Our Daily Bleed...
Famed Chinese writer of rebellion & revolution.
FEAST OF THE WICKED SCAM.
1433 -- Marsilio Ficino lives, Figline. Great Renaissance neo-Platonist & occultist.
1605 -- Author Thomas Browne lives.
1720 -- Birth of John Woolman, Quaker anti-slavery activist.
1745 -- Irish satirist & scatological critic Jonathan Swift, 77, dies, Dublin. Declared of unsound mind, lonely, paralyzed. (Conditionally, he would have a made a fine middle-class American.)
1762 -- US: Total darkness occurs for most of the day, Detroit. Arguably, the darkness has not let up to this day.
1781 -- US: Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown; world turned upside down.
1784 -- Poet/essayist Leigh Hunt — the model for the parasitic Skimpole in Dickens' Bleak House — lives, Southgate.
1833 -- Edgar Allen Poe's "Ms. Found in a Bottle" appears in "Baltimore Sunday Visitor."
1841 -- US: Surrender of Tallahassee chief Tiger Tail after his battle against forced removal to the west.
1842 -- US: Military forces, believing war has begun, occupy Monterey, Calif., Mexico.
1849 -- US: Elizabeth Blackwell became first woman in the country to receive medical degree.
1856 -- Australia: James Kelly & Jack Smith fight bare knuckle for 6 hours 15minutes in Melbourne.
1858 -- US: B.O. [Benjamin Organge] Flower (1858-1918) lives. His early study of slum conditions in Boston resulted in laws enacted to help the poor. A social reformer, Flower had a strong sympathy for the poor & oppressed.
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1862 -- Auguste Lumiere, French film pioneer, lives.
1868 -- US: Bertha Landes first woman elected mayor of a major US city (Seattle, Washington), lives.
1878 -- Henry James spends an awkward afternoon with George Eliot & George Henry Lewes. As James leaves, Lewes, not realizing he is talking to the author of the volumes, thrusts a pair of blue bound volumes — the first edition of The Europeans — into his hands, saying, "Take them away, please, away!"
1878 -- Germany: Party's Over?: Anti-Socialist Law passed. (or 22nd?)
1889 -- Scotland: The first nationwide school strike against corporal punishment begins in Hawick, Roxborough & quickly spreads across the Scottish lowlands then to Tyneside & as far south as London, Bristol & Cardiff.
Source: [Calendar Riots]
1895 -- Architect & culture critic Lewis Mumford lives. Universal humanist, a philosophical fountainhead for the organicist & environmentalist movements of today.
"Here was my city, immense, overpowering, flooded with energy & light ... challenging me, beckoning me, demanding something of me that it would take more than a lifetime to give, but raising all my energies by its own vivid promise to a higher pitch."
Wrote, among many books, The Story of Utopias 1922; Sticks & Stones: A Study of American Architecture & Civilization 1924; Herman Melville 1929; Technics & Civilization 1934; The Culture of Cities 1938; The Conduct of Life 1951; The City in History: Its Origins, Its Transformations, & Its Prospects 1961; The Highway & the City 1963; The Myth of the Machine: I. Technics & Human Development 1967; The Urban Prospect 1968; The Myth of the Machine: II. The Pentagon of Power 1970.
1897 -- US: The St. Louis House of Delegates passes a resolution supporting the mayor's prohibition of Emma Goldman's open-air meetings. Goldman's lectures — including "Revolution" & "Why I Am an Anarchist & Communist" — are held in private halls under police surveillance. In St. Louis, she began speaking to German & English-speaking audiences on the 16th while continuing to raise money for Alexander Berkman's prison fund.
1899 -- Guatemala: Miguel Angel Asturias lives, Guatemala City. Poet, novelist, diplomat, winner of the 1967 Nobel Prize for Literature.
Daily Bleed Patron Saint 2003-04
Guatemalan "magical realist" novelist, diplomat.
Participated in the 1920 uprising against Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Dictator Cabrera. When the always beneficent US overthrew the government in 1954 & installed their puppet Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Castillo Armas, Asturias lived in exile in Chile with poet Pablo Neruda.
His writings combine the mysticism of Maya with epic impulse toward social protest. His masterpiece, Hombres de maíz (1949; Men of Maize), depicts the seemingly irreversible poverty of the Indian peasant.
1905 -- Norway: Bertha von Suttner becomes the first woman Nobel Peace laureate, Oslo.
1910 -- France: Death of Luigi Lucheni, found hanging in his cell. Anarchist advocate of "propaganda by the deed," he killed the impératrice Elisabeth of Austria, (September 10, 1878) & got, at age 25, life in prison.
1913 -- Valev Uibopuu lives. Estonian scholar, short story writer, novelist & journalist, highly acclaimed exile writer during the years when Estonia was part of the Soviet Union.
1919 -- US: Red Scare? Reds beat White Sox, 5 games to 3 in 16th baseball World Series. This series is known as the Black Sox Scandal as seven White Sox are accused of throwing the series. Say it ain't so, Joe.
1920 -- Spain: Clash between cenetistas & pistoleros del Libre (rightwing gunmen) on the street of Riera Alta in Madrid. Cenetista Jaime Martínez Palau is arrested; also apprehended are Juan Lopez & Bartholomew LLabrés. The latter cenetistas are implicated in several "atentados" & end up spending six years in jail.
El 19 de octubre la policía detendrá al cenetista Jaime Martínez Palau y en una posterior redada en la calle Hospital, a los también cenetistas Juan López y Bartolomé LLabrés, a éstos últimos se les implicará en varios atentados ¿anarcosindicalista?
1921 -- Portugal: Revolution begins in Lisboa.
1923 -- War Resister's League founded by Jessie Wallace Hughan.
1931 -- John le Carre‚ spy novelist, lives, Poole, Dorset, England.
Famed Chinese writer of rebellion & revolution. Daily Bleed Patron Saint, 1998.
Though he remains best known for contributions to modern Chinese literature, he was also a master of the essay, a medium he made much use of toward the end of his life. His Zhongguo xiaoshuo shilüe ("Outline of Chinese Fiction") remains a standard.
1936 -- US: School of Crime? Watertown High becomes the first school to fingerprint its students.
1938 -- Kurt Weill/Maxwell Anderson musical "Knickerbocker Holiday" opens, NY.
1942 -- American crime fiction author, child protection consultant & advocate, attorney, Andrew Vachss lives. Married to attorney Alice Vachss, good friends with novelist Joe R. Lansdale. Author of Shella, The Getaway Man, Born Bad: Collected Stories, etc. He calls his hard-boiled novels "an attack with a blunt weapon," noting, "I wasn’t looking to create literature; I was looking to send dispatches from the front lines.”
"If I were to compare Andrew Vachss to any other writer, it would be to Charles Dickens...Vachss takes us through the depravity of perversion as it is acted out upon the lost innocence of the unprotected children of America today."
1944 -- Peter Tosh lives, Westmorland, Jamaica. Called the founding father of reggae music.
1944 -- Italy: The post-fascist police in Palermo open fire on demonstrators protesting a fuel shortage: 30 die & over 150 injured.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]
1946 -- First exhibition of the work of Josef Nassy, an American citizen of Dutch-African-Jewish descent, is held in Brussels. The exhibit consists of 90 paintings & drawings rendered while in a Nazi-controlled internment camp during World War II.
1955 -- I was born in New York City on October 19, 1955. When I was about a year old, my family moved to Newark, New Jersey, where I spent my childhood. It was pretty uneventful until June 1, 1968, when I came home from a Little League game & found that my dad had suddenly abandoned my mom, my sister Lucy, & me. It was pretty traumatic, as you can imagine, but we all survived.
1956 -- US: 3 Secretaries & You're Out? Acy Lennon, a secretary to Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Harlem Congressman Adam Clayton Powell, is convicted of income tax evasion. A second Powell secretary, Hattie Freeman Dodson, was jailed in a similar charge in July 1956, & a third, William Hampton, still awaits trial.
1956 -- Poland: Central Committee of the United Workers’ Party of Poland prepares to elect a new Politburo' instigates an unexpected visit by Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Khrushchev & several other Soviet Beloved & Respecteds, all anxious to prevent Gomulka’s election to the leadership of the Polish party. A 3-day uprising against Soviet control begins. See also tomorrow & the 23rd.
Source: [K.S. Karol]
1959 -- France: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Mitterand escapes assassination by jumping out of motorcade during a high speed chase, leaping over a hedgerow, burying himself in a bed of petunias. (After his death Miterrand's wife asks his mistress to attend his funeral.)
1960 -- US: Martin Luther King, Jr., & 35 students choose jail after arrest for sit-in requesting service at the snack bar of Atlanta's Rich's department store.
1960 -- US: Imposition of a "temporary" trade embargo on Cuba following nationalization of US enterprises. See The Fifties by David Halberstam.
1964 -- US: Seattle, Washington CORE announces a campaign to boycott downtown merchants for discriminatory hiring practices.
1966 -- The Yardbirds arrive in NY for their first US tour, with Jeff Beck & Jimmy Page on lead guitars. After two dates of the tour, Beck leaves & Page takes over lead guitar.
1966 -- US: Ken Kesey, novelist & anarchist, back from Mexico, arrested.
1967 -- The Jefferson Airplane perform at Loews Warfield Theatre on Market Street, San Francisco.
1968 -- Italy: Death of Aldo Capitini, co-founder of Movimento Nonviolento.
1969 -- US: "Mad Bomber" Lamonica passes football for six touchdowns vs Buffalo (50-21).
1969 -- Japan: Thousands of anti-Vietnam War protesters paralyze the streets of Tokyo.
1977 -- South Africa: 18 organizations working for black liberation closed down by government.
1980 -- US: J.P. Stevens & Co. forced to sign a first labor contract with a union after a 17 year struggle in the South.
1981 -- US: Martin Luther King, Jr. Library & Archives opens in Atlanta. Founded by Coretta Scott King, it is the largest repository in the world of primary resource material on King, nine major civil rights organizations, & the American civil rights movement.
1981 -- US: California state senator John Schmitz tells a TV interviewer that if Reagan's policies fail, "the best we could probably hope for is a military coup or something like that." He explains that he is talking about "a good military coup, not a bad military coup."
1982 -- US: Strapped for Good? Jock Ewing dies in an air crash, Dallas.
1982 -- US: Nice Trunks? John Delorean, chairman of Delorean Motor Co., arrested in LA on possession of 59 pounds of cocaine.
"It's better than gold. Gold weighs more than that, for God's sake."
1982 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Acting Pres. Ronnie Reagan tells the Lebanese foreign minister, "You know, your nose looks just like Danny Thomas's."
1987 -- "Black Monday" stock market crash, world-wide.
W.W. Price Says Crashes Will Come So Long as Facilities for Speculation Exist
The DOW index plummeting a record 508 points — 22.6% — after a record high of 2722.42 on 25 August & a 200 point drop by October, called a "correction" by most. Many analysts blame the federal budget deficit, rising interest rates, & the falling dollar. European, Japanese, & Canadian stock markets are also dramatically affected.
1989 -- Russia: Siberian Husky? Murka the Cat, banished 400 miles from Moscow apartment for eating 2 canaries, returns on its own one year later.
1989 -- England: The Guildford 4 are freed from jail 15 years after British police framed them for a pub bombing.
1991 -- US: Anti-Dave is on vacation from aka Used Books for two weeks. Tom, Carol & Noreen cover for him, but it ain't the same with the slacker gone.
1992 -- El Salvador: Government halts demobilization of terrorist military battalions.
1992 -- South Africa: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Nelson Mandela admits that the ANC has tortured detainees.
1993 -- France: Air France workers strike against layoffs; direct action closes airports.
1996 -- US: (More or Less): I was a little worried when I got to the Blue Moon Tavern in Seattle [today].
Sorry, We're open!
Not only was my luggage lost & I was trusting United Airlines to get it to the bar (& me) that evening, but the crowd didn't look like your usual Stale Urine fan club: mostly older, single men in their late 30s or early 40s. I was guessing that hard-rockin' '70s bands would be more their style, not experimental performance art industrial nerds.
1998 -- Italy:Pier Carlo Masini (1923-1998) dies, in Firenze.
MASINI, Pier Carlo
(1923-1998) Grand Italian historian & anarchico militant, helped revive the post-War Italian anarchist movement. Editor of Umanita Nova.
1998 -- US: Global Warming?? Earth Liberation Front (ELF), committed to "economic sabotage & guerrilla warfare to stop the exploitation & destruction of the natural environment," torches the Vail Mountain ski resort in Colorado, causing $12 million in damage.
2001 -- México: Human rights lawyer Digna Ochoa (1964-2001) assassinated. Abogada, incansable defensora de los Derechos Humanos, asesinada el 19 de octubre de 2001 en la Ciudad de México.
2001 -- Afghanistan: US special forces begin ground operations.
2002 -- England: 21st Annual Anarchist Book Fair. Camden Centre, Judd Street. Followed by benefit gig with Chumbawamba & Gertrude.
2005 -- Iraq: Saddam Hussein goes on trial in Baghdad for crimes against humanity. Next up, George Dubya Bush?
2009 -- Uruguay: Supreme Court rules out dirty war amnesty, declaring unconstitutional a law that gave amnesty to military officials accused of human rights violations. Military figures are now subject to prosecution, while former president-cum-dictator Bordaberry is currently being held in a case involving the murders of four Uruguayans in Argentina. Brazil & Chile still have dictatorship-era amnesty laws in force, while Argentina has annulled them.
"Free thought, necessarily involving freedom of speech & press, I may tersely define thus:
no opinion a law — no opinion a crime."
— Alexander Berkman
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