Our Daily Bleed...
"Wealth, in itself, is a good, not an evil; but wealth concentrated in the hands of a few corrupts on one side & degrades on the other."
Japan: FEAST OF BISHAMON-TEN.
Nussairis, Asia Minor: FEAST OF ALI.
China: Festival of P'ING AN FU CHU WANG, the Star King.
490 -- [BC] Phidippides runs first marathon, seeking aid from Sparta vs Persia.
1057 -- Coronation of Issac Comnenus as Emperor of Byzantium.
1752 -- England: Last day of Julian calendar in Britain, British colonies.
The adoption in England of the Gregorian Calendar removes 11 days, the 3rd to the 13th.
English workers riot, demanding back the time stolen from them by the authorities. Let us count the years.....
1766 -- James Forten, abolitionist, inventor, lives.
1830 -- England: Manning — a local justice known for his activism in tracking down smugglers & poachers — has his barn & corn stacks torched by Swing rioters, Orpington.
Source: 'Calendar Riots'
1839 -- US: Economic critic Henry George lives, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1852 -- Author Paul Bourget lives.
1854 -- Norway:
Hans Henrik Jaeger, writer & anarchist & important friend & influence on Edvard Munch, lives (1854-1910), Drammen.
"Your face holds all the love in the world. Moonlight steals across your face so full of Earthly beauty & Grief. For now Death extends her hands of Life & a band is made between the thousands of generations who are dead & the thousands of generations who are to come."
— Edvard Munch
September 3-8 is celebrated 1er. Congrés of l'AIT (anti-authoritarian International Workingmen's Association).
Lausanne, Switzerland, 1867 September 2 -7th (or 9th?) the second congrès de l'A.I.T.
See also [Congressos Obrers]
1871 -- France: Condamnation à mort de Théophile Ferré.
1872 -- Hague Congress of the First International, September 2-7, 1872.
It is here that Marx & Engels determine it is better to kill the International than allow the growing anti-authoritarian influence to gain control.
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1872 -- Philippines: 1,200 workers strike the Cavite shipyards & arsenal — the first recorded strike in the nation's history. José Rizal credited his becoming a novelist, rather than a priest, to this strike & the savage government repression which followed.
1885 -- US: Rioters attack & set fire to Chinatown in Rock Springs, Wyoming, killing 28 Chinese miners & wounding 15. Several hundred others are driven out of town & an estimated $148,000 worth of goods are destroyed. The "Rock Springs Massacre" resulted from mounting anti-Chinese sentiment over their role as cheap labor & as strikebreakers. Although 16 white suspects were arrested & tried, all were acquitted.
1894 -- Joseph Roth lives, Brod, Slovenia (formerly Brody, Galicia, Austro-Hungaria). Influenced by French & Russian psychological realism. His later works nearer Viennese Impressionism (Hofmannstahl, Schnitzler).
In 1926 Roth went to the Soviet Union, recorded his socialist views in Der stumme Propher, (1966). He died in Paris in a poorhouse (or possibly an army hospital).
KEY WRITERS OF VIENNA AFTER WW I: Karl Kraus (1874-1936), The Last Days of Mankind, 1922; Herman Broch (1886-1951), The Sleepwalkers (1932) & the prose-poem The Death of Virgil (1946); Robert Musil (1880-1942), The Man Without Qualities (1930-43); Joseph Roth Flight Without End (1927) & Radetsky March (1932).
1897 -- Philippe Soupault lives. French poet & writer. Influenced by Lautréamont, Rimbaud & Apollinaire. Took a leading part in the Paris Dada movement & contributed to numerous Dada publications. Co-editor of the periodical Littérature & later a surrealist.
1899 -- US: Paterson's anarchist La Questione sociale ends its first series (127 numbers, July 15, 1895 — Sept 2, 1899).
This was a massive Italian-American weekly with a print run of 15,000 copies. Errico Malatesta temporarily edited a new series. His connection with the paper lasted only a few months, but the paper continued through 1908.
[Details / context]
1902 -- "In Dohomey" premieres at the Old Globe Theater in Boston, Massachusetts. With music by Will Marion Cook & lyrics by poet Paul Laurence Dunbar, it is the most successful musical of its day.
1903 -- George Bernard Shaw, writing to Harley Granville-Barker, denigrates Christopher Marlowe: "A barren amateur with a great air."
Elizabethan poet-dramatist Christopher Marlowe was not killed in 1593, but banished; he continued writing under the pseudonym "William Shakespeare."
Ricardo Flores Magón
«[E]l pueblo mexicano es apto para llegar al comunismo, porque lo ha practicado, al menos en parte, desde hace siglos, y eso explica por qué, aún cuando en su mayoría es analfabeto, comprende que mejor que tomar parte en farsas electorales para elevar verdugos, es preferible tomar posesión de la tierra, y la está tomando con grande escándalo de la ladrona burguesía.»
Regeneración, 2 de septiembre de 1911
1914 -- Romare Bearden (1911-1988) lives, Charlotte, North Carolina. His depiction of the rituals & social customs of African-American life are imbued with an eloquence & power which earn him accolades as one of the fine artists of the 20th century & master of collage.
1917 -- Cleveland Amory, writer & champion of animal causes, lives Nahant, Massachusetts. Wrote The Proper Bostonians.
1917 -- US: Mass arrests of IWWs (Industrial Workers of the World) secretly ordered by Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Attorney General Palmer.
1918 -- Author Allen Drury lives.
1919 -- US: Communist Party of America founded. (or 30 Aug?)
1921 -- US: Mine owners bomb striking West Virginia mine workers by plane.
The Battle of Blair Mountain: Coal company thugs dropped bombs on the miners from planes. It took the combined efforts of the US Army & coal company goons to quell the uprising.
"One of the things that the miners were fighting for was they didn't want to die anymore. They didn't want to get hurt anymore," he said. "It was as much a fight for freedom & economic & social justice as it was anything else."
See David Alan Corbin's Gun Thugs, Rednecks, and Radicals: A Documentary History of the West Virginia Mine Wars.
1923 -- Ireland: The Irish Free State holds its first elections after winning independence from Britain the year before. The newly autonomous nation comprises the majority of the island of Ireland, with the exception of six primarily Protestant counties in the north that join Great Britain as Northern Ireland.
1923 -- Spain: Rafael Torres Escartín, a member of the anarquista Los Solidarios, is arrested in Oviedo & tortured. He escapes but is recaptured. anarchist anarquistas
|Blending old school r & b, church music, blues & Caribbean sounds in his compositions & piano playing, Horace was a leading hardbop pioneer. A founding member of Art Blakey 's Jazz Messengers, helping introduce such talent as Donald Byrd, Art Farmer , Woody Shaw & Blue Mitchell. Worked with greats like Coleman Hawkins, Lou Donaldson, Hank Mobley, Joe Henderson & Stan Getz.|
1928 -- US: A picnic held for the individualist journal Eresia today is deemed a great success, & is followed up by a theatrical production, “La Donna del Populo,” a "powerful drama analyzing social psychology in four acts, with musical selections, Ladies 50 cents, men 75 cents." Could this have been an Italian version of one of Brand's plays? (Brand is a pseudonym for the anarchist Enrico Arrigoni.)
1933 -- Italy: The fascist state of Italy & the communist USSR sign a 5-year friendship pact, precursor to the Hitler-Stalin Pact. / Lo stato fascista dell'Italia e lo stato comunista dell'URSS firmano per cinque anni un patto di amicizia, non aggressione e neutralità.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]
1935 -- US: A hurricane slams Florida Keys killing 423.
1936 -- US: Factoid...477 sit-down strikes, involving, according to Beloved & Respected Comrade Government Statistics, 500,000 American workers between September 1936 & May 1937.
1936 -- US: Macbeth Mine explodes killing 10 workers at the Hutchinson Coal Company mine in Logan County, West Virginia. Six months hence it explodes again, on March 11, killing 18 more.
First Witch: When shall we three meet again
In thunder, lightning, or in rain?
Second Witch: When the hurlyburly's done,
When the battle's lost & won.
1937 -- Pentti Saarikoski lives. Poet / translator, & a central figure in Finnish literature in the 1960s & 1970s, who emerged via poetry somewhat like a enfant terrible combination of Allen Ginsberg & Bob Dylan.
His translations include Homer, Aristotle, James Joyce, Henry Miller, Italo Calvino, Allen Ginsberg, J.D. Salinger, James Thurber.
In the 1960s he joined the Finnish Communist Party & was one of the more visible intellectuals in the media.
Books in English: Helsinki: Poems of Pentti Saarikoski, translated by Anselm Hollo (1967); Salt of Pleasure: 20th-century Finnish Poetry, translated by Aili Jarvenpa (1983); Pentti Saarikoski: Poems 1958-1980, edited & translated by Anselm Hollo (1983)
1943 -- After nearly a year & a half of training, the 100th Infantry Battalion, an all-Nisei unit from Hawaii, finally lands in Oran, North Africa. Joined by the 442nd in June 1944. Together, they went on to compile a sterling war record, suffering high casualty & low desertion rates, & winning numerous unit & individual citations.
This Fall, based on responses to the loyalty questions, the "loyal" & "disloyal" were segregated. The "disloyal" from the various camps were sent to Tule Lake, which became a "segregation center," while the "loyal" from Tule Lake were sent to other camps.
1945 -- Ho Chi Minh declares Vietnam independence from France (National Day). Ho Chi Minh reads Vietnam's Declaration of Independence, modeled on that of the American Declaration, & establishes the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in Hanoi.
I notice that you have Vietnam declaring independence from France, which I don't think is quite the case...
1945 -- V-J Day; formal surrender of Japan aboard USS Missouri (WWII ends). Result of the nationalist, imperialist, racist madness: 55 million dead men, 35 million wounded, 3 million dispersed. This one, fortunately, was not called the war to end all wars.
1946 -- "The Iceman Cometh" by Eugene O'Neill, opens at the Martin Beck Theater in NY, the last of his plays to be seen on Broadway in his lifetime.
1949 -- China: A fire, allegedly set by Communists, begins. Burns down most of Chunking, destroying 10,000 buildings & killing 1700 people.
1951 -- Sri Lanka Freedom Party founded.
1951 -- Angus Macinnis (1884-1964) lives. Founding member of the CCF in Canada.
1956 -- US: Detachment of combat-equipped National Guardsmen dispatched to Clinton, Tennessee after a series of violent demonstrations make it impossible for officials to carry out the token desegregation of Alabama schools below the college level.
1956 -- Italy: Alba Congress convenes in Alba, today through the 8th, convoked by Asger Jorn & Giuseppe Gallizio in the name of the International Movement for an Imaginist Bauhaus, a grouping whose views are in agreement with the Lettrist International’s program regarding urbanism & its possible uses.
Representatives of avant-garde groups from eight countries (Algeria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, France, Great Britain, Holland, Italy) meet to determine the bases for a united organization.
See the Situationist International Anthology, edited by Ken Knabb.
1956 -- Italy:
September 2 to 8 First World Congress of Free Artists at Alba.
Editing of Guy Debord's film On the Passage of a Few Persons through a Rather Brief Period of Time.
Participants: Enrico Baj (Nuclear Art Movement, Milan; excluded in the course of the conference on the Lettrist delegate's demand), Jacques Calonne, Constant (ex-Cobra; Christian Dotremont does not attend, ostensibly because of illness), Giuseppe Pinot Gallizio, Asger Jorn, Piero Simondo, Ettore Sottsass Jr, Elena Verrone (International Movement for an Imaginist Bauhaus), Gil J. Wolman (Lettrist International/Potlatch), Sandro Cherchi, Franco Garelli (Turin), Jan Kotik, Pravoslav Rada (Czechoslovakia), Charles Estienne, Klaus Fischer, several others.
Two exhibitions are held simultaneously: Futurist Ceramics 1925-33, organized by Jorn & Gallizio, at Alba town hall; & an exhibition by the experimental laboratory at Corino cinema, involving Constant, Gallizio, Garelli, Jorn, Kotik, Rada, Simondo & Wolman.
Wolman's 'Address' is accepted by the congress as its final resolution.
Jorn is appointed committee director of Potlatch, while Wolman is added to the editorial board of Eristica.
1957 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Arkansas governor Orval Faubus calls out the National Guard to bar African-American students from entering a Little Rock High School.
1958 -- China: Let 100 TVs Flower? TV broadcasting begins. Downfall of communism.
1963 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Alabama governor George C. Wallace prevents the racial integration of Tuskegee High School in Huntsville, Alabama, by encircling the building with state troopers. Eight days later, Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President John F. Kennedy federalizes the Alabama National Guard, forcing Wallace to abandon his efforts to block the desegregation of Alabama public schools.
1964 -- Spain: Stuart Christie & Fernanado Carballo Blanco are sent to prison for planning to send Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Franco to the moon — using a hefty load of explosives. Carballo gets 30 years & Christie 20.
[Details / context]
1965 -- China: Mao Zedong launches so-called "Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution" in an effort to regain his slipping power. Or 8/18/1966?
1965 -- Beatles do the Cow Palace in Daly City. Pandemonium broke out as fans rushed the stage.
1965 -- US: As women flight attendants testify before a House Labor committee about age discrimination, NY Representative James H. Schreuer asks the attendants to (quote), "stand up, so we can see the dimensions of the problem."
The airlines fire most women flight attendants by age 35, when they are no longer considered attractive enough to fly.
In the mid-1960s, activists among flight attendants are few in number — & they challenge just one aspect of sex discrimination — but their work blazes a trail amid widespread hostility to women's rights.
1969 -- US: Blacks riot in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, & Hartford, Connecticut.
1971 -- The Grateful Dead's second live LP is given the unimaginative title "Grateful Dead," but it's not as if they couldn't think of anything better: Rolling Stone reports Jerry Garcia Ice Cream originally wanted the title "Starfuck." It's the Dead's first Top 25 album.
1971 -- US: Baseball's Cesar Cedeno hits an inside-the-park grand slammer.
1973 -- British medievalist, fantasist, J R R Tolkien dies.
For an anarchist take on Tolkien, see Michael Moorcock's "Starship Stormtroopers,"
1978 -- The "Animal House" soundtrack is released.
1978 -- John McClain performs 180 outside loops in an airplane over Houston, Texass.
1981 -- U.N. Human Rights Commission rules that Canada's Indian Act violates international human rights.
1984 -- US: The Mashantucket Pequot of eastern Connecticut take possession of 650 acres of former reservation land.
1986 -- Cathy Evelyn Smith sentenced to three years for death of John Belushi.
1991 -- England: Rioting in the midst of recession, city & county bankruptcies.
1996 -- England: Henry W. Targowski begins 6 informal Internet evenings at the Spider Café (London).
Visual poet, artist, archivist, web-weaver, media analyst, internet consultant, multimedia producer, editor, publisher, concrete poetry, stamp art, mail art, postal art, graphics, communications, culture, Nederlands Filmmakers Kooperatie, Mark/Space magazine, Festival of Future Possibilities, Alpha-Omega Show, Anachron Studios, Black Star Liner, Gondwana Music, Anachron Foundation, Panoptima, Upsetter magazine, psychedelics, cyberpunk.
2000 -- US: Anarchist Futball Association (AFA) Tourament begins, goes until the 4th, in Motor City, Michigan, U$A.Futball (the real one, or soccer if you like), Jazz, anarchist organizing, & an anarchist contingent in the Labor Day march.
Miserable teams from around the US attempt to match their pathetic skills against the heavily-favored Detroit Riot. In their honor, Detroit hosts the largest free Jazz concert in North America, & true dissonance is provided in preliminary discussions about forming a Midwest anarchist federation. Culminates on September 4 with black flags unfurled in Motor City's Labor Day march.
2005 -- Italy: Florence, 2-4 September: 1st International Fair of Anarchist & Libertarian Culture – 2nd Anarchist & Libertarian Bookfair – 3rd Biannual Art & Anarchy Exhibition.
2013 -- Frederik Pohl, recognized as one of SciFi's "Grand Masters" passes into the black hole of outer space, dies at age 93. Joined the Young Communist League in 1936 because it was pro-union & anti-Hitler, Mussolini & racism. "Fred Pohl was one of the wittiest SF writers ever," according to Rudy Rucker.
"You can't really predict the future. All you can do is invent it."
"If I rule out violent anarchism, there remains pacifist, antinationalist, anticapitalist, moral, & antidemocratic anarchism (i.e., that which is hostile to the falsified democracy of bourgeois states). There remains the anarchism which acts by means of persuasion, by the creation of small groups & networks, denouncing falsehood & oppression, aiming at a true overturning of authorities of all kinds as people at the bottom speak & organize themselves. All this is very close to Bakunin."
— Jacques Ellul, Anarchie et Christianisme
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