Our Daily Bleed...
Rebel American Catholic priest, antiwar activist.
Cheshire, England: AUDLEM WAKES. Traditionally, the first person to get drunk at the event was proclaimed Mayor of Audlem for the coming year. Beats voting! Every saloon a voting booth!
UNIVERSAL CHILDREN'S DAY.
REPUBLIC DAY (Portugal, Azores, Guinea-Bissau, Madeira).
WORLD HABITAT DAY.
FEAST OF THE EMPIRE OF LIES.
1513 -- New Old World: Spanish conquistador Balboa discovers what he claims is a colony of cross-dressing males in Panama; he reportedly massacres them.
1582 -- Here Today, Gone Tomorrow?: Pope Gregory, having annulled 14 days yesterday, makes today October 15th. But his Gregorian calendar is off 11 minutes every 100 years, creating even more complex problems. Not adopted in Protestant England & Orthodox countries.
1713 -- Got Encarta?: Denis Diderot, French encyclopedist & philosophe, lives. Voltaire, Montesquieu, Rousseau, et al, help in his 20-year endeavor to create his encyclopedia. He sold his private library to Catherine II of Russia in 1773 to raise a dowry for his daughter.
1789 -- France: Declaration of the Rights of Man.
1813 -- US: Shawnee Chief Tecumseh killed in the War of 1812.
1821 -- Greek revolt against the Turks, take Tripolitza in the Morea & massacre 10,000 Turks.
1829 -- The Comédie-Française accepts Victor Hugo's Hernani.
1839 -- France: Eugene Varlin lives, near Paris. Bookbinder, working militant, internationalist, anarchist. Forced into exile, returns with the fall of the empire, & during the Paris Commune of 1871, elected a member of the commune. Shot during the last week.
"The Commune is the end of the old governmental & clerical world, militarism, officialism, the exploitation, agiotage, the monopolies, of the privileges, to which the proletariat owes its serfdom, the Fatherland, its misfortunes & its disasters."
— Eugene Varlin, during the Paris Commune
1840 -- John Addington Symonds, poet, essayist, & literary historian, lives, Bristol. Biographer of Ben Jonson, Shelley, & Walt Whitman.
1858 -- Russia: Mikhail Bakunin, in various prisons since his part in the Dresden uprising in 1849, & currently condemned to Siberian exile, today marries Antonia Ksaverievna Kwiatkowska.
In the spring of 1859 he leaves for Irkutsk where he effects his escape in June 1861. alt spellings: Michael Bakunin, Michel Bakounine, Mihail Aleksandroviç Bakunin; Aleksandrovic, Aleksandrovich, Mihkail
1864 -- India: Most of Calcutta destroyed by cyclone (approximately 60,000 die).
1864 -- Louis-Jean Lumiere, film pioneer, lives.
1871 -- Canada: William B. O'Donoughue leads Fenian raiders into Manitoba at Pembina. He is followed by US troops & arrested. Louis Riel secretly returns to Manitoba to help the government put down a Fenian raid (he is later publicly thanked by the lieutenant governor).
1878 -- US: George B. Vashion dies of yellow fever in Rodney, Miss. First African-American lawyer in NY, an educator & poet whose most famous work was Victor Oge (1854), the first narrative, nonlyrical poem by an African-American writer.
1903 -- Spain: Germinal Esgleas lives, Barcelona. Anarcosindicalista militant & companion of Federica Montseny. Collaborator on Revista Blanca, with Joan Montseny (Federico Urales). Secretary-general of the AIT, 1958-1963). During exile (in France) he was imprisoned by the fascist Vichy government. Anarchist, anarquista
1908 -- US: Israel Zangwill play "The Melting Pot" premiers, Washington, DC. Zangwill also wrote Children of the Ghetto (3 volumes), The King of Shnorrers & many other books. sometimes (not often) spelled Zangwell
The Melting Pot showed the fire of the American experience burning off human impurities, fusing all the best elements of each immigrant "race" into "a new & superior American nationality."
[Further details / context]
1909 -- Canada: 32 workers die in Extension Mine, Ladysmith, British Columbia.
1910 -- Portugal: 1ª Republic proclaimed. Revolutionaries overthrew the monarchy yesterday (King Manuel II gracefully scurries to England at the outbreak).
1911 -- Irish novelist, dramatist, 26-year Irish Times columnist, Flann O'Brien lives, Strabane, County Tyrone.
At Swim-Two-Birds, (1939), his best-known book, which sold poorly, was described by John Updike as "a fantastic parodistic stew of drunken banter, journalese, pulp fiction, & Celtic myth," & Dylan Thomas called it "just the book to give your sister if she's a loud, dirty, boozy girl."
1917 -- US: Emma Goldman, her niece Stella Ballantine , & M. Eleanor Fitzgerald begin publication of Mother Earth Bulletin. Ben Reitman returns to Chicago, in sharp disagreement with Emma over the direction of the Bulletin.
1919 -- Italy: Giliana Berneri lives (1919-1998), Florence. Second child of Camillo & Giovanna Berneri, sister of Marie Louise Berneri.
Giliana studied medicine & specialized in pediatrics. A militant involved with the French anarchiste milieu, she also worked with the paper Le Libertaire.
1923 -- Sweden: Stig Dagerman (1923-1954) lives.
Playwright, novelist, anarkosyndikalistiska.
Created the review 40-tal & wrote for the libertarian newspaper Arbetaren.
His works present a variety of themes which prefigure the French existentialists. His many writings include The Snake (1945), & Island of the Condemned.
(See also 4 November 1954).
Stig Dagerman committed suicide at age 31.
1923 -- US: Rebel Roman Catholic priest, anti-war activist & christian anarchist, Philip Berrigan lives (d.2002).
Along with his brother Daniel Berrigan, also a priest & anarchist, he was for a time on the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list for actions against Vietnam war.
1928 -- Children's author/illustrator Louise Fitzhugh lives (d.1974).
1929 -- Nicaragua: National Guard garrison mutinies, murders its US Marine commander.
1931 -- Elmer Rice play "The Left Bank" premiers, NY (242 performances).
1931 -- US: Fascist Father Coughlin, a Catholic, makes his network radio premiere, on CBS.
1934 -- France: Surrealist/anarchiste filmmaker Jean Vigo (1905-1934) dies.
Son of the anarchiste Eugene Vigo.
Great filmmaker, social rebel — French authorities give him Zero for Conduct.
1934 -- Spain: 40,000 miners & iron workers strike against the rightwing government, seizing towns around Gijon. 3,000 killed. The uprising in the mining districts of Asturias, Spain, October 5-18, is followed by severe repression; thousands of miners are executed, thousands more tortured, & 30-40,000 are imprisoned. anarchist, anaquista
1936 -- Václav Havel lives. Prominent Czech playwright, poet & statesman, one of the leading intellectual figures & moral forces in Eastern Europe.
Satirized the communist bureaucracy & supported the Prague Spring reform movement in 1968. A cofounder of the human rights organization Charter 77 & the Committee for the Defense of the Unjustly Prosecuted. His works were banned by the government, but the manuscripts circulated privately & printed in Western Europe.
The music of Frank Zappa & Lou Reed inspired Havel & other dissidents during their struggle against Soviet rule. During his 1998 visit in the US Lou Reed played at the state dinner in the White House at his request.
1936 -- Italy: The Lira is devaluated 41%.
1937 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Roosevelt delivers his Quarantine Speech.
1942 -- Ukraine: Nazis massacre 1,000 Jews in Dubno. German engineer Herman Graebe witnesses a Nazi mass execution in the Ukraine; after the war he writes a famous & terrifying testimony. Also today, all Jews in concentration camps in Germany are to be sent to Auschwitz.
1942 -- Date of Sal's "party" in Joe Pesci movie
1949 -- France: Madeleine Vernet dies.
Anarchiste, radical educator. Gets a street named for her in Paris
[Details / context]
1955 -- A stage adaptation of "The Diary of Anne Frank" opens at the Cort Theatre in New York.
1957 -- US: Outer space "nation" of Celestia is formed.
"It wasn't a shark attack, but a shark accident. More than likely he ran into the swimmer's leg & got it caught in his mouth."
— Town spokesman Joe Rubio, explaining away rumors that a woman had been attacked by a shark while swimming off South Padre Island, Texass
All our political forms are exhausted & practically nonexistent. Our parliamentary & electoral system & our political parties are just as futile as dictatorships are intolerable.
Nothing is left. & this nothing is increasingly aggressive, totalitarian, & omnipresent. Our experience today is the strange one of empty political institutions in which no one has any confidence any more, of a system of government which functions only in the interests of a political class, & at the same time of the almost infinite growth of power, authority, & social control which makes any one of our democracies a more authoritarian mechanism than the Napoleonic state.
— Jacques Ellul, Anarchie et Christianisme
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