Art Bartell, Attilio Bortolotti , Freiheit, Alarm, Emma Goldman, Renee Lamberet, Lucien, Tronchet, Luigi, Bertoni, Eugene Pottier, Janis Joplin, syndicalism, Situationists, anarchist, anarchist-communism, anarquista, anarchiste, What Happened on this day, in recovered history
JUN TSUJI Japanese anarchist, translator, musician, bohemian.
London: CARRYING IN THE PUDDING, a ceremony dating to 1775, opens pudding season with an 80-pound meat pie, & songs such as “Ye Pancakes & Toasted Cheese.”
ST. FRANCIS DAY. Once saved from a plague of mice by a cat which sprang miraculously from his sleeve.
SWALLOWS depart for warmer climes — see also 15 April.
1226 -- St. Francis of Assisi dies.
Daily Bleed Saint Oct 5, 2003-4 Patron saint of interspecial love.
1244 -- The Damascus Moslems, with their allies the Templars, Hospitalers, & other Franks, march on Cairo & the Khwarismians.
1535 -- First complete English translation of the Bible printed in Zürich (Miles Coverdale's).
1582 -- Corrected Seasonings? Pope Gregory the 13th declares tomorrow Friday, October 15, 1582. By leaping over 10 days, the Pope corrects the Julian calendar, which is ten days out of sync with the seasons. The new calendar is known as the Gregorian Calendar.
1607 -- Zorilla Rojas lives. Prolific Spanish dramatist, author of tragedies, comedias, autos sacramentales, & entremeses. Rojas was noted for a new type of drama, in which an eccentric character is the most important person in the play. http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/zrojas.htm
1798 -- US: Republican Congressman Matthew Lyon of Vermont sentenced to four months in jail under the Sedition Act, after criticizing Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Adams in a campaign speech.
1798 -- England: William Wordsworth & Samuel Taylor Coleridge publish Lyrical Ballads. The book includes "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner" & "Lines Written a Few Miles Above Tintern Abbey."
1812 -- England: Poet Percy Bysshe Shelley personally meets the philosopher / anarchist William Godwin.
1816 -- France: Eugene Pottier lives (1816-1887), Paris. Poet, revolutionist. Participant in the Revolution of 1848, Paris Commune of 1881. It was then he wrote the Internationale (anarchistic at its core). It was put to music by Pierre de Geyter [Degeyter] in 1888, bringing him broad recognition as it is adopted by workers worldwide.
Arise ye starvelings from your slumbers,
Arise ye prisoners of want,
For reason in revolt know thunders,
And at last ends the age of cant.
So away with all your superstitions
Servile masses, arise, arise,
We'll change henceforth the old tradition
And spurn the dust to win the prize.
1855 -- US: Kamiakan, chief of the Yakama, defeats forces under Major Haller; first engagement of Yakama War.
1861 -- Western artist Frederic Remington, lives, Canton, NY.
Studied art at Yale, & in 1881 he made his first trip out West. His first commercial publication was of a Wyoming cowboy, in the February 1882 Harper's Weekly. Later in his career, he began to work in bronze, & produced the famous sculptures The Bronco Buster & Coming Through the Rye.
1862 -- Edward L. Stratemeyer lives, New Jersey. Under the pseudonym Arthur M. Winfield he creates the Rover Boys; as Ralph Bonehill, the "Boy Hunter" series.
When Horatio Alger died in 1899 he was given the task of continuing the series (under Alger's name), writing 11 volumes through 1908. He released the first three Rover Boys titles in 1899 under the name Arthur M. Winfield; a total of 30 volumes appeared.
He created the Motor Boys in 1906, writing as Clarence Young. Incorporated the Stratemeyer Syndicate in 1910. He wrote under his own name & 65 pseudonyms, wrote or plotted over 1,000 juvenile titles with sales during his lifetime of over 200 million copies.
In the year the first Nancy Drew title was released, Stratemeyer came down with pneumonia a week before his death in NY City on 10 May 1930.
There are men that will make you books,
& turn them loose into the world,
with as much dispatch as they would do a
dish of fritters.
— Miguel de Cervantes
1864 -- US: New Orleans Tribune, the first black daily newspaper, forms.
1877 -- US: Chief Joseph surrenders with starving remnant of Nez Perce people.
At Eagle Creek in Bear Paw Mountains, Montana, Nez Perce leader Chief Joseph (In-mut-too-yah-lat-lat [Thunder coming up over the land from the water]), surrenders his rifle after months in which his starving band eluded pursuing federal troops.
"From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever."
Chief Joseph was best known for his resistance to the US Government's attempts to force his tribe onto reservations. The Nez Perce were a peaceful nation spread from Idaho to Northern Washington.
Earlier in the year, the US government broke a land treaty with the Nez Perce Indians, forcing the group out of their homeland in Wallowa Valley in the Northwest for relocation in Idaho. In the midst of their journey, Chief Joseph learned three young Nez Perce warriors, enraged at the loss of their homeland, had massacred a band of white settlers. Fearing retaliation by the Army, he began one of the greatest retreats in American military history.
For over three months, Chief Joseph led less than 300 Nez Perce Indians toward the Canadian border, covering a distance of over 1,000 miles as the Nez Perce outmaneuvered & battled over 2,000 pursuing US soldiers. Finally, only 40 miles short of his Canadian goal, they were cornered, & forcibly relocated.
At age 14 he ran off & got himself shipped off to fight in the Spanish-American War. After two years of guerrilla warfare in the Philippines, he became a reporter, eventually a sports reporter covering baseball for the New York American.
He began writing stories about the bookies & gamblers & other denizens of a seedy section of Broadway, & published it as Guys & Dolls (1931). Jimmy Breslin said of him: "He practically invented at least two decades of his times, & had everybody believing that his street, Broadway, actually existed."
1887 -- US: Louisiana sugar workers strike, 37 peaceful strikers murdered. Louisiana Militia, aided by bands of "prominent citizens," shot unarmed black sugar workers striking to gain a dollar-per-day wage, & lynched two strike leaders.
1893 -- US: Emma Goldman tried in court, October 4-9; she is defended by A. Oakey Hall., an ex-mayor of New York. She denies uttering the words attributed to her by police detectives who monitored her speech. The jury finds Emma guilty of aiding & abetting an unlawful assemblage.
Lamberet collaborated with Max Nettlau. Went to Spain during the Revolution of 1936, helping to produce libertarian propaganda & here met her companion Bernardo Pou-Riera.
After the fascist victory, Lamberet supported clandestine anarchist activity in France & Spain during the occupation. Wrote Mouvements ouvriers et socialistes (1953) & La première Internationale en Espagne de 1868 à 1888. Died in 1980 before completing an anarchist biographical dictionary.
1902 -- Switzerland: Lucien Tronchet lives (1902-1981), Geneva. Anarchist & Swiss trade unionist. Antifascist activities led to prison.
Tronchet went to Spain in 1936, with Luigi Bertoni, fighting with the anarchists against Franco. Following WWII he was an active militant trade unionist, & fought for abortion rights, antimilitarism, & creation of co-operatives. Supported the squatters movement in Geneva. Tronchet wrote the biography of his friend, Clovis Pignat, une vocation syndicale internationale (Lausanne, 1971).
1907 -- US: Elizabeth Cady Stanton's daughter is barred from dining alone at a NY hotel.
1910 -- Portugal: Do Lunch? 20 year old King Manuel II is overthrown as revolution breaks out. On the 7th, the anti-church provisional government orders all nuns & monks to leave the country.
Fighting lasts only through breakfast time, Manuel fleeing to England with the royal family as his palace was being shelled, & a republic is established at lunch.
Apparently Manuel, the last king of Portugal, sought to avoid the fate of King Carlos & his older brother, Prince Luis Filipe — both assassinated in 1908 by Alfredo Costa & Manuel Buiça.
Costa & Buiça, revolutionary Republicans, were immediately branded anarchists in the European press, which they were not & the deed is still often misattributed to "anarchists." See Ernest Alfred Vizetelly, The Anarchists: Their Faith & Their Record, (Edinburgh: Turnbull & Spears Printers, 1911).
1910 -- México: Francisco Villa begins a revolt against Diaz's reelection (who celebrates his seventh "election" as president today) Chihuahua. Tomorrow Francisco I. Madero, Diaz's election opponent, is freed from prison (October 5 is also the date on Madero's Plan de San Luis Potosi (anti-Diaz revolt).
1912 -- Nicaragua: Assassination of Nicaraguan patriot & resistance fighter Benjamín Zeledón, who fought against the US occupiers; US marines defeat Nicaraguans under Zeledón, Coyotepe hill.
Augusto Caesar Sandino, a laborer, sees the corpse pass by,
of Zeledón dragged through the dust,
tied by the feet & hands to the mount of a drunk invader.
1913 -- E.M. Forster finishes writing his gay novel Maurice (published 1971).
1917 -- France: Anarchistes go on trial in Paris, October 4-11th, for publishing a clandestine issue of the newspaper Le Libertaire on June 15th. The audacity of their act, along with their now opportune renewed professions of anarchism & pacifism, result in heavy sentences.
[Details / context]4 et 11 octobre Les principaux collaborateurs du Libertaire; Involved are Klaus (the printer), Alphonse Barbé, Louis Bertho (aka Jules Lepetit), Julien Content, Grossin, Pierre Le Meillour , & Pierre Ruff. passent en jugement.
Lepetit est condamné à deux ans de prison, Barbé, Content, et Ruff à quinze mois, Le Meillour à 1 an et Grossin à 4 mois
1917 -- Italy: Il governo emana un decreto che punisce chi contribuisca con atti o parole a "deprimere lo spirito pubblico." Il decreto servirà per operare l'arresto e la condanna di numerosi dirigenti socialisti. Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]
1934 -- Malvin Gray Johnson dies, New York City. His deceptively simple paintings, with their warm colors & serene, sensuous charm, earn him a large & loyal group of admirers during the Harlem Renaissance.
1939 -- Canada: Under provisions of Canada's War Measures Act, three Italian immigrant anarchists, Arthur Bortolotti (aka Attilio Bortolotti, Arthur Bartell), Ruggero Benvenuti, Ernest Gava, & a Cuban, Marco Joachim, are arrested for possession of antifascist "subversive literature," including anarchist classics.
Emma Goldman works tirelessly over the succeeding months for Bortolotti's defense, organizing a committee, hiring counsel, & raising funds from sympathizers in Canada & the US. Emma postpones her proposed lecture tour to western Canada in order to give her full attention to the defense of the Italian comrades.
1941 -- Jackie Collins lives (1941? according to some, late 1930s). Her pop romance stories, situated in the world of Hollywood are immensely popular. Sex & violence are tightly woven into plot-boilers from 'an insider who can write like an outsider about the inside'. http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/jcollins.htm
1941 -- Anne Rice, lives, New Orleans.
Rice began working on her first novel, Interview with a Vampire (1976), after the death of her six-year old daughter in 1970 enabled her to identify with the main character, the vampire Louis. She wrote:
"Suddenly, in the guise of Louis, a fantasy figure, I was able to touch the growing reality that was mine ... Through Louis's eyes, everything became accessible."
She followed up the success of Interview with a Vampire with several more vampire novels, including The Vampire Lestat (1985) & The Queen of the Damned (1988).
1946 -- US: Navy seizes oil refineries (half the US refining capacity) in this country to break a 20-state post-war strike (mostly wildcat).
The Truman Administration formally intervenes between capital & organized labor to help settle certain, mostly peaceful strikes with modest gains for labor, as with the CIO-led 30-state US Steel strike. Yet Truman ultimately suppressed this strike wave (1945-46) by calling out the military ("workers in uniform") not only restore social order but also to run key sectors of the economy until the more rebellious elements of this strike wave could be rebridled.
[Jeremy Brecher states this occurred in 1945, but this appears to be in error. See his book, Strike!, p228, which has excellent background material on the period —ed.]
1955 -- US: A freight train derails & crashes into a nearby beauty parlor & hardware store after being hit by an out-of-control lumber truck; the truck driver & four bystanders are killed, West Newton, Pennsylvania.
1956 -- Yugoslavia: Author Milovan Djilas is sentenced to a further term for hostile propaganda.
1957 -- Sputnik 1 launched by USSR, beginning Space Age.
1957 -- US: "Leave It To Beaver" first appears on TV.
TV portrays the family as a tight knit unit with no real conflict or doubts, living the good suburban life, a car in the garage substituting for substance, a mom in the kitchen & a dad who knocks down good bucks doing some comfortable, if indeterminate, job which seems to allow him to be home at all times.
1957 -- Hank Quinlan celebrates his 60th birthday.
He is also obliged today to retire as police chief of Los Robles.
He took all this calmly, since he had recently had his fortune read:
"You haven't any. Your fortune is all used up."
— David Thomson, Suspects (Vintage Books, 1986), p204
(Quinlan is a character in the Orson Welles film Touch of Evil, 1958; in Thomson's novel he is one of 85 individuals presented in an apparent "biographical" dictionary of fictional film folk.) Plays ingenious & exhilarating games with our memories of famous movies, with life stories of many characters from "dozens of movies we all know & love." Stories of the characters (not the actors). First novel by the noted film biographer/critic.
1959 -- Industrial painting manifesto Per un'arte unitaria applicabile (For a unitary applicable art) by Pinot Gallizio, in the review Notizie: arti figurative #9, Turin. [Exact day not given —ed.]
1961 -- Bob Dylan makes his concert hall debut at New York's Carnegie Hall. About 50 people attended, mostly friends, & he earned 20 bucks.
1961 -- US: Mass arrest of three SNCC members & 110 Negro high school students praying on McComb City Hall steps in protest of Lee's slaying & suspension of two Freedom Riders — ends SNCC voter registration project.
1962 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President JFK calls for more sabotage against Cuba (Operation Mongoose). To "protect the interests" of Camelot.
1962 -- Denmark: Situationistisk Revolution #1, bulletin of the Scandinavian section of the SI, published, in Randers. Edited by J.V. Martin. [Exact day not given —ed.]
1963 -- Got the Do Re Mi Blues? Songster Johnny Cash is arrested at the Mexican border carrying 1,163 pills.
1971 -- South Vietname: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Thieu, running unopposed, declares his winning margin an "achievement for democracy." Well-trained, he talks just like an American by his American masters.
1974 -- Ex-CIA agent Philip Agee publishes the names of 37 CIA spies, in an effort to undermine the CIA's terrorist policies of murder, kidnapping, torture, assassination & other crimes against humanity.
1976 -- US: Butt of the Joke? Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Agriculture Secretary Earl Butz resigns after telling a joke about "niggers."
1977 -- India: Former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi released from police custody less than 24 hours after her arrest on charges of political corruption.
1982 -- US: Ben Sasway becomes first public draft non-registrant imprisoned for failure to register. Madison, Wisconsin.
1982 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Acting President Ronnie Reagan suggests that since he sees big "help-wanted sections" in the Sunday papers, unemployment must be caused by a lot of lazy people who'd just rather not work.
1983 -- US: "Vietnam: A Television History" (13 weekly segments) premiers.
1985 -- Shiite Muslims claim to have killed hostage William Buckley.
1985 -- US: Funding for the Experimental Head Injury Lab at the University of Pennsylvania is indefinitely suspended when their cruel animal usage is revealed.
1985 -- England: One hundred plus loot shops & attack cops in Oxford. Source: [Calendar Riots]
1986 -- US: Two thugs attack CBS Evening News anchor Dan Rather yelling "What's The Frequency Kenneth?" Ten years later R.E.M. will write a song called, "What's The Frequency, Kenneth?" Rather still rather doesn't know anyhow.
You said that irony was the shackles of youth
You wore a shirt of violent green, uh-huh
I never understood the frequency, uh-huh
You wore our expectations like an armored suit, uh-huh
I couldn't understand
You said that irony was the shackles of youth, uh-huh
I couldn't understand
You wore a shirt of violent green, uh-huh
I couldn't understand
I never understood, don't fuck with me, uh-huh
1988 -- Algeria: "Bloody Week" of protests against economic austerity begins, 200 die (-Oct. 10).
1988 -- Canada: Canadians victimized by American CIA brainwashing experiments at McGill University in the 1950s settle out of court for $750,000.
1988 -- UN: Daniel Ortega speech lists 31 US interventions in Central America from 1855 to 1981 (Actually there were at least 40 US military interventions in Mexico, Central America & the Caribbean in those years — not to mention thousands of behind the scenes meddling).
Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Acting President & a magnifient truth-sayer scholar, Ronnie Reagan says, in September 1990,
"We have never interfered in the internal government of a country."
1991 -- Sign Of The Times? Leonard C. Odell, author of 7,000 Burma Shave poems, dies at 83.
By the 1950s, when long-distance motorists were lucky to average 30 miles per hour, Odell had 7,000 quintets of signs strung along US roadsides.
The weather was clear
The cars was whizzin',
The funeral his'n.
Raced at eighty per,
They hauled away
1992 -- Singer Sinead O'Connor rips up a picture of the pope during an appearance on TV's "Saturday Night Live." The ensuing uproar does much to damage O'Connor's popularity.
'God's place is the world, but the world is not God's place...'
1992 -- Canada: Bodies of 53 Solar Temple cultists are found, in Quebec & also Switzerland.
1997 -- US: Demonstrations in Washington, D.C., & across the country (including Seattle) protest the scheduled launch of the space probe Cassini with a plutonium payload.
Yet I had mixed feelings about attending the reunion. It would be nice to find old friends & bunkmates &, after so many decades, see what they had made of their lives. I knew that my best friend at the camp, with whom I have been in touch over the years, was planning to attend.
Like others who went to Woodland, the camp experience had a great impact on how I would view life. I first went as a camper in the senior camp where in the late 1940s I & my fellow bunkmates lived in tents and, as ten & eleven year olds, were introduced to the cultural world of the old Popular Front Left.
Campers built structures, cleaned up the camp, & served in the kitchen, as well as taking part in trips & events suitable to older campers. When I went off to college, I returned to Woodland after a hiatus of a few years to serve as a counselor. In all, I estimate, I went to the camp for seven or eight summers.
2000 -- Bolivia: Riot police tear gas students during protests outside the university in La Paz. Tensions mounted after the government reiterated threats to deploy troops if coca growers, peasants & teachers did not take down roadblocks erected 17 days ago in a nationwide strike.
2010 -- Brazil: Last Laugh?! Brazilian clown Tiririca wins a Congressional seat with more than 1.3 million votes — more than any other candidate — with YouTube ads which got millions of hits & such catchy slogans as: "It can't get any worse."
"What does a federal deputy do?
Truly, I don't know.
But vote for me & I will find out for you!"
"I would rather be ashes than dust. I would rather my spark would burn out in a brilliant blaze than be stifled by dry-rot. I would rather be a superb meteor, every atom of me in magnificent glow, than a sleepy & permanent planet. The proper function of man is to live, not to exist."
used anarchist books:
Used anarchist books / Anarchy books
anti-CopyRite 1997-3000, more or less Subscribe to daily email excerpts/updates (include 'subscribe bleed' in subject field), or send questions, suggestions, additions, corrections to: BleedMeister David Brown
Over 2 million a'mopers & a'gawkers since May 2005
anarchist, labor, & radical used booksSee also: Anarchist Encyclopedia http://recollectionbooks.com/bleed/gallery/galleryindex.htm Stan Iverson Memorial Library http://recollectionbooks.com/siml/ Anarchist Time Line / Chronology http://recollectionbooks.com/bleed/indexTimeline.htm