Cat Has Had the Time of His Life

thin line

Our Daily Bleed...

Francisco Ferrer, Emma Goldman, Rimini Conference, Murray Bookchin; on this day in recovered history, August 31, anarchist, anarchistes, socialist, communists, anarchist-communism, syndicalism

The leaves fall early this autumn, in wind.
The paired butterflies are already yellow with August
Over the grass in the west garden;
They hurt me. I grow older.

— Ezra Pound, The River Merchant's Wife: A Letter (After Rihaku)

August 31, calendar dingbat

British Marxist literary theorist, cultural critic, novelist.

Trinidad & Tobago: INDEPENDENCE DAY.


12 -- Murderous Roman emperor Caligula dies.

1057 -- Death of Leofric, husband of Lady Godiva.

1378 -- The government of Florence massacres the Ciompi.

1476 -- Poland: Locusts ravage the country, causing widespread famine.

1521 -- New Old World: Cortes & his Indian allies take Tenochtitlan.

Suddenly, all at once, the cries & the drums cease. Gods & men have been defeated. With the gods' death, time has died. With the men's death, the city has died....

A stunning silence reigns. & the rain begins to fall. Thunder & lightning fill the sky, & it rains all through the night...

Fire burns the soles of Emperor Cuauhtemoc's feet, anointed with oil, while the world is silent, & it rains.

Memory of Fire: Genesis, Eduardo Galeano

See also our excerpts from his books Century of the Wind & Faces & Masks

1643 -- New Old World: Antinomian Anne Hutchinson killed by natives, Long Island, NY.

1688 -- British Christian allegorist John Bunyan (The Pilgrim's Progress) dies, 60, at a friend's house after a ride through the rain from Reading to London.

1779 -- US: Runovea, an Iroquoian town in upstate New York, burned by Beloved & Respected comrade leader General Sullivan.

1811 -- US: Fort Okanogan established at confluence of Columbia & Okanogan Rivers; Indians meet Astorians with pledges of friendship & gifts of beaver.

1818 -- England: Weavers strike at Bolton, Manchester, etc.
Source: [Luddite Chronology]

1836 -- Perú: US Marines again invade, to "protect US interests" during a revolt (Callao & Lima; -Dec. 2).
[Source: Robert Braunwart] [Hereafter noted with symbol: Source=Robert Braunwart]

1864 -- Germany: 39 year-old Ferdinand Lassalle comes off second best in a duel in a lover's quarrel. He dies near Geneva. The General Workers' Association (Allgemeiner Deutscher Arbeiterverein) was based on his political ideas.

1864 -- Christian Cornélissen (aka Clemens, aka Rupert) lives (1864-1943). Militant communiste-anarchiste hollandais, penseur et organisateur du syndicalisme révolutionnaire international, antimilitariste et théoricien économiste.

Large red rose
1867 -- French decadent writer Charles Baudelaire, stricken with paralysis during a Belgian lecture tour the previous year, dies in Paris at 46.

1872 -- Italy: The resolutions of the Rimini Conference (A.I.T.) (held August 4-6, 1872) are printed in the Bollettino dei Lavoratori (August 31), then secretly issued in Naples. No detailed report exists of the Conference, which declares itself anarchist, opposed to the Marxist authoritarians, only an oblong sheet.

Further details/ context, click here; libertarian, anarchico, anarchismo, anarchici, anarchica, anarchy, anarquista[Details / context]

1888 -- England: The body of Mary Ann Nichols, the first victim of London serial killer "Jack the Ripper" is found murdered & mutilated in Buck's Road. The East End of London sees five more victims of the murderer over the next three months; while a royal figure is suspected, no one is ever nailed.
Jack's London: dark-caped flambouyant figure in a hazy yellow fog

1889 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Start of the Sherlock Holmes adventure "Cardboard Box" (BG).

1893 -- US: Scheduled to speak to the unemployed, Emma Goldman is arrested in Philadelphia on NY warrants charging her with incitement to riot for her August 21 speech.

EG, anarchist dingbat

"The people have only as much liberty as they have the intelligence to want & the courage to take."

— Emma Goldman
video icon

Paul Robin
1894 -- France: Paul Robin's libertarian Cempuis school at Prévost Orphanage is shut down by the government.

Robin & the school, where 600 students attended, was subjected to numerous right-wing attacks, leading to revocation of its license to teach.

Paul Robin committed suicide in 1912, but his pedagogy inspired other important antiauthoritarian educators such as Sebastien Faure & Francisco Ferrer (founder of the League for Libertarian Education. Ferrer, 24 years old when he met Robin, dreamed of creating a similar school in Spain. Having been left a million francs by a benefactor, Ferrer opened his Modern School in Barcelona on September 8th, 1901).

1895 -- US: First issue of Julius Wyland's Kansas-based socialist newspaper, An Appeal to Reason, is published.

1900 -- anarchist diamond; anarquista Italy: Anarchico Gino Lucetti lives (1900-1943). Attempted to assassinate Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Mussolini, September 1926. He got 30 years in prison. Antifascist partisan formations during WWII took group names, & two in the Carrara area adopted the names ‘G. Lucetti’ (60-80 guerrillas) & ‘Lucetti bis’ (58 strong).
Further details / context, click here[Details / context]

1903 -- Italy: Police kill 7, injure 40. Ennesimo eccidio compiuto a Torre Annunziata (Napoli) dalla cosiddette forze dell'ordine, durante una manifestazione : 7 morti e 40 feriti.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]

1908 -- William Saroyan (The Human Comedy) lives, Fresno, California. In the preface to The Time of Your Life, which won the 1940 Pulitzer Prize for Drama, (which he refused) he urges:

"In the time of your life, live so that in that good time there shall be no ugliness or death for yourself or for any life your life touches. Seek goodness everywhere, & where it is found, bring it out of its hiding place & let it be free & unashamed."

Saroyan left school at the age of 15 but continued his education by reading & writing on his own, living on his writing from 1920. His stories of the Great Depression celebrated the joy of living in spite of poverty & insecurity.

1909 --

1909: Francisco Ferrer Execution of Francisco Ferrer, by Flavio Costantini
Illustration by Flavio Costantini

Spanish anarquista, teacher Francisco Ferrer (1859-1909) is captured after hiding for five weeks in caves on his farm. The government & clerics hated him & were intent on destroying him. The prelates of Barcelona sent a letter to Maura openly demanding vigorous action against Ferrer & the Escuela Moderna. Maura publicly replied that the government "will act in the spirit of your letter & follow the line of conduct you indicate."

he judicial murder of Ferrer was an act not only of gross injustice but political stupidity. The case led to demonstrations throughout Europe & contributed directly to the downfall of Maura's ministry. ...Although he had a majority in the Cortes, he was dropped because his handling of the "Tragic Week" & the Ferrer case had deepened the split within the country & turned world opinion against Spain.

The Spanish Anarchists, by Murray Bookchin

1913 -- Ireland: Following Bloody Sunday, Jim Larkin was arrested on charges of seditious libel & conspiracy, because he advised workers to defend themselves against assaults by the police. Out on bail, he was announced as the main speaker for a mass meeting in O'Connell Street on August 31st.

map, Red & Black Ireland; source The meeting was banned by the authorities in Dublin Castle. Larkin addressed a huge crowd outside Liberty Hall, burned a copy of the banning order & declared that he would speak in O'Connell Street on Sunday. The RIC ended the meeting with a violent baton charge.

All Dublin waited to see if Larkin would keep his promise. The street was packed on the day. Hundreds of police lined up on both sides. Suddenly on the balcony of Murphy's own Imperial Hotel a bearded man appeared. The false beard was discarded, Larkin had kept his promise.

1919 -- US: Communist Labor Party of America is formed in Chicago (3rd International) by John Reed & others. Later becomes the American Communist Party. Downfall of America follows minutes later.

1923 -- Italy: Mussolini decides to occupy the Greek island of Corfú. Mussolini decide l'occupazione dell'isola greca di Corfú a seguito di un incidente occorso ai membri di una missione militare italiana sul confine greco-albanese. La Societá delle Nazioni condanna l'occupazione che cesserŕ a fine settembre.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]

1925 -- Haiti: A+?: US Marines end 11-year occupation, "protecting US interests." The freedom-loving democracy dictatorship they leave in place continues to pillage & murder Haitians for another 60 years, rendering destitute what was once the wealthiest country in the Western Hemisphere.

Szyk illustration: Canadian Indian & Mountie viewing portrait of Hitler, the Indian commenting: 'Let's go after his scalp, Redcoat'
1928 -- Germany: Die Dreigroschenoper (The Threepenny Opera) by composer Kurt Weill & playwright Bertolt Brecht premieres in Berlin. Trashed by Berlin critics, the play masterfully captures the decadence & spirit of the days of the Weimar Republic.

This launches their careers, the work of both now in great demand until the Nazis suppress them.

By coincidence, Brecht & Weill landed in Paris after escaping the Nazi menace. Both were broke & desperate for work.

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1928 -- Author/publisher Harry Crosby meets Jonathan Cape, who expresses high enthusiasm for Shadows of the Sun, which he wishes to publish.
Source: See Geoffrey Wolff, Black Sun (Random House, 1976).

William Z. Foster
1929 -- US: The Trade Union Unity League founded as 690 delegates from 18 states cut the cord with the conservative American Federation of Labor, which still organizes along craft lines.

An arm of the Communist Party, the league pushes for unionizing workers along industrial lines, & lead struggles of miners, textile workers & farm workers. At its peak, the league has 125,000 members. In 1930 it leads almost a million jobless workers in a dozen cities to demand relief & unemployment insurance. The league dissolves before the great organizing drives of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) in the late 1930s.

Pippan statue; source
1933 -- US: Italian labor organizer, Giovanni Pippan, age 35, is murdered during his campaign to organize the Italian bread wagon drivers of Chicago.

The "well-known" Giovanni Pippan is shot & killed by unknown assailants on a street corner in Cicero, Illinois.

... show more

1935 -- Russia: Stakhanovism introduced in the Soviet Union as Aleksei Stakhanov hews 102 tons of coal during his six-hour shift. This represented 14 times his quota. The Bolshevik glorification of Taylorism & consumerism, or as Herbert Marcuse described it,

"The streamlining of alienated labor."

1937 -- Spain: anarchist diamond dingbatJosé Pellicer-Gandia released by the Communists.

Spanish anarquista, during the Spanish Revolution of 1936 he was a member of Durruti's famed "Iron Column." In March 1937, Pellicer was named commander before again being wounded. He was also imprisoned a few months in Barcelona by the Communists. Released on August 31, 1937, he then headed a battalion.

1939 -- US: Nearly all of the 430 workers at the California Sanitary Canning Company stage a massive walkout.

Most of the workers are Mexican-American women who demand recognition of their union, Local 75 of the United Cannery, Agricultural, Packing, & Allied Workers of America (UCAPAWA). A successful shop contract & wage increase is successfully negotiated.

1939 -- US: Mexican Americans in Beeville, Texass, desegregate the local high school.

Also on this date, artists José Aceves & Edward Chávez begin to paint murals for post offices & other government buildings about pioneer life in the Southwest.

1942 -- Luxembourg: Workers go on General Strike.
Source: 'Calendar Riots'

1945 -- England: 2000 attend "World Unity or World Destruction" rally, London.

1945 -- Irish-born international singer Van Morrison lives.

1946 -- Hiroshima by John Hersey appears complete in The New Yorker.

1948 -- Source=Robert Braunwart US: Actor Robert Mitchum is busted for marijuana, Hollywood. & there was thunder, thunder over Thunder Road ... Thunder was my engine & Lightnin' was my load.

1948 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Kurt Weill/Berthold Brecht opera "Happy End" premiers, Berlin.

1954 -- Conrad Moricand (1887-1954) dies, 10:30pm. (from Henry Miller's Devil in Paradise, title page [book in hand — ed.]).

The basic premise of the story: Miller invites Conrad Moricand, a destitute old friend, to stay with him for awhile & then can't get rid of him. Moricand is a deliciously pitiful Swiss born, French expatriate who demands the finest things in life. As Miller puts it, "An incurable dandy living the life of a beggar." Moricand was an overbearing pest "who demanded narcotics & money as part of his keep" (from back cover blurb; Signet edition, 4th printing, 1961). It is believed Henry met the Great Beast through the French astrologer Conrad Moricand in 1933.

1954 -- Puerto Rico: Domino Theory? US government orders the visiting British novelist Graham Greene to leave.

The reason? He briefly joined the Communist Party, as a prank, at the age of 19. We're for freedom — not like that Castro guy.

1955 -- First sun-powered auto demonstrated.

1955 -- England: A London judge fines Sidney Adams Turner three pounds, ten shillings for, "creating an abominable noise." After threatening his neighbors by saying, "I will drive you mad," Turner played Bill Haley & the Comets' "Shake Rattle & Roll" as loud as possible from 2 p.m. to 4:30 p.m.

1956 -- Percy MacKaye dies in Cornish, New Hampshire. His most noteworthy contributions to drama & pageantry are The Scarecrow (1908), a historical play; Caliban (1916), a pageant-masque; This Fine Pretty World (1923), a regional play; & The Mystery of Hamlet: King of Denmark (1945), a study of past & present tragedy.

1956 -- US: Racist threats & official malfeasance triumph over integration in Mansfield.

Che Guevara
1958 -- Cuba: Fidel Castro, Che Guevara & their rag-tag rebel army begin their destruction of the US-supported & Mafia/corporate-controlled dictatorship.

1962 -- Algeria: 20,000 call for a General Strike in the event of civil war.

1965 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader LBJ signs a law making the burning of draft cards a federal offense.

1968 -- Canada: Grade school students, in a suburb of Montreal, occupy their school, demanding reforms.

1968 -- anarchist diamond; anarquistaItaly: The International of Anarchist Federations (IAF-IFA) founded at the Congress of Carrara (August 31-September 5).
Further details/ context, click here; libertarian, anarchico, anarchismo, anarchici, anarchica, anarchy, anarquista, libertaire, anarchiste, anarchisme, anarchistes, anarchie[Details / context]

Mumia by Eric Drooker
1970 -- US: Philadelphia police raid office of local Black Panthers Party. Among those arrested is a young teen, Wesley Cook, later known as Mumia Abu-Jamal. Mumia was a targeted victim of the FBI's infamous & corrupt COINTELPRO program, & is now on death row after a highly prejudicial trial. One of his appeals judges, for example, was his original prosecutor.

Illustration by Eric Drooker

"Questions are a burden to others, answers a prison for oneself"

— The Prisoner

"There are many trials . . . in which the victim was already condemned to death before the trial took place, & it took place only to cover up the real meaning: the accused was to be put to death . . . the trial is just a mask for murder."

          — Katherine Anne Porter, The Never-Ending Wrong

Mumia <

1971 -- US: Stephen Bingham, 29, lawyer to George Jackson, charged with smuggling weapons into prison.

1971 -- Outer Space? Radar-Trap?: Dave Scott becomes first person to drive a car on the Moon.

Dave Scott wasn't driving on the moon on this day in 1971, he returned to earth on 7 August. If you saw someone else driving it that day NASA would like to know who it was! (I'm sure Boeing could tell you if there was any charge left in the Lunar Rover's batteries!)

They landed on 30 July, I suspect the first ride in the Rover was on the 31st.

— BleedsterVan, Twisted History

1973 -- US: Gainsville 8 (Vietnam War veterans) acquitted.

john Lennon & Yoko Ono
1974 -- US: In federal court, John Lennon testifies the Nixon administration tried to have him deported because of his involvement with the anti-war demonstrations at the 1972 Republican convention in Miami.,6051,106535,00.html

1976 -- Italy: During the Turin rooftop prison protest, sympathizers battle with police outside the prison wall in solidarity.
Source: 'Calendar Riots'

solidarnosc logo
1980 -- Poland: The Beloved & Respected Marxist-Leninist Workers' Proletarian Democracy Dictatorship is forced to sign a 21 point bill of rights allowing workers to organize in independent unions by recognizing the Solidarnosc trade union.

An unprecedented concession by a communist government, the move was necessitated by a crippling strike that began in the shipyards two months earlier & spread to other industries.

alt sp; Solidarity, Solidarnosc

1983 -- Poland: Police use tear gas & water cannons on 10,000 Solidarity (Solidarność / Solidarnosc trade union) demonstrators, Nowa Huta.
See Andrzej Tymowski's Who are the Workers in Polish Solidarity & what do they want?

1987 -- Source=Robert Braunwart South Africa: Longest mine strike in the country's history ends.

Eric Drooker illustration, folks on a dark city street
1988 -- US: 5-day power blackout of downtown Seattle begins.

The strange part is nobody notices until the fourth day.

Every citizen now understands what it is like to be a politician.

Illustration by Eric Drooker

1988 -- Source=Robert Braunwart US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Senator Orrin Hatch calls the Democrats "The party of homosexuals" (on tape), & then denies he said it.

1991 -- US: "Solidarity Day II" 300,000 trade unionists march on Washington, DC.

1994 -- Ireland: Irish Republican Army (IRA) declares truce in its decades-old struggle for independence for Northern Ireland. Truce dissolves in early 1996 after repeated recalcitrance by British government over terms of negotiation.

1994 -- Germany: After a 50-year military presence, troops of the former Soviet Union depart the former East Germany during a ceremony presided over by Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader German Chancellor Helmut Kohl & Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Russian President Boris Yeltsin. They also leave Latvia & Estonia.

1994 -- Source=Robert Braunwart England: World chess champ Garry Kasparov is beaten & later eliminated by the Chess Genius 2 program, London.

1994 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Tajikistan: Anti-government demonstrators occupy the presidential palace. Nice digs.

Squat: Economy decline
1996 -- Germany: The last squat in West Berlin is evicted: Marchstrasse/Einsteinufer.

1997 -- Diana Spencer is killed in the world's most celebrated case of murderous drunken driving.

1998 -- US: 15 Micro-radio station stations closed in Miami, Florida. (Boston Globe). If you ain't got the do-re-mi, you do not have the freedom to broadcast.
Source: [Pirate Radio Kiosk]

1999 -- Colombia: Massive nationwide labor strike, with as many as 1.5 million union members calling for an end to government austerity measures & free-market economic policies. Milton Friedman's drug farm too-successful?

2000 -- France: The Anti-Capitalist Caravan arrives in the afternoon.

Blackout Books, NYC anarchist bookstore
2000 -- US: Blackout Books — New York's only anarchist bookstore since 1993 — closes, due to the festering blight of gentrification afflicting the East Village.

Under Barnes & Noble's standards, the East Village's Blackout Books was always a miserable failure. A small, boxy room, with an inconspicuous exterior & a busy, cluttered layout.

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2000 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Chile: The number of criminal complaints against Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Augusto Pinochet reaches 170 (out of some 5,000 murders attributed to his regime, ushered in & supported by the US government).

Collage for anarchist conference; source
2001 -- US: Anarchist conference on building permanent autonomous zones, Louisville, Kentucky, through September 3.

2003 -- US: Revolutionary Soccer Tournament Cup Bay Area, Game 2 postponed until September 14.

Anarchist soccer logos, Kronstadt vs. LeftWing; source

Further details / context, click here[Anti-Details / anti-context]

2004 -- Canada: Ichiro Suzuki becomes first baseball player since... to get 57 hits in a month, while chasing George Sisler's record for most hits in a season (257). At his current pace he's on course to hit 262. Meanwhile across the border, Steinbrenner's Yankees are pasted 22-0, their worst loss in baseball history.

2005 -- Iraq: Stampede on Al-Aammah bridge in Baghdad kills 1,199.

3000 --

 Optimized for PinealWeb
Large creepy hand crawling over America, with clean-cut youth with axe swung back defensively: 'Hands off, Ashcroft! Our forefathers fought for our freedoms, We aim to keep them!

The Daily Bleed: Francisco Ferrer, Emma Goldman, Rimini Conference, Murray Bookchin; Timeline, Almanac of Radicalism, Arts, Literature, Authors, Poets, Anarchists... a radical annotated chronology, almanac, daybook, anarchist CALENDAR, anarchisten, anarchism, anarchico, anarchiste, anarquista, anarsizm, anarţizme, Anarţist, Anarquismo, Anarchismus, sindicalismo, anarquia, anarchia, anarchisme, anarchizm, anarkisme, anarki, anarkist, libertarian, syndicalist, anarcho-syndicalist, anarcho-communism, black cats, What Happened on this day, in recovered memory, suppressed history, A People's History, AUGUST 31

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