Our Daily Bleed...
Gay French poet, gunrunner, anarchiste activist, bad boy of Paris.
Feast Of No Excuse For A Feast.
Revolution Day (Guatemala).
Kenyatta Day (Kenya)
National Brandied Fruit Day.
Change Your Oil Day. (Your hair will appreciate it!)
1808 -- Author Karl Theodor Andree lives.
1818 -- 49th parallel set as the border between the US & Canada.
1823 -- Charles Ostyn lives (1823-1912). French Communard & anarchiste.
1832 -- US: Treaty of Pontotoc Creek; Chickasaw Nation cedes northern Mississippi & moves west of Mississippi River.
1854 -- Arthur Rimbaud lives, Charleville, France. Published his first poem at age 16, quit writing at age 20. Precocious boy-poet of French symbolism, wrote some of the most remarkable poetry & prose of the 19th century before he abandoned writing for gun-running.
"You will always be a hyena..." etc., protests the devil who crowned me with such pleasant poppies. "Attain death with all your appetites, your selfishness & all the capital sins!"
— A Season in Hell
"Rimbaud did not see the absolute, or try to become an angel...
He very simply tried to take the pretensions of poetry seriously & to re-form art so that it could alter the meaning of reality. He decided this was a hoax & an activity beneath the dignity of grown men ... However, he almost succeeded, & poetry will never be the same again."
— Kenneth Rexroth, Classics Revisited
"rimbaud. no more the daring young horseman of high abyssinian plateau. such ardor is petrified forever."
— Patti Smith, "rimbaud dead"
1873 -- Nellie McClung, author & women's rights advocate, lives.
1874 -- Modernist composer Charles Ives lives, Danbury, Ct. Uses 'strange time.' When friends were heckling at a dissonant performance of works by Charles Ruggles, Ives got up & shouted,
"Hey, shut up you sissies. Why don't you use your ears like men!"
1890 -- British adventurer Richard Francis Burton dies, Trieste, Italy.
1895 -- Gaston Leval, antiauthoritarian/writer, lives, Saint-Denis. Active in France, Spain, Argentina.
1898 -- US: Burley Colony founded (cooperative brotherhood).
1905 -- Russia: Great General Strike begins; lasts 11 days.
1905 -- Mystery author Ellery Queen lives.
1916 -- US: Appearing in court to testify on behalf of Bolton Hall, Emma Goldman is arrested for distributing birth control information on May 20th. (Hall is later acquitted of the charge.) Emma is released on $500 bond; Harry Weinberger serves as her attorney.
Her friend Margaret Sanger is also arrested, on the 26th, for distributing birth control information.
[Details / context]
1917 -- Russia: Today, at the first Congress of Factory Councils, a motion inspired by anarchism was presented. It proposed "control over production, & that control commissions should not be simply investigative bodies, but . . . from this moment on cells of the future preparing to transfer production to the hands of the workers."
"In the very early days of the October Revolution," Anna Pankratova reported, "anarchist tendencies were the more easily & successfully manifested, because the capitalists put up the liveliest resistance to the enforcement of the decree on workers' control & actually refused workers' participation in production."
— Anarchism in the Russian Revolution
1918 -- Germanany: Government accepts US peace terms, effectively ending WWI. The "war to end all wars" & the treaty (signed 11 November) are stage props for WWII.
1918 -- US: With the spread of a deathly strain of influenza, a quarantine is established at the penitentiary in Jefferson City, Mo., during this month, where Emma Goldman is imprisoned; all outside visits are suspended.
Also during the month:
Anti-Anarchist Act passed by Congress, granting the government authority to deport aliens living in the US, & this will be applied by renegade law enforcement officers under Mitchell Palmer.
Roger Baldwin is tried before US District Judge Julius Mayer for failure to register for the draft; sentenced to a year in prison. Emma congratulates her lawyer Harry Weinberger for his brave defense in the Abrams case; Jacob Abrams, Samuel Lipman, & Hyman Lachowsky are convicted on charges of violating the Espionage Act & sentenced to 20 years in federal prison; anarchist Mollie Steimer sentenced to 15 years.
Also, Emma's nephew, the talented violinist David Hochstein, dies in battle; news about his death does not reach family members until Jan. 1919.
1922 -- H.R. Harris is the first to parachute from a disabled plane.
1923 -- Beat poet & anarchist Philip Whalen lives, Portland, Oregon.
My real trouble is
People keep mistaking me
for a human being.
Olson (being a great poet) says
"Whalen!—that Whalen is a—a—
That Whalen is a great big vegetable!"
He's guessing exactly in the right direction.
1924 -- US: The "First Colored World Series" of baseball is held in Kansas City, Mo. The series was organized by the famed Rube Foster.
1925 -- American author & humorist Art Buchwald lives.
"I worship the quicksand he walks in."
— Art Buchwald
1928 -- Reviewing A. A. Milne's House at Pooh Corner in her "Constant Reader" column for "The New Yorker," Dorothy Parker exclaims: "'Tonstant Weader fwowed up."
1932 -- Michael McClure, beat poet, lives, Marysville, Kansas.
Grew up in Seattle, & was fascinated by nature & wildlife & expected to become a natural scientist. Participated in a poetry workshop with Robert Duncan, & was sucked into the emerging Beat vortex of the San Francisco Poetry Renaissance.
One of five poets at the famous Six Gallery reading in 1955. Like Gary Snyder, writes poetry infused with the awareness of nature, but his special interest is in the animal consciousness that too often lies dormant in mankind. He has a consistent message:
"When a man does not admit that he is an animal, he is less than an animal. Not more but less."
1935 -- China: Last day of Chinese Communist Party guerrillas' one year Long March of 8,000 miles.
Source: [Calendar Riots]
1942 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Roosevelt calls the "relocation centers" "concentration camps" at a press conference. The WRA had consistently denied that the term "concentration camps" accurately described the camps.
1945 -- Spain: "El Quico" & two other anarchist guérillas, Jaime "Abisinio" Pares Adán & Juan "Roget" Salas Millón, at the request of Committee of Resistance of the CNT, bust three prisoners out of jail in Barcelona. [It appears 1945 is correct year. — ed.]
The audacious urban guerrilla, Francisco Sabaté, known as "Quico," became the nightmare of the Spanish fascists until his death in 1960 in a shoot-out.
La primera vez que entró en España delegación cenetista. Lo acompañaban Jaime Pares Adán “Abisinio” y Juan Salas Millón “Roget”, responsable este último de que Sabaté retomara el camino de la lucha antifranquista. Llegaron hasta Hospitalet, grupos libertarios. En uno de ellos, dejaron escrito su mensaje: “No somos atracadores, somos resistentes libertarios. Lo que nos llevamos servirá para dar de comer a los hijos de los antifascistas que habéis fusilado y que se encuentran abandonados y sufren hambre. Somos los que no hemos claudicado, ni claudicaremos y seguiremos luchando por la libertad del pueblo español mientras tengamos un soplo de vida.”
De vuelta a Barcelona Quico compañía de “el Abisinio” se presenta en Hospitalet, Comité de Resistencia de la C.N.T., de “liberar” a tres correligionarios que habían sido detenidos. 20 de octubre cárcel, Sabater y “Roset”, atacan a la pareja de Policía Armada que los custodiaba
1947 -- US: HUAC opens dog & pony show into alleged Communist influence in Hollywood.
"Many writers continued their Hollywood careers under pseudonyms, or "fronts," sometimes with comic results. Alfred Levitt, for example, screenwriter of The Boy with Green Hair (1948), relates how a story conference got off on the wrong foot when he was addressed by four different names."
The HUAC hearings were degradation ceremonies. Their job was not to legislate or even to discover subversives (that had already been done by the intelligence agencies & their informants) so much as it was to stigmatize.
For a degradation ceremony to work it needs a denouncer. & the most credible denouncer, with the most impeccable credentials, is the one who has been there himself. The ex-Communists constituted a steady supply of denouncers.
A successful status-degradation ceremony must be fueled by moral indignation. The anti-Communist hysteria of the cold war provided an ideal environment.
1953 -- Jomo Kenyatta & five other Mau Mau leaders are refused an appeal of their prison terms.
1955 -- Jean Cocteau is initiated into the Académie Française, declaring:
"Since it's now fashionable to laugh at the conservative French Academy, I have remained a rebel by joining it."
1956 -- Poland: Gomulka is elected despite Soviet opposition. Anti-Stalinist wave in Poland. See also the 23rd.
Source: [K.S. Karol]
1961 -- Italy: La questura di Roma vieta la proiezione del film di Claude Autant-Lara "Non uccidere" che tratta il tema della obiezione di coscienza, non ammessa dallo stato italiano e quindi fuori legge. Militarismo si coniuga con statismo ed entrambi con cretinismo.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]
1962 -- Boris Pucket & The Crypt-Kickers' Monster Mash reaches No. 1.
1962 -- China: Skirmishes on the Chinese-Indian frontier take on the aspect of a minor war. The Chinese drive back the Indian troops, then withdraw, returning their prisoners & even their war material to the Indians.
Source: [K.S. Karol]
1963 -- US: Between 3,000 & 5,000 rally at Seattle's Garfield High School in support of an open housing ordinance for the city.
1968 -- Spain: Gonzalo Arias arrested for Los Encartelados demonstration against Franco regime. Madrid.
1968 -- Gold becomes black as the winners of the men's 1600 metre give the black power salute during the Olympic presentation ceremony.
Source: [Calendar Riots]Gold (Tommie Smith) & bronze (John Carlos) become black in the men's 200m medal ceremony (there's no 1600m).
Your sick baseball stat guy comrade from the UK.
— Bleedster Paul T, Oct 2002
1973 -- US: Saturday Night Massacre. President Nixon's Press Secretary, Ron Ziegler, announces Special Watergate Prosecutor Archibald Cox is dismissed. In addition, he reports, Attorney General Richardson has resigned & Deputy Attorney General Ruckelshaus had been fired, both for refusing to dismiss Cox.
"Nixon's the One": Congress introduces over 20 impeachment resolutions as protest breaks out across the country (see 13 July). These are lengthened when he claims two of the nine tapes (which Cox was after) don't exist — & still further when an 18 1/2 minute erasure gap is discovered in one tape.
1976 -- Basketball's NY Nets sells Julius "Dr J" Erving to the Philadelphia 76ers. The anti-slavery lobby is outraged.
1977 -- Three days after the release of Lynyrd Skynyrd's "Street Survivors," (the LP cover depicts the band standing in flames), their vocalist Ronnie Van Zant, guitarist Steve Gaines, his sister Cindy & a freelance singer are killed with their rented single engine plane crashes in the swamps of Gillsburg, Mississippi.
1981 -- US: Three members of Weather underground arrested for armored truck robbery.
"Ya dont' need a weatherman to know which way the bomb blew."
1983 -- US: The Mashantucket Pequot of Connecticut are federally recognized, 300 years after white colonists virtually eradicate the tribe.
1983 -- Deeper In Debt?: Singer/songwriter Merle Travis; no longer owes his soul to the company store. Wrote "Sixteen Tons," "Dark As a Dungeon" & other great tunes.
1984 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Acting US President
Nancy Reagun... astrologist Jeanne Dixon...ah, er, uh... Ron Reagan vetoes bill to improve Federal health care for American Indian reservations.
"Maybe we should not have humored them when they asked to live on reservations. Maybe we should have said, No, come join us. Be citizens along with the rest of us."
— acting President Ronald Reagan during a trip to Moscow, when a student asks about US treatment of Native Americans
1985 -- France: Libertarian songster Jean-Roger Caussimon dies.
1993 -- Serbia: Women In Black attacked by paramilitaries during weekly anti-war vigil, Belgrade.
"DO NOT SPEAK FOR US, WE WILL SPEAK FOR OURSELVES"
1994 -- Guatemala: US activist Jennifer Harbury initiates new hunger strike at US Embassy in Guatemala City to force disclosure of her disappeared husband's fate.
England: London's 20th annual Anarchist Bookfair.
Be here or be square...
2011 -- Libya: Qaddafi Gaddafi toppled.
2012 -- US: Superstorm Hurricane Sandy slams into the shore near Atlantic City, N.J., killing 253 people along the path of the storm in seven countries. Pulverizes NY city & communities on the Jersey shore, leaving tens of thousands homeless, millions without electricity & billions of dollars worth of damage.
"Maintenant, je peux mourir, j'ai vu réalisé mon idéal." Cela m'était dit dans une des collectivités de la région levantine, par un des hommes qui avaient lutté toute leur vie pour le triomphe de la justice sociale, de l'égalité économique, de la liberté et de la fraternité humaines. Son idéal, c'était le communisme libertaire, ou l'anarchie."
— Gaston Leval, Libertarian Spain
Visit the complete Daily Bleed Calendar
The Daily Bleed is freely produced by Recollection Used Books
Over 2 million a'mopers & a'gawkers since May 2005