heroes: Spanish Resistance in France 1939-45'
Video: video icon

1948 -- US: Central Committee for Conscientious Objectors founded in Philadelphia.

1950 -- US: The Train Stops Here? Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Harry Truman orders US Army to seize all the nation's railroads to prevent a General Strike. The railroads are not returned to their owners until two years later. (See 8 April.)

1953 -- Source=Robert Braunwart T.S. Eliot play "The Confidential Clerk" is first performed, Edinburgh.

1957 -- Umberto Saba dies in Gorizia. Italian poet of simple, lyrical autobiographical poems. His first work, Il canzoniere ("The Songbook," 1921), is followed by Storia e cronisoria del canzoniere ("History & Chronicle of the Songbook," 1948), & his later Freudian work on such topics as desire & childhood memories.

1964 -- US: 200 protest Vietnam War at Democratic National Convention. Convention held August 24 to 27.

Another very significant happening at that convention was the attempt by the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party to get seated.

— Bleedster Greg C.

1966 -- Yardbirds perform at the Carousel Ballroom in Frisco. The Carousel was the former El Patio Ballroom on the second floor of the car dealership on the southwest corner of Market & Van Ness.

1967 -- Gone Whaling?: Beatles go to Wales to talk to the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi about Transcendental Meditation.

1967 -- US: FBI circulates memo detailing plans to "disrupt" Black Liberation groups. Results in the infamous "COINTELPRO" terrorist program (still being used today). The memo advocates "any tactics" against groups like Martin Luther King, Jr.'s Southern Christian Leadership Conference.

Ward Churchill: video icon
Paul Wolf's COINTELPRO page's_Secret_Police.html

Contract on America

1967 -- US: Hard to Get Good Help? George Lincoln Rockwell, the leader of the American Nazi Party, is shot dead in Arlington, Virginia. Former aide John C. Patler is arrested for the shooting.

I'm a klookey!

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Dave Van Ronk poster
1967 -- Western Maintenance Presents Dave van Ronk, Mimi Fariña & Fred Neil at Berkeley Community Theater & San Francisco Masonic Auditorium, August 25-26, 1967. Artist: Greg Irons. From The Art of Rock, plate 2.262.

Dave Van Ronk & Dick Ellington put together & published the fabulous Bosses Songbook, circa 1964. A small anarchist contribution to the needy & deserving.

1968 -- US: Battle of Lincoln Park; Democratic Convention in Chicago: demonstrations & police riot; 10,000(?) demonstrators vs. 11,000 Chicago police, 6,000 National Guard, 7,500 US army troops & 1,000 FBI, CIA & army/navy intelligence services agents (Dump the Hump nominated on a platform supporting the Vietnam War.)

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1976 -- Working-class novelist Eyvind Johnson (1900-1976) dies. Worker pinned down by a pencil

Brings new themes & points of view to Swedish literature while experimenting with new forms & techniques. Shares the 1974 Nobel Prize with fellow Swede Harry Edmund Martinson.

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1977 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Police break up a human-rights march by 2,000 Filipinos — 100 injured.

1981 -- John Lennon's murderer, Mark David Chapman, gets 20 years in prison.

1981 -- Outer Space: Voyager 2's closest approach to Saturn (63,000 miles/100,000 km).

1984 -- In Cold Blood?: Truman Capote dies. Southern Gothic novelist, journalist, & celebrated man-about-town who wrote Breakfast at Tiffany's.

1985 -- US: White House confirms Beloved & Respected Comrade Fink (see 1819 entry today) Ronald Reagan was an FBI informant (with his own secret number) in Hollywood in the late 1940s while heading the Screen Actors Guild.

"Thanks for a nation of finks. Thanks for a nation where nobody is allowed to mind their own business."

— William S. Burroughs

1992 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Brazil: 200,000 demonstrate for Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Pres. Collor's impeachment, Sao Paulo.

1994 -- Robert Plant & Jimmy Page reunite in a London studio to record their MTV "Unplugged" show, which they call, "Unledded."

Roberto Freire, anarchist
1994 -- Brazil: The five-volume juvenile series, João Pão, as aventuras de um menor abandonado (The Adventures of Joao Pao, an Abandoned Youth) by the anarchist writer Roberto Freire, published today (by Casa da Soma in Sao Paulo).

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1997 -- Robert Pinget dies. Novelist & playwright.

1997 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Honduras: Beloved & Respected comrade Colonel Manuel Suarez Benavides is arrested for human-rights abuses.

1999 -- Source=Robert Braunwart US: Salon reports on an allegation that Beloved & Respected Comrade President G.W. Bush performed community service in Texass to expunge a criminal record. A clean slate to scribble on again.

"Wow! Texas used to be a separate country.....Why'd we change that?"

— Charlie in Two & a Half Men

2000 -- Source=Robert Braunwart US: Last Call? Coors Brewery spills 300,000 litres of beer into a Colorado creek. Rather than belly-up to the bar, the fish belly-up to heaven.

2003 -- US: Pony Up? Three days after the Landed Gentry doff their feedbags ($2,000 each) & Beloved & Repected Comrade Bush rides off with 1.2 million buckaroonies for his meagre campaign coffers, the homeless scratch their bellies & the Seattle Public Library lays off its workers & shuts down for one full week in a fine tribute to tax relief for our betters. Something for the McCawCaws to crow about. Bush will come back & do it again in 2004, travel expenses all paid for by American taxpayers.

2006 -- US: 3rd Annual Reunion Party of The Tribes of the Cass Corridor, Detroit, Michigan: "Think where man's glory most begins & ends, & say my glory was I had such friends." — William Butler Yeats

2009 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Ted Kennedy dies. A microcosm of American politics: dogged by sex scandals, alcoholism, & rampant xenophobia (his father Joe during World War II), target for assassination, celebrated by a large part of the American public, yet vilified by the other.
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"There is only one member of either house who fails on all 24 [benchmarks] & that is Senator Edward Kennedy."

2012 -- US: Seattle Anarchist Book Fair.

3000 --
Dave Van Ronk, Roberto Freire, Dick Ellington, Eyvind Johnson, Errico Malatesta, Ángel Pestaña, Charles Gogumus, Alexander Berkman, Emma Goldman, Maquis, on this day in recovered history, August 25, anarchiste, anarchist, anarquista, syndicalist
canned Bush Beans, half baked

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