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Daily Bleed; IWW Free Speech Fight, Paul Mattick, Emma Goldman: on this day in recovered history, September 30 Daily Bleed; IWW Free Speech Fight, Paul Mattick, Emma Goldman: on this day in recovered history, September 30, anarchist, anarquista, anarchiste, syndicalist, What Happened on this day
September fattens on vines. Roses
flake from the wall. The smoke
of harmless fires drifts to my eyes

— Geoffrey Hill, September Song


Theorist of modern autonomist, direct communism.

INDEPENDENCE DAY: Republic of Botswana.

ST. JEROME'S DAY. He is often depicted with his cat.

Yap Island, the Carolines, Micronesia: FESTIVAL OF TERETETH, Goddess of the Coconut Toddy.

India: FEAST OF SOMA, the God of Ambrosia & Immortality.

Cheyenne Indians, Western Plains states: FESTIVAL OF MAHEO, God of the Void.


Gomer Pyle


ST. JOHN WATERS DAY. The "Prince of Puke, Anal Anarchist, Pope of Trash", filmmaker with a thang for "Pink Flamingos."

1542 -- First major book printed with a movable type printing press is published, Johann Guttenberg's Bible.

Try 1452, although there is a lot of argument about that.

— BleedsterShelley, Rare Book Librarian, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale

1598 -- Edmund Spenser is appointed Sheriff of Cork.

1627 -- Robinson Crusoe, according to Daniel Defoe (who should know), lives.

1630 -- New Old World: John Billington is the first criminal to be executed in the (eventual) US. Hanged for murder in Plymouth, (Massachusetts).

1659 -- US: Bad Elbows? Peter Stuyvesant of New Netherlands forbids tennis playing during religious services.

1765 -- México: Independence fighter Jose Maria Morelos lives, Valladolid.

Daily Bleed Patron Saint 2003-4
Sterling figure in early Mexican independence struggles.

1811 -- Thomas Percy, dies in Dromore, Country Down, Ireland. Author of Reliques of Ancient English Poetry (1765), which revived widespread interest in English & Scottish traditional songs. His linguistic ability is also demonstrated in translations from Chinese, Hebrew, Spanish, & Icelandic.

1829 -- Ralph Waldo Emerson, 26, & Ellen Louisa Tucker 19, are married in Concord, New Hampshire.

1841 -- Stapler patented by Samuel Slocum.

1857 -- US: Charles Atlas? US occupies Sand Island. To "protect US interests"?

1864 -- US: In a series of battles around Chaffin's Farm near Richmond, Virginia, black troops capture Confederate entrenchments at New Market Heights, make a gallant but unsuccessful assault on Fort Gilmer, & help repulse counterattacks on Fort Harrison.

Today's battles garner Congressional Medals of Honor for 13 black soldiers. During the Civil War, 185,000 blacks serve in the Union Army, fighting in 449 battles. One out of every four Union sailors is black. Almost 38,000 black soldiers die.

1868 -- The first volume of Louisa May Alcott's Little Women is published.

1880 -- Henry Draper takes that first photograph of the Orion Nebula.

1882 --
30 septembre- 7octobre.- Congrčs national de la FTSF tenu ŕ Paris.

1885 -- US: Knights of Labor win on Wabash Railroad.

1887 -- Start of the Sherlock Holmes Adventure "The Five Orange Pips."

1892 -- US: The first prosecution of strike leaders for the crime of treason.

Henry C. Frick, chairman of the Carnegie Steel Company, swore out a warrant before the chief justice of the Pennsylvania Supreme Court for the arrest of the entire advisory board of the striking steel union at the Carnegie plant in Homestead for treason against the state. The 29 strike leaders were charged with plotting "to incite insurrection, rebellion & war against the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania."

1906 -- Michael Innes lives. English educator, mystery writer, & scholar.

1909 -- US: First notice appears in the Industrial Worker of an IWW free speech fight, appealing to all Wobblies to join the free speech fighters in Missoula, Montana.

Between the years of 1907-1917 the IWW carried out over 30 Free Speech fights in towns & cities across the US. Wobblies turned up in droves to fight for the right to free speech & agitate among fellow workers.

Thousands of IWWs were imprisoned, sprayed with fire hoses, & beaten by mobs of "patriotic" Americans.

Wobs clogged the jails & court systems to the point where cities like Missoula were forced to allow street speakers to orate as they pleased.

Radio antenna, animated

1914 -- Ezra Pound writes to Harriet Monroe (publisher of "Poetry"), '[Eliot] has sent in the best poem ["The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock"] I have yet had or seen from an American.'

1916 -- Australia: Raids on IWW headquarters & arrests of key members because of their opposition to the butchery of the Great War.

In December seven IWWs are sentenced to 15 years in prison for anti-war efforts. Others receive five & 10 years. In August 1917 IWW is made illegal & membership rolls made available to employers. Despite widespread repression, the IWW helps lead the General Strike of 1917.

Source: A Brief History of the IWW outside the US (1905-1999) by Morgan Miller

Red Emma Goldman, anarchist
1917 -- US: Labor delegation organized by Emma Goldman calls on New York Governor Whitman to protest threatened extradition of the anarchist Alexander Berkman to California.

1919 -- US: Troops from Fort Omaha & Fort Crook are called into Omaha & put an end to the chaos of a white mob murdering a black man, one of the most notorious lynchings in the US, setting the courthouse on fire, rampaging through downtown Omaha, breaking windows & stealing goods from storefronts. Tens of thousands of people were involved.

1922 -- Japan: Founding conference of the All-Japan General Federation of Labor Unions (Zenkoku Rôdô Kumiai Sôrengô) begins in Ôsaka.

This is the last attempt to form an all-encompassing federation of unions, with a combined membership of over 27,000.

The federation was split three ways between anarchists, reformists & Bolsheviks...

Further details/ context, click here[Details / context]

1924 -- Truman Capote, Southern Gothic gay novelist, journalist, & celebrated man-about-town, lives, New Orleans:

"Of course no writers ever forget their first fine day when I was 17 I had my first, second, & third, all in the same morning's mail. Oh, I'm here to tell you, dizzy with excitement is no mere phrase."

1924 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Edgar Rice Burroughs novel Tarzan & the Ant Men is published.

1927 -- US: Baseball's Babe Ruth hits record setting 60th homerun (off Tom Zachary).

1927 -- Poet W.S. Merwin lives.

In its first issue, the Hudson Review, styling itself "a magazine of literature & the arts," published poems by e. e. cummings, Wallace Stevens & W. S. Merwin (his first published poem), an article by Mark Schorer, a story by the anarchist Alex Comfort, criticism by R. P. Blackmur, & reports by the anarchist Herbert Read & D. S. Savage.

Since then, it has continued to publish many of the most distinguished writers of our times; for many, it was their publishing debut.

1928 -- Elie Wiesel lives. Romanian-born American writer, awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1986. Basis of his books are his own experiences & personal testament of the destruction of Jews during World War II.

1929 -- German sportsman Fritz von Opel flies a rocket glider powered by 16 solid propellant rockets for about 75 seconds at a speed of 95 mph. His proud daddy exclaims,

"He's the Opel of my eye!"

1929 -- EG, anarchist feministUS: Publisher Alfred Knopf signs a book contract with Emma Goldman 's representatives, lawyer Arthur Leonard Ross & Saxe Commins; she receives an advance of $7,000.

Emma Goldman began writing her autobiography, Living My Life, in March, & many American publishers express interest in it; eight made offers to the aging anarchist. Absorbed in writing her book, the departure in May of Emily Holmes Coleman, whose assistance & companionship have been invaluable, was disruptive; eventually her friend's daughter Miriam Lerner serves as secretary through the summer.

As Emma writes, she contacts friends to corroborate her memory of events & furnish details of personalities; some of her former acquaintances request to be omitted from her book.

1934 -- Freddie King, blues singer, lives, Gilmer, Texass.

1937 -- Albert Camus notes:

"It is in order to shine sooner that authors refuse to rewrite. Despicable. Begin again."

1937 -- Italy: Lo stato introduce una imposta ordinaria sui patrimoni superiori alle 10.000 lire.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]

1937 -- Italy: I rappresentanti del governo di Praga, che non sono stati ammessi alla riunione di Monaco, vengono obbligati a firmare la capitolazione che sancisce lo smembramento del paese. E' una pagina obbrobriosa, una vergogna di cui sono responsabili i maggiori stati europei. L'accoppiata criminale di nazionalismo e imperialismo ha prevalso.

Nella loro supina idiozia gli italiani, al passaggio del treno che riporta Mussolini in Italia, celebrano il loro duce come difensore della pace.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]

1938 -- Munich Pact brings "peace in our time."

1939 -- Canada: Emma Goldman addresses two long-promised, though poorly attended meetings, in Windsor, on the 27th & today.

At a dinner to honor Emma & to launch the Emma Goldman Spanish Refugee Rescue Fund, labor leader Rose Pesotta (ILGWU,) is guest speaker & attracts the attendance & financial support of many of Emma's closest friends & family. Rose Pesotta, anarchist

Rose Pesotta (1896-1965), American radical, active in the labor organizing movements especially in Los Angeles, California during the 1930s. She was also active in the defense of anarchists Sacco & Vanzetti.

Labor activist, the only woman on the General Executive Board of the International Ladies' Garment Workers (ILGWU) from 1933-1944, but returned to organizing, her real passion. Selected as Pitcher for baseballs' 1998 Armageddonia Anarchists.

1941 -- 3,721 Jews are buried alive at Babi Yar ravine near Kiev, Ukraine.

1946 -- 22 Nazi leaders found guilty of war crimes at Nuremberg. Von Ribbentrop & Goering sentenced to death. Many other Nazi war criminals were "rehabilitated," helped by the US government in their efforts to escape Europe & even secretly hired by the American CIA.

1947 -- Women are asked by the government to wear shorter skirts to save cloth.
Source: [Calendar Riots]

1949 -- Germany: Frequent Flyer Mileage?: Berlin Airlift ends after 277,000 flights.

James Dean
1955 -- "Rebel" film star James Dean dies on Hiway 101 when his Porsche crashes. East of Eden is out, but Rebel Without A Cause, & Giant not even released yet.

Just a correction on the location of James Dean's fatal wreck. It was at the intersection of what is now highways 41 & 46 ( 41 & 466 then ) at Cholame, California, not highway 101. He was 25 miles away from 101 & would have taken that road. Dean was on his way from LA to Monterey to race his Porsche.

Most people think it was Dean's fault, probably due to speed, & he did get a speeding ticket earlier that day, but police at the scene don't believe he was speeding at the time. Besides, his aluminum Porsche was no match for a big heavy Ford. This is a Y intersection, & Dean had the right of way. He was headed west on 466 into the setting sun & didn't see the approaching Ford, the Ford driver probably didn't see the silver Porsche, & turned left in front of Dean onto 41 toward Kettleman City. No time to stop. I've been to that location.

Thanks. — BleedsterDan, July 7, 2000

1960 -- US: On Howdy Doody's last TV show Clarabelle finally talks: "Goodbye Kids."

1961 -- Source=Robert Braunwart US: The bill for the Boston Tea Party is finally paid - $1.96, by Oregon mayor Snyder.

1962 -- US: Three Tardies & You're Out?: After deployment of 12,000 federal troops to quell segregationist violence, troops escort James Meredith as he — on his fourth try — becomes the first African-American student to register at that bastion of American enlightenment, the University of Mississippi.
Oxford Town around the bend
He come in to the door, he couldn't get in
All because of the color of his skin
What do you think about that, my frien'?...

Oxford Town in the afternoon
Ev'rybody singin' a sorrowful tune
Two men died 'neath the Mississippi moon
Somebody better investigate soon

Oxford Town, Oxford Town
Ev'rybody's got their heads bowed down
The sun don't shine above the ground
Ain't a-goin' down to Oxford Town

— Bob Dylan

H ere's to the state of Mississippi —

For underneath her borders the devil draws no line
If you drag her muddy rivers, nameless bodies you will find
Oh, the fat trees of the forest have hid a thousand crimes
The calendar is lying when it reads the present time
Oh, here's to the land you've torn out the heart of —
Mississippi, find yourself another country to be part of!

— Phil Ochs

I'm as mild mannered man [girl] as can be,
And I've never done no harm that I can see.
Yet on me they put a ban, they would throw me in the can,
They go wild, simply wild, over me.

Oh, the manager he went wild over me.
When I went one afternoon & sat for tea.
He was breathin' mighty hard, when his pleas I'd disregard,
He went wild, simply wild, over me.

— Candie Anderson [Carawan]


Music has many functions, worship included. But one of its primary roles is its ability to move people. It’s not surprising that many of the great social movements of this century have included memorable songs—tunes with a beat & a message that draw folks into a broader vision & a confidence to work for change.

"Where Have All the Songwriters Gone?," Bob Hulteen

Also see James W. Silver, MISSISSIPPI: The Closed Society. (Harcourt, Brace & World, 1964). A Mississippi historian writes during the darker days of the 1960s when Civil Rights & Black Power were becoming forces the South could no longer ignore. Silver witnessed a major wake-up call, the long night of riot on the University of Mississippi campus, September 30, 1962.

1962 -- US: The National Farm Workers Association (predecessor to the United Farm Workers) forms at a convention called by Cesar Chavez in an abandoned theater in Fresno, California.

The NFWA adopted a plan for the organization of agricultural workers individually because it had no hope of negotiatin contracts until it became strong enough to conduct a successful strike.

Acid test
1966 -- Three-day Acid Test opened at San Francisco State College Commons. The test is to peak on the evening of October 1. The Grateful Dead perform.

Flyer for an Acid Test at San Francisco State College, Friday through Sunday, September 30 through October 2, 1966.

If you look closely, you will see Mimi Farińa listed in the bottom triangle: "Bill Ham Light Show, Grateful Dead, The Only Alternative, The Committee," etc.

1967 -- 13th Floor Elevators; Quicksilver Messenger Service at the Avalon Ballroom, presented by the Family Dog collective.

1969 -- SI dingbat Italy: During the 8th Situationist International Conference
(26th-Oct 1), in Venice, 30 Provisional Statutes of the SI, an internal document, is adopted.

[Situationist Resources]

1970 -- Milutin Veljkovic, unlike most of us, is no longer in the dark: he leaves a Yugoslavian cave after being inside for 463 days in the "interest" of science.

Screw Magazine
1970 -- US: Picture This? Presidential Commission on Obscenity & Pornography report concludes all sexually explicit films, books & magazines aimed at adults should be legalized. A publisher adds 500 photos to the report & sold it for twice the Government Printing Office's price.

The publisher is arrested for "pandering to prurience," fined $87,000 & sentenced to four years in prison.

1970 -- Puerto Rico: There Goes State-Hood? 1,400 draft cards burned by protesters.

1970 -- Inez Haynes Irwin dies. American feminist author, fiction writer, journalist, member of the National Women's Party, & president of the Authors Guild. Published over 30 novels, including Angel Island (1914), a "radical feminist Swiftian fantasy" & the "Maida" series of books for children.

Daily Bleed Patron Saint, 2003: INEZ HAYNES IRWIN
Fiction editor for The Masses.
Called "The Reddest Woman in America."

1972 -- US: Earned Your Wings? "Operation Readiness" report on the Air Force's C-5A transport plane reveals numerous defects, including malfunctioning landing gear & engines that fell off wings.

1976 -- "Two Centuries of Black American Art" opens at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art.

The exhibit features over 60 lithographers, painters, & sculptors including 19th century masters Joshua Johnston, Edward Bannister, & Henry O. Tanner as well as modern artists Charles White, Romar Bearden, & Elizabeth Catlett. The exhibit’s catalogue notes that the assembled artists’ work proves “the human creative impulse can triumph in the face of impossible odds, & at times even because of them.”

1976 -- US: Congress passes Hyde amendment, which prevents Medicaid reimbursements for abortions.

1983 -- Italy: Lo stato introduce nuove tasse con l'obiettivo di rapinare altri 47mila miliardi dalle tasche degli italiani.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]

1985 -- US: Federal government shuts down (thru Oct 3). However, no one notices — much less cares. Crime rate drops, no wars waged, no graft, wind speed drops, several forests temporarily spared.

I think this was 1995?

Shelley Cox, Rare Book Librarian
Southern Illinois University, Carbondale


"Our government is a bird with two right wings...They're devoted to the perpetuation & spread of corporate capitalism."

— Lawrence Ferlinghetti, author/poet/painter/beatnik/anarchist/publisher/owner City Lights Books

1986 -- Italy: Mordechai Vanunu kidnapped by Israeli secret police in Rome.

Vanunu, who leaked details of Israel's secret nuclear weapons program to the London Times, was convicted in a secret Israeli military court & held in solitary confinement in Israeli prisons for the next 10 years.

1989 -- Virgil Thompson, American composer, dies. His works include "Four Saints in Three Acts'' & "The Mother of Us All'' in collaboration with Gertrude Stein.

1991 -- "Bullets, Not Ballots"?: CIA finances a military coup in Haiti, overthrowing the democratically elected government of Reverend Jean-Bertrand Aristide. Three years of "protecting US interests" follows: state-sponsored murder, rape & theft.

Santa waving
1999 -- North of the Arctic Circle: Opening Day of Hunting Season.

Hunter slung over the trunk of car, deer driving

2002 -- Source=Robert Braunwart European Union caves in to US demands to allow US citizens war crimes impunity. The liberals & conservatives can continue trotting out Darling Henry Kissinger for his gossip & high opinion of himself...

2003 --
US: During this month Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader George Dubya Bush reveals his bankrupt ways. As of Sept 5, 2003 the Bush administration has borrowed $1,003,000,000,000 in 1 year 11 months & 4 days.

So... for the rest of your life this is going to cost the government more than 50 billions dollars a year in interest payments. Lets compare him to the other presidents.

President: Amount borrowed % of total debt interest payment per year:
G W Bush 1,003 billion 15% in 2 yrs 52 billion
Clinton 1,394 billion 20% 8 yrs 70 billion
G Bush 1,554 billion 23% 4 yrs 80 billion
Reagan 1,879 billion 28% 8 yrs 95 billion
the other 39 presidents 979 billion 14% 204 yrs 49 billion

The last three conservative Republican Presidents are costing 227 billion dollars a year, every year, in interest payments. & counting....

2005 -- Italy: Alfonso Nicolazzi (1942-2005) dies during this month [Exact day not given — ed.], in Carrara. / Mort ŕ 63 ans de ce fondateur de la Cooperativa Tipolitografica de Carrara avec Dino Mosca, et animateur de Germinal.

2005 -- Denmark: The controversial drawings of Muhammad are printed in the newspaper Jyllands-Posten. They are reprinted in over 50 countries & Islamic protests erupt across the Muslim world. One politico describes the bruhaha & bruhehes as Denmark's worst international crisis since World War II.

2058 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Beginning date of the movie "Lost in Space."

Dancing skeleton
3000 --


"Let Our arms now be carried with a spirit which shall teach the world that, while we are not forward for a quarrel, America knows how to crush, as well as how to expand!"

— Walt Whitman, poet in support of the US war against Mexico

3500 -- "Anarchist Day book, anarchist almanac, anarchist daybook, anarchist chronology" Anarchist Day book, anarchist almanac, anarchist daybook Anarchist List, Comprensive list of anarchists
Daily Bleed Work page pointer for september
The Daily Bleed: Daily Bleed; IWW Free Speech Fight, Paul Mattick, Emma Goldman; Timeline, Almanac of Radicalism, Arts, Literature, Authors, Poets, Anarchists... a radical annotated chronology, almanac, daybook, anarchist CALENDAR, anarchisten, anarchism, anarchico, anarchiste, anarquista, anarsizm, anarţizme, Anarţist, Anarquismo, Anarchismus, sindicalismo, anarquia, anarchia, anarchisme, anarchizm, anarkisme, anarki, anarkist, libertarian, syndicalist, anarcho-syndicalist, anarcho-communism, black cats, What Happened on this day, in recovered memory, suppressed history, A People's History, SEPTEMBER 30

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