Our Daily Bleed...
"Oh roar a roar for Alice, Nora Alice in the night; for she has seen Aurora Borealis burning bright. Hoo-roar a roar for Alice...." — Walt Kelly
Radical French Champ Libre publisher, martyr.
Lake Champlain, New York: FEAST OF THE GREEN CORN.
A pageant presented by the Society for the Preservation of Indian Lore, performed by actors from the six Iroquois nations.
325CE -- The General Council of Nicea settles on the rules for calculating the date of Easter each year.
Source: 'Calendar Riots
383 -- WhoDone'Em?: Gratian, Roman Emperor, slain at Lugdunum.
1608 -- France: UFO appears at Martigues, near Marseille.
Source: [Robert Braunwart] [Hereafter attributed with symbol: ]
1609 -- Galileo presents his 30X telescope to the Venetian Senate. They look in the wrong end, & the rest is history.
1669 -- Sweden: Dozens of witches are burnt at Mora.
1689 -- New Old World: 1,200 Iroquois warriors attack Montreal.
1775 -- England: New Exchange Rate? Two thousand Liverpool seamen ignore the reading of the Riot Act to liberate nine of their fellows imprisoned for wrecking a ship when paid short wages.
1776 -- Scotland: Philosopher/historian David Hume dies in Edinburgh, 65.
1803 -- Irish rebel Robert Emmet is captured by the British.
1819 -- US: Birth of the fink (Allen Pinkerton, whose strike breaking detectives ('Pinks') gave us the word 'fink'.)
"Thanks for a nation of finks...."
— William S. Burroughs
1822 -- Young Lust?: William Herschel discovered Uranus, dies at 85.
1828 -- US: Pennsylvania Workingmen's Party holds its first convention, Philadelphia.
1830 -- Dutch Rub?: Belgium revolts against Netherlands, a rebellion against the oppression of being constantly in dutch.
1835 -- US: NY Sun publishes a moon hoax story claiming astronomer Sir John Herschel has observed little men living there; the paper's circulation goes "way up."
1836 -- US: Bret Harte lives, Albany, New York. Leaves school at 13 to go to work, travels to California before moving to NY to pursue a writing career.
1838 -- US: The ever-curious Ralph Waldo Emerson seeks out Thomas Carlyle in Cumberland, gets himself invited to dinner, initiating a lifelong friendship.
1845 -- Mad King of Bavaria, Louis (Ludwig) II lives. Dream King, the Swan Prince, the Recluse of the Alps — a legend in his own time. Ludwig's grandiose castle capped a building boom that nearly bankrupted Bavaria.
1860 -- In Bonderup, Denmark, playwright, poet, literary critic Johan Heiberg dies. The influential literary paper he edited in Copenhagen from 1827 to 1830 introduced many new writers, including Soren Kierkegaard & Hans Christian Andersen.
1864 -- 'Remember the Alameda'?: Combination rail & ferry service available from San Francisco to Alameda.
1873 -- France: Charles Gogumus lives (1873-1915), Dijon. Militant syndicaliste révolutionnaire, anarchiste et antimilitariste.
GOGUMUS, Charles INDEXED?: D'abord employé dans un magasin de Nouveautés à Dijon, il y créé un syndicat. En 1906, il se fixe à Paris où il vend des lainages. En 1908, il fonde le "Syndicat des employés de la région parisienne." En 1909, en tant que secrétaire de ce syndicat, il dirige plusieurs actions dans les grands magasins. Membre du comité de la C.G.T, mais aussi de la "Fédération Anarchiste Communiste Révolutionnaire," il préconise à plusieurs reprises dans des réunions de grévistes l'emploi de l'action directe, du boycottage et du sabotage. Notes de la police: "- Mai 1911, prépare le sabotage des magasins qui ne fermeraient pas à 7 heures, en formant des équipes de 10 hommes, chargées de renverser les étalages, briser les glaces. - Juin 1911, des bombes soufrées de l'acide sulfurique et des oeufs remplis d'encre doivent être utilisées. Un sabotage a déjà été commis dans ces conditions au magasin -Aux Elégants- avenue du Maine." Fin 1911, il devient administrateur du journal "La Bataille syndicaliste" qui sera à l'origine de la création en juin 1913 du "Comité de Défense des Soldats" créé dans le but de soutenir les appelés frappés pour avoir protestés contre le maintien sous les drapeaux de leur classe et assurer une aide matérielle aux victimes de la répression. Charles Gogumus en est le trésorier. Mais tuberculeux, il meurt à Paris à l'âge de 42 ans, le 24 juin 1915. Il sera incinéré au cimetière du Père-Lachaise.
1875 -- Matthew Webb is the first to successfully swim the English Channel, crossing from Dover, England, to Calais, France, in 22 hours.
1882 -- Iivo Härkönen (1882-1941) lives. Finnish writer, journalist, teacher, advocate of Karelian culture. Secretary of the Union of Finnish Writers from 1920 until his death.
1893 -- US: "Colored Peoples' Day" at the Columbian Exposition in Chicago.
1897 -- First date in the movie "Bram Stoker's Dracula."
1900 -- "Mad" German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche dies, Weimar, Germany after a long mental illness.
"...this time however I come as the victorious Dionysus, who will turn the world into a holiday ... Not that I have much time..."
— Nietzsche (from his last "insane" letter to Cosima Wagner)
1901 -- Clara Maass, army nurse, sacrifices her life at 25 to prove that the mosquito carries yellow fever.
1907 -- Hans Castorp is diagnosed with TB, in Thomas Mann's Magic Mountain.
1910 -- Dorothea Tanning lives, Galesburg, Illinois.
American painter, moved to NY in 1935, & met the Surrealist artists in exile there. Married Max Ernst in 1946, & shared his life for 35 years — much longer than any of the other women associated with him — Louisa Straus, Marie-Berthe Aurenche, Leonora Carrington, or Peggy Guggenheim.
Her art evolved & changed over a long career, including a series of sculptures using the techniques of upholstery. A room-size installation in this medium is in the permanent collection of the Beaubourg Museum, Paris. Tanning’s autobiography, Birthday, published in 1986, describes her life through her 75th year.
— Bleedster "Wild Bill" Koehnline
1913 -- "Pogo" creator Walt Kelly lives.
"There is no need to sally forth...."
"We are confronted with insurmountable opportunities."
1914 -- México: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Pres. Carranza calls a conference of revolutionaries.
1918 -- Russia: First All-Russian Conference of Anarcho-syndicalists meets in Moscow (August 25-September 1). ... show more
1920 -- Russia: Late August, Alexander Berkman & Emma Goldman visit Kiev.
The majority of the population is Jewish. Here they find valuable material on the rightwing Denikin pogroms; interview local Jews whose views on Bolshevik anti-Semitism differ....
Visited by two women representing the Ukranian guerrilla Nestor Makhno ... it is too risky to meet with him in person.
[Details / context]
1921 -- "The slave is always in a state of legitimate defense & consequently, his violence against the Boss, against the oppressor, is always justifiable, & must be controlled only by such considerations as that the best & most economical use is being made of human effort & human sufferings."
— Errico Malatesta (Umanita Nova, August 25th, 1921)
1921 -- US: West Virginia Governor Morgan asks Beloved & Respected Comrade Lover President Warren Harding for Federal troops & military aircraft, saying miners have been inflamed & infuriated by radical officers & leaders. Actually most officers of the UMW union, including its president, have been followers — trying desperately to suppress the workers militant actions.
See David Alan Corbin's Gun Thugs, Rednecks, and Radicals: A Documentary History of the West Virginia Mine Wars.
1922 -- Frank Harris finishes writing volume 1 of My Life & Loves.
1922 -- Spain: Ángel Pestaña is ambushed by a rightwing death squad.
Returning from a lecture tour, Pestaña, militant anarcho-syndicalist & CNT reformist, is shot down by "pistoleros du syndicat libre" in the industrial town of Manresa, Catalonia.
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