Our Daily Bleed...
Razors pain you; Rivers are damp;
Acids stain you; & drugs cause cramp.
Guns aren't lawful; Nooses give;
Gas smells awful; You might as well live.
French anarchist bandit, "propagandist of the deed."
& ROBERT BRAUNWART
Chonologist extraordinaire, amassed 500,000+ carefully vetted dates in his personal database.
Early, major supporter & contributor to the Daily Bleed with the familiar symbol scattered throughout (3300+).
Yorkshire, England: BLESSING THE FISHING HARVEST.
1307 -- France: William de Nogaret reads the Mandate of Maubuisson, against the Templars, to leading members of the University of Paris.
1644 -- William Penn lives.
1656 -- New Old World: No Port in a Storm? The Massachusetts General Court makes it illegal to harbor a Quaker. Got de heebeejeebees.
1755 -- Switzerland: 20 cm of "blood red rain" falls on Locarno, & red snow falls in the Alps (probably because of dust transported from the Sahara... or, more likely, tears of the gods upon seeing what great deeds humans have visited upon the earth).
1773 -- New Old World: American colonists burn a cargo ship in Annapolis, Maryland, two months before the "Boston Tea Party."
1814 -- Thomas Osborne Davis lives, Mallow, County Cork. Irish writer/politician. Cofounder of the weekly Nation, his writings become the gospel of the Sinn Féin movement.
1822 -- Victor Hugo, 20, marries Adele Foucher; his older brother Eugene suddenly goes insane at the wedding breakfast.
1834 -- US: Burning issues? Philadelphia Election Riot. Whigs & Democrats stage a gun, stone & brick battle for control of a Moyamensing Township election, resulting in one death, several injuries, & the burning down of a block of buildings.
1834 -- US: Ear, Ear?: First black to obtain a US patent, Henry Blair — for a corn planter.
1859 -- France: François-Claudius Koeningstein lives, (1859-1892), aka François Ravachol, Saint Chamond (the Loire). Anarchist bandit & advocate of "propaganda of the deed," the subject of popular myth & song ("La Ravachole, sur l'air de la Carmagnole").
"Let us have no more suicides from weariness, which come like a final sacrifice crowning all those that have gone before. Better one last laugh, à la Cravan, or one last song, à la Ravachol."
— Raoul Vaneigem, The Revolution of Everyday Life
"... dans la grande ville de Paris,
il y a des bourgeois bien nourris
il y a les miséreux
qui ont le ventre creux:
Ceux-là ont les dents longues,
vive le son, vive le son
1862 -- US: Baseballer James Creighton ruptures bladder hitting a homerun, dies 18 October.
1864 -- US: The first African-American daily newspaper, the "New Orleans Tribune," begins publishing, in both French & English.
1867 -- Japan: Fifteenth — & last — Tokugawa Shogun resigns.
1871 -- Russia: Peter Kropotkin's father dies during this fall. [I don't have exact date — ed.] He refuses a prestigious appointment to the Imperial Geographic Society, instead wanting to travel & learn more about the radical workers' movement. (He travels to Switzerland Feb-May 1872 where he is impressed by the Jura Federation.)
1876 -- France: Jules Bonnot lives, Pont-de-Roide (Doubs). Auto mechanic, vegetarian, tea-totaller, anarchist "illegalist," of the Bonnot Gang — the most famous of the "bandits tragiques."
"... They were "good guys" & the flics were "baddies" because the Parisians understood that when the chips were down the Bonnot Gang was ultimately on their side & the police with their clubs would be on the other (even in time of war, even in time of foreign occupation)...the Bonnot Gang went down fighting as the last of the Apaches."
[Details / context]
1877 -- US: New York City cigar makers strike against pay cuts & restrictive factory rules this fall [I don't have exact day —ed.]. Despite community support, the strike is lost in January 1878. As a leader of the strike, Gompers is blacklisted & unable to find work for four months, a strain on his family which now includes four children & one on the way.
1883 -- US: Two-day founding congress of the International Working People's Association (IWPA; anarchist; precursor of A.I.T.?), Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Marks the beginning of the anarchist-trade union movement in the US. Endorses "propaganda by the deed."
Lucy Parsons wrote for many radical publications, including "The Alarm," an anarchist weekly published by the International Working People's Association (IWPA), which she & Albert Parsons helped found in 1883.
On December 22, 1922, Berlin, at the initiative of Rudolf Rocker, a new anti-authoritarian A.I.T. was created; it represented organizations & anarcho-trade unionists of 12 countries (FORA, USI, SAC, FAUD, CNT, etc.) & counted several million members. Participants included Grigori Maximov. Secretaries were Rudolf Rocker, Augustin Souchy & Alexander Schapiro.
1884 -- Gaston Bachelard lives.
Daily Bleed Patron Saint, 2003
Renounced chemistry for literary theory, psychoanalyzed fire, mapped the poetics of space.
"A word is a bud attempting to become a twig. How can one not dream while writing? It is the pen which dreams. The blank page gives the right to dream."
"I am a dreamer of words, of written words. I think I am reading; a word stops me. I leave the page. The syllables of the word begin to move around. Stressed accents begin to invert. The word abandons its meaning like an overload which is too heavy & prevents dreaming. Then words take on other meanings as if they had the right to be young. & the words wander away, looking in the nooks & crannies of vocabulary for new company, bad company."
1884 -- Har Dayal (also spelled Hardayal, or Hardyal) lives, Delhi. Indian revolutionary & scholar dedicated to the removal of British influence in India. In March 1914 he was arrested by US immigration authorities for his undesirable activities. Released on bail, he fled to Switzerland & then to Berlin, where he tried to foment an anti-British rising in northwestern India.
1888 -- Katherine Mansfield lives, Wellington, New Zealand.
"I imagine I was always writing. Twaddle it was too. But better far write twaddle or anything, anything, than nothing at all."
Inspired by Apollinaire, his style was influenced by jazz & contemporary slang & characterized by innovative use of punctuation & typography. By disturbing the spatial relationship of the verse line & stanza he went far towards eliminating the idea of rhythm.
"I did not decide to become a poet — I was always writing poetry."
The esteem in which I hold E. E. Cummings was demonstrated in my 1972 Macmillan anthology, On Freedom's Side: American Poems of Protest, published exactly when Nixon was escalating the war in Vietnam & attempting to characterize his youthful critics as "bums" & "traitors."
The section on War, beginning with verses by Peter Folger (Benjamin Franklin's grandfather) on the King Philip's War against the Narragansetts, & ending with such denunciations of the Indo-Chinese debacle as Denise Levertov's "What Were They Like?," includes four poems by E. E. Cummings — more than by any other writer: "'the season 'tis, my lovely lambs," "next to of course god america i," "look at this)," & "lis/-ten" — all from section "Two" of is 5 , & given by me the collective title "Let Us Now Passionately Remember." The astonishing freshness & relevance of these fierce poems was widely noted by readers. I prefaced the next section, "on Justice," with Cummings' even more searing lines: "come:let us mildly contemplate..." ("the season 'tis").
Kabyles de la Chapelle et des quais de javel
hommes des pays loin
cobayes des colonies...
brûleurs des grandes ordures de la ville de Paris
Tunisiens de Grenelle
Enfants du Sénégal
dépatriés expatriés et naturalisés...
Vous êtes de la ville
vous êtes de sa vie
même si mal en vivez
même si vous en mourez.
Sail Mohamed, a prominent anti-colonial militant & Algerian anarchiste, lives (1894-1953), Taourit-Béni-Ouglis, en Kabylie."Civilization? Progress? We say: murder!"
— joint statement by the Anarchist Union, the CGT-SR, & the Association of Anarchist Federations on the centenary of the French occupation of Algeria in 1930
1899 -- US: Emma Goldman completes a lecture tour, returning to New York City. Under the guise of pursuing a new legal action in Alexander Berkman's case, with Saul Yanofsky of the "Freie Arbeiter Stimme", Emma raises money to support the cost of a trusted comrade, Eric Morton, to begin digging a tunnel for Berkman's escape.
1905 -- Pentti Haanpää lives. Finnish novelist/short-story writer whose anti-militaristic & leftist views in the 1920s/30s were not received with enthusiasm by leading right wing critics.
1905 -- Eugene Fodor lives. Hungarian-born American travel writer who created a series of popular tourist guidebooks providing historical background & cultural insights into people & places described. His first book, On the Continent (1936), is a best-seller in Europe & the US.
1906 -- Political philosopher Hannah Arendt lives, Hanover, Lower Saxony."The trouble with Eichmann was precisely that so many were like him, & that the many were neither perverted nor sadistic, that they were, & still are, terribly & terrifyingly normal. From the viewpoint of our legal institutions & of our moral standards of judgment, this normality was much more terrifying than all the atrocities put together."
HANNAH ARENDT Daily Bleed Saint, 1998.
Nazi refugee who illuminated points of convergence
between totalitarianisms & revolutions.
1912 -- US: Interminable? Former Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader US President Ted Roosevelt is shot & seriously wounded.
Bull Moose Teddy, campaigning in Milwaukee, shot at close range by anarchist William Schrenk while greeting the public in front of the Hotel Gilpatrick. Schrenk's .32 caliber bullet, aimed directly at Roosevelt's heart, is slowed by a bundle of manuscript (his evening speech) in the breast pocket of Roosevelt's heavy coat. Schrenk, who is immediately detained, admits to the crime & reportedly offers as his motive that "any man looking for a third term ought to be shot."
1913 -- Wales: A coal dust explosion followed by a fire kills 439 miners in the Universal Colliery, Sengenhydd.
1914 -- Tony Gibson lives. British psychologist, BBC producer of programmes on youth groups & social workers, writer & an anarchist.
Wrote the science fiction novel, Breaking In The Future (Zenith Books, Hodder & Stoughton, London, 1965) 127p. Bibliography. Paperback original.
1915 -- Douglas Rutherford lives, Kilkenny, Ireland. British thriller writer.
1915 -- Brazil: Congresso Internacional da Paz (International Congress for Peace), Rio de Janeiro, October 14-16th.
Congresso Internacional da Paz - Realizado de 14 a 16 de outubro de 1915. Seu ponto de debates foi a sede da Federação Operária, na praça Tiradentes, 71, Rio de Janeiro, com a presença de delegados da Federación Obrera Regional Argentina, delegados do Chile e do Uruguai; Brasil; Uruguai, trabalhadores anarquistas e anarco-sindicalistas.
Hosted by the Federação Operária, this gathering includes representatives from Chile, Uruguay & the Federación Regional Obrera Argentina (FORA). It is quickly followed by the Congresso Anarquista Sul-Americano on the 18th, also convened here at the Federação Operária headquarters.
Source: [Arquivo de História Social]
1916 -- US: Sophomore tackle & guard Paul Robeson is excluded from the Rutgers football team when Washington & Lee University refuse to play against an African-American. The exclusion was temporary & Robeson is twice named a football All-American. Later attacked & blacklisted by Ayn Rand's favorite government body, HUAC.
"Paul Robeson is arguably the greatest Renaissance person in American history. An exceptional scholar, lawyer, athlete, stage & screen actor, singer, & civil rights & political activist, he performed brilliantly in every professional enterprise he undertook. Few human beings have ever achieved his levels of excellence in even one field, much less several. Yet despite his extraordinary accomplishments, he remains virtually unknown by millions of educated Americans."
1918 -- US: Jacob Schwartz, a defendant in the Abrams Case, is spared His Honor's mercy.
Having been severely beaten in his cell by police, & never able to appear in court, Schwartz dies today.
His crime? distributing leaflets opposing the American troop invasion of Russia.
A memorial meeting is held on the 18th.
1919 -- Robert Benchley, Robert Sherwood, & Dorothy Parker wear signs around their necks that reveal their salaries when forbidden by "Vanity Fair" to discuss their paltry pay.
F O O T N O T E
Dorothy Parker suffered a fatal heart attack in 1967 at the age of 74.
Despite several suicide attempts, she outlived nearly all the original members of the Algonquin Round Table.< br />Her small estate was left to Martin Luther King, Jr.
Contrary to her wishes for rain, she died on a warm sunny day.from "Mrs. Parker & The Vicious Circle," ParkBench Films ©1994.
1920 -- Italy: Demonstrations held in support of the Russian Revolution (opposing the American & European invasions) & also demanding the release of political prisoners in Italy. In Bologna, where Errico Malatesta appears, police open fire on demonstrators, killing several.
1928 -- First television wedding is held.
1930 -- Singer Ethel Merman stuns the audience when she holds a high C for sixteen bars while singing "I Got Rhythm" during her Broadway debut in Gershwin's Girl Crazy.
1933 -- Beginning date of Anatoli Rybakov novel Children of the Arbat.
1940 -- Italy: Mussolini comunica agli alti vertici militari la decisione di attaccare la Grecia. Finora, tranne che occupare qualche villaggio in Africa, l'esercito italiano non ha fatto vedere quello di cui è capace. Lo farà in Grecia facendosi spezzare le reni.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]
1943 -- Poland: Uprising in Sobihor concentration camp; 11 SS guards killed, 200 prisoners escape.
Source: 'Calendar Riots'
1944 -- German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel commits suicide rather than face trial for his part in an attempt to overthrow Hitler.
1947 -- US: Chuck Yeager, piloting the X1-A rocket plane, is the first to break the sound barrier.
1949 -- US: Seven Come Eleven: 11 leaders of the US Communist party are convicted, after a nine-month trial, of conspiring to advocate the violent overthrow of the US government. Ten defendants sentenced to five years in prison each, & the eleventh to three years. The Supreme Court upholds the convictions on 4 June 1951.
1951 -- 11 Irish musicians meet in Dublin to form the Comhaltas Ceoltoiri Eireann, signaling a modern Irish folk music revival.
1953 -- US: Johnny Walker Red? Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Ike promises to fire & brand as a "Red" any federal worker taking the 5th amendment.
1958 -- US: Anshai Emath Reform Jewish Temple in Peoria, Illinois is damaged by a crude bomb.
1964 -- US: Martin L. King, Jr. is announced as the 1964 recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize for his civil rights activities — despite J. Edgar Hoover & his criminal FBI gang. King is the second African-American to receive the prize.
1964 -- Russia: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Nikita Khruschev deposed in the USSR, replaced with that wild & crazy party guy, Brezhnev.
Source: [K.S. Karol]
1965 -- Raoul Vaneigem completes The Revolution of Everyday Life, which he began in 1963.
[Exact day not given — ed.]
[Situationist International Resources]
1967 -- US: Folk singer Joan Baez arrested in blockade of military induction center, Oakland, California.
1967 -- Italy: Director Michelangelo Antonioni's film "Blow-Up", a prize-winning film at the Cannes Film Festival, is seized by the District Attorney of Ancona for obscenity.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]
1968 -- US: 27 Presidio (San Francisco) soldiers arrested for peaceful protest of stockade conditions & Viet Nam War; charged with mutiny, long prison sentences are later reduced to two years.
1976 -- Canada: General Strike. 189,000 workers participate in a National Day of Protest called by the Canadian Labour Council against wage controls.
1978 -- S.O.S.? First TV movie from a TV series — "Rescue from Gilligan's Island."
1979 -- US: First national gay & lesbian march for civil rights in Washington, D.C., draws over 100,000 marchers.
1981 -- Citing official misconduct in the investigation & trial, Amnesty International charges the US government with retaining, as a political prisoner, Richard Marshall of the American Indian Movement (AIM).
1981 -- Australia: Clutch Cargo? Dock workers in Darwin begin a seven-day strike, refusing to load uranium on board "Pacific Sky" for eventual use by the US military. After a week, the ship is forced to leave without its cargo.
1982 -- England: Lancashire County Council bans hunting on its land.
1982 -- Canada: Direct Action car-bomb damages a Litton Systems cruise-missile plant in Toronto.
"Sentiment without action is the ruin of the soul."
— Edward Abbey
1982 -- Korea: Full Moon? 6,000 Unification church couples wed all at once.
1983 -- Nicaragua: US-supported contra terrorists dynamite Puerto Sandino again.
1984 -- Northern Ireland: Loyalist paramilitaries begin cease fire.
1985 -- West Germany: Mass demonstrations against nuclear power, Bonn.
1985 -- US: Attorney General Ed Meese says "If a person is innocent of a crime, then he is not a suspect" (reported in "US News & World Report"). Innocent until proven guilty was once the law of the land.
1985 -- US: Catholic priest Gilbert Gauthe Jr., of Vermilion Parish, La. pleads guilty to molesting 11 boys & is sentenced to 20 years in prison.
1987 -- US: Half-Bakked? The Bakkers announce a 25-city "Farewell for Now" tour featuring Tammy's singing & Jim's "sharing from his heart." The tour is cancelled when only 32 tickets sell for it's Nashville opening.
1988 -- US: 500 arrested in a blockade of Food & Drug Administration headquarters in Rockville, Maryland, to protest delays & underfunding in research.
1988 -- US: Space Cadet? Welcoming the crew of the space shuttle Discovery to the White House, Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Acting Prez Ronnie Reagan wonders aloud how long it will be before "the children of America turn to their parents & say, 'Gee Mom & Dad, Can I borrow the spaceship tonight?'"
1988 -- Japan: A new Anarchist Federation forms this month, continuing to publish its journal "Free Will" (Jiyû Ishi) up till the present time.
Although this new Anarchist Federation has a nationwide network of contacts, the scale of its support is much smaller than its namesake of the 1940s, let alone the prewar federations, such as Kokuren or Zenkoku Jiren.
[Details / context]
1991 -- Burmese opposition figure Aung San Suu Kyi wins Nobel Peace Prize.
1991 -- Mexican poet/novelist Eusebio Ruvalcaba wins the Agustin Yanez literary prize for Un Hilito de Sangre (Trickle of Blood).
1994 -- US: Pete Seeger, commie folksinger, receives the 1994 National Medal of Arts.
There are tremendous sources for folk music on the internet; here are just a few to explore; most are link-laden & much in the spirit of Seeger & Co., starting with Bleedster Sandy Paton at Folk-Legacy Records:
Jim Capaldi Page,
See Len Wallace at:
1995 -- American artist Bernard Safran (1924-1995) dies. See John Malyon's very nice site, which I came across when searching for Rockwell Kent & John Sloan material; well-thought out & nice for "depth"/linked material/subjects. [& thanks to John for kindly providing me Safran dates of birth & death —ed.]
1998 -- US: Author & animal rights pioneer Cleveland Amory dies, age 81, in Manhattan. His work included the trilogy on social history: The Proper Bostonians, The Last Resorts, & Who Killed Society.
1998 -- The UN condemns the US embargo of Cuba for a seventh straight year, 157-2. The US, oddly, repeatedly denounces countries like Iraq for ignoring UN resolutions, but has no problem exercising a selective morality of its own.
2000 -- England: London Annual Anarchist Bookfair.
2007 -- Chronologist Robert Braunwart dies, age 59, from a rare form of melanoma, following a long & unsuccessful battle with his HMO, whose doctors refused to authorize treatment by a melanoma specialist. A profit-driven HMO system & incompetent oncologists denied Robert a chance to fight his disease. Authorization denials & deliberate delaying tactics by the HMO group resulted in his dying without receiving the treatment recommended by two melanoma specialists.
Robert was an early & major contributor to the Daily Bleed, donating his database of 500,000 dated events meticulously collected over nearly 20 years — the first public appearance of his efforts. Robert later became a major Wikipedia contributor.
BleedMeister Anti-Dave also contributed to Robert's collection, though many now remain orphans of the Bleed. Robert particularly delighted in fictional dates plucked from novels...You will recognize his many contributions to the Bleed which are signified by the symbol gracing our pages.
"In a time of universal deceit,
telling the truth is a revolutionary act."
— George Orwell
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