Our Daily Bleed...
Daily Bleed: Tom Mooney, Pierre Besnard, Émile Cottin, Celestin Freinet, Buenaventura Durruti, Jacques Derrida; anarchist, anarquista, anarchiste, What Happened on this day on this day in recovered history October 8
. . . . Life
Has shrunk to dregs & rancor; the world is unclean.
Calm, calm. For this
Is the last despair. What gift has fate brought man
But dying? Now, vanquish in your disdain
Nature & the ugly force
That furtively shapes human ill, & the whole
Infinite futility of the universe.
— Giacomo Leopardi, "To Himself"
French Deconstruction theorist, human-rights activist.
Ancient Athens: BEARING OF GREEN BRANCHES. Boys in women's gowns, carrying the green boughs of Bacchus, race from the temple of Bacchus to temple of Minerva amid much confusion.
Columbus Day Observed, Thanksgiving (Canada).
1754 -- Henry Fielding dies in Lisbon at 47. His Journal of a Voyage to Lisbon is published next year.
1755 -- Canada: Charles Lawrence, British governor of Nova Scotia, orders the French settlers in Acadia, whom he saw as a security risk, deported if they do not sign an unconditional oath of allegiance to the English crown. Of the 10,000 in the area, 8,000 were expelled over the next six years, as recorded in Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's epic poem "Evangeline."
1779 -- William Blake begins his studies at the Royal Academy.
1798 -- French printer, librarian, critic & man of letters, Philarète Chasles lives. One of the earliest to draw attention in France to English, Scandinavian & Russian literature.
1820 -- Haiti: Despot Henri Christophe, a former slave, shoots himself.
1822 -- Coffee, Tea or Sludge?: First eruption of Galunggung, sends boiling sludge into valley, Java.
1838 -- Statesman & writer John Hay, lives, Salem, Indiana.
One of Lincoln's two private secretaries. Occasionally Lincoln, dressed for bed in a nightshirt but unable to sleep, would wake him up for some late-night talk. Twenty years after the assassination, Hay & John Nicolay, the other secretary, wrote a 10-volume biography of Lincoln that remains an important source for scholars. Gained a national reputation as a poet with the book Pike County Ballads.
1869 -- Inventor J(ames) Frank Duryea, lives, Washburn, Illinois. He & his brother, Charles, invent the first automobile to be actually built & operated in the US.
1871 -- US: How Now Brown Cow? Mrs. O'Leary's cow starts Chicago Fire, in the evening. Kills over 200 & over 98,000 left homeless as three & a half square miles of the city burn to the ground. 17,400 buildings were destroyed, & an estimated $200 million worth of damage — including the original Emancipation Proclamation.
"The cow kicked it over, winked its eye, & said, There'll be a hot time in the old town tonight."
The cow was cooked, the spuds were fried & most in Chicago remain half-baked.
1871 -- US: As Chicago blazes away some 200 miles to the south, an even deadlier fire rips through Peshtigo, Wisconsin, completely razing the town & killing 600 of its inhabitants. Over a million acres of forest are also consumed.The Peshtigo Fire was closely studied by the American & British military during World War II to learn how to recreate firestorm conditions for bombing campaigns against cities in Germany & Japan.
See following (link) ..... as a kid I spent summers in Peshtigo....
— Bleedster Scott W. Langill
1872 -- Novelist John Cowper Powys lives, Shirley, Derbyshire. In 1960 he writes: "Thomas Hardy taught me to like Edgar Allan Poe, & Poe taught me about those 'Mimes in the form of God on high, blind prophets that come & go.'"
1886 -- France: Pierre Besnard lives.
French anarcho-syndicalist active in the AIT (International Workers Association), who met with Buenaventura Durruti & fought in Spanish Revolution of 1936. Besnard wrote Le monde nouveau (1936), Les syndicats ouvriers et la révolution sociale (1930) & contributed to l'Encyclopédie anarchiste.
"L'anarcho-syndicalisme est la forme organique que prend l'Anarchie, pour lutter contre le capitalisme. Il est en opposition fondamentale avec le Syndicalisme politique et réformiste. Il est représenté dans le monde par l'A.I.T."
born in Montreuil Bellay
1897 -- Russia: Jewish Bund organizes, secretly, to defend against oppression & dictatorship, in Vilnius.
1898 -- Rouben Mamoulian lives, Tiflis (now Tbilisi), Georgia, of Armenian descent. Russian-born film & stage director.
1905 -- Jewish-American writer Meyer Levin, lives. His 1956 novel, Compulsion, the first 'documentary' or 'non-fiction novel', is based on the Leopold & Loeb murder trial. He also waged a 30-year battle to have his play of Anne Frank's diary performed.
1906 -- Karl Nessler demonstrates first 'permanent wave' for hair, in London.
Poster by Eric Drooker
1906 -- France: Congress of the C.G.T. held. "Charte d’AmiensCharter of Amiens" is adopted. Influenced by the anarchistes, an overwhelming union majority calls for total independence of the trade unions from the political parties of the State. Written by Émile Pouget, the text is approved by 830 votes against 48.
1907 -- Ireland: Two days of Black Rain begins. The rain reportedly " ...left a most peculiar & disagreeable smell in the air."
1912 -- First Balkan War (but not the last is our hunch) begins.
1919 -- US: General Strike called to demand Tom Mooney's release & amnesty for all political prisoners.
1920 -- Frank Herbert lives, Tacoma, Washington. American science-fiction writer best known for Dune (1965) series.
The epic adventure won the first Nebula for Best Novel, shared the Hugo & gained a cult status among science fiction readers.
Auntie Dave took a writing course from him at the University of Washington in Seattle & had the distinction of being the first student to ever drop his course, which greatly disturbed him (Frank, not Auntie).
1924 -- Virginia Woolf finishes Mrs. Dalloway. In exactly seven years to the day, The Waves is published.
1927 -- Argentine novelist & poet Ricardo Güiraldes dies. His 1926 epic lament set among the gauchos, Don Segundo Sombra, is one of the most important Argentine works of the period. Active in the Buenos Aires literary scene, he coedited the literary journals Martín Fierro & Proa with Jorge Luis Borges & others.
1929 -- Dr. Strangelove?: First movies shown on an airplane in the air.
1930 -- Faith Ringgold lives, NY City. Multimedia artist whose paintings, face masks, fabric & soft sculptures, & quilts earn praise for her reaffirmation of African American women's values & unique perspective.
1933 -- US: "Sanctuary" movement founder James Corbett lives, Caspar, Wyoming.
1936 -- Spain: Émile Cottin dies, a combatant in the international group of the anarchist Durruti Column during the Spanish Revolution.
1937 -- Lord Peter Wimsey marries Harriet Vane (in Dorothy Sayers' Busman's Honeymoon).
1939 -- Spanish composer Manuel de Falla lands in Argentina in exile from the fascist regime.
Nicolas Faucier receives a three-year sentence to prison for inciting insubordination within the military. He was sent to various camps & eventually escaped & remained in hiding until after the war. French anarchiste, trade unionist & a pacifist, active with Louis Lecoin.
1941 -- US: Jesse Jackson lives, Greenville, S.C. Civil rights & political activist.
1945 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Hank Truman announces atomic bomb secret shared with Britain & Canada.
1945 -- Felix Salten, dies, Zürich, Switzerland. He created the Bambi story.
1945 -- France: Plénum constitutif de la Fédération ibérique des jeunesses libertaires en exil (F.I.J.L.) in Toulouse, October 8-9th.
1946 -- Actor David Carradine, Grasshopper, lives.
1949 -- Czechoslovakia: Secret police arrest 10,000 & send them to work in coal & uranium mines.
1951 -- US: Fugitive Communist leader Gus Hall is captured. Foolishly thought freedom meant he was free to think & say anything he pleased...
1952 -- The Complete Book of Etiquette is first published.
Get your elbows off the table!
Ok, bub, no spam for you, you're going to bed without your email.
1954 -- US: 50,000 birds of 53 species are found dead, Robins Air Force Base, Georgia.
1956 -- US: Legendary broadcaster Mel Allen was at the mike, describing Don Larson's perfect game as the NY Yankee pitched the only perfect baseball game in World Series history. Larson threw 97 pitches, faced 27 batters, struck out 11 & lead the Bronx Bombers to a 2-0 shutout of the Brooklyn's Dodgers in Game 5. In the words of the immortal sports play-by-play great: "How about that!"
1957 -- Jerry Lee Lewis records his classic "Great Balls Of Fire".
1962 -- Korea: Work 'n' Party!? North
IkeaKorea reports 100% election turnout; in an amazing & dramatic "come from behind victory," 100% vote for Workers' Party... Party 100, Workers 0.
1964 -- US: Graveyard shift? Gilroy Roberts becomes first chief engraver to retire (rather than die in office).
1964 -- "The World of Ray Bradbury" opens at Coronet Theater, Los Angeles.
1965 -- Indonesia: Military begins massacring thousands of "suspected" Communists. The US embassy gives 5,000 names to terrorist death squads. Ultimately 500,000 "suspects" die.
1966 -- Célestin Freinet dies. Pacifist, syndicalist, anarchiste educator, founder of the Coopérative de l'Enseignement Laïc (C.E.L), The Co-operative Institute of the Modern School (1948) & wrote The French Modern School. One of the influences on the Spanish artist Ramón Acin, who founded an art school based on the ideas of Ferrer & Freinet.
1966 -- A concert featuring Joan Baez, Mimi Fariña, Grateful Dead, Quicksilver Messenger Service, Ed Keating, & Don Duncan, to raise money for the Congressional District Write In Committee for Phil Drath & Peace. Did Mimi recover from the Acid Test in time for this political event?!
1968 -- US: Blacks riot in Washington, DC after police kill a black man.
1969 -- US: US: Daley Forecast? SDS Weathermen begin four "Days of Rage"; Weathermen blow up a statue commemorating police involved in the 1886 Haymarket bombing which resulted in the execution of innocent anarchists (later pardoned).
It is foolishly replaced ... & blown up again in 1970.
The Weatherman faction of SDS —which split off from RYM— holds its National Actions — the Days of Rage — in Chicago. As if seeking revenge for Convention Week, pipe-wielding Weathermen race through the streets, attacking police, windows, & cars. Three are shot, 300 arrested.
1969 -- US: Pesky Pig? Haymarket police statue in Chicago bombed again.
1969 -- Uruguay: Disguised as a funeral procession, the Tupamaros urban guerrilla organization enter & occupy the town of Pando, robbing three banks of over 40 million pesos.
Source: [Calendar Riots]
1970 -- England: Second explosion at Rawlinson's home. Part of large series of bombings this year, believed the handiwork of the The Angry Brigade.
1970 -- Soviet author Aleksandr I. Solzhenitsyn wins Nobel Literature Prize.
1970 -- The New England Science Fiction Association is founded.
1976 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Jerry Ford signs bill to terminate Indian Claims Commission, ending mechanism for repayment of lands stolen from tribes.
1980 -- Reggae giant Bob Marley collapses onstage during a Wailers concert in Pittsburgh — the last one he ever performs. He is flown directly to Sloan-Kettering Hospital in NY City, where it is denied he is dying of a brain tumor or cancer. Marley ends up at a German disease-treatment center & dies from a brain tumor in May 1981, enroute to Jamaica.
1981 -- US: Do I Know You Guys? Beloved & Respected Comrade Leading Actor Ronnie Reagan greets predecessors James Carter, Jerry Ford & Dick M Nixon before packing them off to Egypt for Anwar Sadat's funeral.
1982 -- Poland: Polish Sejm dissolves all trade unions, including Solidarity.
1984 -- West Germany: Encampment at nuclear power station, Goreleben.
1991 -- Six months of daily anti-war actions begin, Belgrade, Yugoslavia.
1991 -- 1,760 yellow umbrellas in California & 1,340 blue ones in Japan are scheduled to be opened by artist Christo (postponed). Damn weather.
1992 -- Thousands of people in the eastern US witness a bright fireball & hear a sonic boom. A 26-pound meteorite had fallen in Peekskill, NY, & struck a 1980 Chevy Malibu sitting in its driveway. It penetrated all the way through the trunk of the car, barely missing the gas tank.
This is nothing compared to the head-on collisions caused when drivers follow the instructions written in black letters on the backs of yellow jerseys of local bicyclists pedaling down two-lane roads:
1992 -- Author Derek Walcott, St. Lucia, wins the Nobel Prize for literature.
1994 -- US: Police & blacks exchange sniper fire on Chicago's West Side.
1995 -- Mexican novelist, poet, & environmental activist (head of the Group of 100), Homero Aridjis's Lord of the Last Days is launched. He was also the first head of PEN.
2000 -- US: 6th Annual International Indigenous People's Day; Justice for Leonard Peltier & the First Nations, march & rally, US/Canadian border, (Blaine, Washington) at Peace Arch Park.
2000 -- China: Over 1,000 protesters gather to oppose Hong Kong's law prohibiting public demonstrations by more than 30 people without permission of Officer Friendlies.
2000 -- US: Hey Saddam, Beat This! American government releases documents showing it tested chemical & biological weapons in the open air in Alaska, Hawaii, Alberta & Great Britain.
2000 -- US: Signings of the Times?: Mental dwarf Rush Limbaugh, rightwing radio quack, tells his listeners he is virtually deaf. Double-deadly overdose, result of mixing his drug addiction & an overdose of hypocrisy.
2003 -- US: California falls into the ocean. Yo! Arnold!
2004 -- France: Philosopher, deconstruction theorist Jacques Derrida deconstructs, Paris. Algerian-born, French intellectual. Can there be any certainty in the death of Jacques Derrida?
2010 -- China: Imprisoned Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo, who organized & disseminated a document called Charter 08, is announced as the winner of the Nobel Peace Prize. China blocks internet coverage of the award.
Daily Bleed Patron Saint, 2003-4 GIACOMO LEOPARDI
Outrageous 19th-century Italian poet, bawdy rebel.
The Daily Bleed: Daily Bleed: Tom Mooney, Pierre Besnard, Émile Cottin, Celestin Freinet, Buenaventura Durruti, Jacques Derrida; Timeline, Almanac of Radicalism, Arts, Literature, Authors, Poets, Anarchists... a radical annotated chronology, almanac, daybook, anarchist CALENDAR, anarchisten, anarchism, anarchico, anarchiste, anarquista, anarsizm, anarþizme, Anarþist, Anarquismo, Anarchismus, sindicalismo, anarquia, anarchia, anarchisme, anarchizm, anarkisme, anarki, anarkist, libertarian, syndicalist, anarcho-syndicalist, anarcho-communism, black cats, What Happened on this day, in recovered memory, suppressed history, A People's History, OCTOBER 8
"But history, real solemn history, I cannot be interested in... I read it a little as a duty, but it tells me nothing that does not either vex or weary me. The quarrels of popes & kings, with wars or pestilences, in every page; the men all so good for nothing, & hardly any women at all — it is very tiresome."
— Catherine Morland in Jane Austen's novel, Northanger Abbey (1817)
anti-CopyRite 1997-3000, more or less
Subscribe to daily email excerpts/updates (include 'subscribe bleed' in subject field),
or send questions, suggestions, additions, corrections to:
BleedMeister David Brown
Visit the complete Daily Bleed Calendar
The Daily Bleed is freely produced by Recollection Used Books
Over 2 million a'mopers & a'gawkers since May 2005
anarchist, labor, & radical used booksSee also: Anarchist Encyclopedia
Stan Iverson Memorial Library
Anarchist Time Line / Chronology