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Our Daily Bleed...

Charles Cros, Elisee Reclus, Peter Kropotkin, Fernand Pelloutier, Andre Dupont, Kenneth Rexroth, Aguigui Mouna, Augustin Hamon, Emma Goldman, Sacco, Vanzetti, Congresso Covilhã, Daily Bleed, anarchist, International Situationists, on this day in recovered history, October 1, anarchist, anarquista, anarchiste, syndicalist, What Happened on this day
How close the clouds press this October first

& the rain — a gray scarf across the sky.

— Stephen Dobyns, "No Map"


Great Renaissance neo-Platonist & occultist.

WYN MONETH: Wine month in the Saxon calendar.


MAGIC CIRCLES DAY: Project spheres of consciousness.

& very important to remember...

OCTOBER is . . .
Auto Battery Safety Month, National Breast Awareness Month (Vancouver, Canada), National Family Sexuality Month, National Popcorn Poppin' Month, Spectacle of the Geese Month, Month of the Hedgehog, Vegetarian Awareness Month, Co-Op Awareness Month, International Book Fair Month, National Apple Jack Month, Communicate With Your Kid Month, Depression Education & Awareness Month, National Health Care Food Service Month, Infertility Awareness Month, National Kitchen & Bath Month, National Sarcastics Awareness Month


1st Week2nd Week3rd WeekLast Week
Careful, this is:

Get Organized Week,
Spinning & Weaving Week,
National Customer Service Week,
Teens on the Town Week

American Beer Week,
National School Lunch Week,
National Pet Peeve Week
National Kraut Sandwich Week,
Pickled Pepper Week,
Getting the World to Beat a Path to Your Door Week,
Peace With Justice Week,
International Pinball Week

National Magic Week,
Peace, Friendship & Good Will Week,
National Hug-A-Vending Machine Week,
Save Your Back Week,
Disarmament Week (24th-30th)

October Movable Daily Holidays

Sunday before the 2nd Tap-Up Sunday
1st SundayGrandparent's Day
Blessing of the Fishing Fleet
1st Thursday Nottingham Goose Fair begins (UK)
1st Saturday Black Cowboy Parade (Oakland, California)
2nd Weekend America's Sexy Wines Contest (Albuquerque, NM)
Fireant Festival (Marshall, Texas)
National Wild Turkey Calling Contest & Turkey Trot Festival (Yellville, Arkansas)

2nd Sunday Good Thief Sunday
Sunbeam Sliding Sunday (Fairy)

2nd Monday Thanksgiving Day (Canada)
2nd Wednesday International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction (UN)
2nd Saturday America's Sexy Wives Contest
National Wild Turkey Calling Contest & Turkey Trot Festival (Yellville, Arkansas)
3rd Sunday National Shut-In Visitation Day
No Boss' Day
3rd Saturday Sweetest Day
Frabjous Day
Ironman Triathalon
4th Sunday Exaltation of the Shellfish (Spain)
Mother-in-Law Day
Last Thursday Punkie Night (Somerset, UK)

October Song

They who never ruled before
                poured from their factory districts
                across the bridges of Petrograd
       to make October.
The moon was so startled
        all global tides
The lights went on all over Europe.
        can ever be the same again.

Dan Georgakis
from Three Red Stars, 1975

1499 -- Italy: Neo-Platonist occultist Marsilio Ficino dies, Florence.

1684 -- Pierre Corneille, who introduced tragicomedy to the French stage with Le Cid, dies in Paris at 78.

1742 -- New Old World: "Bloody Election Day" in Philadelphia. The Proprietary Party hired 30 burly sailors "with large clubs or truncheons" to keep the rival Quakers from controlling the staircase leading to a ballot box. But the Quakers, aided by German allies, rallied & drove the sailors off. (1842?)
Clothes Pin
Claes Oldenburg, Philadelphia

masthead, Cherokee Phoenix
1838 -- US: Trail of Tears: 4000 Cherokees die when 17,000 of them are forced west by Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader US President Jackson's Indian Removal bill, the culmination of his efforts to exterminate them. Jackson was also a notorious land speculator, slave trader & bribe-artist.

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Charles Cros
1842 -- Charles Cros lives. French poet, inventor of the phonograph.

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1847 -- An item to consider for including in the Daily Bleed on October 1, 2000
Date: Sat, 16 Oct 1999 11:52
From: "Wild Bill Up On the Hill"


Here's another suggestion with lots of lead time, based on astronomy picture of the day. Maria Mitchell, pioneer American woman astronomer, discovered her very own comet (Mitchell 1847V) on October 1, 1847.

She lived from 1818 to 1889 (don't know the day of her birth or death), was one of the most famous scientists of her day. She was the first woman to be appointed a professor of astronomy (Vassar), & the only woman elected to American Academy of Arts & Sciences until 1943.

Lots of the Bleed's saints & sinners would support her two-word quote:

"Question everything."

1851 -- US: Syracuse crowd busts up a police station to free a recaptured escaped slave.

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1856 -- First installment of Flaubert's Madame Bovary appears, publisher refuses to print passage about Emma's adulterous liaison in the back seat of a cab.

The novel's realistic treatment of adultery & suicide prompted obscenity charges to be brought against the author in the following year. He was acquitted, & the novel became a classic of French literature.

Emperor Norton
1860 -- US: Decree from Norton I, Emperor of the United States & Protector of Mexico, bars Congress from meeting in Washington, DC.

1863 -- US: Five Russian war vessels enter the port of New York & are warmly received. Cold War follows soonly thereafter.

1866 -- US: 3,750 acres of Chehalis Indian Reservation returned to public domain by Executive Order. They weren't really using it, anyway...&, as Ayn Rand might point out, no picket fences.

Fernand Pelloutier
1867 -- France: Fernand Pelloutier lives (d.1901), Paris. Socialist who became an anarchiste through the influence of Augustin Hamon. Encouraged anarchist participation in the trade unions, which were revolutionary then, favoring direct action, sabotage, the general strike, & rejection of political parties.

"We are men without God, without Masters & Fatherland, irreconcilable enemies of any despotism, moral or collective, i.e. laws & dictatorships (including that of the proletariat), & impassioned lovers of the culture of oneself ."

— Fernand Pelloutier

See the Anarchist Encyclopedia page,

1871 --

"Today is the first day of October. It is a veritable gold & crimson fantasy as far as the eye can see. Such splendor, such magnificence: the golden sun rising from the smoke hazed mountains transforming them into a wonderland of riotous colours then continuing on in its orbit ever upward radiating in the vast heavens of cerulean blue."

"The Last Return From the Sea," The Captain's Lady's Cookbook

1873 --

1873 The father of the detective novel, Émile Gaboriau, dies in Paris, France. Wrote Le Crime d'Orcival (1867, The Mystery of Orcival), Monsieur Lecoq (1868), Les Esclaves de Paris (1868, The Slaves of Paris), & L'Argent des autres (1874, Other People's Money).

1875 -- Ion Creanga, Romania's greatest story teller, publishes his first story, "Soacra cu trei nurori" (in Convorbiri literare.) Ion was encouraged to write by his poet friend, Mihail Eminescu.

1885 -- Poet Louis Untermeyer born. On his 90th birthday he boasts

"I'm writing my third autobiography. . . the other two were premature."

Kropotkin in his study; source
1885 -- L'Ordre, prefaced by Élisée Reclus, dated October 1, 1885, is first published... & in book format later the same month, & reprinted In Le Révolté on October 11/24, 1885.

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1888 -- First issue of National Geographic published. Now all the little white boys in the world can see what boobies look like.

1890 -- US: Congress passes McKinley Tariff Act, taxing opium at $10 a lb. if manufactured for smoking.


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1894 -- Egypt: Greek workers employed by the Suez Canal Company go on strike.

Sakilarides Yanakakis establishes a shoemakers union. Dr. Skouphopoulos is another well-known agitator in this region.

1898 -- France: Spanish & US commissioners meet in Paris to draft a Peace Treaty. On September 29, Spain officially announced that Puerto Rico had been ceded to the US as part of the war spoils.

1905 -- 'Wild Beasts', a group of artists including Henri Matisse, make their debut at the Salon d'Atutomne in Paris, to uniformly harsh reviews. Matisse goes on to become one of the most influential painters of the century.

1910 -- US: Twenty-one killed when the Los Angeles Times building is dynamited while embroiled in labor strife. McNamara arrested. Anarchist involvement is immediately suspected.

1910 -- México: The Mexican Libéral party adopts the anarchist slogan, "Tierra y Libertad".

"La terre! criait Bakounine, La terre! criait Ferrer, la terre! crie la Révolution Mexicaine."
Ricardo Flores Magón

1910 -- Emma Goldman, anarchistCanada: Subscribers denied receipt of materials from the anarchist Mother Earth Books in NY, by order of Canadian authorities, because of their "treasonable nature." [BleedMeister & treasonous friends — Stan Iverson, Joy Cameron, Charlie Knox, Paula Silverman, & others — in Seattle began a bookstore of the same name, around 1970, in honor of the fine tradition begun by Emma Goldman].

1910 -- Syndicalism in the Colne Valley...

In October 1910 Honley Feast, a carnival at which association football was played, together with the Fartown football matches, brought 42 summonses against workers for French leave. The summonses were to show to the police why the workers should not pay fines for absenting themselves from work without permission.

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1910 -- France: Émile Aubin delivers a speech in Lagny for which he is arrested for "antimilitarisme et outrages à Chef d'Etat", & sent to prison for 18 months. Just out of the military a few months (where he was serving punishment in a disciplinary battalion), Aubrin was a member of the antimilitarist "Groupe des libérés des bagnes militaires" which published the poster "Galonnés assassins" (Braided assassins).

1911 -- France: Aguigui Mouna (aka André Dupont; 1911-1999) lives. French agitator, propagandist pacifist, philosophical & individualistic libertarian.

Mixes pacifism & anarchiste individualism, dating from 1951. Broke & on the streets of Paris he discovers his talent as agitator:

"It is while speaking that one becomes a loudspeaker"

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1914 -- Historian & Librarian of Congress emeritus Daniel Boorstin lives, Atlanta, Georgia

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1918 -- T.E. Lawrence captures Damascus.

Berlin Street Fighting
1918 -- Germany: Oct-Nov, street fighting in Berlin. By November, full-scale revolution — councils of workers, soldiers, intellectuals, & artists replace the government.

1919 -- US: Baseball's World Series begins as a best of nine affair; White Sox intentionally throw this series to satisfy gamblers (The Black Sox Scandal).

"Say it ain't so, Joe..."

1921 --
Socialist red rose logo Brasil

1º de outubro de 1921


O Congresso da Covilhã, também votou pela não-adesão à ISV, apesar dos esforços das "minorias sindicalistas" infiltradas na CGT para servir ao governo ditatorial soviético, de acordo com o Relatório de Jules Humberto Droz, delegado da IC.

Source: [Movimento Anarquista no Brasil]

1924 -- US: In the case of the anarchists Sacco & Vanzetti case the highly prejudiced Judge Thayer ("Did you see what I did to those anarchist bastards?") denies all motions for a new trial.

"Give flowers to the rebels who failed."

— Bartolomeo Vanzetti

See Heroes & Martyrs: Emma Goldman, Sacco & Vanzetti, & the Revolutionary Struggle, an audio CD by Howard Zinn.

Sacco & Vanzetti Timeline

1925 -- Germany: Anti-Kriegs Museum — the first museum for peace — founded, Berlin.

anarchist icon
1925 -- Korea: In Kiho province the daily newspaper Dong-a Ilbo reports this month (I don't have exact day. — ed.) that 10 members of the League of Black Flag have been jailed for one year each.

1928 -- Russia: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Joseph Stalin's first five-year plan is announced, calling for development of heavy industry, seizure of farms, & collectivization of all workers.

1928 -- US: Duke Ellington records "The Mooche."

1929 -- "Un Chien Andalou" by Bunuel & Dali screened at Studio 28. "Land Without Bread" is a horrifying account of one of Spain's most desolate & poverty-stricken rural regions, Las Hurdes.

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1937 --

1942 -- Günther Wallraff lives. German writer/journalist, who disguised himself once as a Turkish immigrant to reveal hard labor conditions of migrant workers. The book, Ganz Unten, sold over 2.5 million copies & is one of the best-selling books since World War II. Educated as a bookseller.

Poky Puppy cover
1942 -- US: Little Golden Books publishes its first children's book: The Poky Little Puppy.

1942 -- Raven Sherman dies. (Terry & the Pirates comic strip; 1941).

1943 -- Sono istituite la regione dell'Alpenvorland (comprendente le province di Trento Bolzano e Belluno) e dell'Adriatisches Küsterland (comprendente le province di Udine, Gorizia, Trieste, Pola, Fiume e Lubiana). Entrambe queste regioni vengono annesse al Reich tedesco. Da alleata ad asservita.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]

1946 -- Nuremberg War Crimes Tribunal rejects defense of "following orders" where crimes against humanity are concerned.

1946 -- American Author Tim O'Brien, Going After Caccioto, lives Austin, Minnesota.

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1946 -- American novelist & short story writer Judith Freeman lives, Ogden, Utah. Her first novel, The Chinchilla Farm (1989), is a road novel about a Mormon woman who packs all of her belongings into a livestock trailer & heads for L.A. after her husband walks out.

1946 -- Italy: Ennesimo rastrellamento di fondi da parte dello stato con il "prestito della ricostruzione." Lo stato ottiene 231 miliardi.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]

1949 -- China: So-called "People's" Republic of China founded. Communists officially proclaim it so, so it must be so, & take power.

1949 -- US: Pacifica Foundation (founded 1946) starts its first radio station, KPFA in Berkeley (April 15 they air their first show). Founded by Lewis Hill, poet, pacifist & journalist.

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1949 -- US: 500,000 steel workers strike.

1961 -- Roger Maris sets a record of 61 home runs.

1962 -- US: James Meredith became the University of Mississippi's first black student after 3,000 troops put down riots, completing the registration he began yesterday.

1964 -- US: Police attempt to arrest University of California-Berkeley math grad student Jack Weinberg for passing out literature for the Congress Of Racial Equality (CORE) in Sproul Plaza — inadvertently starting the Free Speech Movement (FSM). Police car is surrounded by demonstrating students for 32 hours. Mario Savio & Joan Baez involved; early September: Clark Kerr bans all politicking outside UC's main gate; late Sept: Kerr suspends eight students for political activities. Weinberg:

"Don't trust anyone over thirty."

1965 -- Indonesia: Attempted military coup against Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Sukarno precipitates the state's systematic extermination of more than 400,000 suspected Communists & other leftists.
[Source: K.S. Karol]

1968 -- e1 to e4?: Surrealist / cerebralist artist Marcel Duchamp dies, Neuilly, Paris. Gave up art for chess.

"The individual, man as a man, man as a brain, if you like, interests me more than what he makes, because I've noticed that most artists only repeat themselves."

1968 -- US: The House Committee on Un-American Activities convenes hearings to plumb the extent of Communist subversion in the Convention Week protests in Chicago.

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1969 -- Canada: Protesters shut down the US-Canada border crossing at Blaine, Washington, in opposition to US nuclear testing in the Aleutian Islands of Alaska.

Jimi Hendrix poster
1970 -- Jimi Hendrix buried in Seattle, Washington. Mourners include Miles Davis, Johnny Winter, Eric Burdon, & Eric Clapton's group, Derek & the Dominoes.
Got grave concerns?

1970 -- Curtis Mayfield leaves the Impressions to start up his solo career & to found his own label. The LA Times reports he had felt he never really belonged, that from the beginning he'd made a bad impression.

1970 -- US: Clallam tribe awarded $400,000 by Indian Claims Commission for stolen lands.

1973 -- Steele Mill?: Danielle Steele publishes her first book (Going Home).

1975 -- Al Jackson is shot to death in his Memphis home by an intruder. Drummer for the MGs, the legendary Stax Records house band which backed-up Otis Redding, Sam & Dave & Wilson Pickett. His wife is questioned about the killing because she was arrested in July for shooting her husband in the chest. He was 39.

1975 -- Ellice Islands split from Gilbert Islands, taking the name "Tuvalu."

1976 -- New Zealand: Peace squadron resists arrival of US nuclear warship, in Auckland.

1982 -- US: First Trident submarine, USS Ohio, becomes fully operational.

1985 -- E.B. White, author, dies.

1987 -- US: TV evangelist Pat Robertson — who stayed at a friend's house there for three months in 1959 — returns to his "roots" in the Brooklyn ghetto of Bedford-Stuyvesant to announce his candidacy for the Republican presidential nomination.

"Bigot!" local residents chant, proving that you can't go home again. "Bigot!"

rightwing nut puppets
1989 -- US: A Real Boner? US issues a new stamp,
labeling an Apatosaurus a Brontosaurus.

Damn, damn, damn!

1990 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Israel: Army announces it will distribute gas masks free to Jews, but Palestinians will have to pay for them.

1991 -- anarchist diamond; anarquistaItaly: Six "antiauthoritarian" evenings with the Living Theatre, at the Teatro Porta Romana in Milan (October 1-6th).

1995 -- Willie Nelson, John Mellencamp, Neil Young, Hootie & The Blowfish & The Dave Matthews Band raise nearly $1 million at Farm Aid concert in Louisville, Ky.

1997 -- Kosovo: 100,000 demonstrate in Pristina, the capital (occupied by Serbia), for civil rights for the majority ethnic Albanian population.

1997 -- England: A half-day blockade temporarily shuts down a COPEX "Covert Operations" fair at a base in Farnborough.

Never sleep again!
2009 -- orange diamond dingbat, added 2012, remove 2013Sleepless in Chicago: Ugly battle has librarians in Chicago's gated burb in Oak Brook turning to Teamsters. Rich guy dislikes poor people ("I don't want poor people in my town"), wants local kids to "lose sleep" over his plan to shut down the library.
Source, thanks to Bleedster Scott Langill

2009 -- orange diamond dingbat, added 2013, remove 2014Gas mask bra traps Ig Nobel prize. The peace prize goes to a Swiss research team who determined an empty bottle of beer is a better weapon than a full one.

2010 -- Pulp Fiction!? American author Jonathan Franzen urges British fans not to read his latest novel Freedom (heralded as the novel of the century to date) because the publisher mistakenly printed an old draft, with thousands of copies set to be pulped.

— 30 —

2010 -- Yearly Ig Nobel Prizes awarded: Economics Prize goes to executives & directors of Goldman Sachs, AIG, Lehman Brothers, Bear Stearns, Merrill Lynch, & Magnetar for creating & promoting new ways to invest money — ways that maximize financial gain & minimize financial risk for the world economy, or for a portion thereof; Chemistry: BP Oil for disproving the old belief that oil & water don't mix; Biology: Libiao Zhang (China) & cohorts for scientifically documenting fellatio in fruit bats; Engineering: Karina Acevedo-Whitehouse (UK) & pals for perfecting a method to collect whale snot, using a remote-control helicopter.

3000 --

"We live in a decaying age.

Young people no longer respect their parents.

They are rude & impatient.

They frequently inhabit taverns & have no self control."

— Inscription, 6000 year-old Egyptian tomb
(quoted in R. Buckminster Fuller's I Seem to be a Verb).

3500 -- Subscribe!
Daily Bleed Work page pointer for October The Daily Bleed: Charles Cros, Elisee Reclus, Peter Kropotkin, Fernand Pelloutier, Andre Dupont, Kenneth Rexroth, Aguigui Mouna, Augustin Hamon, Emma Goldman, Sacco, Vanzetti, Congresso Covilhã, Daily Bleed, anarchist, International Situationists; Timeline, Almanac of Radicalism, Arts, Literature, Authors, Poets, Anarchists... a radical annotated chronology, almanac, daybook, anarchist CALENDAR, anarchisten, anarchism, anarchico, anarchiste, anarquista, anarsizm, anarþizme, Anarþist, Anarquismo, Anarchismus, sindicalismo, anarquia, anarchia, anarchisme, anarchizm, anarkisme, anarki, anarkist, libertarian, syndicalist, anarcho-syndicalist, anarcho-communism, black cats, What Happened on this day, in recovered memory, suppressed history, A People's History, OCTOBER 1

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