Helio Gomez, Italo Calvino, Attilio Bortolotti, Mary Jemison, Louise Michel, Alexander Berkman, Emma Goldman, Gustav, Gus Hellthaler, anarchist, anarchiste, radical history, What Happened on this day in recovered history, SEPTEMBER 19
The vandalism of man,
Unlike the ruthless elements,
Is held in the parabola
Of a broken shell.
— Gus Hellthaler, excerpt "Three Minute Orphic Eggs,"
(Fli-Back: A Journal of Cheap Shots, Detroit, 1972)
Brazilian radical educational
theorist, social activist.
Berkshire, England: SCOURING THE WHITE HORSE, with a 400-foot chalk figure drawn on a hill.
Lakota & Oglala Sioux: FEAST OF MATO, the bear spirit.
Avening, Gloucestershire, England: PIG'S FACE FEAST, commemorating boar's head feast in 1080.
INTERNATIONAL TALK LIKE A PIRATE DAY (Friggin Riggin?)
1545 -- Rabelais is granted a royal privilege for the printing of his works.
1776 -- US: George Washington's farewell address. He strongly warns against permanent alliances with foreign powers, large public debts, large military establishment & devices of any "small, artful, enterprising minority" to control or change the government.
1819 -- It is such a beautiful fall day, that poet John Keats is inspired to take out pen & pad & ink one of the best-loved English poems, "Ode to Autumn."
1833 -- US: Mary Jemison, "race traitor," adopted Senecan "white Indian," dies — one of many escapees from dominant culture, she had been adopted by Seneca Amerindians & reviled by 'whites'.
Daily Bleed Patron Saint 2004
"The White Woman of the Genessee."
Captured by Indians at age 15,
adopted into Seneca tribe,
she refused to return to white "civilization."
... show details
1853 -- US: Cow Creek band of Umpqua tribe signs treaty ceding lands in Southwest Oregon.
1854 -- Dante Gabriel Rossetti assesses Emily Brontë's Wuthering Heights
: "The action is laid in Hell — only it seems places & people have English names there."
US forces invade Panama, Republic of New Grenada to protect US interests during an insurrection (-Sept. 22).
1865 -- US: Chinese coal miners driven out of Black Diamond, Washington.
1867 -- Arthur Rackham (1867-1939), British illustrator, lives, London. Rackham illustrated at least 150 books.
... show details
1871 -- France: Second interrogatoire de anarchiste Louise Michel
qui est alors transférée à la prison d'Arras.
[Source: Michel Chronologie]
1881 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Garfield dies of gunshot wounds he suffered 2 July.
1892 -- US: Alexander Berkman
found guilty on all counts in his attempt to assassinate Henry Frick & sentenced to 22 years in prison; Emma Goldman
learns of this sentence while lecturing in Baltimore. The announcement prompts audience pandemonium, police action, & Emma's consequent arrest.
Berkman's book, Prison Memoirs of an Anarchist, is now considered one of the great classics of prison literature.
1901 -- Film producer Joseph Pasternak lives. http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/MRC/Glasnost7.html
1901 -- US:
|"REJECTS FLAG; MOB TRIES TO LYNCH HIM."
Because George Bradshaw, a carpenter, declared he would not march under an American flag, an Oklahoma City mob of 500 forms this morning & begin to lynch him...
[Details / context]
1902 -- US: Shiloh Baptist Church Panic, Birmingham, Alabama.
Two thousand persons, mostly Blacks, jammed into the Shiloh Baptist Church to hear an address by Booker T. Washington. A steep flight of stairs, enclosed in brick, led from the entrance doors to the church proper. After Washington's speech, there was an altercation over an unoccupied seat, & the word "fight" was misunderstood as "fire." The congregation rose as if on cue & stampeded for the stairs. Those reaching them first were pushed from behind & fell. Others fell on top of them until the entrance was completely blocked. Efforts to induce calm were fruitless, & 115 persons were trampled or suffocated to death.
Attilio Bortolotti, aka Arthur Bartell, lives (1903-1995)
Lifelong antifascist, anarchist, friend of Emma Goldman
, who came to his aid during the Canadian Anti-Deportation Campaign against anti-Fascist activists supporting the Spanish Revolution
of the 1930s.
originaire du Frioul, émigre très jeune, en 1920, vers l'Amérique du Nord, il adhèrera très vite à un anarchisme qui n'est pas seulement une vision politique, mais qui peut-être est surtout une passion éthique. Ce récit, enregistré au Canada en 1980, couvre les vingt premières années de son histoire américaine, celles qui ont été marquées aussi bien par les vicissitudes liées à l'immigration clandestine, aux risques d'expulsion et à la grande crise économique, que par celles liées à la lutte antifasciste, à la campagne pour sauver Sacco et Vanzetti et à la mobilisation pour la révolution espagnole. Ce sont vraiment les "années rugissantes" qu'Attilio traversera sans jamais reculer, avec cette détermination et cette générosité qui des décennies plus tard seront encore ses traits les plus caractéristiques.
//Attilio Bortolotti (1903-1995), originating in the Friuli, emigrates very young person, in 1920, towards North America, it will adhèrera very quickly with an anarchism which is not only one political vision, but which perhaps is especially an ethical passion. This account, recorded in Canada in 1980, covers the first twenty American years of its history, those which were marked as well by the vicissitudes related on clandestine immigration, the risks of expulsion & the great economic crisis, as by those related on the fight antifascist, the countryside to save Sacco & Vanzetti & to the mobilization for the Spanish revolution. These are really the “howling years” that Attilio will cross without never moving back, with this determination & this generosity which decades later will be still its most characteristic features.
http://books.google.com/books ...Attilio Bortolotti
photo: Federico Arcos, Valerio Isca & Attilio Bortolotti
1904 -- O
Octave Mirbeau play "Business Is Business" opens in NY. Mirbeau, a French author & anarchiste, best-known for the novels The Torture Garden
& The Diary of a Chambermaid
(filmed by Luis Buñuel). http://www.spunk.org/texts/fiction/mirbeau/sp001684.html
1908 -- Mika Waltari lives. Prolific Finnish writer, best-known for his historical novels.
1911 -- William Golding lives, Cornwall, England. Wrote Lord of the Flies
(turned down by 21 publishers). 1983 Nobel Prize-winner. The choice was unexpected, because novelist Graham Greene was considered the strongest candidate. http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/wgolding.htm
1911 -- Red Tuesday: 20,000 protest for universal rights.
"The cause of freedom is not the cause of a race or a sect, a party or a class — it is the cause of humankind, the very birthright of humanity."
— Anna Julia Cooper, Writer, 1892
1912 -- When feminist Rebecca West, 19, reviews Marriage
by H. G. Wells, 45, & calls him "The Old Maid among novelists
," Wells asks to meet her. By spring they are embarked on a ten-year love affair. Rebecca West & the FBI
1913 -- Seattle actress, activist & lobotomy victim Frances Farmer lives. Destroyed by so-called mental health professionals.
"I was raped by orderlies, gnawed on by rats & poisoned by tainted food. I was chained in padded cells, strapped to straitjackets & half drowned in ice baths.” “She’ll come back as fire, to burn all the liars, & leave a blanket of ash on the ground.”
— Kurt Cobain, Nirvana song, “Frances Farmer Will Have Her Revenge On Seattle"
Frances Farmer, Raped, Shocked & Brutalized
Lobotomy's Hall of Fame
1919 -- US: Looting, rioting & sporadic violence breaks out in downtown Boston & South Boston for days after 1,117 Boston policemen declare a work stoppage due to their thwarted attempts to affiliate with the American Federation of Labor (AFofL). Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Massachusetts Governor Calvin Coolidge puts down the strike by calling out the entire state militia.
1920 -- France: Founding congress of Fédération communiste libertaire du Nord, in Amiens.
Among those attending was the teacher Eugènie Trébuquet who, with her husband François Segond Casteu, wrote for Germinal & Libertaire. Eugènie Casteu was killed in a bombardment while visiting her wounded brother at the anarchist front during the Spanish Revolution.
1921 -- Brazil: Paulo Freire (1921-1997), Brazilian philosopher & educator, lives, Recife. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paulo_Freire
1923 -- Ernst Toller
play "Der deutsche Hinkemann" premiers, Leipzig.
1926 -- France: Under pressure of the Italian government, the French government moves to repress Italian political emigres.
Nicaragua: Sandino's troops capture Telpaneca from US marines & national guard.
1928 -- Clinton?: Disney's "Steamboat Willie," first talking cartoon, released. A Mickey Mouse birthday.
US: A citizens committee threatens two busloads of Filipino workers, Dryden, Washington.
1931 -- Japan invades Chinese province of Manchuria.
1939 -- Canada: Emma Goldman
delivers a lecture in Toronto on the Nazi-Soviet Pact to an audience of 800.
1940 -- US: A Journalist 'discovers' Jay Fox, the "sole surviving anarchist" farming at Home Colony
1949 -- China: Mao Tse-Tung becomes Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Chairperson of so-called "People's" Republic.
US: John L. Lewis calls a strike of 480,000 US soft-coal miners (-Nov. 30).
1952 -- US: Land of the Free bars Charlie Chaplin from reentering the country after a trip to England with his wife & four children to promote his film Limelight
. Beloved & Respected Comrade Freedom Lover Attorney General McGranery orders his re-entry permit revoked until such time as Chaplin could pass tests to prove he had sound moral character & was not a subversive. Chaplin, the "Eternal Tramp," declines the opportunity & moves to Switzerland.
... show details
1955 -- Argentina: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader dictator Juan Peron is ousted.
Spain: Helios Gómez
(1905-1956) dies. Artist, poet & anarquista militant activist; adhiere a la Aliança d´Intellectuals Antifeixistes de Catalunya; contributed to El Frente
así como de la organización de la mostra homenaje a Durruti
... show details
1957 -- US: First underground A-Bomb test, at Nevada Test Site.
1959 -- US: Nikita Khrushchev is angered when told he cannot visit Disneyland for security reasons; the US is apparently worried he will steal the secrets of the mechanical hippo (Another source says Walt Disney, an extreme rightwinger, refuses to let him in).
1966 -- US: Joan Baez leads 160 Negro children to Mississippi elementary school.
1966 -- US: Timothy Leary announces the League for Spiritual Discovery (LSD).
1969 -- US: A bomb causes serious damage to the new Federal Office Building in New York City.
1970 -- The Rolling Stones release "Get Yer Ya Ya's Out." A young Bill Clinton adopts it as "his" song.
1970(s) -- Beginning date (1970s, exact year not given) of Jiri Grusa's novel The Questionnaire.
Originally circulated in Czechoslovakia in an underground edition of 19 typewritten copies (which landed the author in jail for "initiating disorder").
1973 -- Author Paul Theroux leaves London's Victoria Station on the 15:30 for Folkestone & Paris, beginning the journey chronicled in The Great Railway Bazaar.
1973 -- Gram Parsons, 26, of the Byrds & Flying Burritos, dies under mysterious conditions in Joshua Tree, California.
His death at first is attributed to heart failure but later is officially attributed to a drug overdose. His coffin is stolen by two of his associates, manager Phil Kaufman & Michael Martin, a former Byrds roadie, & taken to Joshua Tree where it's set afire. The two are picked up by police.
1973 -- High Seas: Pirate Radio Free America (off Cape May, New Jersey) goes on the air.
1974 -- Canada: The Kootenai Indians declare war on the US.
1976 -- Promoter Sid Bernstein, responsible for handling the Beatles' 1965 & '66 Shea Stadium shows, takes out a full page ad in the NY Times extolling his hopes of reuniting the Fab Four for a concert. Labeling the would-be event a "symbol of hope" offering solace to a world "so hopelessly divided" he takes care to point out that revenues could reach $230 million.
1979 -- The NY Post runs front-page headline reading "The Beatles Are Back!" & reports a rumored reunion benefit for the Kampuchean boat people has been officially set.
One source quotes Paul McCartney as saying that "if the Beatles ever did reform, we'd have to rehearse for six months."
"He's nothing but a stupid fucking middle-class pig. I won't let animals like that near me," said John.
1981 -- US: 300,000 march on Washington, D.C., for Solidarity Day, protesting Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Reagan's (anti-)social policies.
1985 -- Italo Calvino dies in Siena, Italy. While working on several communist periodicals, he began writing his own stories, becoming one of the most important Italian writers of the 20th century.
1985 -- The first of two killer earthquakes hit México City — this one, 8.1 on the Richter scale, followed the next day by a 7.5er — crumbling buildings (damages estimated at more than one billion dollars) & killing almost 10,000 people.
1988 -- Burma & Haiti rebel.
1989 -- Gordon Parks's film "The Learning Tree" is among the first films registered by the National Film Registry of the Library of Congress. The Registry was formed to recognize films that are "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant." Parks's 1969 movie joins other classic films such as Casablanca & The Wizard of Oz.
1990 -- US: Remains of 828 dead radioactive beagles from 1950s animal experiments at UC-Davis are buried at Hanford nuclear reservation.
1991 -- US: 30 arrested protesting Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Bush's campaign visit to Portland, Oregon.
1994 -- Haiti: Yo-Yo's?: Freedom-loving US troops land, again, to "protect US interests."
1995 -- US: The Washington Post publishes, under duress, "Industrial Society & Its Future," (better known as the "Unabomber Manifesto") Theodore Kaczynski's 35,000 word critique of technocracy.
Source: 'Calendar Riots'
2002 -- US: Boston archdiocese reaches a $10-million settlement with 86 alleged victims of child molestation by priest John Geoghan.
I'm sorry but I don't want to be an Emperor — that's not my business — I don't want to rule or conquer anyone. I should like to help everyone if possible, Jew, gentile, black man, white. We all want to help one another, human beings are like that.
The Daily Bleed: Helio Gomez, Italo Calvino, Attilio Bortolotti, Mary Jemison, Louise Michel, Alexander Berkman, Emma Goldman, Gustav Gus Hellthaler; Timeline, Almanac of Radicalism, Arts, Literature, Authors, Poets, Anarchists... a radical annotated chronology, almanac, daybook, anarchist CALENDAR, anarchisten, anarchism, anarchico, anarchiste, anarquista, anarsizm, anarþizme, Anarþist, Anarquismo, Anarchismus, sindicalismo, anarquia, anarchia, anarchisme, anarchizm, anarkisme, anarki, anarkist, libertarian, syndicalist, anarcho-syndicalist, anarcho-communism, black cats, What Happened on this day, in recovered memory, suppressed history, A People's History, SEPTEMBER 19
We all want to live by each other's happiness, not by each other's misery. We don't want to hate & despise one another. In this world there is room for everyone & the earth is rich & can provide for everyone.
The way of life can be free & beautiful.
But we have lost the way.
Greed has poisoned men's souls —
has barricaded the world with hate;
has goose-stepped us into misery & bloodshed.
"We have developed speed but we have shut ourselves in:
machinery that gives abundance has left us in want.
Our knowledge has made us cynical,
our cleverness hard & unkind.
We think too much & feel too little:
More than machinery we need humanity;
More than cleverness we need kindness & gentleness."